Hypersonic future of space, defence and जयपुर

Hypersonic future of space, defence and aerospace

What if the economics and technical challenges of hypersonic flight were conquered and the once exclusive world of Concorde-style travel was replaced with hypersonic possibilities?

Imagine the possibilities of an aircraft capable of sustained flight at Mach 5.5 and beyond at altitudes above 60,000 feet on the very edge of space. The speed of hypersonic flight would mean that I could have breakfast in London, fly to Singapore in time for a dinner meeting in Dempsey Road and then fly back to India in time.

Hypersonic systems are highly maneuverable, travel many times the speed of sound, and allow for the destruction & travel at any point anywhere in the world in less than an hour. Hypersonic flights are a growing and extremely complex threat to our national interests. Currently, 23 nations have demonstrated varying degrees of expertise in hypersonic technology…a number that continues to grow daily. Hypersonic is really about industrialization, not about science…Are we technically prepared?

If you've been following defense or aerospace news in recent years, you may have noticed that there's been significant buzz about hypersonics. The USA, China, Russia, Germany, Britain, India, Australia, and even Indonesia have been conducting research into various aspects and problems of flying at Mach 5 (3,800 mph, 6,125 km/h) and above.

Now before go further let first know the basics.

Hypersonic is flight through the atmosphere below about 90 km height and at min. speeds above Mach 5, at this speed dissociation of air begins to become significant and high heat and pressure loads at which mostly material changes its physical properties.

At this speed the air flows around object forms a shock waves which deflects the air from the stagnation point and insulates the flight body from the atmosphere. And the Power of these shock waves can calculate by that there is a book name shock waves was published by the world bank group in Climate Change and Development Series.

But still There are numerous projects are running in the world some of which are:-

Hypersonic aircraft

United States Aerojet General X-8

United States North American X-15

United States Lockheed X-17

United States NASA X-43 (uncrewed)

United States Boeing X-51 (uncrewed)

China DF-ZF (uncrewed)

Russia Avangard (uncrewed)

India HSTDV (uncrewed)


United States Space Shuttle orbiter

Soviet Union Buran (uncrewed)

India RLV-TD (uncrewed)

United States Boeing X-37 (uncrewed)

China Shenlong (uncrewed)

Not the esa logo.svg IXV (uncrewed)

Soviet Union BOR-4 (uncrewed)

United States Martin X-23 PRIME(uncrewed) and X-24

United States ASSET (uncrewed)

Japan HYFLEX (uncrewed)

There are huge numerous potential advantages of hypersonic flight , including reduced travel times, improved space access and also cutting down the cost of space programs. And as today's we can see lots of defence reports for hypersonic flight. These reports should worry military analysts is fairly obvious because at the moment, defense systems operate at supersonic speeds and below. Fighter planes, bombers, missiles, anti-missiles, and artillery shells all fly at less than Mach 5. Even the fastest manned jet plane ever built, the now-retired SR-71, could only manage Mach 3.5. The only weapons that do count as hypersonic are ballistic missiles that fly out into space before returning to Earth, which makes them a very special case and same for the space programs we use huge rockets which took a high amount of resources and money in form of fuel.

As on current situation The United States, Russia, and China are leading the race to develop hypersonic missiles, with France and India close behind. Japan, Australia, and Europe are all developing the component technologies, in some cases for ostensibly civilian purposes. Within ten years, hypersonic missiles are likely to be deployed and potentially offered on the international market.

Hypersonic weapons use advances in electronic capacity, sensor quality, and miniaturization to create a new threat for world,” says Trey Obering, Booz Allen executive vice president. As former head of the Missile Defense Agency (MDA), he has a first-hand perspective. “They’re fast and maneuverable. That combination creates a threat that is imperative for the world to address.”

In fact, it is in the interests of the world to reduce their exposure to this new threat. Russia in particular has been vocal regarding the dangers of hypersonic missiles, perhaps due to a fear that NATO could mount a devastating hypersonic attack. Further, China can be expected to oppose both Japanese and Indian acquisition of such weapons or in short we can say that hypersonic is the second biggest threat after nuclear weapons.

