Is World War 3 Imminent?: Russia’s defa Nairobi

Is World War 3 Imminent?: Russia’s defacto expansionist policy in eastern Ukraine !



Perhaps Hans Morgenthau ( 1948) was right when he opined that politics among Nations is entirely anchored on selfish interests and I suppose neither was John Mearsheimer ( 2001) wrong in his analogy that great powers will hardly agree on a common blueprint especially if their interests are at stake. The recent tensions between Moscow and Kyiv is not unprecedented especially from a realist point of view as opposed to a liberal standpoint.


Why Russia invaded Ukraine?


During the cold war paranoia in the 20th century that witnessed a worldwide computation for political influence between the Union of Soviet Socialists Republic ( USSR) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization ( NATO) alliance, Ukraine was part of the 15 states that made up USSR. Infact, Ukraine was pupported to be the second largest state after Russia. It is worth noting that Ukraine and Russia shared a pedigree of mutual relations to the point that in 1954 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev gave Ukraine the Crimean peninsula so as to strengthen cordial relations between them. But when the Soviet Union collapsed during the abatement of the cold war, Ukraine got their own Independence in 1991. Subsequently, Ukraine began to strengthen ties with the West and gradually weaken ties with Russia sia. To add insult to injury, Ukraine decided to join NATO which Russia perceived as an existential security threat and in 2014 Russia annexed Crimea. Post – Crimea annexation has witnessed massive tensions between Moscow and Kyiv. This explains why Ukraine has been relentlessly trying to join NATO to balance Russia’s irredentism. Although Ukraine is only a partner and not a member of NATO, she stands the chance to gain from NATO’s guiding principle,” All for one and one for all”. This is to mean any attack on a NATO member is an attack to all members. Most of Moscow’s neighbouring countries like Latvia, Liuthania and others have joined NATO and maybe Russia feels it needs to flex its muscles to counter NATO influence in Eastern Europe.


Is World War 3 Imminent?


Samuel Huntington ( 1996) predicted that people’s cultural and religious identities will be the main source of conflict in the post – cold war world. But we are witnessing a paradigm shift in the nature of conflicts globally with inter – state and intra – state conflicts skyrocketing in almost equal proportion. Are they largely predicated on culture and religion? Partly yes. Forthrightingly, the possibility of conventional war in a unipolar world today is something that we have deemed unthinkable. Can the tensions between Moscow and Kyiv lead us to a world war 3? If we extrapolate our thinking based on how world war 2 began then it’s very difficult for one not to take this interstate conflict seriously. Of course the international milleau has changed over time but we cannot downplay the fact that power configuration in the international system is in a continuous state of flux and states are guided by selfish national interests.


Has International Law failed?


On 23rd February 2022 the United Nations security council convened a meeting to discuss Moscow – Kyiv tensions which is a threat to international peace and security. 11 security council members voted to condemn Russia and called for an end to Russia’s defacto expansionism into eastern Ukraine. Russia who is a member of the security council vetoed while India, China and the United Arab Emirates abstained. Will Russia respect the final decision of the security council?

International law has attracted a lot of criticisms with many contemplating that International law is on its death bed. But the questions that we need to ask ourselves is ; how would the world be if it was completely anarchical? If the law of the jungle was to prevail, what would the world look like? What if there was no jus cogens, opinio juris, jus gentium, jus in bello, jus adbellum, post – adbellum and international humanitarian law? Well I’m not trying to justify that international law has been entirely effective. But with the rising threats to international peace and security, we need international law more than ever before.


Which way for Ukraine – Russia conflict?


Moscow and Ukraine must respect the Minsk declaration that happened back in 2014 and settle their differences amicably. War as an instrument of foreign policy in this case is unthinkable. It was Eleanor Roosevelt who said that there are no winners in war. For us to end the crisis in Kyiv, both regional and global cooperations must work together to enable a smooth peace process. A rapprochement between Moscow and Kyiv will also bring NATO to the table and negotiate with Russia. If compromise will bring peace in the region so be it. In the final analysis we need to fully embrace preventive diplomacy in the 21st century and I think maybe if principled negotiations were given a first hand priority, maybe things wouldn’t have escalated this far between Moscow and Kyiv.


