How Does Automotive Industry Propel Pol दिल्ली

How Does Automotive Industry Propel Polyester Hot Melt Adhesives Market?


The polyester hot melt adhesives market is predicted to hit $717,152.6 thousand revenue by 2030, ascribed to the rising requirement in the packaging sector for polyester hot melt adhesives with the increasing consumption in the automobile sector. Moreover, under the application segment, the industrial assembly category captures a massive share of the market, facilitated by the extensive consumption of adhesives for bonding electronic and electrical items in various industries.


APAC has the largest share in the polyester hot melt adhesives market, and it is expected to follow the same trend in this decade, ascribed to the massive consumption of these adhesives for industrial assembly applications such as bonding of automotive parts, electronic and electrical products bonding. Moreover, APAC market is also expected to experience a significant rise in sales in the coming years, due to the soaring requirement for polyester hot melt adhesives in the end-uses industries of developing countries such as India, Thailand, Vietnam, and China. In addition, low-cost labor and raw materials also lure the industrialists to establish their units in the region, creating an opportunity for massive FDI from the West.


The increase in consumption of polyester hot melt adhesives is ascribed to the rise in preference for lightweight automobiles, resulting in polyester hot melt adhesives market boom. Moreover, the automobile industry depends on mechanical fasteners such as welds, bolts, and nuts to bond automotive components and parts. The surge in using such accessories results in rising in vehicles’ weight, and hence affects fuel efficiency. Therefore, massive adoption of lightweight vehicles has been witnessed resulting in market proliferation.


In the last few years, the polyester hot melt adhesives market players have entered into strategic agreements to expand their consumer base. For example, Bühnen GmbH & Co. KG partnered with GLS Products LLC in the U.S. to expand the business in North America, in September 2019. The key players in the market are Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation, Sipol S.p.a., Evonik Industries AG, and Bostik S.A.


Therefore, the industrial application of the polyester hot melt adhesives causes the market boom due to its wide usage across various industries, more specifically in packaged food and automotive industry.


Read more: https://www.psmarketresearch.com/market-analysis/polyester-hot-melt-adhesives-market


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A Complete Guide of Centralizers and Float Equipment - 2022


Centralizers are casing equipment used to maintain the consistency of the cement sheath all around the pipe. In essence, these devices act as a reliable seal between the wellbore and casing. It offers a landing platform for the bottom and top cementing plugs to prevent cement from leaking back into the inner diameter. Float equipment is a type of equipment used to lessen the strain on the derrick.


Crude oil price volatility is still having an effect on global E&P investment. This may eventually have an influence on the value chain of upstream oil and gas projects. Furthermore, the expansion of the centralizers and float equipment market may be impacted by fluctuations in crude oil prices. This is depending on the political and economic health of oil-producing countries.


Manufacturers of well-completion equipment have an opportunity due to the recent finds of oil and gas in continental shelves and sedimentary basins in the Vaca Muerta (Argentina) and Arctic Circle. The potential for oil and gas production from these recent finds is enormous.


For instance, The Arctic area is thought to include over 90 billion barrels of unknown oil. Moreover, the area also includes 1,669 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered gas and 44 billion barrels of unknown natural gas liquid, as per the USGS.


Additionally, the need for fossil fuels to meet domestic transportation, energy generation, and other related sectors' needs has been boosted by economic expansion in various nations. Global energy demand is anticipated to expand, which will drive upstream E&P activity in the upcoming years. The OPEC predicts that by 2040, the oil consumption will reach 111.1 million barrels per day.


For example, the second stage of the Mad Dog oil field project was started by BP plc. In the same vein, Royal Dutch Shell plc's announcement to explore the Penguins area in the North Sea showed a commitment to E&P activities. Therefore, the demand for centralizers and float equipment will grow as a result of this trend in E&P initiations.


Around 80% of the world's oil and gas wells were drilled in onshore areas. However, due to recently found offshore fields, activities in offshore fields are predicted to advance faster than onshore operations. As a result, the demand for centralizers and float equipment will increase along with the need for well-completion equipment.


Every fourth or third knuckle joint has a centralizer, which keeps the casing from resting on the edge of the borehole. Since the casing and borehole wall are evenly spaced apart, cement may be distributed evenly across the annular region, preventing thin sections. A mud cake channel is generated by thicker drilling mud that travels up the annulus due to an uncentered casing caused by uneven cementing, which is a major cause of groundwater pollution.