But still there is lots of potential to be developed that's why world and many engineering expertise are working for that. From all these potential we have one is hypersonic glide vehicles can travel higher Compared to a ballistic (parabolic) trajectory, Hypersonic cruise missiles, which are powered by scramjet, are restricted below 100,000 feea but a hypersonic vehicle would be capable of large-angle deviations from a parabolic trajectory.

For example of ballistic missile a joint Russian-Indian company has started the development of a cruise missile capable of flying at Mach 5, which will make it 'impossible to intercept'. BrahMos-2 will be the next generation of the highly successful the BrahMos missile already used by Indian military. And some of hypersonic ballistic missile in all over world are as follows:-

United States AGM-183A air launched rapid response weapon (ARRW, pronounced "arrow")

Russia Kinzhal

China DF-41

As for that first step of glide vehicle as a testing we will develop a Hypersonic cruise missile which can Launches from an aircraft and uses a scramjet engine which “turns on” at hypersonic speeds to power the weapon. And for that there are multiple options one of them is indian missile Astra which can carry 15kg war head at max. Speed of mach 4.7 and most importantly can launch from many aircrafts. After this we will develop intercontinental missile systems. Basic idea made by me is written further as a Idea 1.

Then after completing first step we could step further for space launching using structural and technology from hypersonic cruise missile design and development. At this step we will boost our main glide vehicle will gain a speed above mach 4 or 5 through a solid booster rocket. Using that we can reduce around 50% resources which is used in form of fuel and also can make space flight reusable and also reduce space garbage. Basic idea for that made by me is written further as a Idea 2.

Whole world expertise in engineering complex systems is working to realises these benefits and trying to fasten the life of world and technology but hypersonic technology itself offers hope, as it is extremely difficult to master. Igniting the engine of a hypersonic cruise missile has been compared to lighting a match in a 2,000-mile-per-hour wind. Moreover, the shape of the missile changes under the rigors of hypersonic flight, creating great challenges for flight control.

World is demonstrating our capability in flight vehicle design and testing, and creating technologies to overcome the many technical challenges associated with hypersonic flight. Friction from the atmosphere exposes the air frame to extreme temperatures. We need materials and strategies to cope with the high temperature, which threaten to melt and warp the structure.And to counter drag, we seek propulsion systems that are efficient and effective at high speed. We currently rely on traditional rocket engines to provide thrust above Mach 3 to 4. These are generally unsophisticated and inefficient.

The designer of an efficient supersonic aircraft must take shock waves into account, and will generally select a slender, sharp geometry, such as that of Concorde, which keeps the shock waves as weak as possible. At hypersonic speeds it is even more important to control the strength of shock waves, and this leads to an entirely different design philosophy for hypersonic aircraft compared with their more conventional cousins. Behind a hypersonic shock wave the temperature at the leading edge of a hypersonic craft scales inversely with the square root of its radius of curvature. In other words, the sharper the leading edge of the vehicle, the hotter it will get. This is why spacecraft are designed with rounded noses and very blunt wings – characteristics that also increase the drag force. Air-breathing hypersonic vehicles are not able to tolerate this added drag, and so they will be built with sharp leading edges instead.

When a Space Shuttle returns from low-Earth orbit, the atmosphere begins to have a noticeable effect while the craft is still travelling at Mach 24. The blunt leading edges of the Shuttle offer poor aerodynamic performance but generate relatively low temperatures of 1400 °C. This is a modest temperature by hypersonic standards.This is a modest temperature by hypersonic standards, but still hot enough to melt the structure of the vehicle if the heat-protective tiles are breached. But still many Various companies and universities in Japan and Europe, including Snecma in France and Wacker Ceramics in Germany, are also pushing back the manufacturing, fabrication and performance limits of high-temperature materials for hypersonic flight. Researchers at Snecma, for example, are specifically developing high-temperature parts for the inside of a hypersonic engine.

Incorporating the sharp aerodynamic configurations of hypersonic flight into an aircraft means adopting a whole new design paradigm. Instead of fighting the shock wave, need to use it to our best advantage. One very promising design is the so-called waverider airfoil, which actually rides on top of its own shock wave for highly efficient flight.At the University of Maryland have designed waverider wing and body combinations that have very high lift, low drag and offer plenty of volume for holding payloads and fuel. Moreover, the shapes are well integrated with the engine system. These sleek designs – which range from missiles to space launchers – have been tested in wind tunnels and in computer simulations and practically project by Boeing X51A is running from last 7 years.