For contact :- www.baloziblog.wordpress.com

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Other News Gerald Minishi

Impact of drought on Kenya's internal security : strategies for action


By Gerald Minishi Mutebesi, Maseno Univesity,

Department of International Relations, Kisumu Kenya.


Social media platforms :- Facebook : Gerald M. Minishi, You tube : Gerald Minishi, Instagram : Gerald Minishi, Twitter : Gerald Minishi, Facebook Page : Gerald Minishi Page, Amazon : Gerald Minishi.


Executive Summary

Environment is a security issue in global politics. Climate change has transboundary effects and can only be solved through cross boarder coordination. Kenya just like many countries globally is facing this externality. The overwhelming drought in Kenya and specifically in Laikipia county has posed a serious threat to it's internal security. This problem has been quite elusive to deal with because Kenya has failed to address historical cross - cutting issues such as ; land reforms, historical injustices and ethno - politics. Kenya needs to effectively actualize the land reforms Act, deal with historical injustices through a transformative approach among other robust mechanisms so as to end drought, improve it's internal security and realize her vision 2030 agenda.


Introduction

On the 9th of September 2021, president Uhuru Kenyatta declared drought a national disaster in Kenya. It is apparent that this is not the first time Kenya has declared drought a national disaster because unfettered evidence from the pages of history indicate that Kenya has been grappling with this challenge for a lengthy period of time. For example between 1993 - 2010, the government of Kenya declared 7 national disasters of which 5 were drought related ( Huho M.J, Mugalavai E ; 2010). The pervasiveness of drought especially in the northern parts of Kenya and the rift valley region has posed an existential threat to Kenya's internal security. Laikipia county exemplifies one of the few counties which has been negatively affected ( Njeru B ; 2021). Something to ponder is that the sporadic killings and unrest that has ensued in Laikipia county was instigated by drought. Jason Burke ( 2017) argues that hundreds of poor tribesmen seeking grazing lands for their cattle have invariably galvanized violence in Laikipia county. This policy brief solely aims to explain the impact of drought on Kenya's internal security and possibly give relevant recommendations and strategies for action. Kenya must adopt robust strategies to end drought which will ultimately improve Kenya's internal security. Nevertheless, Kenya will also leverage on achieving her vision 2030 agenda of ending drought emergencies and food insecurity.


Approaches and Results

Cases of insecurity in Laikipia county have been skyrocketing in direct proportion to the increase in drought in the region. The Rift Valley Regional Commissioner Mr. George Natembeya while addressing the press on 8th of September 2021 alluded that the Morans were the main instigators of conflict in the region. He further reiterated that due to drought, the rich who had more cattle hired bandits to evict innocent civilians from their land so that they could graze on the land ( Njuguna S ; 2021). According to ," The New Humanitarian", 2009, the raids over grazing lands in Laikipia are always motivated by drought when the rains are inadequate to accommodate the grazing needs of the pastoralists. The death tolls flaring up from these wrangles has left many families hopeless and homeless ( Phakathi M ; 2017). In a recent report released by Mr. Martin Wambora, the chair of the council of governors, it stated that the current drought has affected 946,494 people in Kenya. It is imperative to note that the rising cases of sporadic attacks especially in Laikipia county has put Kenya's internal security on the line.


Conclusion

It is indeed palpably clear that drought has negatively affected the internal security of Kenya. Climate change in Laikipia county has induced tensions between pastoralists and farmers hence the consequences of this bitter struggle has left many innocent civilians to be homeless and millions of other Kenyans to live with apprehension. It is important to note that there can be no military solution to the conflict in Laikipia. Deployment of military and other security personnels will only be a temporary solution and this is evident as witnessed from past skirmishes. A range of issues such as ; land reforms, historical injustices, ethnicity among others need to be addressed with a sober and robust approach.


Key Policy Recommendations

a) The short term policy recommendations to address the challenge of drought vis à vis Kenya's internal security include :-

i) Drilling of boreholes across Laikipia county

ii) Reinstating curfew from 6:00pm to 6:00am for a period of six months.

iii) Arresting bandits and political leaders behind the unrest in Laikipia county.

b) The medium to long term policy recommendations includes :-

i) Implementation of the land Reforms Act of the Constitution of Kenya 2010

ii) Addressing historical injustices by adopting transformative justice model.

iii) Re - afforestation and mass adoption of irrigation schemes in dry areas.


