As marketing gains increasing prominence as an orientation that everyone in the organization shares and as a process that all functions participate in deploying, a critical issue that arises is the role of the marketing function. Specifically, what role should the marketing function play, and what value does the marketing function have, if any, in an organization that has a strong market orientation? We take the view that though a firm’s market orientation is undeniably important, the marketing function should play a key role in managing several important connections between the customer and critical firm elements, including connecting the customer to the product, service delivery and financial accountability. The authors collect data from managers across six business functions and two time periods with respect to marketing’s role, market orientation, the value of the marketing function, and perceived firm performance. The results show that the marketing function contributes to perceptions of firm financial performance, customer relationship performance, and new product performance beyond that explained by a firm’s market orientation. Marketing’s value, in turn, is found to be a function of the degree to which it develops knowledge and skills in connecting the customer to the product and to financial accountability. For service firms, the value of the marketing function also is related positively to marketing’s ability to connect the customer to service delivery
The Art of Possible in Marketing Petaling Jaya
Other News Kishen Sreedharan
In simple terms push marketing involves pushing your brand in front of audiences (usually with paid advertising or promotions). Pull marketing on the other hand means implementing a strategy that naturally draws consumer interest in your brand or products (usually with relevant and interesting content).
Running your business online means having to choose between two core principles for guiding your marketing strategy. It’s common (and important) to balance your budget, time, and efforts on growing your business across organic and paid strategies that offer the best results. Choosing between push vs pull.
But what is the difference between push and pull marketing? And which one is best for you?
Let’s go through the pros and cons. Understanding the difference between push and pull strategies will help you understand the direction you need to go.
First you have to establish what your long-and short-term goals are for your business’s success. As the world of online marketing continues to evolve in light of shrinking physical markets, and as businesses frantically try to adjust to the 2020 corona virus pandemic, it will be as important as ever to establish a solid online marketing approach to help your business stay up right. For businesses looking to establish a fast and immediate cash-flow, “push” strategies based on paid ads are one option. For businesses looking to gain a long-term customer base, “pull” offers methods for organic long-term growth.
But what are they? What’s actually the difference between push and pull strategy in marketing? In simple terms push marketing involves pushing your brand in front of audiences (usually with paid advertising or promotions). Pull marketing on the other hand means implementing a strategy that naturally draws consumer interest in your brand or products (usually with relevant and interesting content).
This relatively simple definition of push vs. pull marketing skips overs all the different strategies each option offers. Search engine optimization, search engine ads, content marketing, social media content, social media paid ads, etc. – are all forms of these two kinds of marketing.
The Difference Between Push and Pull Marketing
In push marketing the goal is to bring your brand or products to your customers. This form of marketing is a lot more deliberate and proactive than other inbound methods. Because push marketing is a bit more aggressive then the alternative it’s generally preferred by businesses taking advantage of a short time-period or trying to generate sales quickly.
Instances where push marketing can be helpful include:
- When launching a new business or website without a reputation
- When releasing new products
- During holidays, or seasonal events
- For sales and temporary promotional campaigns
- When expanding to a new niche
- To generate cash-flow or sales quickly
- To help clear out product stock before the end of a season
- To help promote brand recognition when competing against a dominant competitor
- Just in general, when trying to subsidize a multi-channel strategy
Push marketing is a broader, sort of shotgun approach that means making your products, services, or brand as visible as possible in order to get the best results you can – but for a cost. It usually means quicker sales. The other side of the coin with push marketing is that it also usually involves spending money. One of the most popular forms of push marketing is pay-per-click (PPC) advertising where marketers can place banners, display ads, search engine ads, and shopping ads across a wide range of platforms, usually by paying a small amount each time their ad is clicked on.
Other popular forms of push marketing include paid social-media marketing strategies that are similar to PPC or cost-per-thousand-impressions.
Pull marketing, on the other hand, involves naturally accruing traffic. The reasoning here is to create high-value content suited for your target audiences and letting them come to you. Of course this doesn’t mean doing nothing. Pull marketing simply means being aware of the fact that there are already users actively seeking out the products, services, or information that you offer and making it easier for them to find it, and making it easier for them to get to their ultimate goal.
The most prominent forms of pull marketing include search engine optimization (SEO), creative social media content, and customer reviews. Whereas SEO has proven itself as the type of marketing with the most reliable ROI for a long time, social media has only exploded as a business channel relatively recently.