Idea 1

Basic Idea for testing of Scramjet model ( glide vehicle ) :-

In this testing we are using a sounding rocket (astra missile)which have weight of 158 Kg. Which achieve proper mach number 4.5 for stage II scramjet model and also used to obtain a certain altitude (27.5 Km) with testing project weight 15 Kg. After reaching at mach 4.5 let suppose at time t=40 sec. our scramjet stage II will release and start free fall for 2 seconds and because of that free fall it achieve mach 5.5 to 5.81 speed at t=42 seconds.

During testing our stage II will start let suppose at or after after t=42 second and runs for next 10 seconds and achieve Mach number 7.4 to 7.6 from Mach number 5.6 using 1.3 Kg of liquid Hydrogen fuel.

Total height of model will be 1.21 meter

Total height of project will be 3.5 + 1.21 = 4.71 meter

And diameter of model will be 127 mm

Diameter of missile will be 178mm.

Basic design and performance of stage II Scramjet model:-

For it's whole body we use material PBN (polymer Boron Nitrade) as it's basic design and we use both kinds of w-BN and c-BN at a time for heat fearing over silica aero gel and make nanolayer sandwich design where silica aerogel is located between both kind of BN. Thin spray of this heat fearing material will provide high heat and pressure performance with no melting point and also provide higher conductivity with repaid cooling property at lower the cost compared to other materials.

As insulation we use combination of rubber + EPDM + Boron oxide which provides a high heat resistance and also protect our body to react with air and other gases.

In this design we used a Advance design for air mixing as on figure we can see two side waveriders air frames which allow us to use two scramjet at a time which will gives us a higher trust and more controllability over model. And also as we saw a aerospike structure which have 2 advantages first it will reduce the effects of shock wave at back of our model and also we will use to generate a low pressure region which is useful us to generate power to our turbine system which pressured He ( helium ) and that will pressures our fuel tank and then a electric motor separate equal fuel in both combustion Chambers.

And as we increase Mach number exit nozzle pressure is also increase which increase our pressure on fuel tank and so on extra fuel is delivered to combustion Chambers and this process continues till fuel tank empty.

Fig. Mathematical calculated performance of scramjet for 10 sec.

Idea 2

As we go further in our research and in our studies in space and communication sector.we required new devices and as per NASA we have thousands of objects in our orbit and most of them are space junk (old satellites, pieces of spent rockets, waste from astronaut suits and other

items) and we are continues that but what if we can made such satellites which can do multiple works at a time and can change their own working as per future requirements. Then an idea steps in mind of world that we can use scramjet engines for launching. But till today this idea is look like a dream and there is few knowledge for this available and only few people's in world have a Idea for that.

But still I made a simple rough idea for launching through using scramjet (which’s rough notes are attach) which I named RAL (reusable advance launching) and during calculation I took weight same for all time in stage 2a just for rough calculations.


There are 4 advertisements of Fair in Jaipur
Other News aditya sharma

Is atmnirbhar full proof for future?

Few days ago our PM Shri Narendra Modi ji announced a great program for indian local businesses and manufacturing units which will definitely beneficiary for indian economy and in future higher stand of India in world trade.

But is this atmnirbhar is full proof ?

As according to me I think there are some points which is neglected by government which may make big trouble in future.

1. In atmnirbhar they only promot indian local brands and items. But what about other brands and items which are developing by international companies in India which are making a huge numbers of employment and revenue in india by there manufacturing units in india.

By ignoring them we are closing our doors for higher investment from the world in india. Specially recently most popular Companies which are looking for alternative from China.

2. By announcing that program india may be targeted for trade war and even so other countries think 2 times before investing / helping India whether it's for trading or any other things.

Recent example USA stop apple and all other companies to invest in india which is great opportunity for India to develop.

3. Because of that other countries companies going to cut down the strength of indian workers there. Because of that India will be losing a huge amount of foreign currency.

As according to my thinking India must includes these point

1. Indian government must promote local + those brands or items which are manufactured/ developed in india. Because of that more and more multinational companies look India as a good market and invest in india.

2. Indian government must make sure that they have a control on that investment. I mean they must control and look to whom they have to allow for investing.

