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- Ultimate Mini Catering Services

A brand-new ‘Buffet Your Own Way’ catering concept offering an extensive range of filling and flavourful healthy options that are perfect for a busy lifestyle. The menu & serving size was created by dedicated team of chefs , following months of research and recipe creation plus drawing inspiration from Tex-Mex cuisine, a regional American cuisine that blends food products available in the United States and the culinary creations of Mexican-Americans influenced by the cuisines of Mexico. The extensive menu includes over 60 mouth-watering appertiser, snacks, mains, and desserts – available in multiple size/trays, ideal for home, offices and workplaces catering, giving prospective customer to choose the size they want according to pax and mix & match the cuisines.

Captain Shrimp Jaya One well known for mouthwatering tasty, value-for-money Tex-Mex and American eats, from appetiser perfect for sharing, to memorable seafood and delicious taco. With multiple menus to choose from daily, we have become the ultimate choice for diners looking for something affordable and different. Best seller such as Corn Shell Beef Taco, Baked Mac & Cheese, Texas BBQ Wings, Fire Grilled Chicken Breast, Dual Cheese Quesadilla, Spicy Chicken Quesadilla, Fried Shrimp & Calamari, Aglio-Olio Chicken Pasta, Roasted Vegetables, Baked Cheesy Mussel

Discover the best mini catering experience with Captain Shrimp. Mini buffet concept allows for just a minimum of 5 pax to 80 pax to cater with funky experience that offers a creative way to entertain and wow your guests at home. Great for family-styled potluck, kids parties, birthday, baby shower, house parties or your cozy gatherings with your friends!

Mini Catering concept offer better variety so you end up satisfied and enjoyed during a hectic or a fun small group activity starts from 4 pax up to 80 pax compared to normal catering that required at least 50pax. This drop off buffet Styled concept doesn’t require table setting and staffing, multiple sizes to choose from according to your Group sizes (M, L, XL and XXL) and sauce/dippings such as Garlic, Thousand Island, Bbq Honey, lemon vinaigrette, Honey Mustard, Mint sauce provided plus disposible eco brown plates, black cutleries & serviettes.

Celebrate your event with style with DIY concept menus. Take a look at our wide selection of Mini Catering now & Amplify your Next Event. Buffet your own way ! Contact us at + for more information and instant quote

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Title: No.1 Traditional Acupuncture Physiotherapy in Malaysia

AcuHealing is a unique alternative treatment centre that consists of fully qualified female-only physiotherapists and Muslimah friendly ambience. AcuHealing therapy is a hybrid of modern physiotheraphy and traditional medicine. It caters for people of all genders, ranging from 8 - 80 years old.

AcuHealing has good track records of helping people to avoid surgery. It offers alternative methods to relieve pain, numbness, spinal paralysis, arthritis, sports injury, abnormal symptoms. It also specialises in rehabilitating scoliosis, stroke, flat foot, and slipped disc.

AcuHealing's services are physiotheraphy, acupuncture, cupping, rehabilitation, Japanese stretching, gua sha, electrical nerve therapy, and urutan traditional.

Acuhealing was established by Master F.J. Lim in 2019. He left his high paying IT business, because of his great passion in helping people to live pain free.

Here are more details;

a) 23-9, The Boulevard, Mid Valley City, Lingkaran Syed Putra, 59200 Kuala Lumpur.

b) 17-G @ Eco Ardence Labs, PT8, Persiaran Setia Alam, 40170 Shah Alam

c) B1-1, IOI City Mall, Lebuh IRC, Putrajaya, 62502

d) Basement, Paradigm Mall, Jalan Skudai, 81200, Johor

e) Contact 012-9980028

Feel free to watch AcuHealing's 1000+ testimonial videos and tips on Instagram, Facebook, and Tiktok of @AcuhealingMY

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Support the 1821 Appeal

The 1821 Appeal supports our university’s vision to enable talented students worldwide to access a Heriot-Watt education, whatever their background or circumstances in life.

2021 is Heriot-Watt’s 200th anniversary year and we are celebrating our history of widening access to education.

Our bicentenary milestone gives us an opportunity to work together to make a difference to our students’ lives and futures.