Policy Implications

The following are the implications if the above recommended policies are adopted :-

i) Drilling boreholes will be time consuming and costly

ii) Curfew time from 6:00am to 6:00pm will inconvenience business traders hence will reduce economic output in the region.

iii) Arresting politicians connected to Laikipia political enigma can fuel ethno - politics.

iv) Adopting a transformative approach to historical injustices will need a revolutionized independent judiciary system.


Acknowledgements

Much appreciation to the works of ; Burke J, Njeru B, Njuguna S, Phakathi M, The New Humanitarian, Huho M.J and Mugalavai E. Without their insightful works maybe writing this policy brief won't be possible. This policy brief was broadly guided by their robust arguments backed with statistics.

References

1)Burke J ( 2017)." Inequality, Drought and the deadly fight for precious grazing land in Kenya".


2)Huho. M. J, Mugalavai E ( 2010)." The effects of drought on food security in Kenya". The International Journal of Climate Change Impact and responses. 2 ( 2) : 61-72.


3)Njeru B ( 2021). " Laikipia insecurity : Eight killed in a month". Retrieved on 8th September.


4)Njuguna S ( 2021)." Kenya : Locals flee as bandits torch 50 houses in Ol Moran, Laikipia."


5)Phakathi M ( 2017)." Violence spreads ahead of election in drought - hit Kenya".


6)The New Humanitarian ( 2008)." Kenya : Tracing roots of conflict in Laikipia".

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Kenya's Foreign Policy and the UN Security Council Seat

On 18th June this year when Kenya garnered 129 votes to secure a non - permanent seat at the United Nations Security Council and outshined Djibouti on a tight contested race, there was a lot of euphoria and optimism especially among Kenyan political elites. Nonetheless, there were some sorts of goodwill from the climate of public opinion. However this is not the first time Kenya has been elected to serve as a non - permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, her recent victory goes down in history as her third time. In retrospect, Kenya first served as a non - permanent member between 1973-1974 with her second time coming in the years between 1997-1998.

Maintaining a low profile in global politics in pursuit of quite diplomacy has been part and parcel of Kenya's Foreign Policy as seconded by Professor John Okumu, Professor Samuel Makinda and Professor John Howell who are experts in Kenya's Foreign Policy. With Kenya's recent victory to represent the continent of Africa at the center of global politics, perhaps it's time for Kenya's policy makers to reassess their foreign policy so as to maintain a high profile in matters International relations. However, it's uncertain whether Kenya will have a more radical stance to global politics and most likely tamper with her policy of non - alignment especially considering the fact that among the 15 members that make up the composition of the United Nations Security Council, only 5 permanent members have considerable influence on decisions of the council, with weapon of veto power bestowed upon them. This has left the other 10 non - permanent members of the United Nations Security Council at the vulnerability of being bossed around by the P5 especially on sensitive matters of national interests. Another point of consideration is in the aspect of voting. Kenya has several allies at the United Nations Security Council such as USA and Britain ; just to name a few. Will Kenya vote on key decisions of the security council under the influence of her allies or will Kenya stand independent and vote on what it believes suits her interests, the interests of Africa and for the common good of all? That's a food for thought.

All said and done, despite all the challenges that comes with her position at the United Nations Security Council, Kenya still holds a chance to gain. Leveraging on multilateralism, championing for global peace and security and lobbying for other key security issues in global politics of the 21st century will not only make Kenya realize her Foreign Policy agenda but also make her the epitome of global consciousness.

Article written by :- Gerald Minishi ( Student of International Relations and Diplomacy with Information Technology at Maseno University).

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Other News Nairobi
https://avalanches.com/ke/nairobi_savageronah_2566481_21_06_2022
https://avalanches.com/ke/nairobi_savageronah_2566481_21_06_2022

Facts you didn't know About savageronah

  1. He is music produce
  2. He is 19years old
  3. He doesn't like to show his relationship status
  4. Is the top Richest teen's in Kenya

Savageronah Net worth?