3. They also promote indian companies for established plants in developing countries who had less week currency compared to India. So then they can make more cheap products and increase our trades and in return of that reliable tax increment will be make indian revenue a good profit.

4. Talk to other countries and convenience them to invest in india.

Show more

Idea for VOICE


V voice

O of

I indian

C common

E eager youths

In india we all called us a world's biggest democracy but if we talk about voice of all we always found only few people in front of billion people population.

In india every 5th person have there own issues and opinions for each debates but these voice never get chance to get forward whatever he/she have valid point to open voice.

According to Indian constitution every one have a rights to speak , write and express his opinion and feeling but how much this word is in practical. We saw many cases everyday whether it's criminally or kind of mental crime by using bribes for work, misbehaving by higher class of officers. We have thousands of reports for physically crimes but what about mental crimes which is mostly feel by everyone randomly or to be say everyday in many ways.

Government always says that there is freedom of speech but I want each and every single person of country to speak but then I realised that there is no network for handle that much things.

For example:-

There is a huge demanding for government jobs because of stability like we you get government job that means now no one can remove you from job. And because of that mentality every 12th person in government job easily take bribe openly and not only him doing these things even higher officers are also habitual for this so then there is no action for that. So as on results what a common man get in terms to say Development is only 30-40% what actually government announced for us. Even so many of officers say that if government announced 100 then only 25 is implemented on ground.

Thousands of voice are get open for all these but non of them reach to destination and because of that many more such things happen.

Many more such things happening like workers wages, food for people ( rashan ), many benefits which are announced for farmers, workers and middle class but only few of them are delivered and many more and more ........... And even so some private / local bodies are also one of the part for all.

People wants to get says for this but a huge paper work and less point of contact more then of 90% are just vanished in this dark world and those who get noticed mostly from them also get dust in files.

So my question is to government

what are the steps taken by government to make India full democratic country??

Here I am sharing my ideas which may be helpful to make India more connecting and also using this idea huge number of youth get working experience with government and we can reduce employment issues a little bit.

For my idea voice we both ways to contact online( through the app) and offline(address in each district of India) and it will make a huge network of people.

As according to my ideas these representative from each state and one from india level will make statistics of complaints/suggestions/idea ( which comes from district level) and after analysis make a report on monthly basis and submit it directly to State CMO and Indian PMO for further steps.

Idea of voice is as follows:-

1. We have to develop a app with name voice where people have options to write complaint , suggestions or ideas on district / State / country level.

2. For district level complaints Indian government must hire 2-2 young people in each district of India as on internship basic for 3 to 6 months according to performance. Here I am not asking to hire on permanent basic because using this internship we can increase number of experience youth in administration and also more reliability of work and also using that we can save a huge amount of money from salary because every intern must be laying between salary of 20k -25k which is much less compared to a normal government employee.

These young professionals will work under most of local government bodies in combined to gain experience but its ordering and reliability must be under only voice department which will control by only CMO( state level) and PMO( India level) and non other departments will have right to ordered this department.

Main frame of working for these interns is must be like that:-

a. Every week one day they have to arrange a open meeting with shortlisted people who write them complaint/ suggestions. For Shortlisting DM and SDM office can help them.

b. After listening those they have to file complaint ( if it's have such big issue) under state head and for rest coordinate with local bodies to understand there working and look if there any issue or steps can taken to develop them and every week make file for all these work and forward to state head so then they can make statistics as according to it.

c. Write weekly basis blogs on voice app for district level program run by government and also spread awareness in local people.

3. For state level government select one IAS level honest for state head and hire 2-4 people on internship (as according to step 2) who will work under him to coordinate with district interns and making statistics and analysis.

Main frame of state level working:-

a. Coordinate with district level and make statistics and analysis every week and submit weekly report to CMO and meet with CM and other twice in a month for discussing and suggestions for further steps and also includes some of the shortlisted complaints/ suggestions ( which are beneficial for state level ).

b. Submit individual report by each and every member of state committee to India head(3-4 reports by each state) once in a month. Meet with PM sir and india team once in 60 days (all states at same place) for discussion and submitting our individual suggestions.

c. Write weekly basis blogs on voice app for state and national level program run by government and also spread awareness in all state people for programs which are beneficial for them.