To realise this vision, we aim to raise £4 million to provide a programme of new opportunities for under-represented students from our communities in Scotland, Dubai, Malaysia, and beyond, enabling talented individuals to pursue their academic ambitions and achieve their goals.

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Malaysia campus student to enter national stage of contest

Speak Out for Engineering (SOfE) competition was established by IMechE to challenge young engineers, promoting excellence in delivering technical ability and communicating engineering knowledge to the public. An internal competition was held on 25 July 2021 in order to select the our representative for the national level.

The internal SofE competition 2021 for HWUM has officially closed, and our heartiest congratulations go to Kiwan Anak Richard for winning the competition with his eye-opener of a presentation.

Let's wish him all the best at the national level!

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Launching of BSc (Hons) Computing Science programme at our Malaysian campus!

We are proud to formally launch the BSc (Hons) Computing Science programme at our Malaysian campus! RM5,000 Inaugural Bursary is offered for our September 2021 intake.


Appointment of New Associate Head, School of Social Sciences

We are delighted to announce the appointment of Professor Raymond Madden as the Associate Head of School (Malaysia) for School of Social Sciences (SoSS) starting 1 August 2021.

With significant experience of both academia and business, Raymond has held a number of academic roles as former Director of Research at London Business School, Associate Dean for Cass Business School and visiting professor at École Supérieure de Commerce de Paris and the International University of Malaya – Wales. He was also head of global learning for ABN AMRO Bank, Lloyds Banking Group and head of learning and professional development for the ICAEW. Most recently he was CEO for the Asian Institute of Finance, a think tank established by the Central Bank of Malaysia. He was made an honorary Companion of the Institute of Leadership and Management UK in 2018. His passion for teaching and writing industry-based case studies has led to him publishing over 30 cases and numerous applied research reports.

With his wealth of experience, Raymond will be a strong contributor to both Edinburgh Business School and the wider success of the School of Social Sciences globally. Raymond is also passionate about the work that we are doing through the EmPOWER programme and is keen to contribute to the enhancement of our student development activities.

Owing to the Enhanced Movement Control Order, Raymond will be working from home for this period and we will share his business contact details at a later stage.

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The HWUM James Watt Scholarships offer a life-changing opportunity for potential PhD students to work on most pressing global challenges from an Asian perspective.

The global challenges humanity faces today require a global approach to address them. For 200 years, Heriot-Watt University has been the home for innovators and future shapers who made the world a better place through research and education.

Promoting a thriving, flourishing research community within the globally connected University having campuses in UK, Dubai and Malaysia, we are committed to provide practical and sustainable solutions. We would like to invite you join our community of research leaders and help us make a difference and create a positive impact.

We seek to provide up to six (6) PhD students at Heriot-Watt University Malaysia with full tuition fees and a generous stipend, offering them with great potential the opportunity to work within their chosen research field with the support of an excellent supervisory team consisting of at least one supervisor from the Malaysia campus and at least one supervisor from the Edinburgh campus.

The start date for funded places is in September 2021, with application deadline by 31 August 2021. For more information, visit

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The Difference Between Push and Pull Marketing Strategies

In simple terms push marketing involves pushing your brand in front of audiences (usually with paid advertising or promotions). Pull marketing on the other hand means implementing a strategy that naturally draws consumer interest in your brand or products (usually with relevant and interesting content).

Running your business online means having to choose between two core principles for guiding your marketing strategy. It’s common (and important) to balance your budget, time, and efforts on growing your business across organic and paid strategies that offer the best results. Choosing between push vs pull.

But what is the difference between push and pull marketing? And which one is best for you?

Let’s go through the pros and cons. Understanding the difference between push and pull strategies will help you understand the direction you need to go.

First you have to establish what your long-and short-term goals are for your business’s success. As the world of online marketing continues to evolve in light of shrinking physical markets, and as businesses frantically try to adjust to the 2020 corona virus pandemic, it will be as important as ever to establish a solid online marketing approach to help your business stay up right. For businesses looking to establish a fast and immediate cash-flow, “push” strategies based on paid ads are one option. For businesses looking to gain a long-term customer base, “pull” offers methods for organic long-term growth.