Source: P&S Intelligence

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Increase Application of Bio-Based Acrylates to Avoid Skin Allergies Propel Acrylates Market


Non-surfactant suspending agents with film forming, anti-static, and binding abilities are known as acrylates. They are composed of methacrylic acid and acrylic acid building blocks. The acrylates market is projected to experience the fastest growth in the APAC region, caused by the population explosion, increase in disposable income, and rapid urbanization. It results into increase requirements for adhesives & sealants, paints & coatings, leather chemicals, textile chemicals, and acrylic fibers in the automotive, construction, and chemical industries.


Moreover, the surging investments in construction activities fuels in India, Japan, China, South Korea, and other South Asian countries are predicted to contribute to the rising demand for the formulations of acrylic-based paint, which will, in turn, drive the region’s market. Furthermore, the high consumption of water-based paints and coatings results in the rapidly growing demand for acrylates.


Furthermore, China dominates the APAC acrylates market, due to snowballing demand for the acrylates in automotive OEM coatings, architectural coatings, and special purpose construction coatings. The massive manufacturing capabilities of the country, led by the availability of inexpensive raw material and labor, coupled with the extensive downstream demand, resulted in the massive application of acrylates in the country.


The rising preference of consumers toward acrylic-based emulsions over oil-based products has been witnessed in the acrylates market, owing to their various benefits, such as color fastness, reduced drying time, wear, and water resistivity, and eco-friendliness. Moreover, water-based paints possess durability and stability in extreme conditions, and are free from VOCs, resulting in incentives for their interior and exterior wall coating applications.


Bio-based acrylates have a high potential to offer to the acrylates market players, including the diversified portfolio, and market share augmentation, attributed to the skin allergies caused by major acrylates, such as methyl acrylate, 2-ethyl hexyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, and butyl acrylate. The non-toxic and renewability of the bio-based variants are predicted to offer numerous opportunities to the market players in the near future.


Under the type segment, butyl acrylate will showcase the fastest growth in the acrylates market, as it is also substantially used in the formulations of the latex paint that contains acrylic polymers, due to the sunlight resistivity and low-temperature stability. In addition, under the application segment, paints and coatings hold the largest share of the market, owing to acrylic paint application for interior and exterior wall coatings led by color retention and high gloss benefits.


Moreover, the worldwide expansion of the construction sector due to the rising population and urbanization rate, with increased investments in the development, renovation, and refurbishment of high-rise buildings lead to an increased demand for acrylate-based paints & coatings, due to their beneficial properties as discussed above.


The major companies in the acrylates market are Dow Inc., Formosa Plastics Corporation, Arkema Group, and SunVic Chemical Holding Limited. Other companies operating in the market include China National Petroleum Corporation, Jiangsu Sanmu Group, China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation, and Shenyang Chemical Co. Ltd.


Therefore, the massive demand for acrylic paints and coatings led by rapid urbanization leads to the expansion of the construction sector resulting in increased infrastructural activities and hence causing a market boom.


Read more: https://www.psmarketresearch.com/market-analysis/acrylates-market

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https://avalanches.com/in/delhi_lowstrength_proppants_market_is_predicted_to_advance_at_significant_4571375_30_09_2022

Low-Strength Proppants Market Is Predicted To Advance At Significant Rate


In hydraulic fracturing, proppant is defined as "sand or similar particle material dispersed in water or other fluid and utilized to keep fissures open. There are two types of proppants, low-strength proppants, and high strength Low-strength proppants. The low-strength proppants market will grow at a significant pace in the coming years. Some of the key factors propelling the market are the rise in exploration and production (E&P) activities and technical improvements in crude oil recovery.

In the past years, crude oil had the biggest share in the low-strength proppants market. This is mostly due to the rise in crude oil consumption and the availability of unconventional oil sources around the globe. The development of significant amounts of unconventional oil is being heavily prioritized by nations including the U.K., the U.S., Saudi Arabia, and Russia, which is increasing demand for low-density proppants.


According to the IAEE, it is predicted that by 2030, the volume of unconventional oil production will have increased from 3.05 mbpd to 3.75 mbpd. Due to these reasons, crude oil is anticipated to maintain a substantial share of the low-strength proppants market. The usage of low-density proppants is expected to surge in the coming years as a result of the growth of E&P operations throughout the world.


