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HUMAN PSYCHOLOGY AND MENTAL HEALTH IN TEENS
THE FUNCTIONALITY AND WORKING OF THE HUMAN MIND HAS ALWAYS REMAINED A MYSTERY TO EVERYONE CONCERNED.HUMAN PSYCHOLOGY IS A FIELD OF SCIENCES PARTICULARLY FOCUSED IN UNARAVELLING THESE TRUTHS. LET’S DEFINE SOME TERMS
MENATLITY: GOOGLE DEFINES MENTALITY AS “THE CHARACTERISTIC WAY OF THINKING OF A PERSON OR A GROUP” MENTALITY IS NOT ONLY CONFINED TO THE WAY A PERSON THINKS BUT IS ALSO CONCERNED WITH THE WAY THE ACT AND BEHAVE IN VARIOUS SITUATIONS THAT STIMULATE NERVOUS IMPULSES.
MENTAL HEALTH: INTERNET DEFINES MENTAL HEALTH AS “THE COGNITIVE, BEHAVIORAL AND EMOTIONAL WELL BEING TO SUCH EXTENT THAT A PERSON CAN THINK, FELL AND BEHAVE APPRORIATELY.” MENTAL HEALTH IS NO DOUBT THE MOST IMPORTANT WELL BEING OF A PERSON.
PSYCHOLOGY: IT IS THE STUDY OF MIND AND ITS BEHAVIOUR.
DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN PSYCHOLOGY AND MENTAL HEALTH IS PRE-NATAL HOWEVER, AFTER REACHING A CERTAIN AGE IN LIFE MOSTLY 2-5 YEARS IS WHEN THE DEVELOPMENT IS RAPID AND OVERWHELMING.THIS DEVELOPMENTAL PHASE LASTS WELL UP TO PRELIMINARY YOUTHS. THE CRUCIAL THING IS TO UNDERSTAND HOW IMPORTANT MENTAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES DURING THESE TIMES SHAPE OUR PERSONALITY IN THE FUTURE.
AS A REPRESENTATOR OF THE VERY AGE GROUP, HERE ARE SOME SECTORS WHERE MENTAL STRESS AMONG TEENS AND YOUTHS IS ABUNDANT:
SEXUALITY AND PREFERENCES
THE BEGINNING YEARS OF ADOLENCENSE TRIGGER MANY QUESTIONS ABOUT ONESELF AND THEIR ASPIRATIONS.THE MOMENT OF REALIZATION I HAD WAS AT THE RIPE AGE OF 14 WHEN I FIRST ASKED MYSELF WHY IT FELT WEIRD.THE STRANGE FEELING USHES THROUGH YOUR BODY MAKING YOU FEEL ENTIRELY DIFFERENT.ONE ALSO BEEGINS TO ASK THEMSELVES QUESTIONS ABOUT SEXUALITY AND THEIR SEXUAL PREFERANCES. WITH MANY MISLEADING ARTICLES ABUNDANT ON THE WORLD WIDE WEB AND THE RELUCTANCE TO SHARE THEIR THOUGHTS TO THEMSELVES LET ALONE ANYONE ELSE CAUSES PRELIMINARY MENTAL STRESS, TRAUMA AND BREAKDOWN. HERE IS A SIMPLE INSTANCE I GATHERED FROM A SOURCE, IN A PATRIACAL COUNTRY LIKE NEPAL, BEING OF AN IDENTITY IS RATHER TOUGH. THIS IS A CASE OF A YOUNG BOY WHO QUESTIONED HIMSELF FROM THE AGE OF 15. PROGRESSING HIS WAY THROUGH HIS FEELINGS, EMOTIONS AND THOUGHTS HE WAS IN A MENTAL DISPUTE WITH HIMSELF ABOUT HIS SEXUAL IDENTITY. AS REVEALED LATER, THE MAIN DISPUTE WASN’T BETWEEN HIS THOUGHTS BUT RATHER THE COMMUNAL THOUGHTS IMPOSED ON YOUNG CHILDS FROM A VERY YOUNG AGE.IN HIS DISPUTED STATE OF MIND, HIS MIND OPPOSED HIS VERY THOUGHTS. THIS LEADS TO A SERIES OF STRESS, LOSS OF INTLLECT AND OTHER SIMILAR PROBLEMS.WITH