Surging Geriatric Population Driving Sa Gurgaon

Surging Geriatric Population Driving Sales of Osteoporosis Drugs in Asia-Pacific

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Human skeleton has changed drastically during the thousands of years of evolution. According to the research pubished in the PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America), a multidisciplinary science journal, the advent of agriculture and the subsequent change of human lifestyles from hunter-gatherers to farming-based have caused a considerable reduction in the weight of the human skeleton. Moreover, this has caused a sharp reduction in the bone densities of humans.

Apart from causing a major change in diets, agriculture also reduced the human dependence on running and walking for surviving, which, in turn, caused a huge reduction in the physical capabilities of humans including their bone strength. The advent of machines, the rise of industries and urbanization, and the advent of computers have further reduced the human dependence on physical labor for survival and as a result, our skeletons becoming progressively weaker with each passing generation.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), over 50% of the population in the world currently live in urban areas and this share is predicted to rise to 70% by 2050. This rapid urbanization is giving rise to sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy eating habits, which are, in turn, fueling the rise in the prevalence of osteoporosis across the world. Osteoporosis is a bone condition that occurs when the human body makes too little bone or loses too much bone.

This condition drastically increases the chances of bone fractures and therefore, requires immediate medical treatment. As osteoporosis drugs are widely used for treating this disorder, the growing incidence of this disease is pushing up the requirement for osteoporosis drugs all over the world. Many research organizations and academic institutions are making huge investments for facilitating faster discovery and development of osteoporosis drugs, because of the rising need for enhanced osteoporosis care and the ballooning public awareness about these drugs.

Hence, with the mushrooming sales of osteoporosis drugs around the world, the global osteoporosis drugs market will exhibit huge expansion in the coming years, as per the estimates of P&S Intelligence, a market research firm. Selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), calcitonin, bisphosphonates, rank ligand inhibitor, and parathyroid hormone therapy are the most commonly used types of osteoporosis drug classes. Amongst these, the sales of the bisphosphonates drug class were observed to be considerably high in the years gone by.

Globally, the North American osteoporosis drugs market is currently very prosperous and is predicted to exhibit lucrative growth in the future years. According to industry experts, the sales of osteoporosis drugs will rise tremendously in the Asia-Pacific (APAC) region in the forthcoming years, on account of the presence of a soaring geriatric population suffering from osteoporosis and the rising adoption of unhealthy lifestyles, which negatively impact the bone health of people.

Hence, it can be said with surety that due to the ballooning incidence of osteoporosis, on account of the growing adoption of unhealthy lifestyles and consumption of fast foods, the sales of osteoporosis drugs will climb all over the world in the upcoming years.

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Animal Farmers Increasingly Using Feed Containing Single-Cell Protein Sources

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With the global population set to reach 10.9 billion by 2100, growing from 7.7 billion in 2019, as per the United Nations (UN), the demand for milk and meat is growing rapidly. This is leading to an increase in animal husbandry activities, which is propelling the demand for animal feed. The more nutritious the diet, the better the quantity and quality of the milk and meat produced. For this, a protein-rich diet is important, which is why with the growing cattle population, the demand for spirulina and chlorella is rising.

Apart from animal feed, these organisms are being used in food supplements for humans. For instance, spirulina is rich in proteins, vitamins B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), and B3 (niacin), iron, and copper. Similarly, chlorella has high amounts of proteins, vitamin B12, vitamin C, iron, and omega-3 and small amounts of magnesium, copper, zinc, potassium, folic acid, calcium, and vitamins B 1, 3, and 8. With the increasing health consciousness, people are joining gyms and working out. Gym instructors usually prescribe protein-rich supplements, such as whey protein, chlorella, and spirulina.

Due to the various benefits and applications of these two organisms, of all the sources of single-cell proteins, algae have witnessed the highest consumption till now, because spirulina and chlorella are essentially algae. These microalgae are also now being used as biofertilizers and biostimulants to promote plant growth. This is essential since the booming population and expanding cities are eating into farmlands. Hence, the agrarian community is under extreme pressure to utilize the remaining agricultural fields to produce more than ever.