In addition, North America has made a substantial contribution to the production of both conventional and unconventional oil and gas throughout the years. Nearly 80% of the recently drilled wells in the region are from the U. S. With the opening of its shale assets for commercial development, Canada is also gaining momentum. Because low-strength proppants can boost the flow of oil or gas during the hydraulic fracturing process, their consumption is expected to rise with the expansion of E&P activity in the region.


Moreover, market players in the APAC and North American regions are heavily investing in technology to improve the search for new oil and gas deposits. Additionally, it is expected that energy output, particularly in the United States, will increase significantly, which is driving the development of new and enhanced technologies that will ensure rapid corporate growth and simple recovery procedures.


Read more: https://www.psmarketresearch.com/market-analysis/low-strength-proppants-market-outlook


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Badamash Jamai (Official Video) - Sachin Khandora, Rohit Rao & Aisha | Latest Haryanvi Songs 2022

RR Production Presenting " Badamash Jamai (Official Video)" A New Haryanvi Songs 2022. Sung By Kangna Proach. Starring With Rohit Rao & Aisha. Music Given By PS Music. Lyrics Penned By Sachin Khandora. This Video Directed By Director Luck-E. Presenting Label By RR Production

#SachinKhandora

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https://avalanches.com/in/delhi_pkiss_life_kathmandu4886338_19_10_2022

Pkiss life Kathmandu,

Ceo of Pkiss life private limited. Prabhy has sought out to the Electronics retailers in Nepal . Pkiss life is providing iphone brand products to 5-6 tech companies arround the top cities of Nepal . They are making deal in branded products like Shoes Nike Jordan edition - mac book and some of other products and winter hoodies and blazers . 13 Nepal


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https://avalanches.com/in/kolkata_international_fashion_designer_priyanka_mallick_joined_at_cop27_egypt5100171_24_11_2022
https://avalanches.com/in/kolkata_international_fashion_designer_priyanka_mallick_joined_at_cop27_egypt5100171_24_11_2022
https://avalanches.com/in/kolkata_international_fashion_designer_priyanka_mallick_joined_at_cop27_egypt5100171_24_11_2022

International fashion designer Priyanka Mallick joined at COP27, Egypt.

International fashion designer Priyanka Mallick joined COP27 in Egypt , virtually. She is a community adviser and member of the United Nations International and the Royal Commonwealth Society of the United Kingdom. She attended the meetings of the Food System Pavilion by FAO and UNFCC. She raised her voice about the climate emergency , hunger crisis, and gender equality for climate justice.

The United Nations Climate Change Conference COP27 closed with a breakthrough agreement to provide “loss and damage” funding for vulnerable countries hit hard by climate disasters.


“This outcome moves us forward,” said Simon Stiell, UN Climate Change Executive Secretary. “We have determined a way forward on a decades-long conversation on funding for loss and damage – deliberating over how we address the impacts on communities whose lives and livelihoods have been ruined by the very worst impacts of climate change.”


Set against a difficult geopolitical backdrop, COP27 resulted in countries delivering a package of decisions that reaffirmed their commitment to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The package also strengthened action by countries to cut greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the inevitable impacts of climate change, as well as boosting the support of finance, technology and capacity building needed by developing countries.


Creating a specific fund for loss and damage marked an important point of progress, with the issue added to the official agenda and adopted for the first time at COP27.


Governments took the ground-breaking decision to establish new funding arrangements, as well as a dedicated fund, to assist developing countries in responding to loss and damage. Governments also agreed to establish a ‘transitional committee’ to make recommendations on how to operationalize both the new funding arrangements and the fund at COP28 next year. The first meeting of the transitional committee is expected to take place before the end of March 2023.


Parties also agreed on the institutional arrangements to operationalize the Santiago Network for Loss and Damage, to catalyze technical assistance to developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.


COP27 saw significant progress on adaptation, with governments agreeing on the way to move forward on the Global Goal on Adaptation, which will conclude at COP28 and inform the first Global Stocktake, improving resilience amongst the most vulnerable. New pledges, totaling more than USD 230 million, were made to the Adaptation Fund at COP27. These pledges will help many more vulnerable communities adapt to climate change through concrete adaptation solutions. COP27 President Sameh Shoukry announced the Sharm el-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda, enhancing resilience for people living in the most climate-vulnerable communities by 2030. UN Climate Change’s Standing Committee on Finance was requested to prepare a report on doubling adaptation finance for consideration at COP28 next year.