But what are they? What’s actually the difference between push and pull strategy in marketing? In simple terms push marketing involves pushing your brand in front of audiences (usually with paid advertising or promotions). Pull marketing on the other hand means implementing a strategy that naturally draws consumer interest in your brand or products (usually with relevant and interesting content).

This relatively simple definition of push vs. pull marketing skips overs all the different strategies each option offers. Search engine optimization, search engine ads, content marketing, social media content, social media paid ads, etc. – are all forms of these two kinds of marketing.

The Difference Between Push and Pull Marketing

In push marketing the goal is to bring your brand or products to your customers. This form of marketing is a lot more deliberate and proactive than other inbound methods. Because push marketing is a bit more aggressive then the alternative it’s generally preferred by businesses taking advantage of a short time-period or trying to generate sales quickly.

Instances where push marketing can be helpful include:

  • When launching a new business or website without a reputation
  • When releasing new products
  • During holidays, or seasonal events
  • For sales and temporary promotional campaigns
  • When expanding to a new niche
  • To generate cash-flow or sales quickly
  • To help clear out product stock before the end of a season
  • To help promote brand recognition when competing against a dominant competitor
  • Just in general, when trying to subsidize a multi-channel strategy

Push marketing is a broader, sort of shotgun approach that means making your products, services, or brand as visible as possible in order to get the best results you can – but for a cost. It usually means quicker sales. The other side of the coin with push marketing is that it also usually involves spending money. One of the most popular forms of push marketing is pay-per-click (PPC) advertising where marketers can place banners, display ads, search engine ads, and shopping ads across a wide range of platforms, usually by paying a small amount each time their ad is clicked on.

Other popular forms of push marketing include paid social-media marketing strategies that are similar to PPC or cost-per-thousand-impressions.

Pull marketing, on the other hand, involves naturally accruing traffic. The reasoning here is to create high-value content suited for your target audiences and letting them come to you. Of course this doesn’t mean doing nothing. Pull marketing simply means being aware of the fact that there are already users actively seeking out the products, services, or information that you offer and making it easier for them to find it, and making it easier for them to get to their ultimate goal.

The most prominent forms of pull marketing include search engine optimization (SEO), creative social media content, and customer reviews. Whereas SEO has proven itself as the type of marketing with the most reliable ROI for a long time, social media has only exploded as a business channel relatively recently.

Pull marketing is often the primary business strategy for companies looking to:

  • Ensure long-term business growth
  • Maintain dominance in a specific niche or industry
  • Build a return customer base or improve loyalty
  • To promote brand recognition with customer engagement and visibility
  • Increase social media traffic as well as social media sharing
  • Grow traffic to their site across organic, referral, and social segments
  • Improve sales and revenue affordably, without an expensive ad budget
  • Engage with customers before they know what they want, at the top of their shopping funnel

So what’s the difference between push and pull marketing in practice? A few years ago as many as 71% of consumers claimed to prefer pull marketing techniques. As the online landscape evolves businesses are continuing to see the value in the time-proven benefit of pulling in customers organically.

Close to 3/4th of all marketers claim that content marketing increases engagement. These days 51% of all website traffic comes from search engines, and according to BrightEdge that traffic alone is capturing over 40% of all online revenue. If those numbers aren’t convincing enough, by the end of the decade the number of global, active social media users had grown to 3.724 billion. As these numbers demonstrate a new form of normal for internet use, it becomes apparent that pull focused marketing is an absolute necessity for future business growth.

But the push strategy can be tempting too. According to Wolfgang Digital, this last year was the first time that paid-search ads outpaced regular search in terms of revenue with PPC driving 33% of revenue in the retail channel. For online-only business, paid strategies boast responsibility for as much as 46% of revenue!

The truth is that businesses find the best success when they focus on a multi-channel, multi-strategy approach in both push and pull. These two broad categories are simply too important to focus on just one.

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The acronym stands for Attention, Interest, Desire, and Action. The AIDA model is widely used in marketing and advertising to describe the steps or stages that occur from the very first moment a consumer is aware of a product or brand to the actual moment the purchase is made.

What does AIDA stand for?