This is leading to more cycles of sowing and reaping, which are often more than the soil can withstand. As a result, the fertility of the soil reduces, and it needs to be replenished regularly. For decades, chemically synthesized fertilizers have been used on farms, but they have their own set of problems. Thus, there is a rapid shift underway toward organic fertilizers , such as those made from microalgae (spirulina and chlorella). Further, the growing popularity of food claimed as being grown organically is driving the demand for organic fertilizers.

Owing to all these reasons, North America was the largest protein extracts from single-cell protein sources market in the past. The continent is home to a hugely productive biotechnology industry, which is utilizing SCPs in innovative ways. Additionally, several conferences and seminars are conducted in the region to impart knowledge on the benefits and potential uses of SCPs. Moreover, people here have a high disposable income, and they are also conscious regarding their health. This leads to a high spending on organic food products, which is propelling the usage of biofertilizers.

Therefore, with expanding applications, the consumption of protein extracts from SCPs will increase.

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Rising Government Initiatives Set to Fuel Growth in Global Integration Platform as a Service (iPaaS) Market in Future

Integration platform as a service (iPaaS) refers to a cloud integration platform that brings together applications and databases. In simpler terms, it can be defined as a set of clouds-based suits that allows end users to manage, develop, govern, and integrate applications and services as a single and integrated solution. The ability of iPaaS to reduce the cost of ownership, which is basically the total cost incurred across the product’s lifecycle, including its maintenance costs, and to improve data accuracy are the biggest factors fuelling its demand amongst businesses.

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The other key factor powering the uptake of iPaaS is its ability to offer scalability to business organizations and help them maintain optimum performance, even under excess workloads. The implementation of iPaaS helps in creating a responsive architecture, in order to attain maximum value from large-scale data explosion. In addition to this, the shifting focus of several companies toward the creation of a framework in which no work will be needed to install software or set up physical servers in the company is significantly boosting the demand for integration platform as a service.

Owing to these factors, the global iPaaS market is expected to witness exponential growth in the coming years. The various types of services provided by iPaaS are application integration, cloud service orchestration, application programming interface management, training and consulting, real-time monitoring and integration, data transformation, and support and maintenance. Amongst these, the cloud service orchestration service, consisting of cloud service automation, reporting and analytics, and training, consulting, and integration, is currently witnessing the highest demand across the world. This is attributed to the increasing focus of companies on workload optimization and maximizing their cloud investments.

iPaaS is adopted in a plethora of industries, such as healthcare and life sciences, government and public sector, media and entertainment, education, banking, financial services, and insurance (BFSI), telecommunications, manufacturing, and consumer goods and retail. Out of these, the government and public sector is expected to record significant increase in the adoption of iPaaS during the forecast period, mainly due to the ballooning data traffic, increasing government spending on advanced technology, and rising security concerns.

The iPaaS market is presently witnessing an evolving concept of big data. Big data can be simply defined as data which is complex and huge in volume and therefore requires numerous advanced technologies in order to be collected and analyzed. The surging number of connected devices, expanding trend of bring your own device (BYOD), and mushrooming internet traffic are resulting in the creation of large volumes of data, which is, in turn, propelling the growth in the demand for iPaaS.

Globally, the highest growth in the adoption of iPaaS has been observed in North America till now, while in the coming years, the same would be witnessed in Asia-Pacific (APAC). This is mainly due to the rising BYOD trend, increasing awareness regarding iPaaS amongst the enterprises, and rapidly surging focus of companies on reducing ownership costs. Moreover, the rising number of government initiatives in various APAC countries, aimed at increasing the implementation of iPaaS, and escalating demand for data security are predicted to further boost the demand for iPaaS here in future.

Thus, the requirement for iPaaS, owing to its ability to streamline business operations, provide enhanced data security and analysis, and reduce ownership costs, is forecast to witness tremendous growth in the coming years.

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Growing Popularity of Regional Cuisines Boosting Seasonings and Spices Demand

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Seasonings and spices are some of the most essential ingredients required for preparing ready-to-eat and convenience foods. Therefore, the growing popularity of these food items is heavily boosting the sales of seasonings and spices all over the world. Long working hours, busy lifestyles of people, and the increasing trend of people moving out of their parents’ houses and living alone for work and other purposes are the main factors responsible for the growing consumption of fast foods and ready-to-eat items.