Pull marketing is often the primary business strategy for companies looking to:
- Ensure long-term business growth
- Maintain dominance in a specific niche or industry
- Build a return customer base or improve loyalty
- To promote brand recognition with customer engagement and visibility
- Increase social media traffic as well as social media sharing
- Grow traffic to their site across organic, referral, and social segments
- Improve sales and revenue affordably, without an expensive ad budget
- Engage with customers before they know what they want, at the top of their shopping funnel
So what’s the difference between push and pull marketing in practice? A few years ago as many as 71% of consumers claimed to prefer pull marketing techniques. As the online landscape evolves businesses are continuing to see the value in the time-proven benefit of pulling in customers organically.
Close to 3/4th of all marketers claim that content marketing increases engagement. These days 51% of all website traffic comes from search engines, and according to BrightEdge that traffic alone is capturing over 40% of all online revenue. If those numbers aren’t convincing enough, by the end of the decade the number of global, active social media users had grown to 3.724 billion. As these numbers demonstrate a new form of normal for internet use, it becomes apparent that pull focused marketing is an absolute necessity for future business growth.
But the push strategy can be tempting too. According to Wolfgang Digital, this last year was the first time that paid-search ads outpaced regular search in terms of revenue with PPC driving 33% of revenue in the retail channel. For online-only business, paid strategies boast responsibility for as much as 46% of revenue!
The truth is that businesses find the best success when they focus on a multi-channel, multi-strategy approach in both push and pull. These two broad categories are simply too important to focus on just one.
The acronym stands for Attention, Interest, Desire, and Action. The AIDA model is widely used in marketing and advertising to describe the steps or stages that occur from the very first moment a consumer is aware of a product or brand to the actual moment the purchase is made.
What does AIDA stand for?
- Awareness: creating brand awareness or affiliation with your product or service.
- Interest: generating interest in the benefits of your product or service, and sufficient interest to encourage the buyer to start to research further.
- Desire: for your product or service through an 'emotional connection', showing your brand personality. Move the consumer from 'liking' it to 'wanting it'.
- Action: CTA - Move the buyer to interact with your company and taking the next step ie. downloading a brochure, making the phone call, joining your newsletter, or engaging in live chat, etc.
- Retention: We all know that this is key to upsell, cross-sell, referrals, Advocacy and the list goes on.. as companies are also focussing on LTV.
The AIDA model, tracing the customer journey through Awareness, Interest, Desire and Action, is perhaps the best-known marketing model amongst all the classic marketing models. Many marketers find AIDA useful since we apply this model daily, whether consciously or subconsciously, when we're planning our marketing communications strategy.
The acronym AIDA stands for Attention, Interest, Desire and Action. These are the four stages that a consumer goes through when watching or viewing an advertisement. According to Lewis, first and foremost, the role of an advertisement is to attract the customers. Once an ad grabs attention, it has to invoke interest towards the product in the minds of the consumers. After creating an interest, the ad has to bring desire in consumers mind to use the product and finally the consumer has to take a favorable action towards the product by ultimately purchasing the product.
After “bungling” the handling of the Covid-19 situation, the government needs to get its act together and move fast to ensure millions under lockdown have enough food on the table, says former second finance minister Johari Ghani.
Johari also said government aid to the people should not be based solely on income levels, as this could lead to many falling through the cracks.
“We were doing well initially, but since the middle of last year it has been one mess after another. Now we’re in a lockdown, and I’m very worried about the people, especially those without a fixed income.
“Whenever there is a lockdown, informal sector workers and the self-employed are the most affected as they rely on daily wages and incomes,” he told FMT, adding that department of statistics figures indicated that about 3.92 million people fell under these two categories.
The former Titiwangsa MP said the government must come up with a detailed strategy to ensure the needs of the most vulnerable were taken care of. He said there had been numerous reports from the first movement control order (MCO) of people not receiving aid, while a more recent United Nations report indicated that many urban poor were still struggling.
This, he said, indicated a mismatch between the help people needed and the aid being offered to them.
“We need all assemblymen and MPs to go down to the ground and identify families and individuals who cannot afford to buy food and basic amenities for their families. “The welfare department must work hand-in-hand with elected representatives to distribute the aid and ensure that no one is left behind.”
Johari said the federal government must allocate funds immediately for the purchase of these goods, which could be sourced from the respective constituencies to help spur the local economy.
A proper, total lockdown
Johari said even though he agreed that the total lockdown was necessary given the present Covid-19 situation, the government must have a proper strategy in place to avoid resorting to such measures.