  • Awareness: creating brand awareness or affiliation with your product or service.
  • Interest: generating interest in the benefits of your product or service, and sufficient interest to encourage the buyer to start to research further.
  • Desire: for your product or service through an 'emotional connection', showing your brand personality. Move the consumer from 'liking' it to 'wanting it'.
  • Action: CTA - Move the buyer to interact with your company and taking the next step ie. downloading a brochure, making the phone call, joining your newsletter, or engaging in live chat, etc.
  • Retention: We all know that this is key to upsell, cross-sell, referrals, Advocacy and the list goes on.. as companies are also focussing on LTV.

The AIDA model, tracing the customer journey through Awareness, Interest, Desire and Action, is perhaps the best-known marketing model amongst all the classic marketing models. Many marketers find AIDA useful since we apply this model daily, whether consciously or subconsciously, when we're planning our marketing communications strategy.

The acronym AIDA stands for Attention, Interest, Desire and Action. These are the four stages that a consumer goes through when watching or viewing an advertisement. According to Lewis, first and foremost, the role of an advertisement is to attract the customers. Once an ad grabs attention, it has to invoke interest towards the product in the minds of the consumers. After creating an interest, the ad has to bring desire in consumers mind to use the product and finally the consumer has to take a favorable action towards the product by ultimately purchasing the product.

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It’s a mess, get your act together - Malaysia Covid-19 great mess

After “bungling” the handling of the Covid-19 situation, the government needs to get its act together and move fast to ensure millions under lockdown have enough food on the table, says former second finance minister Johari Ghani.

Johari also said government aid to the people should not be based solely on income levels, as this could lead to many falling through the cracks.

“We were doing well initially, but since the middle of last year it has been one mess after another. Now we’re in a lockdown, and I’m very worried about the people, especially those without a fixed income.

“Whenever there is a lockdown, informal sector workers and the self-employed are the most affected as they rely on daily wages and incomes,” he told FMT, adding that department of statistics figures indicated that about 3.92 million people fell under these two categories.

The former Titiwangsa MP said the government must come up with a detailed strategy to ensure the needs of the most vulnerable were taken care of. He said there had been numerous reports from the first movement control order (MCO) of people not receiving aid, while a more recent United Nations report indicated that many urban poor were still struggling.

This, he said, indicated a mismatch between the help people needed and the aid being offered to them.

“We need all assemblymen and MPs to go down to the ground and identify families and individuals who cannot afford to buy food and basic amenities for their families. “The welfare department must work hand-in-hand with elected representatives to distribute the aid and ensure that no one is left behind.”

Johari said the federal government must allocate funds immediately for the purchase of these goods, which could be sourced from the respective constituencies to help spur the local economy.

A proper, total lockdown

Johari said even though he agreed that the total lockdown was necessary given the present Covid-19 situation, the government must have a proper strategy in place to avoid resorting to such measures.

“The repeated lockdowns are damaging to the economy, not just because a lockdown affects the immediate demand but also the atmosphere of uncertainty it creates.”

He added this was not helped by the international trade and industry ministry’s unclear directions and poor government communication which led to confusion and low investor confidence.

“As a result, we see businesses are downsizing and not hiring workers as the uncertainties over government policy withhold them from investing to operate or expand their operations; or worse, they close shop altogether.”

As such, he said, the government needed to be very clear about what were the essential sectors.

“To me, this is only the food and beverage sector, including those involved in the supply chain and distribution of these products.

“As most of the clusters come from the workplace, particularly factories, the government must ask them to close and do mass testing for all local and foreign workers even if the factories produce crucial export items such as electrical and electronic products or medical gloves.”

Johari called on Putrajaya to work closely with state governments and local authorities in carrying out mass testing, quarantine, health education, and enforcement.

Exit strategy

Johari said what remained unclear to the public, the market, as well as investors was Malaysia’s exit strategy.

“It has been a year now since Covid-19 hit us, yet we seem to be directionless. No one knows our way out of the woods, let alone knows when we will get out of danger.”

He said it was clear however that vaccination was the country’s best bet to battle the pandemic and key to restarting the economy.

“My concern is that looking at how things are going, it is highly unlikely that the government will meet its target of achieving herd immunity by the end of the year.