Additionally, people are increasingly preferring to order food or going to the food outlets such as street stalls and restaurants over cooking at home and this positively impacting the sales of spices and seasonings. Moreover, the rising consumer preference for baked goods, fried foods, and confectionary products, especially in the developed countries, is boosting the requirement for various types of seasonings, which are required for preparing these foods, in the industries associated with confectionary and processed foods.

Apart from the aforementioned factors, the rising popularity of various exotic cuisines and dishes of different places, on account of the increasing multiculturalism and changing demographic composition in several countries, is also propelling the demand for seasonings and spices. Many vendors and restaurants are increasingly adopting spices such as pepper, anise, and ginger (Chinese food), cardamom, curry, and chili (Indian food), and cloves, cinnamon, nutmeg, and cassia (Thai cuisine) for food preparation.

With the rapid growth of the hospitality and tourism industry in many countries, the popularity of regional cuisines is rising quickly all over the world. The increasing interactions between people of different countries, ethnicities, and religions are causing a sharp rise in cultural exchange, which is, in turn, fueling the popularity of various regional dishes. The other major factor driving the growth of the seasonings and spices market is the increasing public awareness of the medical benefits of spices.

For example, cinnamon, if consumed regularly, can help reduce the blood sugar levels and the risk factors for heart diseases. Similarly, the consumption of sesame seeds leads improves heart health, lowers blood pressure, burns fat, and improves nutrient absorption in the body. Additionally, the consumption of these seeds helps prevent cancer and increases the immunity of those suffering from cancer. These factors are boosting the usage of seasonings and spices all over the world.

Because of the aforementioned reasons, the global seasonings and spices market is set to exhibit rapid advancement in the future years. There are mainly two types of seasonings and spices sold across the world— ground and whole. Between them, the demand for whole products were found to be very high in the past years. Whole spices and seasonings are heavily used in both residential and industrial applications. These items are extensively used in the industrial, retail, and food service sectors.

Globally, the Asia-Pacific seasonings and spices market was very prosperous in the years gone by, as per the findings of P&S Intelligence, a market research firm based in India. Due to the huge population in the regional countries such as India and China, the usage of seasonings and spices was extremely high in the last few years. For example, as per the United Nations, the population of India increased at almost 1.26% from 2010 to 2015.

Therefore, it can be said without any hesitation that the sales of spices and seasonings will climb all over the world in the upcoming years, due to the growing popularity of ready-to-eat and convenience foods, the rising consumer preference for exotic dishes, and the increasing public awareness of the health benefits of various spices.

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Frequency Synthesizers Guide for 2022

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Electronic devices are called frequency synthesizers to produce frequencies by combining different frequencies. They are employed in satellite receivers, mobile phones, radio receivers, GPS, and cell phones, among other devices. Direct digital synthesis (DDS), direct analogue synthesis (DAS), and indirect digital are the three main categories of products.

DAS frequency synthesizers with a mix-filter-divide design are employed in specific older electrical devices. DDS frequency synthesizers use a single standard frequency to generate any waveform digitally. Two subcategories of indirect or PLL frequency synthesizers are integer-N and fractional-N.

In recent years, digital frequency synthesizers have increased usage in modern wireless and communication applications, including spectroscopy, radar, electronic imaging, and cellular telephony. Digital frequency synthesizers are rapidly being used in various electronic products, such as mobile phones, smart watches, personal computers, and routers, thanks to technological improvements and the Internet of Things (IoT) development.

Governments worldwide are investing more money in defense technology in response to growing security worries. One of the leading causes of the escalating security concerns worldwide is the increase in geopolitical conflict. As a result, these nations increasingly emphasize acquiring cutting-edge technology to improve their military prowess.

The rising need for modular frequency synthesizers is a result of the growing requirement for the downsizing of equipment used in aerospace and the military. However, because modular frequency synthesizers are still in their infancy, their price is prohibitive for end-use sectors, preventing their adoption.

These devices are more expensive because they require more R&D and technological advancements for power processing, battery management, and integrating a more comprehensive frequency range and greater bandwidth.