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The author Writer Bhaiya finally spoke about his life and revealed where he hailed from

Writer Bhaiya, also known as Aditya Singh, is an Indian Author who published the book “The Cycle of Reasons: — 24 Reasons”


Writer Bhaiya has been yielding unreleased compositions for years when publishing houses were more well-known than self-publishing. On the occasion of his birthday, he addressed a group and shattered his curtain of silence when questioned about his childhood, career, and personal life.


Statement over Early Life


In response to a question regarding how his life drove him to reserve Writer Bhaiya as a pen name unintentionally; as mentioned by him on his Instagram story, the beloved author Writer Bhaiya made the following statement:-

“I go by the pen name Writer Bhaiya online as a token of love, but as the proportion of people is cognizant, my forename is Aditya Singh stepped into the world at merely six months as a premature baby in Mumbai on October 2nd.


In the 20th century, my family immigrated to Mumbai from Bihar. I attended high school in Mumbai. As a young child, I caused trouble and was typically mischievous to everybody around me. I grew up to be a reserved person in school after a certain age as a response to childhood and generational trauma.


Everything in 2016 began abruptly as a part of my chaotic life when I began to express myself with a pen in my hand on a piece of paper after sobbing one day over not being able to express myself how I wanted to. As a teen, I started to compose Hindi Shayari and poems. I eventually started penning fictional short tales, poetry, and letters devoted to my friends with compassion and love. My life took unexpected turns in 2017, which bounded me to chronicle my suffering in a journal.


I joined Instagram in 2017. In 2018, I began sporadically sharing my writings on Instagram Stories. My composed piece of prose on stories caught the attention of my loved ones & acquaintances more often than in everyday life, where I would disguise most of my crafted work. As time passed, my acquaintances began referring to me as a WRITER. Pairing the title my companions drew me and the premise that I was a Bihari dwelling in Mumbai, some people alluded me as Bhaiya in an unkind and insulting manner, prompting me to share the title: — Writer Bhaiya as my PEN NAME.

In the years 2017 and 2019, I suffered from depression twice. I battled ADHD struggles for years without recognising it was ADHD, and have been dealing with anxiety and panic attacks for two years. Since 2018, I have produced unpublished works every year and have worked as a ghostwriter for a year on different platforms.”


Statement over Career


Writer Bhaiya outlined his family in regard to his story to a person in the group who hugged him and sobbed in front of him questioning; if people are worthy of lingering as writers despite disobeying their parents.


“My family was unaware of the outcome of fear I held to my heart to notify them that I had released my first book after penning articles for entities and ghostwriting for savings on the internet because I had never aspired in childhood to stand destined as an author.


In 2022, I published a book titled “The Cycle Of Reasons:- 24 Reasons” as everyone present here is aware.


In an effort to; safeguard one life, I penned 24 reasons to continue existing in the world and journeying as a wanderer in pursuit of serenity and tranquilly and to recognise his responsibility to others as a writer and a debut author. Follow where your heart leads you with your career,” says Writer Bhaiya implies them that they can if they have a lamp in their hearts.


Statement over Personal life


Adding to his previous answer, Writer Bhaiya said, “I was born in a Hindu Family. I had strong ties with my family while I was young, but as I became a grown-up, my ties with them were erratic and periodically unfortunate as the clash of trauma made me numb as a teen.”


In striving to retain a boundary among his personal, social, and professional lives, writer Bhaiya adheres to a professional code of ethics. As a response, he denied politely asking to refrain from such questions, which made limited information to be verified; about his personal life in general.


However, he is said to have a girlfriend who has been with him since they were in high school.


His depression in 2019 drove him to consider suicide a second time, and he disclosed as considerably on Instagram, saying that if the light didn’t break through the sea of his darkness, he almost gave up on life.

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https://avalanches.com/ar/buenosaires_la_otra_planificacin_es_posible5090123_23_11_2022

La Otra Planificación: ¿Es Posible?