“Clearly, we are not moving fast enough as new infections and deaths pile up in record numbers. In the past week, we had an average of 7,000 cases and 60 deaths a day, and our ICUs are reaching maximum capacity.”

Johari said in order to improve the vaccination process, Putrajaya must manage it efficiently and transparently.

“Disclose to the public the range cost of each vaccine per dose, disclose the companies that have been appointed to manage the vaccination process at the vaccination centres and how much the government is paying them.”

He also said the government needed to disclose how much of the RM5 billion from the National Trust Fund (KWAN) had been used, and provide a detailed breakdown of expenses.

Johari also said the government must clarify if it was buying the vaccines directly from the manufacturers or Malaysia-based agents appointed by pharmaceutical companies.

“If they were purchased through agents, what is the quantity each agent was allowed to import?”

He also asked Putrajaya to clarify if government-appointed companies were offering to vaccinate employees of shopping malls and charging them RM50?

“Is this service open to employees of all other companies?

“If the vaccination programme is to be a success, people must trust the government and that can only happen if there is transparency.”

Johari said the government should also give a weekly update on the balance of vaccine stocks, how much was allocated to the states and the schedule of incoming vaccine supplies.

He called on the government to allow walk-ins for vaccinations on a first-come-first-served basis, especially in states with high rates of no-shows.

“This will allow us to optimise vaccine stocks. The government must also allow private hospitals to procure their own supply of vaccines. Why aren’t they allowing private hospitals to import the vaccines at their own cost?”

“There is no point in appointing 2,500 general practitioners and allowing private hospitals to carry out vaccinations if they have to wait for the vaccine supply from the government.”

Johari also said Putrajaya must be transparent and stop any special treatment for VVIPs and their families.

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Oh no ! Chapped lips again?

When dealing with skin care products, many knows about the common ones: toner, moisturizer, sunscreen, but what else? Something is left out, the answer is LIP BALMS! Studies shows that many people didn't know that it's important to apply lip balm. In fact, our lips is the thinnest part of skin and it losses moisture everyday, so here are some tips to help maintain your lips hydrated and healthy looking!

1. Hydrates

Lips are different from normal skin, they do not sustain moisture due to lack of oil glands. Drink minimum 8 glasses of water everyday to prevent your lips to dry out and chapped.

2. Moisturize

Apply certain amount of Vaseline lip balm covering your lips, every night before sleep. During the next morning, gently scrub off the existing dry/dead skin using wet towel.

3. Protect

Use lip primer before applying lip products such as lip stick, lip gloss, lip tint. Lip primer does the trick for long lasting lip colour and also avoids harmful pigments from lip products to stain your lips. which will resulted as dull/discoloured and even worse, skin cancer!

Say bye-bye to dull lips and HELLO to healthy looking lips!

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Banyak video yang bisa bikin kamu bisa senyum hari ini dan juga bisa ngebuat kamu sedih hari ini




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Pedagogi Pendidikan dan Asuhan Awal Kanak kanak


Bagi seseorang yang baru menjejakan kaki dalam arena perguruan, ramai guru yang berpengalaman. konsep pendekatan , kaedah serta teknik pengajaran yang sangat sukar untuk dibezakan . Memandangkan kepentingan kaedah pengajaran dan pembelajaran , maka kajian ini bertujuan untuk meninjau cara katau kaedah pembelajaran kanak kanak seperti pembelajaran koperatif, secara bermain , kontruktual dan banyak lagi. Selain itu juga ia bertujuan untuk mengenalpasti sama ada cara atau kaedah tersebut akan berkesan bagi pembelajaran bagi kanak kanak

Untuk memastikan sesi pengajaran dan pembelajaran tersebut bermakna, seseorang guru perlu memiliki ilmu pedagogi yang amat baik. Seseorang guru perlu menguasai pedagogi kerana pedagogi membantu guru memahami prinsip prinsip pengajaran dan pembelajaran. Selain itu juga, guru akan lebih mudah memilih kaedah pembelajaran yang sesuai dengan tahap penerimaan kanak kanak. Contohnya guru telah sedia maklum bahawa kemampuan kanaka kanak sejauh mana jadi dengan pedagogi memudahkan guru merancang pengajaran harian dengan lebih baik

