FARMS BILL 2020 दिल्ली

FARMS BILL 2020

You must have seen in the news that farmers in India have been protesting since three controversial bills have been passed in the parliament in the name of agriculture reform. They are:

1. The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farms Services Bill, 2020.

2. The Farming Produce Trade and Commerce (Protection and Facilitation) Bill, 2020.

3. The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020.


The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farms Services Bill, 2020.

When you look at these words “Empowerment, protection, agreement” it is easy to understand that this bill has something to do with protecting the farmer's interest through a legal agreement.

Now, the question is “Protecting the farmers from what?.” If we look at the title of the bill it says “price assurance and farm services” that means if you are a farmer and I am a business owner and I want to buy your products it could be wheat, rice maize, pulses, vegetables, etc., for that I need to get into the legal agreement with you and this legal agreement is for farmers interest, so that the farmers are not cheated. A farmer can be cheated by a company in many ways. If an agreement is not formed between farmer and buyer, companies can change the conditions of deals made with farmers, which can exploit the farmers. So the legal agreement act as a Dispute Settlement Mechanism between a farmer and a buyer. We have understood what price assurance is, whatever a farmer and a buyer decides on an agreement that is what should be paid to the farmers.

Now, what is the context of “Farm Services”. It sounds like, a buyer can specifically tell the farmer what quantity or grade is required, when to deliver the products and there could be many more such demands, this is called Contract farming. The agreement will outline the conditions for the production of the farm's product and the delivery to buyer premises. The farmer then agrees to supply products based on the quality standards and delivery requirements of the purchaser. In return, the buyer, which is usually a company, agrees to buy the products often at a price that is established in advance.

That means the primary purpose of this Act is for contract farming and the secondary purpose of this Act is providing a nation wise legal framework. The farmers will produce crops as per the contract made between the farmer and the buyer for a mutually agreed remuneration. The government says that this act will transform the Indian agriculture and attracts the private investment, which actually does. Companies also agreed to help the farmers by supplying inputs, assisting with land preparation, providing production advice, and transporting produce to its premises.

However, if you look at the farmer's side their fear is that, a powerful corporate investor would legally dominate the farmers and put the liability clauses on them. As you know everything comes today with the conditions apply that many of the educated people found it difficult to follow up. So obviously there are chances where private companies can exploit the farmers very easily with the legal clauses. This is the major problem for farmers and even genuine ones.


The Farming Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020.

If you look at the title it says “Trade and commerce, promotion and facilitation” which means it is talking about the trading of farms good outside the physical premises of Mandi or APMC (Agricultural Produce Market Committee) Yards. Earlier the agricultural trade could be conducted only in the APMC Yards like warehouses, cold storages, mandi, etc. but this new Act will give farmers the freedom to sell their goods anywhere within the state or outside the state. If you all know all the subjects in India are divided into three lists (Union, State, and Concurrent). Agriculture comes into the state list. Because of this many states could lose the major source of state revenue, because these APMC’s are controlled by state governments. Earlier farmers are restricted from selling their products outside the Mandis, because the products that have an MSP (Minimum Support Price) force them to compulsorily go to the APMC. Otherwise, you see that small farmers can directly sell goods to consumers they are even doing it now. But if you are a large scale farmer and you want your product to be protected by the government then you have to notify APMC or trade with only APMC licensed trader. So anyhow this bill will allow barrier-free trade in agricultural produce outside the notified APMC Mandis. With the help of this bill, the state government will not impose taxes on the sale and purchase of farm produce outside the Mandis and give farmers the freedom to sell their produce at a good price. As you see this bill is beneficial to big farmers because they will have more choices and they can actually start selling to private players. On the other hand, this will hardly make a difference to the small farmers they are anyhow selling outside the Mandis plus due to transportation and logistics costs, small farmers don’t have any incentives to go long-distance or interstates to sell the goods.

