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Will Prosthesis Be More Than Just a Replacement?

-Cleavon Olivera

A prosthesis is an artificial device that is used to replace a missing body part that was lost due to various reasons like trauma, disease, or a condition present at birth. It is used to restore functions of the missing body part.

The earliest evidence of prosthetics has been found in ancient Egypt and Iran. In ancient Iran, they made a prosthetic eye using bitumen paste covered with gold, while there is evidence of prosthetic toes made from wood (prosthetic toe of painted cartonnage as seen in above photo) found in ancient Egyptian civilizations. One of the most famous historical pieces of evidence is that of the Roman General Marcus Sergius who used a prosthetic iron hand to hold his shield so that he could return to battle.

Though there were many unique prostheses throughout history offering different functionality, proper development in prosthetics began only in the 20th century. Ambrose Pare, considered one of the fathers of surgery, had made drastic advancements in amputation surgery with the invention of kneeling pegleg and foot prosthesis with knee-lock and adjustable harness.

After World War II, there was a further increase in prosthesis development. Of the soldiers in the US Army wounded in action during World War II, about 15,000 (2.5%) required major amputations. It was in 1945 that a cooperative research and development program was launched by the highest scientific body engaged in the war effort—the National Academy of Sciences at the request of the military for research and development in prosthetics. This drastically improved the quality and functionality of prosthetics.

In the last decade, prosthetics have revolutionized with the development of new materials, which are lighter, cheaper, and more durable. Scientists, Doctors, and Engineers have worked together to restore as many natural functions as the replaced body part has in a prosthesis. Plastic and carbon fibre-based prostheses are lighter and stronger, and as their parts can be 3D-printed, there is a massive cut in manufacturing costs.

3D-printed prosthetics has been a huge success, as it helps in rapid prototyping due to its low cost, efficiency, quick manufacturing, and low waste generation. It has enabled a Manipal-based surgeon Dr Anil K Bhat to 3D-print prosthetic hands for children with deformed or no hands at a cost as low as Rs4000 to Rs5000.

Another material offered in prosthetics is cane. A Bengaluru based startup called 'Rise Legs' has come with this unusual but promising material for prosthetics. With a 3D carving technique to make sockets, founder Arun Cherian says the prosthesis can cost between Rs5000 to Rs1.25 lakh.

With the invention of microprocessors in the 1980s, there has been a steady rise in electronics integrated into prostheses. Advanced mechatronics, intelligent sensors, and AI have aided in achieving a higher order of lost sensorimotor functions.

Electronic skin is bringing the joy of experiencing touch to prosthetics. This prosthetic skin is made up of fabric and rubber laced with sensors to mimic nerve endings, e-dermis recreates a sense of touch as well as pain by sensing stimuli and relaying the impulses back to the peripheral nerves. Motors integrated into prosthesis helps to restore the power of lost muscles. Hence, giving the users the ability to cover greater distances than a normal body-powered prosthesis. A.I. in robotic prostheses uses complex algorithms to interpret nerve signals from the patient's muscles that allow the prosthesis to be controlled more precisely.

These modern features in prosthetics have made the life of prosthesis users more comfortable and independent. So that leads us to the final question, what is the future of prosthetics?

At the University of Chicago, associate professor and neuroprosthetics researcher Dr. Sliman Bensmaia say, brain-controlled prosthetics have become a vibrant field of research. He says, "The idea is to put electrodes in the motor cortex so when a tetraplegic patient tries to move their arm or imagines moving their arm, there is a characteristic pattern of activation in this motor part of the brain. We can take the signals from this part of the brain and infer what the patient or the subject wanted to do, and then you make the robotic arm do that."