He has net worth of ksh 1,000,000

savageronah Girlfriend?

he has shown up who is currently dating.


who is savageronah?

  • Music producer and Kenyan rapper
  • Is the top 10 richest kids in Kenya
  • Is Ambassador of Record Union
  • is the founder of CNF music production
  • CEO Of CNF beats Production
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1
youtube-poster

GOD, YOUR LOVE KENYA

It's unfortunate how we become political every electioneering year

Shouting who we are supporting

Who supported you for the last five years?

God, your love Kenya


Who paid Your rent, school fees for your kids,facilities food on your table just to name a few

God, your love Kenya


Cutting across tribal lines... This is mediocrity Bana,

We need to think inner ward lyrics and outside the box,

It's no longer about where the president, comes from, my tribe how did it benefit you?

You probably buying cooking Oil the same price as everyone else is...

This frustrating country my Kenya

God, Your love Kenya


Everything is above the sky

skyrocketing prices on every basic commodity

Kutoka kwa mafuta hadi Unga

God, your love Kenya


I walk into a Supermarket I no longer buy any commodity for quality but for quantity and price consideration is my first priority.

God, your love Kenya


But till when will this go On....

How SURE AM I?

I will not be put in the same shifty hole after 8th August 2022

God, Your love Kenya


We can't tell but then again we are left with ONE, To gather our thoughts and, for once make a sober and informed decisions in terms of who you vote in various seats....

God, Your love Kenya


Fail to which the suffering continues and we pass it to the next generation what a shame?

I wonder what our forefathers are thinking at this certain moments

God, Your love Kenya

It's like we probably sold our country but for WHAT?, You would ask yourself... Is it worth

We have spearheaded development in East and Central Africa we are so Much head compared with other neighboring countries...

But at what expense?

OUR CULTURE, ENVIRONMENT DEGRADATION, HERITAGE AND HUMAN EXISTENCE....

I really wonder...

God, Your love Kenya


We live at a time where the money you earn is not enough to cater most people livelihoods

Living in a deficit chasing money more than yourself....

God, your love Kenya

CATCH it if you may, Your life depends on it

Save yourself from the life your have created around yourself

Staying true to your course, your true happiness, love and harmony essentials for our soul

God, your love Kenya


My Country Kenya as we Go to Elections

I love you

May you be Peaceful

I pray and believe

Amen

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https://avalanches.com/ke/nairobi_emotional_depletment2412297_11_06_2022

Emotional depletment

Am deep in love right as my heart could now feel

I wonder what my soul is resting on if only it would pass on the soil

Natural soul I am.... Love is in the Air

Am I loving Me really...?

Objectively I can't seem to tackle the Dilemma

At the moment

They may have it...

My mind rings on the intriguing thoughts I have saved my judgment out on the door

You will easily see it visuals as you approach


It seemed such a tassle, I was on the hustle

On the streets screaming Help! Help me

On the other hand you were deep asleep

Waiting to rush to your 8- 2 - 5 monotony


I respect your hustle am just on my own lanes

I see what you doing

But why are you judging me

Juu niko na Nguo chafu

Niko Hustle the money ain't dirty though

Alinicheki na Gunia

Akaanza Chokora toka hapa

Kunitest na anaona... Me ni chizi

You judged me a thousand times I don't care

I step to my Hustler spirit everyday

When sitting am resiting this stories

Spitting to the motion on the emotions

Beast on the beats

My heartbeats ain't limited

Hauwezi ni kataa Ulimi men

Kubonga ni bure

Kubonga mbaya

Utalipia Tilapia

Bei.... Pia

Imepanda kutoka Dala

Dangaa, Omena


Chakula unaweza pikiwa

Osho vyombo ama ulipie


Till now captivating my heart

With lullabies

Lala Bye..

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Other News Kenya
youtube-poster

Cry in The City..... 

My people finding everything Funny what's with the memes and Emoji

Captions all trendy now it a treats for pleasure and treasure.

Man Eat societies...