“The repeated lockdowns are damaging to the economy, not just because a lockdown affects the immediate demand but also the atmosphere of uncertainty it creates.”
He added this was not helped by the international trade and industry ministry’s unclear directions and poor government communication which led to confusion and low investor confidence.
“As a result, we see businesses are downsizing and not hiring workers as the uncertainties over government policy withhold them from investing to operate or expand their operations; or worse, they close shop altogether.”
As such, he said, the government needed to be very clear about what were the essential sectors.
“To me, this is only the food and beverage sector, including those involved in the supply chain and distribution of these products.
“As most of the clusters come from the workplace, particularly factories, the government must ask them to close and do mass testing for all local and foreign workers even if the factories produce crucial export items such as electrical and electronic products or medical gloves.”
Johari called on Putrajaya to work closely with state governments and local authorities in carrying out mass testing, quarantine, health education, and enforcement.
Johari said what remained unclear to the public, the market, as well as investors was Malaysia’s exit strategy.
“It has been a year now since Covid-19 hit us, yet we seem to be directionless. No one knows our way out of the woods, let alone knows when we will get out of danger.”
He said it was clear however that vaccination was the country’s best bet to battle the pandemic and key to restarting the economy.
“My concern is that looking at how things are going, it is highly unlikely that the government will meet its target of achieving herd immunity by the end of the year.
“Clearly, we are not moving fast enough as new infections and deaths pile up in record numbers. In the past week, we had an average of 7,000 cases and 60 deaths a day, and our ICUs are reaching maximum capacity.”
Johari said in order to improve the vaccination process, Putrajaya must manage it efficiently and transparently.
“Disclose to the public the range cost of each vaccine per dose, disclose the companies that have been appointed to manage the vaccination process at the vaccination centres and how much the government is paying them.”
He also said the government needed to disclose how much of the RM5 billion from the National Trust Fund (KWAN) had been used, and provide a detailed breakdown of expenses.
Johari also said the government must clarify if it was buying the vaccines directly from the manufacturers or Malaysia-based agents appointed by pharmaceutical companies.
“If they were purchased through agents, what is the quantity each agent was allowed to import?”
He also asked Putrajaya to clarify if government-appointed companies were offering to vaccinate employees of shopping malls and charging them RM50?
“Is this service open to employees of all other companies?
“If the vaccination programme is to be a success, people must trust the government and that can only happen if there is transparency.”
Johari said the government should also give a weekly update on the balance of vaccine stocks, how much was allocated to the states and the schedule of incoming vaccine supplies.
He called on the government to allow walk-ins for vaccinations on a first-come-first-served basis, especially in states with high rates of no-shows.
“This will allow us to optimise vaccine stocks. The government must also allow private hospitals to procure their own supply of vaccines. Why aren’t they allowing private hospitals to import the vaccines at their own cost?”
“There is no point in appointing 2,500 general practitioners and allowing private hospitals to carry out vaccinations if they have to wait for the vaccine supply from the government.”
Johari also said Putrajaya must be transparent and stop any special treatment for VVIPs and their families.
Other News Petaling Jaya
1. A coalition is a group of people/parties/organizations who share common interest in reaching the same goal and work together harmoniously by regularly meeting and resolving issues/differences. Pakatan Rakyat does not do this.
Although PAS, DAP and PKR share the same goal of toppling BN, they do not have common interests, philosophy or methodology in reaching that goal.
2. A coalition draws inspiration and direction from citizens/members/regional population. This does not apply for Pakatan Rakayt.
PAS, DAP and PKR each get direction from THREE DIFFERENT party leaders who do not co-exist for the same goal.
3. A coalition works to build a healthy community. Pakatan Rakyat thrives by sowing the seeds of dissent.
PAS, DAP and PKR work for self-interest. Decisions made by leaders are usually for THEIR PERSONAL interests.
A good example is the Kajang by-election and MB issue in Selangor.
4. A coalition draws up guidelines and work towards achieving their goals by following guidelines. This does not apply to Pakatan Rakyat.
Pakatan Rakyat had differences when drafting their Buku Jingga and even when completed, it remains A BUKU - A MERE BOOK for show. All else is forgotten!
5. A coalition must have members which respect member parties/organizations but not Pakatan Rakyat.
Pakatan Rakyat coalition party leaders have no qualms about asking other parties to leave when their ideology or methodology do NOT match.
Malaysiakini reported that Lim Guan Eng said "the biggest issue after Aidilfitri celebrations is whether the two party system can continue in Malaysia. The breaking up of Pakatan Rakyat on the refusal of one component party to respect and hold on to views arrived at together, could not be discounted according to his Hari Raya statement today."