Pengertian Pedagogi

Pedagogi ialah kajian mengenai pengajaran, khususnya pengajaran dalam pendidikan formal. Dengan kata lain, ia adalah sains dan seni mengenai cara mengajar di sekolah. Secara umumnya pedagogi merupakan mata pelajaran yang wajib bagi mereka yang ingin menjadi guru di sekolah. Sebagai satu bidang kajian yang luas, pedagogi melibatkkan kajian mengenai proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran, pengurusan bilik darjah, organisasi sekolah dan juga interaksi guru-pelajar..


Pendekatan merujuk kepada cara bagaimana sesuatu mata pelajaran itu diajarkan untuk mencapai objektifnya. Setiap pendekatan itu mestilah mencerminkan satu pandangan atau pendapat tentang hakikat satu matlamat pembelajaran . Ia bertujuan untuk memudahkan murid menerima dan memahami isi pelajaran yang disampaikan oleh guru. Dengan adanya pendekatan, guru dapat membuat tanggapan asas yang akan dijadikan prinsip. Kita mempelajari sesuatu situasi itu secara keseluruhan dan kemudian memperinci elemen-elemen situasi satu pandangan atau sebagai teori pembelajaran, maka kita boleh menjadikannya sebagai satu pendekatan dalam sesuatu pengajaran. Ini membawa maksud sesuatu pengajaran itu harus dimulakan dengan mengamati keseluruhannya terlebih dahulu dan kemudian dikaji bahagian-bahagiannya.

Pendekatan Koperatif

Pembelajaran Koperatif didefinisikan sebagai kepada kaedah pengajaran yang memerlukan murid dari pelbagai kebolehan bekerjasama dalam kumpulan kecil untuk mencapai satu matlamat yang sama ia juga merupakan satu set proses yang membantu pelajar berinteraksi satu sama lain untuk mecapai satu matlamat khusus atau mendapatkan satu hasil akhir (end-product) yang ada kaitan dengan isi kandungan mata pelajaran.bermaksud bekerjasama untuk mencapai matlamat yang sama. Pendekatan berstruktur (structural approach) dalam pembelajaran koperatif oleh Kagan hasil daripada proses mencipta, menganalisis dan mengaplikasikan struktur (yang tidak terikat kepada isi kandungan pelajaran) secara sistematik termasuk cara-cara menguruskan interaksi sosial dalam bilik darjah. Sasaran utamanya adalah menuju kepada tahap pembelajaran yang maksimum bukan sahaja untuk diri sendiri, tetapi juga untuk rakan-rakan yang lain. Lima unsur asas dalam pembelajaran koperatif adalah Saling bergantung antara satu sama lain secara positif, Saling berinteraksi secara bersemuka, Akauntabiliti individu atas pembelajaran diri sendiri, .Kemahiran koperatif, dan Pemprosesan kumpulan

Pendekatan koperatif ini merupakan program yang berstruktur yang menekankan penguasaan kemahiran, konsep dan maklumat. Pendekatan pembelajaran koperatif memerlukan murid bekerjasama ke atas setiap satu ahli dalam kumpulannya. Kaedah ini mensasarkan matlamat dan pencapaian kumpulan yang hanya dapat dicapai jikalau semua ahli dalam kumpulan itu belajar semua objektif yang diajar. Selain itu ia merupakan satu proses membantu kanak-kanak lain berinteraksi antara satu sama lain untuk mencapai matlamat yang khusus atau mendapatkan hasil akhir yang berkaitan dengan isi kandungan pembelajaran. Pembelejaran kopertif menggunakan peraturan bilik darjah yang mampu mewujudkan satu pasukan yang lebih berkesan. Guru hanya bertindak sebagai fasilitator dan kanak kanak yang akan membuat.