Putting the meal on the Table

Not promised as the Promise Land


You want to go with the Trends

Selling for Social Media

It the Cost you have to Pay

Google Pays handsomely

You just need to be on the Look Out

The opportunities presented before you

Open your inner-within Eyes see Beyond the Seas.

Beyond the Sky.

The Sky Can't be the Limit....after all mankind in the Moon what else would be impossible.

What would harm you if you went beyond their reach enriching right? Freeing your mind..

Breathtaking freedom but how many of us have the courage to match forward and claim.

~Wholeheartedly this is Mine

[This is me..... Matching forward

I got this, I already got me I will win

No matter what.... Losing is a part of winning

You learn more when you lose... You master the skill with more perseverance, patience and with persistent.]

Everything matters in every moment of your journey...There are no short cuts after all you don't want short comings do you?

Every piece has a place in the Puzzle

Believe.. Dedicate then claim

While you don't know when the next opportunity will knock at your door

You safe ready, putting your guard on

I would sell you a manual for success

But most importantly

Be in line with your inner self, peace, happiness and fulfillment

Love to self, others most importantly God.

Any thing you hope to achieve..

you already have everything you need to succeed achieving it you just need the right mindset to win.

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https://avalanches.com/ke/nairobi_equatorial_guineabissau_1913291_17_03_2022

Equatorial Guinea-Bissau

.....Scream Quietly.... Walls have Ears

Wind blows the curtain by the sides

"It might be so 'Cold Out' there, at this times of the Night considering where we are..... 🌐geographically we took a walk to Equatorial Guinea-Bissau...

The Indica dedicating all the Presence 'Masau' words might be rekindling all together....

The site as I have always been thinking all along

Geography classes back in High school kick in harder...

Trying to locate Equatorial Guinea-Bissau in a map only this time in my mind... All I hear is a cool wind breeze coming from a window on my right, from where am taking a tour...

Beautiful Motherland.... "Mama AFRIKA"

"Maarifaa Arifu(a friend/Rafiki /Amigo)

tufike (let go to) Ethiopia, Addis Ababa first

Greatings Ras Raftarians

Most High.." Nimetoka Safari

Safaricom kunikimbisha na data bundles

Mafuta ya kupika kupanda

Bei ya Bidhaa.... Kupanda kiholela holea

Chorea... Hiyo story

Nadai kubonga na Kenyatta ...

Tuachie Uhuru kiasi.....

More Fire... My shashamane people welcomed me well in Ethiopia... Utopia.. Epitome Pia. "

Pass me the Remote...


Hit it from Behind she 'shouts'

It's the Only way you get a Remote working...

The remote is working now,

I browser quickly looking for physical features of slopy nature and curvy as they come in Dodoma, Tanganyika utachanganya Wali Mwanangu..?

Beauty in Moving hips... Hippos

Attacking wild beasts crossing over..

... But am struck by the reflection of the pillars in Egypt.

All cultures extend to morroco

Am trying to keep it Local promoting Tembea Kenya na Nje ya Kenya pia Africa tuko Home.

Himalayas all layers I fuel my ride in Libya

Oilibya to keep you on the road

Thika road all bridges you will probably be paying taxes if the bill on Motion is passed by your dear

Member of Parliament already neglected parenting obligations you sent him to commit.


All we hear is young youths committing suicide

At this time am fixed to putting my call through to Mr. Kenyatta bana Tuachie Uhuru kidogo bwana...!

NATIONAL ANTHEMs


"Hatuna kazi, Hakuna Kazi

Ambia Serikali ikutafutie Kazi

Tutakufinya.. Wewe"

Will I be one of them?

Who?


Them

No....

"Okoa Jahazi.. uhunye mambo baya

Sana...

Siasi ndio hii sasa hatuwezi hepa

Sasa...

Mkubwa niliwashow mimi Ni Msanii wakaningeuzia bana..!

Hakuna Msanii hatumii Bhang...

Nilikuwa Ngara natembea masaa Yake

Ata wangesema sina mask

Mask si Must

Iko wapi?

Hauna evidence

Wakanitoka mia tano bei ya mkate kwako...

Wameacha kwangu bila vyakula jameni?