Para quienes participan de eventos de participación pública en temas de planificación territorial y obras públicas, la conclusión al diagnóstico de múltiples males es sencillamente la "falta planificación", la cual es repetida en forma remanido, indistintamente de que se trate de proyectos en ciudades ricas o pobres, no importa la geografía o la cultura. No importa que se trate de explicar por qué la gente no accede al agua potable, las cloacas, el déficit habitacional, la reducción de riesgos de desastres, el crecimiento de la contaminación o las causas del cambio climático, siempre la ausencia de la planificación aparece como el gran culpable de todos los males. Para quien estudió planificación urbana y regional en los ´90s, cuando la planificación era denostada igualmente como la culpable prácticamente de todos los males, la ingenuidad en torno a la idea de que de la noche a la mañana el estado pueda resolver los problemas de producción y gestión del hábitat genera como mínimo, inquietud. Es que en verdad, la mayoría de los problemas urbanos no pasan realmente por las virtudes o defectos de la planificación territorial, sino por las verdaderas intenciones de los actores claves que llevan adelante tanto planes como marcos regulatorios. En otras palabras, la ausencia de planes puede no ser producto de ignorancia, sino precisamente resultado de una intención premeditada de evitar que actividades altamente rentables puedan dejar de serlo ante la irrupción de marcos regulatorios que generen mecanismos efectivos de justicia espacial.


Después de muchas idas y vueltas en la Argentina y en América Latina el enamoramiento con la planificación territorial llevó a empoderar su vocación heroica de derrotar la especulación inmobiliaria, la destrucción de los recursos vitales para la vida humana sobre el planeta y con la justicia socio-espacial. Pero una vez decantado el entusiasmo cabe preguntarse si esta forma de planificación es realmente posible. Una planificación que imponga reglas claras al progreso en un contexto de desigualdad creciente. Un sistema justo que establezca actividades, sectores industriales que pueden usufructuar los escasos recursos del planeta ante la falta de consenso entre naciones. Una planificación que, respetuosa del medio ambiente y la idiosincrasia y cultura local, priorice la construcción de infraestructuras verdes y azules por sobre las grises. Una planificación que intervenga en la promoción de los sectores más vulnerables de la sociedad para incluirlos en procesos de integración a la ciudad y a los territorios, a pesar de las mezquindades de los sectores más poderosos.



Estas dos formas de planificación, la noble e idealista que resuelve los problemas con justicia socio-espacial, frente a la otra, tramposa e hipócrita, más vinculada a legitimar los intereses particulares tanto de funcionarios públicos como empresas privadas, muchas veces son confundidas. Y en la confusión los enfoques, teorías y metodologías de ambas tienden a deslegitimarse mutuamente. Por ejemplo, aquellos vecinos que esperaban procesos transparentes y participativos para decidir si un barrio puede albergar edificios en altura, en línea con los postulados internacionales de la "Nueva Agenda Urbana" de densificar la ciudad, y los dictados del sentido común que indican que es mejor verticalizar el desarrollo urbano antes que extenderlo en horizontal al infinito, quedándonos así muy pronto sin planeta, dada la notables huellas de las metrópolis mundiales, cuando efectivamente ocurren suelen sentirse decepcionados porque contrariamente a lo que esperaban, la planificación promovió la construcción en torres en sus barrios. Igualmente es difícil de digerir para un intendente virtuoso que se ocupó seria y profesionalmente de sus vecinos sin vivienda mal alojados en barrios populares, que todos sus esfuerzos para "cazar" fondos de la provincia y la nación para el mejoramiento barrial termine siendo castigado en las urnas por los otros vecinos descontentos con el balance de su gestión. En ambos ejemplos se trata de vecinos y dirigentes bien intencionados: ¿qué podríamos esperar de aquellos que no lo son tanto? o al menos de aquellos que tienen prioridades claramente diferentes al resto de los mortales. Para quienes tienen cierta experiencia en la gestión pública es bastante claro que asfaltar una calle o cortar una cinta de inauguración de una escuela, un centro de salud o una vivienda es mucho más que satisfacer necesidades básicas de la población y que en realidad se trata inevitablemente de una forma muy concreta de obtener votos, legitimando el mandato de la ciudadanía, independientemente del marco ideológico en el que esto ocurra. Para muchos ciudadanos, esta realidad tan obvia pone en tela de juicio la legitimidad de los planes como ordenadores y articuladores de las necesidades y prioridades de la población con su materialización a partir de los recursos materiales y normativos disponibles. En otras palabras, paulatinamente se reemplaza la idea del planeamiento heroico al que hay que defender por el planeamiento coimero al servicio de intereses espurios al que hay que combatir y de ser posible reducir a su mínima expresión.