Terdapat beberapa kritiria yang perlu dijadikan panduan untuk melaksanakan pembelajaran koperatif di dalam bilik darjah. Antaranya ialah kanak kanak mengetahui objektif pembelajaran yang lebih jelas, sikap positif di kalangan ahli kumpulan untuk mencapai objektif pembelajaran, selain itu juga, arahan yang lebih jelas dalam memberikan tugasan yang perlu dilaksanakan, memberi peluang yang saksama dikalangan agli kumpulan dan apa yang paling penting ialah sikap kerjasama dikalangan ahli kumpulan dan saling bergantungan antara satu sama yang lain

Pendekatan Deduktif

Di sekolah guru mengajar murid menaakul secara deduktif dan induktif. Dari segi penaakulan deduktif , guru sering mengajukan kepada murid dengan peraturan am dan membantu mereka mengenal pasti contoh dan mengaplikasikan peraturan tadi. Dalam hal ini, dalam mata pelajaran kemahiran hidup pun boleh dilaksanakan penaakulan seperti guru ingin murid menyatakan apakah yang perlu kamu pakai untuk berkebun. Pelajar akan menyatakannya serta memberi contoh dan berupaya pula mengaplikasikannya apabila hendak berkebun. Ringkasnya prestasi murid selepas memberi contoh itu membawa kepada inferens bahawa murid telah menemui peraturan yang perlu untuk menyelesaikan dan peraturan ini boleh digeneralisasikan kepada situasi baru yang mempunyai kaitan yang sama.Aktiviti pembelajaran koperatif sangat membantu kanak kanak dalam menjana kemahiran 4C kanak kanak.murid akan berkomunikasi, berfikiran kiritis dan kreatif, serta kolaboratif yang mana boleh bekerjasama dalam menyumbangkan idea

Pendekatan Bermain Sambil Belajar

Aktiviti pembelajaran kanak-kanak pada hari ini lebih banyak didorong oleh faktor persekitaran dan kaedah pengajaran di dalam bilik darjah yang lebih seronok. Namun, pedagogi berasaskan bermain selalu disalah ertikan dalam aspek penerokaan ilmu untuk kanak-kanak yang dianggap tidak menekankan aspek akademik dalam pembelajaran. Hal ini kerana kurangnya ilmu pengetahuan dan pendedahan terhadap kepentingan pelaksanaan kaedah ini dalam aspek perkembangan pembelajaran kanak-kanak.

Kebanyakan ibu bapa pada masa kini hanya memikirkan tentang pencapaian akademik kanak-kanak kerana aspek kejayaan hanya perlu dipandang dari sudut gred bukan dari sudut afektif, kemahiran dan nilai yang diperolehi oleh seseorang kanak-kanak itu sendiri. Permintaan ibu bapa memaksa guru mengenepikan pedagogi berasaskan bermain diprasekolah (Nicolopoulou, 2010). Desakan ini menyebabkan timbulnya fahaman yang salah dalam aspek pembelajaran kanak-kanak dalam konsep penerokaan ilmu berdasarkan hak bermain yang perlu ditekankan dalam peringkat umur kanak-kanak yang berada di prasekolah.

Bermain ataupun permainan ialah fitrah bagi kanak-kanak. Oleh kerana itu,aktiviti bermain adalah sebahagian daripada dunia kanak-kanak, proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran menjadi akan lebih berkesan jika kurikulum pendidikan kanak-kanak adalah berasaskan aktiviti bermain. Melalui aktiviti bermain, kanak-kanak belajar dan lebih memahami isu-isu yang berlaku di sekeliling mereka dalam keadaan yang gembira dan bermakna kepada mereka. Pakar dalam bidang perkembangan kanak-kanak percaya bahawa aktiviti bermain dapat merangsang fungsi otak yang mana dapat memupuk perkembangan kognitif, sosial, emosi dan fizikal kanak-kanak. Semasa bermain, kanak-kanak berinteraksi dengan rakan sebaya ataupun orang dewasa melalui perbincangan dan juga soal jawab. Kanak-kanak belajar berkomunikasi, berinteraksi dan menyesuaikan diri dengan persekitaran melalui bermain. Tranformasi kurikulum pendidikan prasekolah melalui pelaksanaan Kurikulum Standard Prasekolah Kebangsaan (KSPK) 2010 menekankan kemahiran bahasa. Fokus utama proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran ialah berpusatkan kanak-kanak, menggunakan pendekatan pengajaran dan pembelajaran bersepadu, bertema, belajar melalui bermain, pembelajaran kontekstual dan pembelajaran berasaskan projek.