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Vishal Parmar is a stock market trader and he is a writer too by hobby. He was born on 08 / February / 1995 in a poor family in the village of Panetha ( Bharuch district) He studied from 1st class to 10th class in his mother’s village. He was too weak in studies. Very few people know about his education qualifications. As per his family and school friends he failed in 8th class for the first time in 2008 but he then studied again 8th class and hardly he passed 8th class but when he entered in 9th class he again failed in the final exam of 9th class he was completely broken at that time he couldn’t face his family with his 9th failed result. He was badly scolded by his family after getting the second failed result. He then again studied 9th class and by the grace of god he passed 9th class and he entered in 10th class and happily he passed 10th class in 2012 and He passed 10th in 2012 and then he moved to Vadodara city with his parents. After completing 10th class he was confused about his next stage of study then his city friends told him to do diploma engineering. He took admission in engineering college he chose mechanical engineering field but he couldn’t succeed due to weak mind in studies he studied mechanical engineering only 6 months he then dropped out engineering college his family almost spend 1.5 lacs on him for his study but still he couldn’t succeed in studies his parents were furious with him for having such a looser son. Vishal Parmar had face a lot of pressure from his parents for not having a good career. He lived with his family in a bad condition but as time passed his new life changed him and he came up with some business ideas and he started doing trade marketing and gradually he started making profits and then this changed his life. Now he is living a great life with his family. Now he and his family live in their big house and living happily. There was a time when Vishal Parmar had not even have 10 Rupees in his pocket now he can buy expensive things he recently gifted his mother an expensive smartphone too on her birthday so this was a story of Vishal Parmar.

Story Written by - Jaymin Patel


Who is vishal Parmar ?

Vishal Parmar is an entrepreneur and writer. He is from Gujarat, India. He started his business career in 2019 and today he’s one of those few successful entrepreneurs who have all knowledge about business. He has thousands of followers on his Instagram and many celebrities follow him too. He is also known for his strong opinions on social issues.

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Deep Joshi Musical Artist and Actor


Deep Joshi is an Indian Actor and Musical Artist born on 11th March 2005 in Vadodara, Gujarat. Not only that he is also a Good Athlete, Dancer and Singer.


Deep Joshi started his acting career in 2011 and was proved to be successful in acting by the time after that he decided also to grow in Music Industry and then he Started Working on that.

In 2021, DEEP JOSHI Released his first track "Tere Jaisa Yaar Kahan" on SoundCloud first after getting Good Response on SoundCloud he decided to release it on all other streaming platform after 1-2 days he released his track on all streaming platform and proved very successful. His track was very popular by the time. After that he released nearly 70+ tracks and was very popular.

Now Deep Joshi is a verified person on all platforms including Google and YouTube.


Father - Vishal Joshi

Mother - Nimisha Joshi

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Hi friends. ...

Ek bar ek ladki ek sunsan sadak par ja rahi thi or usne gogal pahna hua tha kuch ladke bhi usi sadak se gujar rahe the us ladki ne bliend hone ka bahana kar dia or ladke samghe sach me andhi hai bo ladki islie uska hath pakadne lage sun san sadak rat ke 2 baj rahe the or ladki ne face cover kia tha jab bo ladke use uthakar chal die to us ladki ne kuch bhi nahi bola to bad me us ladki ne face dikhaya or bola ye to to uski bahan hai

To doston kisi ladki ke sath aisa na kare aaj kisi ke sath karenge kal ko aap ki bhi bahan ke sath bhi ho sakta

Jay hind

Namaskar fir milate hai agli kahani me

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The new VIP's flying machine for Indian Prime Minister, President, and Vice President delivered at IGI Airport on Oct 1st, 2020 after 15 hours of journey from Fort Worth in the US. It was actually scheduled to deliver in July 2020, the present pandemic crisis became the reason for the delay.

This is customised B-777 aircraft with a very advanced defence system including missiles, jamming mechanism, and technology specially made for the indian VVIP's traveling. On officials note the estimated cost of purchase and retrofitting the two planes have been around INR 8,400/- Crores.

The plane have a state of the art missiles system called the Large Aircraft Infrared Counter Measures (LAIRCM) and Self Protection Suites (SPS). these defense systems can protect the aircraft man-portable missiles also increases the warning time for the onboard crew. It can also automatically operate countermeasures to protect itself from any advance mediate range missiles. All these new defense systems are fitted at a boeing facility in San Antonio, Texas. This reminds the US had approved the purchase of two defense system known as LAIRCM and SPS for an estimated cost of $190 million USD.

It also has an advanced communication system that allows for mid-air audio and video communication. It is completely secured and cannot be hacked or tapped.

The two GE90-115 engines can release enough thrust for the new Air India One to travel with a speed of 900 Mph. It has the potential to hold in the mid-air for 17 hours without refueling. The aircraft amassed a VVIP suite, two conference rooms, one press briefing room, one patient transfer unit, secured video telephony, and a soundproofing system. The rear seats are economy class category seats and the rest of the seats are the business class category seats.