A mixer inside the phase-locked loop separates the phase detector and the voltage-controlled oscillator to run the analogue phase-locked loop. As a result, the analogue synthesizer's loop has a frequency offset that causes the VCO to operate at a different frequency than the loop's comparison frequency.

The same method used to evaluate the loop with a divider may be applied to understand how the phase-locked loop, or PLL, functions with the mixer. Signals enter the phase detector at the same frequencies while the loop is locked. The mixer provides a frequency-related offset to the signal reaching the other port.

The need for excellent signal quality and low noise output capabilities in the telecommunication, military, and aerospace industries is responsible for the growing demand for analogue frequency synthesizers.

The telecommunications infrastructure will need to be significantly expanded for the future generation of networks, and frequency synthesizers are needed for networking devices such as switches, routers, LAN cards, and wireless routers.

Recently proposed for a low-noise, 5G application, X-band frequency synthesizer can improve frequency synthesizers by preventing the local pulling impact from power amplifiers. By 2025, there should be an additional 500 million internet users due to the increase in mobile usage and falling internet data prices. As a result, the need for frequency synthesizers in the APAC region will increase.

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Soaring Need for Household Products Driving Paraxylene Sales

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With the burgeoning requirement for personalized apparel and domestic & household products, the demand for paraxylene is rising sharply. This is because paraxylene, which is a fragrant hydrocarbon, is used extensively as a raw material in the production of purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and dimethyl-terephthalate (DMT), which are required for producing polyethylene terephthalate (PET) saturated polyester polymers. These polyesters are then used for producing fibers and films. In addition, PET bottles are also heavily used in the packaging industry, due to their unbreakable characteristics.

Polyester fibers and the packaging industry are the major end users of paraxylene. Between these, the usage of paraxylene was found to be higher in polyester fibers in 2015. This was primarily because of the increasing requirement for household and personal paraxylene-based products, owing to the soaring purchasing power and rapidly improving living standards of people all over the world. Pure terephthalic acid (PTA), dimethyl terephthalate, and di-paraxylene are the major application areas of paraxylene. Out of these, the use of paraxylene was observed to be the highest in pure terephthalic acid applications during the last few years, and this trend will continue in the coming years as well.

This is because paraxylene provides high shatter resistance and tensile strength in various PTA applications. Geographically, the Asia-Pacific (APAC) region contributed the highest revenue to the paraxylene market in 2015. Moreover, the region witnessed the sales of 34,293 kilotons of paraxylene in the same year. This is credited to the soaring requirement for personal apparels in the region. In addition, the growing focus of the governments of several regional countries on recycling and adopting bio-based renewables is encouraging manufacturing organizations to developed eco-friendly products, thereby propelling the demand for paraxylene in the region.

Apart from the aforementioned factors, the expansion of the textiles industry, especially in the emerging economies such as China and India, on account of the rising urbanization rate and the mushrooming population, is also driving the sales of paraxylene in the region. In APAC, the demand for the hydrocarbon is predicted to be the highest in China in the forthcoming years. South Korea and India are also predicted to generate a huge requirement for the hydrocarbon in the coming years.

Therefore, it can be said without hesitation that the demand for paraxylene will surge sharply in the coming years, primarily because of the growing requirement for polyester fibers and household & domestic products and the expansion of the packaging industry across the world.

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Why Are Corporates Adopting Cut Size Uncoated Freesheet Paper In Abundance?

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Cut size uncoated freesheet paper refers to a type of graphic paper that is manufactured by using about 10% mechanical pulp and 90% chemical pulp. This paper is available in rectangular sheets in three sizes— 210 mm*297 mm (A4), 215 mm*345 mm (legal), and 297 mm*420 mm (A3). A4-sized uncoated freesheet paper is preferred over other types of papers due to its higher compatibility with a variety of printers, such as laser and inkjet printers, and lower cost.

Additionally, the increasing number of school-going children in urban and rural areas of developing countries, such as Brazil and India, will also augment the need for cut size uncoated freesheet paper in the coming years. For instance, as per the Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019–2020 published by the Department of School Education and Literacy under the Government of India, there were more than 15 lakh schools, over 25 crore students, and around 97 lakh teachers in India in 2017–18.