Kaedah bermain adalah kaedah pembelajaran yang mendekatkan diri pelajar kepada pengalaman sebenar secara langsung, terutama apabila mengajar konsep atau kemahiran. Apabila digunakan secara berkesan boleh menambah respon murid dan kepekaan kepada perasaan orang lain, iaitu murid tidak akan dapat memahami atau mengaplikasikan prinsip yang dipelajari dengan berkesan dan bermakna kecuali diberi peluang menyaksikan sendiri situasi sebenar dan menilai hasil aplikasi mereka dalam situasi bermasalah. Murid berpeluang dan boleh mempertingkat kebolehan empati, menambah kepekaan proses interaksi dan memiliki kebolehan menganalisis situasi secara objektif. Kaedah bermain sambil belajar merupakan situasi yang dilakukan secara spontan dengan arahan dan bahannya diambil daripada kisah bena

Bermain adalah proses semula jadi dan spontan. Ia adalah kerja kanak-kanak yang dapat menghasilkan pengalaman, pembelajaran dan kemahiran. Bermain membenarkan kanak-kanak melakukan aktiviti yang kreatif. Bagi kanak-kanak yang sedang membesar, bermain adalah satu keperluan. Melalui bermain kanak-kanak dapat belajar pelbagai perkara dan ia dikenali sebagai pembelajaran tidak formal.Kemahiran dan pengetahuan kanak kanak akan berkembang dengan lebih baik apabila terlibat dengan aktiviti bermain dan berkongsi dengan rakan rakan yang lain dan disokong oleh orang dewasa. Disamping itu juga, kanak kanak dapat meningkatkan ilmu pengetahuan dan kemahiran mereka dalam persekitaran yang bermakna. Lantaran itu, aktiviti atau pedagogi berasaskan bermain yang diaplikasikan secara berstruktur dikatakan dapat membantu meningkatkan kemahiran kognitif, sosial, berupaya dan dapat menjana pemikiran kreatif, serta meningkatkan motivasi serta tumpuan kanak-kanak. Oleh itu, pedagogi berasaskan bermain di peringkat prasekolah perlu diperkasakan dalam membentuk daya saing kanak-kanak dari segi pengetahuan dan kemahiran.

Pembelajaran secara kontruktual

Pembelajaran kontruktual ialah kaedah pembelajaran yang menggabungkan isi kandungan pembelajaran dengan pengalaman individu kanak-kanak, masyarakat dan alam pekerjaan. Kaedah ini menyediakan secara konkrit dan kuat yang melibatkan aktiviti hands on dan minds on.

Kontruktual merupakan konsep belajar yang menganggap kanak kanak akan belajar lebih baik jika lingkungan diciptakan secara ilmiah yang mana bermaksud belajar akan lebih bermakna dan lebih memahami sekiranya mereka berkerja dan mengalami sendiri apa yang mereka pelajari di sekolah. Bukan sekadar memahami tetapi rasa lebih bermakna

Pembelajaran hanya berlaku apabila kanak kanak dapat memproses maklumat atau pengetahuan baru dengan cara bermakna dalam rangka minda mereka. Yang mana, kanak kanak mempuyai pengetahuan sedia ada dan ditambah dengan pengetahuan yang baru. Pembelajaran akan lebih berkesan jika maklumat yang disampaikan dalam konteks yang pelbagai dan bermakna kepada murid. Konteks yang pelbagai seperti budaya, fizikal, psikologi dan sosial.

Penekanan perlu diberikan kepada pelbagai persekitaran pembelajaran untuk menghasilkan pembelajaran yang lebih berkesan seperti bilik darjah, makmal, tempat kerja , dan kehidupan harian. Kebanyakan kanak kanak akan belajar dengan lebih berkesan melalui pengalaman penglibatan peribadi, aktiviti hands on dan peluang untuk penemuan kendiri. Selain itu, melalui komunikasi interpersonal, belajar dalam kumpulan , berkongsi maklumat, saling membantu, dan maklum balas yang positif.

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