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A prosthesis is an artificial device that is used to replace a missing body part that was lost due to various reasons like trauma, disease, or a condition present at birth. It is used to restore functions of the missing body part.
The earliest evidence of prosthetics has been found in ancient Egypt and Iran. In ancient Iran, they made a prosthetic eye using bitumen paste covered with gold, while there is evidence of prosthetic toes made from wood (prosthetic toe of painted cartonnage as seen in above photo) found in ancient Egyptian civilizations. One of the most famous historical pieces of evidence is that of the Roman General Marcus Sergius who used a prosthetic iron hand to hold his shield so that he could return to battle.
Though there were many unique prostheses throughout history offering different functionality, proper development in prosthetics began only in the 20th century. Ambrose Pare, considered one of the fathers of surgery, had made drastic advancements in amputation surgery with the invention of kneeling pegleg and foot prosthesis with knee-lock and adjustable harness.
After World War II, there was a further increase in prosthesis development. Of the soldiers in the US Army wounded in action during World War II, about 15,000 (2.5%) required major amputations. It was in 1945 that a cooperative research and development program was launched by the highest scientific body engaged in the war effort—the National Academy of Sciences at the request of the military for research and development in prosthetics. This drastically improved the quality and functionality of prosthetics.
In the last decade, prosthetics have revolutionized with the development of new materials, which are lighter, cheaper, and more durable. Scientists, Doctors, and Engineers have worked together to restore as many natural functions as the replaced body part has in a prosthesis. Plastic and carbon fibre-based prostheses are lighter and stronger, and as their parts can be 3D-printed, there is a massive cut in manufacturing costs.
3D-printed prosthetics has been a huge success, as it helps in rapid prototyping due to its low cost, efficiency, quick manufacturing, and low waste generation. It has enabled a Manipal-based surgeon Dr Anil K Bhat to 3D-print prosthetic hands for children with deformed or no hands at a cost as low as Rs4000 to Rs5000.
Another material offered in prosthetics is cane. A Bengaluru based startup called 'Rise Legs' has come with this unusual but promising material for prosthetics. With a 3D carving technique to make sockets, founder Arun Cherian says the prosthesis can cost between Rs5000 to Rs1.25 lakh.
With the invention of microprocessors in the 1980s, there has been a steady rise in electronics integrated into prostheses. Advanced mechatronics, intelligent sensors, and AI have aided in achieving a higher order of lost sensorimotor functions.
Electronic skin is bringing the joy of experiencing touch to prosthetics. This prosthetic skin is made up of fabric and rubber laced with sensors to mimic nerve endings, e-dermis recreates a sense of touch as well as pain by sensing stimuli and relaying the impulses back to the peripheral nerves. Motors integrated into prosthesis helps to restore the power of lost muscles. Hence, giving the users the ability to cover greater distances than a normal body-powered prosthesis. A.I. in robotic prostheses uses complex algorithms to interpret nerve signals from the patient's muscles that allow the prosthesis to be controlled more precisely.
These modern features in prosthetics have made the life of prosthesis users more comfortable and independent. So that leads us to the final question, what is the future of prosthetics?
At the University of Chicago, associate professor and neuroprosthetics researcher Dr. Sliman Bensmaia say, brain-controlled prosthetics have become a vibrant field of research. He says, "The idea is to put electrodes in the motor cortex so when a tetraplegic patient tries to move their arm or imagines moving their arm, there is a characteristic pattern of activation in this motor part of the brain. We can take the signals from this part of the brain and infer what the patient or the subject wanted to do, and then you make the robotic arm do that."
Another important change in prosthetics is improving the quality of life of amputees. Until the late 90s glasses were considered only to aid in eye sight and were not meant to be stylish and fashionable. As decades passed, glasses became a personal fashion accessory, and hundreds of companies now employ countless designers with style explicitly in mind. The same is with a prosthesis, until now it was only meant to be functional and not fashionable. Data shows that the appearance of a prosthetic or prosthetic cover affects amputees’ mental health and their relationships with their artificial limbs. A recent study, published in September 2018 in the journal Body Image, found that satisfaction reduced self-disgust in 83 lower limb amputees.
In short, the future of prosthetics is to improve the functionality of prostheses by using AI to interpret body movements and perfect the language of touch. And improve the quality of life of the amputee, by making prostheses more stylish and visually pleasing.
Vishal Parmar is a stock market trader and he is a writer too by hobby. He was born on 08 / February / 1995 in a poor family in the village of Panetha ( Bharuch district) He studied from 1st class to 10th class in his mother’s village. He was too weak in studies. Very few people know about his education qualifications. As per his family and school friends he failed in 8th class for the first time in 2008 but he then studied again 8th class and hardly he passed 8th class but when he entered in 9th class he again failed in the final exam of 9th class he was completely broken at that time he couldn’t face his family with his 9th failed result. He was badly scolded by his family after getting the second failed result. He then again studied 9th class and by the grace of god he passed 9th class and he entered in 10th class and happily he passed 10th class in 2012 and He passed 10th in 2012 and then he moved to Vadodara city with his parents. After completing 10th class he was confused about his next stage of study then his city friends told him to do diploma engineering. He took admission in engineering college he chose mechanical engineering field but he couldn’t succeed due to weak mind in studies he studied mechanical engineering only 6 months he then dropped out engineering college his family almost spend 1.5 lacs on him for his study but still he couldn’t succeed in studies his parents were furious with him for having such a looser son. Vishal Parmar had face a lot of pressure from his parents for not having a good career. He lived with his family in a bad condition but as time passed his new life changed him and he came up with some business ideas and he started doing trade marketing and gradually he started making profits and then this changed his life. Now he is living a great life with his family. Now he and his family live in their big house and living happily. There was a time when Vishal Parmar had not even have 10 Rupees in his pocket now he can buy expensive things he recently gifted his mother an expensive smartphone too on her birthday so this was a story of Vishal Parmar.