Moreover, the increasing construction of new office buildings in India and China will also create a huge requirement for paper in the foreseeable future. As high volumes of cut size uncoated freesheet paper is used for writing and printing purposes in offices, the rising shift of manufacturing base from the Western part of the world to these countries will fuel the consumption of this grade of paper in the coming years. This grade of paper is used in offices for writing, publishing, printing business envelopes and forms, and commercial printing.

Apart from the commercial and educational sector, the residential sector is also using high volumes of cut size uncoated freesheet paper, due to the rising use of printers in this sector. Paper manufacturers, such as Domtar Corporation, Nippon Paper Industries Co. Ltd., Shandong Sun Holdings Group, International Paper Company, PT Pabrik Kertas Tjiwi Kimia Tbk., Asia Symbol, The Navigator Company S.A., PT. Indah Kiat Pulp & Paper Tbk, Mondi Group, Smurfit Kappa Group plc, and UPM Group, are producing large volumes of this grade of paper to cater to the demands of individuals, corporates, and educational institutes.

According to P&S Intelligence, Asia-Pacific (APAC) dominated the cut size uncoated freesheet paper market in the past and it is expected to retain its dominance in the coming years as well. This can be attributed to the soaring number of educational institutes and offices and the flourishing paper industry in the region. Moreover, the mounting printer sales in the region will also boost the consumption of this grade of paper in the forthcoming years. Additionally, the APAC region is also expected to adopt cut size uncoated freesheet paper at the highest rate in the forthcoming years.

Thus, the surging adoption of printers and the rising number of educational institutes in emerging economies will fuel the consumption of cut size uncoated freesheet paper in the foreseeable future.

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International fashion designer Priyanka Mallick joined at COP27, Egypt.

International fashion designer Priyanka Mallick joined COP27 in Egypt , virtually. She is a community adviser and member of the United Nations International and the Royal Commonwealth Society of the United Kingdom. She attended the meetings of the Food System Pavilion by FAO and UNFCC. She raised her voice about the climate emergency , hunger crisis, and gender equality for climate justice.

The United Nations Climate Change Conference COP27 closed with a breakthrough agreement to provide “loss and damage” funding for vulnerable countries hit hard by climate disasters.

“This outcome moves us forward,” said Simon Stiell, UN Climate Change Executive Secretary. “We have determined a way forward on a decades-long conversation on funding for loss and damage – deliberating over how we address the impacts on communities whose lives and livelihoods have been ruined by the very worst impacts of climate change.”

Set against a difficult geopolitical backdrop, COP27 resulted in countries delivering a package of decisions that reaffirmed their commitment to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The package also strengthened action by countries to cut greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the inevitable impacts of climate change, as well as boosting the support of finance, technology and capacity building needed by developing countries.

Creating a specific fund for loss and damage marked an important point of progress, with the issue added to the official agenda and adopted for the first time at COP27.

Governments took the ground-breaking decision to establish new funding arrangements, as well as a dedicated fund, to assist developing countries in responding to loss and damage. Governments also agreed to establish a ‘transitional committee’ to make recommendations on how to operationalize both the new funding arrangements and the fund at COP28 next year. The first meeting of the transitional committee is expected to take place before the end of March 2023.

Parties also agreed on the institutional arrangements to operationalize the Santiago Network for Loss and Damage, to catalyze technical assistance to developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.

COP27 saw significant progress on adaptation, with governments agreeing on the way to move forward on the Global Goal on Adaptation, which will conclude at COP28 and inform the first Global Stocktake, improving resilience amongst the most vulnerable. New pledges, totaling more than USD 230 million, were made to the Adaptation Fund at COP27. These pledges will help many more vulnerable communities adapt to climate change through concrete adaptation solutions. COP27 President Sameh Shoukry announced the Sharm el-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda, enhancing resilience for people living in the most climate-vulnerable communities by 2030. UN Climate Change’s Standing Committee on Finance was requested to prepare a report on doubling adaptation finance for consideration at COP28 next year.

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The author Writer Bhaiya finally spoke about his life and revealed where he hailed from

Writer Bhaiya, also known as Aditya Singh, is an Indian Author who published the book “The Cycle of Reasons: — 24 Reasons”

Writer Bhaiya has been yielding unreleased compositions for years when publishing houses were more well-known than self-publishing. On the occasion of his birthday, he addressed a group and shattered his curtain of silence when questioned about his childhood, career, and personal life.