Na bado mmoja anadai siku ingine Tembea na evidence..bana hapana kaa namna hiyo bwanaa Alaa! Kwendaa toka hapa


My mind goes to my good friend morata wise words area coded Kasarani.

"Hizi vitu weka kwa kichwa si kwa mfuko

Unless ww ni pedi morata"


I see the whole sense Rasta man

Wataku.. accuse nawadai

Mistaken Identity..

Wisdom...


El presidente


Sir nitume Tu Equatorial Guinea-Bissau


Chini ya mti na Mnazi

Maziwa, mafuta, mkate, unga

Pia Gas

Bidhaa ya kila siku

Cheza kama wewe manze....!


Nadai ku.. Uplift my people without lifts

  1. Hii Muziki ifikie kila mtu... (let this music reach every one)
  2. Ngao ndio ulinzi. (May the shield be our defender)
  3. Toka kwa Gereza na minyoro yeyote ambayo inakukuba kwa sasa na kukuthibiti kufikia wito wako. (may you free yourself from the imprisonment and all the chains that may be holding you back from your true purpose)

Pat-Riot is a track dedicated to Youths

In regards to daily hustles, struggles, challenges faced and how they manifest in behavior and lifestyle

The hook goes back on back

Featuring

Queen J

"why is it always this way

Days days of hunger

Out here out youths straps in drugs

To make their days feel easier" ×2

Off Illest Mind$et Album out on YouTube, Spotify, Shazam, Apple Music iTunes and Soundcloud...

Bless up

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youtube-poster

Wondering

If you are Asking, I don't Know


Why are you constantly trying to Measure my intelligence?

IQ which is not so common as you might know by now....

Fixated to recurring thoughts... Side by side wind blows... Shivers on my chest

She took my Phone to write a text message

I had some credit left... After one hour browsing keeping up with the trends...

But no was gazing at the moment wondering why...?

She might be throwing the tantrums this time round.

As you would presume I don't know

I actually don't wanna know at the moment...

Am far away past the Seven Seas

I see want they can't see

"Dumpsite Dummies "

Am over here claiming my Powers all this time I sacrificed under the Surface.... nightmares no sleep.

Gathering all I can find "Gold" they don't see... They have labeled me crazy....

I eat the Crazy... Am in Nairobi

"Janga la Mawe

Vijana wako juu ya Mawe... Kokoto

Wataokota Wakikosa kikosi

Polisi mistaken Identity yet niko na Identification card

I. D

Mimi si idle na jenga nchi

Lakini bei ya bidhaa Aaaa

Wanaumiza nyama, matumbo, tumbo, mwili hadi Tumaini"


All this time you have not been listening to me


Deaf ears haaiya...

We have talked about this a lot lately you don't pay attention....

~ When am talking to you

~Always on your phone all the time

They are keeping you company I See


How.... How would I be paying attention to this anyways

Will it pay my bills

Stima (electricity bills)


Silence fills the ambiance

Like we are waiting at doctor's bay

For our names to be called out


At this moment you bet we have already booked an appointment..

Gun blazing on our heads I mean

Noting the best points to oppose the opponent.


Cool down your temper and the Ego 2

Pride apart

You will fly higher than ... Kenya Airways

I was just Wondering....

Communication is key in each and every relationship.

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39
Other world news
https://avalanches.com/ru/kazan_v_kazany_roshvardeits_vpolnyly_zadachy_po_obespechenyiu_bezopasnosty_vo2436125_13_06_2022

В Казани росгвардейцы выполнили задачи по обеспечению безопасности во время празднования Дня России


Военнослужащие казанского специального моторизованного полка Приволжского округа Росгвардии, бойцы ОМОН «Ак Барс» и сотрудники вневедомственной охраны Росгвардии по Республике Татарстан выполнили задачи по обеспечению безопасности жителей и гостей республики во время праздничных мероприятий, посвященных Дню России.

Традиционно, наиболее массовым местом проведения праздничных мероприятий для жителей и гостей столицы республики стала площадка возле центра семьи «Казан», где побывало около 35 тысяч человек. Помимо концерта с участием творческих коллективов и артистов эстрады там было организовано множество развлекательных зон. Завершилось мероприятие красочным салютом над акваторией реки Казанки.