The Interior of new "AIR INDIA ONE"

This aircraft will be registered under the military aircraft which gets a K-series registration number. "In terms of Livery, the aircraft dons the national emblem and the name 'India' and 'Bharat' written in both Hindi and English on either side of the aircraft, while the national flag is present on the tail wing" IANS reported.

Previously it used to be a B-747 aircraft which is an Air India aircraft for VVIP traveling, It was controlled by Air India pilots and crew to ferry P.M. Now, This jumbo aircraft was replaced with a new Customized B-777, and like before it will not be under the control of Air India pilots. The India Air Force (IAF) is taking this responsibility to control, Handle, and Maintain VVIP's aircraft.

previous "AIR INDIA ONE" aircraft

For the moment, there is no confirmation about when the second customized B-777 aircraft will be delivered.

(Need to clear any doubts? The comment section always welcomes you.)


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Other News India

News: Madhav Fashion Holds Successful Business Meeting with Staff to Set One-Year Goals at Satkar Restaurant

On 23rd March, Madhav Fashion, one of the leading Embroidery Fabric Manufacturers in Surat, held a business meeting with its staff members to discuss the company's goals for the upcoming year. The meeting took place at Satkar Restaurant, one of the most popular restaurants in the city.

The meeting was attended by the company's top management, along with department heads and other key personnel. The agenda of the meeting was to discuss the company's performance in the previous year and to set targets and strategies for the upcoming year.

During the meeting, the management discussed various aspects of the business, including sales, marketing, production, and customer service. They also emphasized the importance of teamwork and collaboration to achieve the company's goals.

The staff members were given an opportunity to share their thoughts and ideas on how to improve the company's performance and enhance customer satisfaction. The management appreciated their inputs and assured them of the company's support in implementing the suggestions.

The meeting was successful in aligning the company's vision and goals for the upcoming year. The management expressed confidence in achieving their targets with the help of their dedicated staff members. The meeting concluded with a message of motivation and encouragement for the staff members to work towards achieving the company's goals.

Mr. Umesh Malviya (Founder and Ceo) of Madhav Fashion

Overall, the business meeting held by Madhav Fashion at Satkar Restaurant was a productive and successful one. It demonstrated the company's commitment to continuous improvement and growth, and its efforts to involve all stakeholders in the process.

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On the third day of Navratri, Maa Chandraghanta is worshipped by the devotees.

Madhav Fashion is not just about clothing, it's a statement of style and elegance that defines who you are and what you stand for.

For business Inquiry: +91-9099144005

#Madahvfashion #mumbai #delhi #dress #saree #kurti #embroidery #fabric #digitalprintfabric #planfabric

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Sønu: An Inspiring Story of an Independent Rapper

Are you looking for inspiration in today's music industry? Look no further than Sønu, an Indian independent rapper and beat producer.

At only 16 years old, Sønu has already made a name for himself in the rap game. He started out by recording songs on his mobile phone and is now making beats with FL Studio Mobile. His first song "Maa" was dedicated to his mother, which quickly spread across the internet and made him a known figure in hip-hop circles.

Sønu has released eight songs so far, including "Khwahish", "Dhokebaaz", and "Numankin". Even though he comes from a middle-class family, he shows that persistence and determination can take you to places you never imagined. Learning from Sønu's story will help reshape your view of success and failure to create inspiration for your own journey.

Introduction to Sønu & His Music

Meet Sønu, an inspiring independent rapper whose music has been resonating in India and beyond. Born on the 18th of August 2003 in Kolkata, West Bengal, Sønu started his career at the age of 16. Despite hailing from a middle-class family background, Sønu did not let anything stop him from pursuing his dreams and today, he records his own songs on mobile and even produces beats for himself using FL Studio Mobile.

Sønu’s music is both inspirational and relatable. He has released 8 songs so far and his first song “Maa” is dedicated to his mother. You can find other hits like “Khwahish”, “Dhokebaaz” or “Numankin” that are sure to put you in a good mood.

The Beginning of Sønu’s Career

Sønu is a true example of inspiration for budding artists. Born in Kolkata, West Bengal in 2003, he started his independent music career when he was only 16 years old. Sønu is from a middle-class family, and he recorded his songs on a mobile phone. He is also a talented beat producer, and he produces the beats for his songs himself with the help of the FL Studio Mobile app.