Story Written by - Jaymin Patel
Vishal Parmar is an entrepreneur and writer. He is from Gujarat, India. He started his business career in 2019 and today he’s one of those few successful entrepreneurs who have all knowledge about business. He has thousands of followers on his Instagram and many celebrities follow him too. He is also known for his strong opinions on social issues.
Other News India
Siddharth Kumar Choudhary is India’s most famous Internet Celebrity,his Facebook account has about 200K Followers. And the Instagram account has around 200K followers. Now Siddharth Kumar Choudhary is the most popular Internet Celebrity in India.
Local companies and well-known brands are contacting him for collaborations and promotional reasons because of his significant social media presence. Every step is a new opportunity for Siddharth Kumar Choudhary. He is constantly uploading new photo and videos on his Instagram account.
Siddharth Kumar Choudhary is the youngest Indian Singer, Actor, musical artist & Influencer in India, Siddharth's real name is Siddharth Kumar but mostly known by his nickname " Siddharth Kumar Choudhary " Between his fans and he is also a verified artist from this name. Siddharth Kumar Choudhary's YouTube channel is also collected popularity from his unique name.
Siddharth Kumar Choudhary is born on 20 December 2003 and belongs to Muzaffarpur,Bihar. His father, Gopal Kumar Choudhary is a farmer while his mother, Gaytri Devi is House Wife. Siddharth has completed his 12th from D.A.V Public School , NTPC Kanti , Muzaffarpur in 2021.
Siddharth is now just 18 years old and one of the youngest artists in India. At this age, Siddharth Kumar Choudhary is like a model of those guys who want to grow on social media platforms. Siddharth Kumar Choudhary is now the most popular artist in India.
It is for sure that you have been through quite a few other guidelines as well for business name selection.
Unfortunately, it is not as easy and straight forward as it seems to be. There is a whole list of aspects that may impact your startup name.
Even after you have finalized your brand name, you need to be sure to check if any of your competitors has not already picked it up. Make sure that the business name you have chosen is not registered or copyrighted by anyone before. Also, check that the same domain name is available and is not used before.
Once you have made sure of the availability of the startup name, it would be a good idea to get the name registered and copyrighted, so that no one else can claim for the same name ever again. Also reserve the same domain name for your business website. Once you have done that, you are almost done with the startup name selection process and you can now move on to business logo designing with other marketing and advertising process for your venture.
With the Founder MOHAMMED SOHAIL and the team member of Avasa Ms Geetika
The session begin with the intro of the both the community ended up with some positivite words shared by the founder. The communication of the both teams was memorable and very much interesting
The founder shared the views and experience on the self confidence
The event was successful with some question and with some useful tips
Given to them..
We hope the NGO avasa foundation reach the heights of success
Other world news
Do you toss and turn in bed every night? Do you watch the clock as your wake-up time mercilessly approaches and only manage to fall asleep at some point in the morning? Have you been counting sheep for hours and still can't sleep?
Everybody sometimes can't fall asleep. The problem is when this condition lasts a long time or recurs frequently.
Professionally, the condition where you cannot fall asleep is called insomnia. It is dangerous and it is not pleasant to play with it. Sleep is vital for a person. A person suffering from insomnia cannot fall asleep or wakes up frequently.
Common symptoms are:
- difficulty falling asleep at night.
- waking up early in the morning without the ability to go back to sleep.
- frequent nighttime awakenings
- night watch, confusion of day and night
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If classified as benign, the enlarged prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). As for whether it is malignant, it will lead to prostate cancer.
Although it does not endanger the life of the victim, the complaints that arise due to an enlarged prostate are very disturbing activities.
Some people who have an enlarged prostate will feel dissatisfied when urinating.
Symptoms can include a weak urinary stream, increased frequency of urination, frequent awakenings at night, and an inability to hold back the urge to urinate.
In severe cases, an enlarged prostate can cause urinary retention, which is a condition in which a person is unable to excrete urine that is in the bladder.
To overcome the prostate, whether to surgery? Actually, the action to treat this condition depends on the severity.
The main goal of treating an enlarged prostate is to improve the patient's quality of life. The therapy offered also varies, depending on the severity of the symptoms experienced.
To determine the severity, the doctor will perform a series of tests including:
- International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) test score.
- Lab tests, such as urinalysis, prostate- specific antigen (PSA), and kidney function.
- Urophlometry (evaluation of the urine stream), calculation of residual urine.
- Images of the prostate that can be an ultrasound exam.
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Ezase Durban Media KZN better known as EDK Media is a Film and TV production company established back in 2011, based in the heart of Durban KwaZulu-Natal. It offers a variety of services including: TV Presenting Training, Photoshoots, TV Shows, Documentaries, Events management and many more.
On Friday the 15th of July 2022, EDK Media production team attended an art workshop in Umlazi, the south eastern part of KwaZulu-Natal which was held in Umlazi Cinema Hall.
The event was solely based on ways that the youth could utilize to venture into the corporate sector and the entertainment industry. The gap has been identified, that the youth is seeking employment rather than self employment. With the unemployment rate at its peak in South Africa, it is crystal clear that having a degree does not automatically translate to employment.
Dignitaries and speakers from different places graced the event with their presence, amongst which Mr Xolani Dlamini, the founder and event organizer of Urban Arts Entertainment attended. Menzi Theo (executive director of EDK Media), Bella Mnyandu and Smangele Sokhela commended the event organizers for pulling off such a great event in such a short space of time.
We still have a long way ahead to ensure that our government is democratically accountable for its people and for the young people to be granted equal opportunity. We're hopeful that events of this nature make a dent.