6. A coalition must have member parties/organizations that respect and honour the decisions and opinions of other members.
Recently, PAS frustrated PKR and DAP when it said that there was no reason to remove Selangor Menteri Besar Khalid Ibrahim from his post. According to Lim Guan Eng, "if the decisions we have achieved together in the Pakatan highest leadership council is dismissed just like that by one party, the survival and credibility of Pakatan will be continue to be undermined."
What future is left for Pakatan Rakyat, what hope is there for its supporters when Lim Guan Eng himself has PUBLICLY acknowledged that the survival and credibility of Pakatan Rakyat is at stake? Zilch.
7. A coalition makes and keeps promises but not Pakatan Rakyat.
Over the years, Pakatan Rakyat has CLAIMED it can govern if it is given the mandate by the rakyat. They promised to show their shadow cabinet which today has been in the shadows, never ever seeing the light of day! Are they capable of governing Malaysia when they cannot even keep a basic promise?
8. A coalition must show and develop its abilities and competence to foster healthy relationships with member parties/organizations to sustain efforts to reach their mission. Sorry, this does not apply to PR.
Pakatan Rakyat leaders almost always issue individual press statements without consulting/considering or acknowledging the views of other leaders of member parties.
Is this effective cooperation or destructive individualism?
9. To succeed, a coalition must show progressive or interim victories because its members work together in unity. Pakatan Rakyat does not have any such consistent record except only in their wishful fantasies.
Since 2008, we have seen PKR, PAS and DAP fighting over seats, limelight and a host of other issues. Self-interest rules, not party cohesion. We see Anwar Ibrahim trapising all over the world to shame the country in international media whereas other leaders HAVE NO COMMENT about such actions.
Who is in charge? Is there unity?
10. A coalition can only succeed if leaders show consideration for the greater good of the country by pooling resources, ensuring proper communication flow to sustain an alliance that unites members to achieve goals and empowers leaders to share power for long-term social and political change. Pakatan Rakyat has never, will never and can never do that.
It is a marriage of convenience that never worked from Day 1. It is a threesome kind of menage a trois whereby three leaders only see themselves and not the other two leaders nor do they see the Trinity kind of leadership depicted by its name. It is never THREE-IN-ONE leadership but each screaming and fighting to be NUMBER ONE.
So there you go....this is the crux of why Pakatan Rakyat has failed and can never serve the rakyat because its leaders are self-serving giants or dinosaurs in the political sphere of Malaysia!
- Seperti seekor rama-rama yang cantik sayapnya namun hakikat di dalam jiwa dan jasad rama-rama itu mengandungi racun yang tidak siapa tahu. Begitulah kehidupan yang perlu dilalui oleh seorang insan yang bergelar seorang isteri dan seorang ibu. .Ya. Di dalam kehidupannya, semua orang melihat kebahagiaan yang dia kecapi namun siapa tahu, di sebalik kebahagian itu, tersimpan seribu satu rasa dan perasaan yang hanya Tuhan sahaja tahu. Berat untuk diungkapkan dengan kata-kata, hanya doa dan redha sahaja mampu dizahirkan didalam hati tatkala jiwa makin lemah dan tidak bersemangat. Bukan mudah untuk dia menjalani kehidupan yang penuh pancaroba ini.Hanya berbekalkan secebis iman di dada dan dorongan dari insan-insan yang tersayang, dapatlah dia menarik nafas lega seketika. Namun, adakalanya mereka tidak mampu untuk memahami dan menyelami kehendak hatinya sehingga menyebabkan hatinya remuk dan kecewa. Mungkin lebih teruk, ada sedikit perbalahan berlaku..namun, ia bukanlah tiket untuk menyebabkan berlakunya perpisahan kerana mereka tahu itulah ujian dan dugaan yang Tuhan berikan kepada mereka yang harus mereka tempuhi bersama.
Other News Malaysia
- Ultimate Mini Catering Services
A brand-new ‘Buffet Your Own Way’ catering concept offering an extensive range of filling and flavourful healthy options that are perfect for a busy lifestyle. The menu & serving size was created by dedicated team of chefs , following months of research and recipe creation plus drawing inspiration from Tex-Mex cuisine, a regional American cuisine that blends food products available in the United States and the culinary creations of Mexican-Americans influenced by the cuisines of Mexico. The extensive menu includes over 60 mouth-watering appertiser, snacks, mains, and desserts – available in multiple size/trays, ideal for home, offices and workplaces catering, giving prospective customer to choose the size they want according to pax and mix & match the cuisines.