Statement over Early Life

In response to a question regarding how his life drove him to reserve Writer Bhaiya as a pen name unintentionally; as mentioned by him on his Instagram story, the beloved author Writer Bhaiya made the following statement:-

“I go by the pen name Writer Bhaiya online as a token of love, but as the proportion of people is cognizant, my forename is Aditya Singh stepped into the world at merely six months as a premature baby in Mumbai on October 2nd.

In the 20th century, my family immigrated to Mumbai from Bihar. I attended high school in Mumbai. As a young child, I caused trouble and was typically mischievous to everybody around me. I grew up to be a reserved person in school after a certain age as a response to childhood and generational trauma.

Everything in 2016 began abruptly as a part of my chaotic life when I began to express myself with a pen in my hand on a piece of paper after sobbing one day over not being able to express myself how I wanted to. As a teen, I started to compose Hindi Shayari and poems. I eventually started penning fictional short tales, poetry, and letters devoted to my friends with compassion and love. My life took unexpected turns in 2017, which bounded me to chronicle my suffering in a journal.

I joined Instagram in 2017. In 2018, I began sporadically sharing my writings on Instagram Stories. My composed piece of prose on stories caught the attention of my loved ones & acquaintances more often than in everyday life, where I would disguise most of my crafted work. As time passed, my acquaintances began referring to me as a WRITER. Pairing the title my companions drew me and the premise that I was a Bihari dwelling in Mumbai, some people alluded me as Bhaiya in an unkind and insulting manner, prompting me to share the title: — Writer Bhaiya as my PEN NAME.

In the years 2017 and 2019, I suffered from depression twice. I battled ADHD struggles for years without recognising it was ADHD, and have been dealing with anxiety and panic attacks for two years. Since 2018, I have produced unpublished works every year and have worked as a ghostwriter for a year on different platforms.”

Statement over Career

Writer Bhaiya outlined his family in regard to his story to a person in the group who hugged him and sobbed in front of him questioning; if people are worthy of lingering as writers despite disobeying their parents.

“My family was unaware of the outcome of fear I held to my heart to notify them that I had released my first book after penning articles for entities and ghostwriting for savings on the internet because I had never aspired in childhood to stand destined as an author.

In 2022, I published a book titled “The Cycle Of Reasons:- 24 Reasons” as everyone present here is aware.

In an effort to; safeguard one life, I penned 24 reasons to continue existing in the world and journeying as a wanderer in pursuit of serenity and tranquilly and to recognise his responsibility to others as a writer and a debut author. Follow where your heart leads you with your career,” says Writer Bhaiya implies them that they can if they have a lamp in their hearts.

Statement over Personal life

Adding to his previous answer, Writer Bhaiya said, “I was born in a Hindu Family. I had strong ties with my family while I was young, but as I became a grown-up, my ties with them were erratic and periodically unfortunate as the clash of trauma made me numb as a teen.”

In striving to retain a boundary among his personal, social, and professional lives, writer Bhaiya adheres to a professional code of ethics. As a response, he denied politely asking to refrain from such questions, which made limited information to be verified; about his personal life in general.

However, he is said to have a girlfriend who has been with him since they were in high school.

His depression in 2019 drove him to consider suicide a second time, and he disclosed as considerably on Instagram, saying that if the light didn’t break through the sea of his darkness, he almost gave up on life.

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La Otra Planificación: ¿Es Posible?

Para quienes participan de eventos de participación pública en temas de planificación territorial y obras públicas, la conclusión al diagnóstico de múltiples males es sencillamente la "falta planificación", la cual es repetida en forma remanido, indistintamente de que se trate de proyectos en ciudades ricas o pobres, no importa la geografía o la cultura. No importa que se trate de explicar por qué la gente no accede al agua potable, las cloacas, el déficit habitacional, la reducción de riesgos de desastres, el crecimiento de la contaminación o las causas del cambio climático, siempre la ausencia de la planificación aparece como el gran culpable de todos los males. Para quien estudió planificación urbana y regional en los ´90s, cuando la planificación era denostada igualmente como la culpable prácticamente de todos los males, la ingenuidad en torno a la idea de que de la noche a la mañana el estado pueda resolver los problemas de producción y gestión del hábitat genera como mínimo, inquietud. Es que en verdad, la mayoría de los problemas urbanos no pasan realmente por las virtudes o defectos de la planificación territorial, sino por las verdaderas intenciones de los actores claves que llevan adelante tanto planes como marcos regulatorios. En otras palabras, la ausencia de planes puede no ser producto de ignorancia, sino precisamente resultado de una intención premeditada de evitar que actividades altamente rentables puedan dejar de serlo ante la irrupción de marcos regulatorios que generen mecanismos efectivos de justicia espacial.