Another perspective is that, this is also a way for the government to get out of the business of the agricultural business. Once the farmer gets an entry into the market they can sell to anyone and earn more however farmer’s income will depend upon the ups and downs of the market. Suppose the demand for the particular product in the market is low, due to low demand the prices will fall but the cost of cultivation was high. Now you can see that the farmers will be squeezed between the rising cost of cultivation and low prices due to low demand. In this situation, the government will not intervene by giving any subsidy or any help. So there is a tradeoff, you can’t have everything plus the private players are smart they function at a low cost. They will use every strategy to buy at less price and sell at a high price to earn a profit.

The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020.

There is an amendment in this bill, first of all, what the essential commodities bill is. Basically, it’s a law that controls the production, supply, and distribution of certain commodities. Now what are those commodities, these commodities are such things, suppose if you illegally store them for creating artificial demand or you do black marketing of such commodities it will affect the normal life of the people. For example certain essential foods, medicines, fuel- petroleum products, etc. With the help of this law, the central government can include the commodities as and when the need arises and they can also take them out of the list when the situation improves. Suppose there is a shortage of onion and there are some traders or wholesalers who kept a lot of onion in stock to create artificial demand, when the demand increases obviously the price will increase. So the whole idea behind creating artificial demand is to sell a product at a higher price. Now what the central government can do is, it can bring onions under the act to make sure onions are available to people at the right price. Recently during the Covid Pandemics the central government in March 2020, put the masks and sanitizers into the list of essential commodities but in July 2020, they take them out of the list.

Now the amendment that has been suggested and then added in this bill is regarding removing certain commodities as essential. So what the government of India did was it removes certain commodities as essential so that it will allow the government to regulate the supply and prices only in the cases of “War, Famine, Extraordinary price rises, or Natural calamities” and those commodities are food items including “Cereals, Pulses, Potatoes, Onions, Edible oils seeds and Oils”. As you can see these commodities are consumed on daily basis by you and me. Now that these commodities are removed from the essential list, that means obviously their prices will increase and the government is saying that these items will be added back into the essential list only during situations like war, famine, high price rises, or natural calamities.

So on one hand by removing these items from the essential commodities list the government has taken a good step towards boosting farmer’s income, but if you look at the foodstuffs like Pulses, Onions, and Edible Oil they are part of every household daily essential commodities. Now the government is not going to regulate the supply of such food items then there is a high chance of Hoarding (to collect and store a large quantity of something). That’s why right now if you go to the market you will find that the price of these commodities has increased.

The new amendment also states that the government will regulate the stocks of these items based on rising prices, now there are few more conditions to it. You can see that the “pulses, cereals, oilseeds, and edible oils” are non-perishable items, and “potatoes and onions” are perishable in nature. So the government is saying that it will only interfere and bring these items again in the essential commodities list if there is a 50% increase in the retail price of the non-perishable goods whereas in the case of perishable items government will interfere only if there is a 100% increase in the retail price of such perishable items.

So the case depicts that companies can sell the product at higher prices by putting the price in between the threshold limits and farmers can even charge high prices from companies. Ultimately it is going to pinch in yours and mine pockets.


So these are the three farms bill which I explained in detail. I hope you get the clarity of these bills.



-Diwakar J

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Other News Delhi

Increase Application of Bio-Based Acrylates to Avoid Skin Allergies Propel Acrylates Market


Non-surfactant suspending agents with film forming, anti-static, and binding abilities are known as acrylates. They are composed of methacrylic acid and acrylic acid building blocks. The acrylates market is projected to experience the fastest growth in the APAC region, caused by the population explosion, increase in disposable income, and rapid urbanization. It results into increase requirements for adhesives & sealants, paints & coatings, leather chemicals, textile chemicals, and acrylic fibers in the automotive, construction, and chemical industries.