4. For india level government select 2-3 senior IAS level honest officers and hire 8-10 people on internship (as according to step 2) who will work under those officers to analysis reports comes from state.

a. Coordinate with state level and make statistics and analysis every month and submit it to PMO and meet PM sir and other departments once in a month for discussing and suggestions for further steps.

b. Arrange meeting with all state individuals once in every 60 days. Write weekly basis blog for steps taken by central government and spreading awareness about government programs.

Show more
Other News Jaipur

Startups are often faced with the dilemma of naming their company. They need a name that is unique, memorable and easily identifiable.

Business Names are an important part of the company’s brand identity and it needs to be carefully selected because it will play a pivotal role in shaping how people see your company.

The words that you use in your startup names should be able to communicate what you do, what you want to do and how you want to do it. Your startup name should also reflect the values that your company stands for.

If you are not sure about which words would work best for your startup, here are some tips on how to come up with a great one:

A startup name needs to be catchy and easy to remember. It should be something that your potential customers can easily recall when they think about your company and its products or services. The name should also sound professional, which means it should not have any spelling mistakes or grammatical errors.

A startup name is the first impression that you give to your potential customers. It is important for a startup to choose a name that has a clear meaning, is memorable and sounds professional.

Show more

Your startup’s name is one of the first things potential customers will encounter. It’s often the first impression they’ll have of your brand. So it’s important to choose a name that’s not only catchy and memorable, but one that represents your brand well.

There are a few things to keep in mind when choosing a startup name. It should be easy to pronounce and spell, brevity is key, and it should be relevant to your brand. You should also avoid using jargon or inside jokes that only a small group of people will get.

Choosing the perfect name for your startup is a big decision. But with a little thought and planning, you can come up with a name that’s not only perfect for your business, but one that will help it thrive.

Your startup's name is one of your most important branding decisions. It will be one of the first things people learn about your company, and it can impact everything from initial investment to customer acquisition. When choosing startup names, you should consider its meaning, how it will look on marketing materials, and whether it will be easy to register and trademark. To get started, reach out to our team of branding experts for help choosing the perfect name.

Show more
Other News India

In Shizz B fashion walk 2023 Official Media Partner is IIMM NEWS Delhi.

Shizz B Cosmetic India Pvt Ltd started this company is started by Geeta Dagar and its operation on 23 March 2022. Shizz B organised around 9 events of the fashion show. One of the programs is organized on 9 jan 2023 in Golden Galaxy resort Faridabad Haryana. In this fashion show Bollywood Actress Vindhya Tiwari came as a bollywood celebrity guest. She shared the life experience of how she came into the Bollywood line from TV screen to Multiplex. Instagram Influncer khushi Shaikh came as a celebrity guest khushi shaikh given a Stage Make up by Kavita Sheoran and Khushi Shaikh also showed some dance moves in Fashion walk 2023. Ruchika Dhingra Arora came as a VIP guest and jury member. Sagar Chaudhary came as a VIP Guest Sagar Chaudhary also worked in ZERO films by SRK and Disney Hotstar IILLU Series.Amit Jain Bollywood Singer from Meerut has come to ShizzB Program and sang a song Gulabi Ankhen. Shizz B got their 1 runner up Miss Haryana 2023 named Babita Malik. Shizz B 2 runner up Mrs Haryana Neha Shizz B winner Mrs Haryana Shikha verma.

some details of Shizz B

Shizz B is a new approach towards redefining beauty in the skin & makeup industry. We started by hoping Mother Nature and design intuitive and uncomplicated natural products you can live with. Our game-changing products, 100% pure and herbal-based, are designed to get back flawless skin and beauty without using harmful chemicals.

Before the launching, our in-house team used Shizz B products for months and shared their personal experience with the research & development team. Then the R&D team worked on those feedbacks and made necessary changes in the product composition considering the specific requirements of all genders and age groups. This sample testing helps us to make a final product for you that gives the desired result and revives your inner beauty.