Задачи по охране общественного порядка и обеспечению безопасности во время праздничных мероприятий выполнили военнослужащие казанского специального моторизованного полка Приволжского округа ВНГ России, сотрудники вневедомственной охраны и бойцы ОМОН «Ак Барс» Управления Росгвардии по Республике Татарстан во взаимодействии с сотрудниками МВД по РТ и работниками частных охранных организаций.

Благодаря совместной работе Росгвардии и МВД, при участии работников ЧОО, грубых нарушений общественного порядка и безопасности не допущено.


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https://avalanches.com/sz/manzini_meet_the_78_years_old_high_school_graduate_ted_sams_2417396_12_06_2022

Meet the 78 years old High school graduate Ted Sams...


It was a joyfull moment for Ted Sams (78) and his family when he finally walked on stage to receive his high school diploma sixty years after he missed his 1962 graduation because of some teenage mischief and $4.80 (E3.40) overdue library fine he owed at his former school.


During his high school days, Ted and a friend were in a photography class when they were caught by the vice principal for photographing people without their consent and Ted was later suspended, leading to him missing the final exam and graduation. While he tried keeping up with his studies by attending summer school, Ted then found that he couldn't get his diploma because of the overdue library fine book.


“So I just walked away from it and said, 'Forget it',” he says.


In 2022, after much persuasion from his family Ted joined San Gabriel California High school in Los Angeles and got his high school diploma


Sams says he never expected to be back in high school 60 years later after he dropped out. He recounted how he would repeatedly complain to his children how a meagre $4.80 kept him from having a degree.


His daughter Sherry then suprised him by asking San Gabriel High in Los Angeles for a reprint of his diploma so he can attend graduation.


Luckily for him, the school hasn't thrown away the diploma and It was kept in a box, in senior archives.


In 27 May, Ted received an invitation from the school to be part of the graduation ceremony. The ceremony was attended by his wife and five children.


Even though it has been a long hard road, Ted says attaining his diploma has been a great achievement for him and the graduation was one of the highlights of his life.


“Actually, when he walked and got his diploma, every person on that stage hugged him and then the whole class applauded for him,” Sherry says.


Although the $4.80 fine hasn't been paid, Ted is now a graduate of San Gabriel High School's class of 2022.

Source: News24

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https://avalanches.com/sz/manzini_mlawula_campfire_launch_lets_adopt_a_green_lifestyle_for_nature_to_c2417158_12_06_2022

MLAWULA CAMPFIRE LAUNCH: Let's Adopt a Green Lifestyle for Nature to Continue Sustaining Us- Minister


The Ministry of Tourism and Environmental affairs of Eswatini Moses Vilakati says in order for people to live sustainably and in peace with nature, they should adopt and promote a greener lifestyle.


Vilakati was speaking during the launch of the 3rd edition of the Mlawula Campfire festival on Thursday, while the real event is scheduled to take place from the 28th to 30th of October 2022 at Siphiso Campsite, which is located within the Mlawula nature reserve.


The Minister says as a ministry, it is of paramount importance to them that they monitor the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. "The Ministry has a responsibility, amongst others to oveeseer conservation and sustainable use of natural resources, which is delegated to the Eswatini National Trust Commission" he said.


The launch tabbed, 'Only One Earth' occurred during the World Environmental Month and aims to promote activities that support the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources such as water, land and minerals which also tend not only to bolsters the people's lives but also attracts tourists in a country thus it's economy.


According to Vilakati, tourism is one of the pillars in the country's economic development agenda. He says the government had a wakeup call from the COVID-19 pandemic because it forced it to expand the country's domestic tourism initiatives througn enhanced product development while introducing different adventure promotions.


Vilakati further urged companies and institutions to partner with the government in hosting the event which he described as a perfect epitome of the 'Only One Earth' theme of the environmental month.


He went on saying, "This will provide an opportunity for most companies and institutions to partner with us in hosting a successful event. It is worth mentioning that the intended objectives of such an initiative can only be achieved with your participation and support, as well as inviting others from across the spectrum to enjoy the one of a kind experience. In this way, the tourism economy will increase and enable extended sharing of benefits."

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