So far, Sønu has released 8 songs, with his first one being ‘Maa’ which was dedicated to his mother. Some of his most popular songs include ‘Khwahish’, ‘Dhokebaaz’, and ‘Numankin.’ These catchy hip-hop tracks exemplify Sonu's unique style and passion for creating music independently without any label or promoter behind him.

Turning Struggles Into Success: Sønu’s Story

Sønu's story of turning struggles into success is an inspiring one. Despite hailing from a middle-class family, he has worked hard to become an independent artist, producing everything himself and taking the Indian Hip Hop scene by storm.

At 16 years old, Sønu was already recording music with his mobile phone and producing beats with FL Studio Mobile, inspiring aspiring musicians to focus on creating their own sound with accessible tools.

To date, he has released 8 songs that reflect his identity as an independent artist and touch on relevant themes like ambition, heartbreak and gratitude. From his debut song "Maa", a dedicate to his mother, to popular songs like "Khwahish", "Dhokebaaz" and "Numankin", each track demonstrates Sønu's unique perspective as an artist and provides insight into the life of a rising star.

Creating a Legacy: Sønu’s Songs

Sønu has achieved recognition from his fans in India and beyond for his songs. Most of his songs are about overcoming obstacles and have powerful messages. His song 'Khwahish', for example, speaks about staying strong and following your dreams despite all odds.

The song 'Dhokebaaz' tackles the issue of relationships, encouraging listeners to take control of their lives and not let anyone or anything lead them astray. Sonu's most popular song 'Numankin' also has an inspirational message of hope, creativity, and self-belief.

Each of these tracks has a unique sound and showcases Sønu's talent as a lyricist and producer. His music resonates with a wide range of audiences, regardless of age or background due to its relatable content.

Overcoming Challenges: Producing Music With Mobile

Sønu has come a long way from recording his music on his mobile. With the help of FL Studio Mobile, the young artist is now able to create professional-sounding beats for his songs. Combining this with his natural talent for mixing and mastering, Sonu is able to produce quality music from only a modest setup.

In order to make the most out of what he had, Sonu invested time in learning how to use FL Studio Mobile for beat production and audio mixing. He also spent time reading reviews of available mobile recording apps and learning about the features offered by each one.

Through dedication and hard work, Sonu was able to make quality beats with just his mobile device—without compromising on sound or musicality. His diligence paid off—Sonu’s music has been praised by listeners around the world, proving that you don't need a big budget studio to produce great music.

Becoming a Role Model in the Local Indian Community

At 16 years old, Sønu has already managed to inspire many local Indian youth to pursue their dreams of becoming an artist. After having released several songs, he has begun to gain traction in the local scene and is slowly becoming a role model for those looking to get into music.

Sønu's story mirrors that of many independent artists in India – he had humble beginnings, recording his first songs on a mobile phone in his bedroom and producing beats with FL Studio Mobile. Despite this limitation, his talents have gradually gained recognition with each new song released and has shown aspiring rappers that with hard work and determination, anything is possible.

This young boy from Kolkata is undoubtedly an inspiration to those looking for motivation in achieving their goals. His unwavering commitment to pursue music despite limited resources is something that everyone can learn from - it is the mark of true strength, perseverance and passion.


Sønu is an inspiring story of an independent rapper who has achieved success in his career through hard work and dedication. Despite coming from a middle-class family and starting his career at the young age of 16, he has released 8 songs so far and has established himself as a talented beat producer. His first song, "Maa," is dedicated to his mother and other songs like "Khwahish," "Dhokebaaz," and "Numankin" have made a name for him in the industry. Sønu is proof that with the right attitude and ambition, anyone can achieve success regardless of their background.

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All Over Embroidery and Gold Sequins on Navy Blue Georgette: Madhav Fashion's Latest Creation.

Madhav Fashion's latest creation is a stunning navy blue georgette dress with all-over embroidery and gold sequins. This masterpiece is a true work of art that exudes elegance, sophistication, and luxury.

Madhav Fashion is Surat's Leading Embroidery Fabric Manufacturer.

Shop now high premium quality fabrics, Embroidery fabric and printed fabric...

for more info: +91-9099144005

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Create Your Dream Ethnic Outfit with Madhav Fashion's Dyeable Mirror Work Fabrics

Uses: Lehenga, Dress, , Kurti, Gown etc.

Fabric: Viscose and Georgette

Bulk Order Always Welcome

For Business Inquiry call us: '+91-9099144005

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