Después de muchas idas y vueltas en la Argentina y en América Latina el enamoramiento con la planificación territorial llevó a empoderar su vocación heroica de derrotar la especulación inmobiliaria, la destrucción de los recursos vitales para la vida humana sobre el planeta y con la justicia socio-espacial. Pero una vez decantado el entusiasmo cabe preguntarse si esta forma de planificación es realmente posible. Una planificación que imponga reglas claras al progreso en un contexto de desigualdad creciente. Un sistema justo que establezca actividades, sectores industriales que pueden usufructuar los escasos recursos del planeta ante la falta de consenso entre naciones. Una planificación que, respetuosa del medio ambiente y la idiosincrasia y cultura local, priorice la construcción de infraestructuras verdes y azules por sobre las grises. Una planificación que intervenga en la promoción de los sectores más vulnerables de la sociedad para incluirlos en procesos de integración a la ciudad y a los territorios, a pesar de las mezquindades de los sectores más poderosos.

Estas dos formas de planificación, la noble e idealista que resuelve los problemas con justicia socio-espacial, frente a la otra, tramposa e hipócrita, más vinculada a legitimar los intereses particulares tanto de funcionarios públicos como empresas privadas, muchas veces son confundidas. Y en la confusión los enfoques, teorías y metodologías de ambas tienden a deslegitimarse mutuamente. Por ejemplo, aquellos vecinos que esperaban procesos transparentes y participativos para decidir si un barrio puede albergar edificios en altura, en línea con los postulados internacionales de la "Nueva Agenda Urbana" de densificar la ciudad, y los dictados del sentido común que indican que es mejor verticalizar el desarrollo urbano antes que extenderlo en horizontal al infinito, quedándonos así muy pronto sin planeta, dada la notables huellas de las metrópolis mundiales, cuando efectivamente ocurren suelen sentirse decepcionados porque contrariamente a lo que esperaban, la planificación promovió la construcción en torres en sus barrios. Igualmente es difícil de digerir para un intendente virtuoso que se ocupó seria y profesionalmente de sus vecinos sin vivienda mal alojados en barrios populares, que todos sus esfuerzos para "cazar" fondos de la provincia y la nación para el mejoramiento barrial termine siendo castigado en las urnas por los otros vecinos descontentos con el balance de su gestión. En ambos ejemplos se trata de vecinos y dirigentes bien intencionados: ¿qué podríamos esperar de aquellos que no lo son tanto? o al menos de aquellos que tienen prioridades claramente diferentes al resto de los mortales. Para quienes tienen cierta experiencia en la gestión pública es bastante claro que asfaltar una calle o cortar una cinta de inauguración de una escuela, un centro de salud o una vivienda es mucho más que satisfacer necesidades básicas de la población y que en realidad se trata inevitablemente de una forma muy concreta de obtener votos, legitimando el mandato de la ciudadanía, independientemente del marco ideológico en el que esto ocurra. Para muchos ciudadanos, esta realidad tan obvia pone en tela de juicio la legitimidad de los planes como ordenadores y articuladores de las necesidades y prioridades de la población con su materialización a partir de los recursos materiales y normativos disponibles. En otras palabras, paulatinamente se reemplaza la idea del planeamiento heroico al que hay que defender por el planeamiento coimero al servicio de intereses espurios al que hay que combatir y de ser posible reducir a su mínima expresión.