Ante este estado de situación cabe preguntarse sobre la viabilidad de planificar territorios en los que todos sabemos que existen desigualdades profundas de todo tipo, en los que la precariedad y el deterioro son procesos que se aceleran de día en día y que los factores de cambio climático y crisis del ambiente a nivel planetaria avizora que todo ira peor y que hoy como nunca en el pasado la supervivencia humana depende precisamente de la planificación. Los valores de la democracia nos invitan a pensar en que será la planificación territorial participativa la que permitirá empoderar comunidades haciéndolas de este modo más resilientes o capaces de adaptarse a los grandes cambios que se avecinan, pero la velocidad de los acontecimientos añadido a inquietantes señales de desinterés en dicha construcción de enormes sectores de nuestra sociedad invitan también a pensar en estrategias de aceleración de una conciencia global en torno a la importancia de planificar los recursos naturales para el uso y usufructo de la humanidad en su conjunto y a escala nacional, volver a pensar las fronteras de cada país y la forma de distribuir su territorio soberano entre quienes lo habitan.



Una planificación territorial realista y viable, sin perder su prestigio de promotor del bien pública y ética de impartir justicia requiere ser de conocimiento público. Difícilmente las gentes de ningún país, pueblo o ciudad, cuanto menos de una metrópolis en la que nadie se conoce entre sí y todos desconfían de todos, defiendan y demanden algo que en verdad no conozcan. Por esa razón es que es tan importante popularizar la lógica, enfoques y "modus operandi" de la planificación, no como trofeo de campaña para ganar elecciones, sino como recurso que permita medir la eficiencia y eficacia de las gestiones. Si la gente supiera que esos planes con las que son definidas las normas que les ponen límites a lo que pueden hacer y no hacer en sus territorios o en verdad están al servicio de sus intereses, tales como protegerles y promover su prosperidad, muy distinta sería la historia de nuestras ciudades. No se trata de aprender tecnicismos o formar académicamente mejor a la población, sino que fundamentalmente se trata de un problema de comunicación asertiva que convenza a las comunidades respecto a la visión de lo que se quiere alcanzar. Y en este punto, a pesar de los miles de talleres de visión que se vienen desarrollando en todo el mundo, paradójicamente pocos municipios tienen definidos una visión de su desarrollo territorial explícitamente vinculado al desarrollo socio-económico. Al contrario, la mayoría tiene visiones ideales en lo territorial que nunca se implementan que contrastan fuertemente con ausencia de planes generales ante iniciativas privadas muy concretas de establecimiento de actividades generadoras de grandes rentas a expensa del deterioro social y ambiental del resto de la sociedad. En esta dicotomía puede advertirse nuevamente la racionalidad de personificar a los planes y la planificación como responsables del desacople. Se demanda a la planificación territorial a intervenir en la reproducción de círculos viciosos de pobreza y marginalidad, pero segregándola de decisiones claves del desarrollo económico y social en los territorios.


La cuestión comentada aquí es que la viabilidad de la planificación depende en buena medida de su capacidad de incidir en los modelos de desarrollo social y económico. Y esto no solo implica que tenga una incidencia a nivel nacional, provincial y municipal, sino también a nivel multidisciplinario pues claramente no se trata solo de transformar la dimensión física del territorio sino necesariamente también lo social, lo económico y lo cultural. Es decir que, para que un plan sea viable necesariamente necesita ser multidisciplinario, multiescalar e integral. No solo dice que hay que hacer, sino también donde, cuando y quien debería hacerlo, con que recursos y como se financia en el tiempo. Y una vez resuelto todo eso, debe comunicar en forma sencilla y directa lo que el plan se propone, a quienes representa y la visión que propone del territorio deseado, al menos de deseado por los actores que promueven el plan. El plan nunca debe ser un producto privado o al servicio de individuos o de conglomerado de intereses, sino que debe ser transparente, abierto y atractor de nuevos actores, en un proceso de suma de voluntades no por acuerdos trasnochados y oportunistas, sino por la conveniencia y beneficio de muchos. Los plan deberían ser obligación de confeccionarse y actualizarse en todos los municipios latinoamericanos ya que de ellos dependen en buena medida el impacto de las obras públicas, las calles por las que todos los días circulamos, las escuelas y hospitales a los que acuden nuestros hijos y padres y la protección del ambiente que no podrá gozar nuestra descendencia si no actuamos rápidamente.

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