We, at Shizz B, oppose the thought of judging people according to the norms of society’s stereotypes. Instead, we designed Shizz B for inspiring souls like you who don’t loan themselves to the society’s benchmark of being beautiful and ideal. The one who knows his/her brain and never hesitates to introduce themselves the way they are. That’s why, Shizz B skincare essentials are developed in a way that makes you look and feel glowy, dewy best before you even think about makeup. Also, our makeup products are designed to add glow and sparkle to your real look and not cover you up or turn you into someone else.

Shizz B Vision

We, at Shizz B, are building the future beauty company where everything we make is for you. Because our vision is to give you back, ‘REAL YOU’.

Show more

Rising Need for Treated Water Augmenting Wood Vinegar Consumption

For more insides:- https://www.psmarketresearch.com/market-analysis/wood-vinegar-market

Wood vinegar or wood acid or pyroligneous acid is a dark liquid, which is derived from charcoal. It is obtained by heating biomass in a closed container. The smoke generated during charcoal production is cooled into a liquid and then separated into bio-oil, tar, and wood vinegar. The dark liquid is a combination of nearly 80–90% water and over 200 organic compounds, such as acetic acid, esters, formic acid, ketones, methanol, and phenol.

Moreover, the increasing implementation of government initiatives regarding bio-based products will also ensure the large-scale adoption of wood vinegar for wastewater treatment, food, animal husbandry, wood tar, and agriculture applications. In the recent past, the agriculture sector has emerged as the largest consumer of wood vinegar due to the enormous use of bio-based fertilizers and pesticides to increase productivity. For instance, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India, has launched several programs in recent times to promote the use of biomass materials and bio-based products, such as wood vinegar.

The manufacturing segment of the wood vinegar market is categorized into slow paralysis, fast and intermediate pyrolysis, and others. Under this segment, the slow pyrolysis category is expected to account for the largest market share during the forecast period as slow pyrolysis provides a better yield of wood vinegar, char, and other products than other manufacturing processes. In comparison to other processes, slow pyrolysis exhibits a longer vapor resistance time and slower heating rate.

In recent years, wood vinegar producers, such as TAGROW CO. LTD., Nakashima Trading Co. Ltd., Ace (Singapore) Pte Ltd., Canada Renewable Bioenergy Corporation, Byron Biochar, and Nettenergy BV, have engaged in technological advancements to develop better and improved pyrolysis kiln methods to produce char, biochar, and wood vinegar. Additionally, the advanced pyrolysis methods help enhance the production process of wood vinegar and reduce the total manufacturing process. Further, the producers are also focusing on involving poverty-ridden people in wood vinegar production processes as the material is majorly produced in villages by using local resources and feedstock.

Geographically, the Asia-Pacific (APAC) region held the largest share in the wood vinegar market in 2015. This was on account of the presence of a vast base of end users and the existence of a large number of local producers in the region. Moreover, the surging need for clean water, owing to the booming population, will also create a huge requirement for wood vinegar in the coming years. For instance, the World Bank states that the population of India surged from 1.353 billion in 2018 to 1.366 billion in 2019.

Thus, the escalating need for treated water and surging government focus on using bio-based products will fuel the consumption of wood vinegar globally.

Show more

Education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world and the most effective way to break out of the cycle of poverty. Yet, millions of children remain out-of-school in India. Before the COVID-19 crisis, 6 million children were out of school. When the pandemic struck, school closures impacted the education of 247 children enrolled in elementary and secondary schools. These children are not only deprived of their right to receive a quality education, but they lose their childhood by being pushed into child labour and early marriages.

The government, through the Right to Education Act, 2009, has been making its way in enrolling and retaining children in school, especially from the marginalized sector. However, any progress made had been hampered by the pandemic. While online education replaced regular classes, students from vulnerable communities without access to smartphones and the internet were left behind. Two years of school closures in India resulted in a huge learning gap.

The Power of NGOs

Whenever there is a major imbalance, NGOs exist to balance the see-saw in times of crises. NGOs like Oxfam India play a significant role in ensuring that every child, especially those from vulnerable communities, receive the opportunity to build a better future through education. Organisations such as Oxfam India, Save the Children, World Vision, UNICEF, Cry etc in India work at the grass-root level to strengthen the education system, spread awareness about the importance of education and enrol as many children as possible so they can thrive in life.

Oxfam India is an NGO that works in states such as Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Odisha to send the most vulnerable and underprivileged children back to school and empower them to break the cycle of poverty. As well as ensure that the education of children from such communities continues in the midst of the pandemic.