Moreover, the surging investments in construction activities fuels in India, Japan, China, South Korea, and other South Asian countries are predicted to contribute to the rising demand for the formulations of acrylic-based paint, which will, in turn, drive the region’s market. Furthermore, the high consumption of water-based paints and coatings results in the rapidly growing demand for acrylates.


Furthermore, China dominates the APAC acrylates market, due to snowballing demand for the acrylates in automotive OEM coatings, architectural coatings, and special purpose construction coatings. The massive manufacturing capabilities of the country, led by the availability of inexpensive raw material and labor, coupled with the extensive downstream demand, resulted in the massive application of acrylates in the country.


The rising preference of consumers toward acrylic-based emulsions over oil-based products has been witnessed in the acrylates market, owing to their various benefits, such as color fastness, reduced drying time, wear, and water resistivity, and eco-friendliness. Moreover, water-based paints possess durability and stability in extreme conditions, and are free from VOCs, resulting in incentives for their interior and exterior wall coating applications.


Bio-based acrylates have a high potential to offer to the acrylates market players, including the diversified portfolio, and market share augmentation, attributed to the skin allergies caused by major acrylates, such as methyl acrylate, 2-ethyl hexyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, and butyl acrylate. The non-toxic and renewability of the bio-based variants are predicted to offer numerous opportunities to the market players in the near future.


Under the type segment, butyl acrylate will showcase the fastest growth in the acrylates market, as it is also substantially used in the formulations of the latex paint that contains acrylic polymers, due to the sunlight resistivity and low-temperature stability. In addition, under the application segment, paints and coatings hold the largest share of the market, owing to acrylic paint application for interior and exterior wall coatings led by color retention and high gloss benefits.


Moreover, the worldwide expansion of the construction sector due to the rising population and urbanization rate, with increased investments in the development, renovation, and refurbishment of high-rise buildings lead to an increased demand for acrylate-based paints & coatings, due to their beneficial properties as discussed above.


The major companies in the acrylates market are Dow Inc., Formosa Plastics Corporation, Arkema Group, and SunVic Chemical Holding Limited. Other companies operating in the market include China National Petroleum Corporation, Jiangsu Sanmu Group, China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation, and Shenyang Chemical Co. Ltd.


Therefore, the massive demand for acrylic paints and coatings led by rapid urbanization leads to the expansion of the construction sector resulting in increased infrastructural activities and hence causing a market boom.


Read more: https://www.psmarketresearch.com/market-analysis/acrylates-market

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https://avalanches.com/in/delhi_lowstrength_proppants_market_is_predicted_to_advance_at_significant_4571375_30_09_2022

Low-Strength Proppants Market Is Predicted To Advance At Significant Rate


In hydraulic fracturing, proppant is defined as "sand or similar particle material dispersed in water or other fluid and utilized to keep fissures open. There are two types of proppants, low-strength proppants, and high strength Low-strength proppants. The low-strength proppants market will grow at a significant pace in the coming years. Some of the key factors propelling the market are the rise in exploration and production (E&P) activities and technical improvements in crude oil recovery.

In the past years, crude oil had the biggest share in the low-strength proppants market. This is mostly due to the rise in crude oil consumption and the availability of unconventional oil sources around the globe. The development of significant amounts of unconventional oil is being heavily prioritized by nations including the U.K., the U.S., Saudi Arabia, and Russia, which is increasing demand for low-density proppants.


According to the IAEE, it is predicted that by 2030, the volume of unconventional oil production will have increased from 3.05 mbpd to 3.75 mbpd. Due to these reasons, crude oil is anticipated to maintain a substantial share of the low-strength proppants market. The usage of low-density proppants is expected to surge in the coming years as a result of the growth of E&P operations throughout the world.


In addition, North America has made a substantial contribution to the production of both conventional and unconventional oil and gas throughout the years. Nearly 80% of the recently drilled wells in the region are from the U. S. With the opening of its shale assets for commercial development, Canada is also gaining momentum. Because low-strength proppants can boost the flow of oil or gas during the hydraulic fracturing process, their consumption is expected to rise with the expansion of E&P activity in the region.