Ante este estado de situación cabe preguntarse sobre la viabilidad de planificar territorios en los que todos sabemos que existen desigualdades profundas de todo tipo, en los que la precariedad y el deterioro son procesos que se aceleran de día en día y que los factores de cambio climático y crisis del ambiente a nivel planetaria avizora que todo ira peor y que hoy como nunca en el pasado la supervivencia humana depende precisamente de la planificación. Los valores de la democracia nos invitan a pensar en que será la planificación territorial participativa la que permitirá empoderar comunidades haciéndolas de este modo más resilientes o capaces de adaptarse a los grandes cambios que se avecinan, pero la velocidad de los acontecimientos añadido a inquietantes señales de desinterés en dicha construcción de enormes sectores de nuestra sociedad invitan también a pensar en estrategias de aceleración de una conciencia global en torno a la importancia de planificar los recursos naturales para el uso y usufructo de la humanidad en su conjunto y a escala nacional, volver a pensar las fronteras de cada país y la forma de distribuir su territorio soberano entre quienes lo habitan.

Una planificación territorial realista y viable, sin perder su prestigio de promotor del bien pública y ética de impartir justicia requiere ser de conocimiento público. Difícilmente las gentes de ningún país, pueblo o ciudad, cuanto menos de una metrópolis en la que nadie se conoce entre sí y todos desconfían de todos, defiendan y demanden algo que en verdad no conozcan. Por esa razón es que es tan importante popularizar la lógica, enfoques y "modus operandi" de la planificación, no como trofeo de campaña para ganar elecciones, sino como recurso que permita medir la eficiencia y eficacia de las gestiones. Si la gente supiera que esos planes con las que son definidas las normas que les ponen límites a lo que pueden hacer y no hacer en sus territorios o en verdad están al servicio de sus intereses, tales como protegerles y promover su prosperidad, muy distinta sería la historia de nuestras ciudades. No se trata de aprender tecnicismos o formar académicamente mejor a la población, sino que fundamentalmente se trata de un problema de comunicación asertiva que convenza a las comunidades respecto a la visión de lo que se quiere alcanzar. Y en este punto, a pesar de los miles de talleres de visión que se vienen desarrollando en todo el mundo, paradójicamente pocos municipios tienen definidos una visión de su desarrollo territorial explícitamente vinculado al desarrollo socio-económico. Al contrario, la mayoría tiene visiones ideales en lo territorial que nunca se implementan que contrastan fuertemente con ausencia de planes generales ante iniciativas privadas muy concretas de establecimiento de actividades generadoras de grandes rentas a expensa del deterioro social y ambiental del resto de la sociedad. En esta dicotomía puede advertirse nuevamente la racionalidad de personificar a los planes y la planificación como responsables del desacople. Se demanda a la planificación territorial a intervenir en la reproducción de círculos viciosos de pobreza y marginalidad, pero segregándola de decisiones claves del desarrollo económico y social en los territorios.

La cuestión comentada aquí es que la viabilidad de la planificación depende en buena medida de su capacidad de incidir en los modelos de desarrollo social y económico. Y esto no solo implica que tenga una incidencia a nivel nacional, provincial y municipal, sino también a nivel multidisciplinario pues claramente no se trata solo de transformar la dimensión física del territorio sino necesariamente también lo social, lo económico y lo cultural. Es decir que, para que un plan sea viable necesariamente necesita ser multidisciplinario, multiescalar e integral. No solo dice que hay que hacer, sino también donde, cuando y quien debería hacerlo, con que recursos y como se financia en el tiempo. Y una vez resuelto todo eso, debe comunicar en forma sencilla y directa lo que el plan se propone, a quienes representa y la visión que propone del territorio deseado, al menos de deseado por los actores que promueven el plan. El plan nunca debe ser un producto privado o al servicio de individuos o de conglomerado de intereses, sino que debe ser transparente, abierto y atractor de nuevos actores, en un proceso de suma de voluntades no por acuerdos trasnochados y oportunistas, sino por la conveniencia y beneficio de muchos. Los plan deberían ser obligación de confeccionarse y actualizarse en todos los municipios latinoamericanos ya que de ellos dependen en buena medida el impacto de las obras públicas, las calles por las que todos los días circulamos, las escuelas y hospitales a los que acuden nuestros hijos y padres y la protección del ambiente que no podrá gozar nuestra descendencia si no actuamos rápidamente.

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