NGO works through contributions and you too can support an NGO and change a child's life forever. While supporting a cause, your donation is eligible up to 50% tax benefit under Section 80G of the Income Tax Act. When you donate to an NGO like Oxfam India, you help in the following ways:


NGOs work towards identifying the most vulnerable children in the poorest states of India. Due to unaccessibility and poverty and in times of humanitarian crisis - children miss out on school. Oxfam India helps enrol children in school under the Right to Education Act (RTE), and ensure that children who have dropped out of school as a result of the pandemic, are re-enrolled in school. As of September 2022, 1081 children have been re-enrolled in school as schools across the country start to re-open.

Awareness and Counselling

Through workshops and various activities, awareness is generated amongst parents and local communities about the importance of education. Oxfam India also conducts regular counselling sessions to encourage parents to send their children especially girls to school and help them participate in various activities

Show more
Other world news

Call Now: 0321-4822266


Best Escorts agency in Islamabad and Rawalpindi. We providing you a great opportunity for making your life some moments special and relax able.

We have top class Escorts profiles and every type of girls that you want to us for any purposes for full night.

If you want to spend your much of time with a beautiful and young girl and if you want to take a lot of fun by beautiful girls,

So, then contact us for booking.

Just in one call make your night enjoyable and comfortable and select your bed partner for full night.

We providing you a high-class Escorts service in Islamabad and Rawalpindi. We want just your pleasure and your comfort.

~VIP Escorts and Call girls~

Please don't feel nervous about talking with us. Your privacy and reputation are our responsibility so don't take the tension

about these things.


#CallgirlsinRawalpindi #EscortsinRawalpindi #RawalpindiEscorts #RawalpindiCallgirls #Rawalpindi

#CallgirlsinIslamabad #EscorstinIslamabad #IslamabadCallgirls #IslamabadEscorts #Islamabad

#CallgirlsinLahore #EscortsinLahore #LahoreEscorts #LahoreCallGirls #Lahore

#CallgirlsinKarachi #EscortsinKarachi #KarachiEscorts #karachiCallgirls #Karachi

Show more

Quién es Miguel Fernandez Arcos, el influencer que busca comerse España y el mundo con sus aventuras

El artista de 24 años, se encuentra incursionando en el mundo de la producción, cryptos y además como beat maker, todo un artista multifacético.


El trono de Miguel Fer, como lo conocen sus amigos está todas las redes y plataformas, con mas de 2 millones de followers en Instagram, Fernandez es todo un furor con las promociones y canjes en la plataforma de Facebook, donde constantemente sube fotos de todas sus hazañas y aventuras.

Se comenzó a hablar mucho de el el año pasado, cuando dejó la vida de experto en las Cryptos para aventurarse en todo lo que es la producción musical y los viajes, es considerado un traveler de primera calidad, siendo muy cotizado por marcas lujosas de todo el mundo.

Un cambio radical

En su vida ya que comenzó a dedicarse de lleno a la creación de contenido, lo cual le ha resultado muy rentable, no dejando de lado su vida aventurera y su espíritu de joven salvaje.

Show more

First African Distance Learning University is Legit .

Accreditation/Recognition as Follows :

(1) First African Distance Learning University (FADLU ) Accredited after scoring 100 points which is above the expected average 40 points on self assessment of his institution by CCLP World Wide Accreditation on 12/28/2020 .


(2) First African Distance Learning University (FADLU ) is also a registered member of European Council For Business Education ,

Registration date: 2021-07-19 17:54:52 ,

User ID : 770 ,

Status : Active Profile Registered .


(3)First African Distance Learning University (FADLU ) is Registered as a Member of Association of African Universities,

Registration Number : AAU/OMU/20210301/163 .


(4) First African Distance Learning University (FADLU) is Incorporated as a private company limited by Corporate Affairs Commission in Nigeria .

(5) first African Distance Learning University (FADLU ) is Recognised by National University Commission (NUC )



Issued on Dec 28, 2020


First African Distance Learning University, FADLU was founded on 28Th December 2020 by Hon , Chime . I. Giland .

First African Distance Learning University, FADLU Established On December 28th 2020 - Liaison Officer In Nigeria.

Show more