Moreover, market players in the APAC and North American regions are heavily investing in technology to improve the search for new oil and gas deposits. Additionally, it is expected that energy output, particularly in the United States, will increase significantly, which is driving the development of new and enhanced technologies that will ensure rapid corporate growth and simple recovery procedures.


Read more: https://www.psmarketresearch.com/market-analysis/low-strength-proppants-market-outlook


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https://avalanches.com/in/delhi_how_does_automotive_industry_propel_polyester_hot_melt_adhesives_mark4529257_28_09_2022

How Does Automotive Industry Propel Polyester Hot Melt Adhesives Market?


The polyester hot melt adhesives market is predicted to hit $717,152.6 thousand revenue by 2030, ascribed to the rising requirement in the packaging sector for polyester hot melt adhesives with the increasing consumption in the automobile sector. Moreover, under the application segment, the industrial assembly category captures a massive share of the market, facilitated by the extensive consumption of adhesives for bonding electronic and electrical items in various industries.


APAC has the largest share in the polyester hot melt adhesives market, and it is expected to follow the same trend in this decade, ascribed to the massive consumption of these adhesives for industrial assembly applications such as bonding of automotive parts, electronic and electrical products bonding. Moreover, APAC market is also expected to experience a significant rise in sales in the coming years, due to the soaring requirement for polyester hot melt adhesives in the end-uses industries of developing countries such as India, Thailand, Vietnam, and China. In addition, low-cost labor and raw materials also lure the industrialists to establish their units in the region, creating an opportunity for massive FDI from the West.


The increase in consumption of polyester hot melt adhesives is ascribed to the rise in preference for lightweight automobiles, resulting in polyester hot melt adhesives market boom. Moreover, the automobile industry depends on mechanical fasteners such as welds, bolts, and nuts to bond automotive components and parts. The surge in using such accessories results in rising in vehicles’ weight, and hence affects fuel efficiency. Therefore, massive adoption of lightweight vehicles has been witnessed resulting in market proliferation.


In the last few years, the polyester hot melt adhesives market players have entered into strategic agreements to expand their consumer base. For example, Bühnen GmbH & Co. KG partnered with GLS Products LLC in the U.S. to expand the business in North America, in September 2019. The key players in the market are Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation, Sipol S.p.a., Evonik Industries AG, and Bostik S.A.


Therefore, the industrial application of the polyester hot melt adhesives causes the market boom due to its wide usage across various industries, more specifically in packaged food and automotive industry.


Read more: https://www.psmarketresearch.com/market-analysis/polyester-hot-melt-adhesives-market


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https://avalanches.com/ng/lagos_brizzle_man_biography_4635065_03_10_2022

Brizzle Man Biography

Brizzle Man, whose real name is Tiamiyu Ibrahim Olawale, is a Nigeria Musical artist, songwriter, Composer, Producer. He was born in Orilé later moved to Iba New site, where he was raised by his parents.

Tiamiyu Ibrahim Olawale (born 4th April, 2003), know professionally as Brizzle Man is a young Nigerian singer, songwriter, composer and a producer. He started his music career at the age of 17 In lagos, Nigeria as a music producer online.


Early Life and Career

Brizzle Man is a native of Oyo State, He grew up in Iba New site. He started his music career at the age of 17 In year 2020 In lagos, Nigeria. as a music producer online. He later started releasing his originals music on major streaming platforms. His first released was love you on Apple Music, Deezer, ITunes, Amazon Music, Jiosaavn, Audiomack, Boomplay, YouTube music, Sportify, Facebook and Instagram.


Brizzle Man sings in English language, Nigerian Pidgin, Yoruba language his is a blend of Afrobeats and Hip hop music. He derived his stage name from one his best-beloved friend called Brizzle, whom he Admired. Brizzle Man is best know for his singles Doli Baby, Adesewa, Hadijah, Latifah, Lifestyle the most viral on Apple Music and other streaming platforms in November, 2021.