Captain Shrimp Jaya One well known for mouthwatering tasty, value-for-money Tex-Mex and American eats, from appetiser perfect for sharing, to memorable seafood and delicious taco. With multiple menus to choose from daily, we have become the ultimate choice for diners looking for something affordable and different. Best seller such as Corn Shell Beef Taco, Baked Mac & Cheese, Texas BBQ Wings, Fire Grilled Chicken Breast, Dual Cheese Quesadilla, Spicy Chicken Quesadilla, Fried Shrimp & Calamari, Aglio-Olio Chicken Pasta, Roasted Vegetables, Baked Cheesy Mussel
Discover the best mini catering experience with Captain Shrimp. Mini buffet concept allows for just a minimum of 5 pax to 80 pax to cater with funky experience that offers a creative way to entertain and wow your guests at home. Great for family-styled potluck, kids parties, birthday, baby shower, house parties or your cozy gatherings with your friends!
Mini Catering concept offer better variety so you end up satisfied and enjoyed during a hectic or a fun small group activity starts from 4 pax up to 80 pax compared to normal catering that required at least 50pax. This drop off buffet Styled concept doesn’t require table setting and staffing, multiple sizes to choose from according to your Group sizes (M, L, XL and XXL) and sauce/dippings such as Garlic, Thousand Island, Bbq Honey, lemon vinaigrette, Honey Mustard, Mint sauce provided plus disposible eco brown plates, black cutleries & serviettes.
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Other world news
Do you toss and turn in bed every night? Do you watch the clock as your wake-up time mercilessly approaches and only manage to fall asleep at some point in the morning? Have you been counting sheep for hours and still can't sleep?
Everybody sometimes can't fall asleep. The problem is when this condition lasts a long time or recurs frequently.
Professionally, the condition where you cannot fall asleep is called insomnia. It is dangerous and it is not pleasant to play with it. Sleep is vital for a person. A person suffering from insomnia cannot fall asleep or wakes up frequently.
Common symptoms are:
- difficulty falling asleep at night.
- waking up early in the morning without the ability to go back to sleep.
- frequent nighttime awakenings
- night watch, confusion of day and night
Read more at :
If classified as benign, the enlarged prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). As for whether it is malignant, it will lead to prostate cancer.
Although it does not endanger the life of the victim, the complaints that arise due to an enlarged prostate are very disturbing activities.
Some people who have an enlarged prostate will feel dissatisfied when urinating.
Symptoms can include a weak urinary stream, increased frequency of urination, frequent awakenings at night, and an inability to hold back the urge to urinate.
In severe cases, an enlarged prostate can cause urinary retention, which is a condition in which a person is unable to excrete urine that is in the bladder.
To overcome the prostate, whether to surgery? Actually, the action to treat this condition depends on the severity.
The main goal of treating an enlarged prostate is to improve the patient's quality of life. The therapy offered also varies, depending on the severity of the symptoms experienced.
To determine the severity, the doctor will perform a series of tests including:
- International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) test score.
- Lab tests, such as urinalysis, prostate- specific antigen (PSA), and kidney function.
- Urophlometry (evaluation of the urine stream), calculation of residual urine.
- Images of the prostate that can be an ultrasound exam.
Read more :
Ezase Durban Media KZN better known as EDK Media is a Film and TV production company established back in 2011, based in the heart of Durban KwaZulu-Natal. It offers a variety of services including: TV Presenting Training, Photoshoots, TV Shows, Documentaries, Events management and many more.
On Friday the 15th of July 2022, EDK Media production team attended an art workshop in Umlazi, the south eastern part of KwaZulu-Natal which was held in Umlazi Cinema Hall.
The event was solely based on ways that the youth could utilize to venture into the corporate sector and the entertainment industry. The gap has been identified, that the youth is seeking employment rather than self employment. With the unemployment rate at its peak in South Africa, it is crystal clear that having a degree does not automatically translate to employment.
Dignitaries and speakers from different places graced the event with their presence, amongst which Mr Xolani Dlamini, the founder and event organizer of Urban Arts Entertainment attended. Menzi Theo (executive director of EDK Media), Bella Mnyandu and Smangele Sokhela commended the event organizers for pulling off such a great event in such a short space of time.
We still have a long way ahead to ensure that our government is democratically accountable for its people and for the young people to be granted equal opportunity. We're hopeful that events of this nature make a dent.