Record Label Preparation

Brizzle Man started building up his own Record Label which he later succeeded in year 2022.


Brizzle Man Owned Brizzleman Records

He is the founder and CEO of Brizzleman Records. Brizzle Man released the Afrobeat track "Doli Baby" on 14th August, 2022. It's produced by Brizzleman Records

Education

At the age of 11, He had his primary at Great saviors Montessori Nursery and Primary school at Iba New Site Lagos. He also attended Isasi Junior and Secondary Grammar School in year 2013.

Where he graduated with his West African Senior School Certificate (WAEC) in year 2019. He started working hard to get him self selected at the music industry which he keeps pending and started planning for his University Educational journey which he wishes to study in a Military school as an Officer of Airforce in kaduna.

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https://avalanches.com/tz/daressalaam_education_and_career_4593817_01_10_2022
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EDUCATION AND CAREER


WHAT IS EDUCATION?


When we say education, the first thought we get is education is the process of gaining knowledge. It is the process of facilitating learning or training and acquiring knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and ethics.


Education can be in the way of either formal or informal.


I believe that everyone in this world does acquire knowledge whether it’s by informal way from our elders, ancestors or by the formal way like going to school, college, university, etc.


Why do we acquire knowledge, how does it help us in our daily life?


We acquire knowledge on what we believe in future we shall thrive to become someone in our lives. We all have a goal and target on what we wish to become in the future, and not only are some of us still researching more options on what we want to become in the future.


It is excellent as you may get hundreds of opinions, but in the end, there will be only one opinion which will be the best of all and education in our daily life helps us both in our career and life as well.


To have a promising career, you need to get an education first. Education shows us the importance of hard work and thus helps us grow and develop in our life, and it allows us to differentiate between many things, including right and wrong, good and bad, etc.


Nowadays, education has become a joke in this generation because some people are not ready to work hard. They are unable to define their goals, targets, and what they want to become in life and are not focused on their career; my aim is not to point out to anyone but want to say that in generalit's hight time please take charge of your life, pass through the difficulties arising, be patient. In the end, things will be easier.

“PATIENCE IS BITTER, BUT ITS FRUIT IS SWEET.”


In the end, a person will have a promising career and will succeed in achieving their goals or targets.


WHAT IS A CAREER?


When I say career, I mean it is an individual’s journey through learning, education, and all other aspects of life. It is an occupation or profession undertaken which usually involves training and teaching followed by one’s lifework.


A career cannot be achieved without hard work; To build a promising career and a bright future, a person needs to be hardworking, educated, and trained.


To be successful and have a career, a person must be passionate and interested in the chosen occupation or profession. The person must work with joy and excitement, enjoy the work the person is doing, and be determined.


A great career is whatever job you have that makes you want to work every morning, and it’s never about the pay or benefits.


Create different opportunities for a promising career because prospects don’t happen just like that, but you create them.


Always never give up on anything and go on with the choice that scares you because that’s the one that is going to help you grow, and in case of failures, don’t stop, keep going because failures are a part of life, if you don’t fail, you don’t learn if you don’t learn you’ll never change.


“FAILURE IS NOT THE OPPOSITE OF SUCCESS; IT’S A PART OF SUCCESS.”


Work hard and build the foundation strong to build a great career and never accept defeat without trying and have confidence in yourself and at the end you will surely get success.


“THERE ARE NO SECRETS TO SUCCESS; IT IS THE RESULTS OF PREPARATION, HARD WORK, AND LEARNING FROM FAILURE.”


Nothing is impossible in this world; the word itself says I’m possible !!!!


DEAR PEOPLE, LET US TRY AND BE SERIOUS IN OUR LIFE AND BE FOCUSED TO ACHIEVE THE FRUITS SWEET IN THE FUTURE. ALL THE BEST.

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