THE HELP OF A PSYCHIATRIST, THE BOY FINALLY RELEASED HIMSELF OF THE STRESS HE BORE FOR THE PAST 5 YEARS. BUT NOT ALL PEOPLE COME THROUGH SIMILARLY. MANY OF THE READERS MIGHT AGREE TO WHAT I MIGHT SAY, BUT THERE ARE THINGS ABOUT SEXUALITY AND PREFERENCES WE RATHER NOT TELL ANYONE WHICH MIGHT INCLUDE SEXUAL FETISHES,PORN ADDICTION, HOMOSEXUALITY, SEX ITSELF AND AUTO EROTICISM.THE SOLE TABOO PREVALENT IN THE COMMUNITTEES AND THE UTTER FEAR OF BEING JUDGED BY PEERS IS WHAT KEEP THE YOUNG MINDS SHUT.IN TURN THIS INABILITY OF COMMUNICATION STAYS INSIDE THEM URGING THEM TO INDULGE AND PREVENTING THEM FROM INDULGING SIMULTANEOUSLY. THE RESULT IS A RATHER HARSH STRESS RESULTING TO UNFORTUNATE CONCEQUENCES FROM SELF HARM TO MENTAL ILLNESS.MENTAL ISSUES AND CONCERNS IN THIS FIELD IN PARTICULAR YEILDS MORE ATTENTION FROM THE COMMUNITY. EXPOSURE TO IDEAS AND KNOWLEDGE HAS ALLOWED YOUTHS TO EXPLORE THEMSELVES AND COME TO NEW CONCLUSIONS ABOUT THEMSELVES AND THEIR SEXUAL PREFERENCES. WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE IS OPENING UP. SOME PEOPLE FEAR THEIR IDENTITY. THEY ARE UNWILLING TO ACCEPT THEMSELVES. THE MAIN REASON I POINT OUT IS THE SOCIAL DISLIKE OF SUCH THOUGHTS.SEXUALITY IS RATHER FLUID AND VAST. ONE NEED NOT LABEL THEMSELVES OR CLING TO AN IDENTITY OR FEAR IT AT ALL. ONE CAN ALWAYS COME UP TO THEIR OWN DEFINITION OF THEIR SEXUALITY AND DICUSS OPENLY. THE SOLE JUDGEMENTAL SIDE TO ANY STORY MUST BE IGNORED SO AS TO BRING IMPROVEMENT IN TEEN MENTAL WELL BEING.
THERE IS A NOTION AMONG PEOPLE THAT THE INCREASE IN PRODUCTION OF VARIOUS HORMONES TRIGGERS EMOTIONAL INTELLECT AMONG TEENS TO DEVELOP. HOWEVER, THE EMOTIONS GO FAR BEYOND LOVE AND HATE. TEENS MOSTLY GET OVERPOWERED BY GREED, JEALOUSY AND THE COMMON OF ALL LUST. THESE FEELINGS NOT ONLY DON’T DEVELOP ALONE BUT RATHER TRIGGER EACH OTHER. JEALOUSY ARISES IN A TEEN COMMONLY DUE TO PEERS. THE IDEA OF S/HE GETTING SOMETHING DIFFERENT- BE IT A ROMANTIC COMPANIONSHIP, SEXUAL RELATIONS OR SIMPLY MATERIAL PLEASURES. THESE DESIRES GET SO OVERWHELMING THAT ONE CAN KEEP THINKING ABOUT IT NON-STOP FOR DAYS MAYBE EVEN WEEKS.THIS FEELING OF JEALOUSY TURNS TO HATE RATHER QUICKLY. BEING NEW TO THE CONCEPT OF LOVE AND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS, MOST TEENS OFTEN BETRAYED SUFFER TREMENDOUS MENTAL HARDSHIPS. THIS MENTAL STRESS CAN LEAD TO SEVERAL PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES AND IN RARE CASES MAKES ONE SO PESSIMESTIC THEY’D RATHER HARM THEMSELVES OR OTHERS THAN TALK.
EXPOSURE TO CONTENTS ON THE WEB
THERE IS NO DOUBT THAT THE TEENS THESE DAYS ARE HAVING EXPOSURE TO DIVERSE CONTENT NOW THAT ACCESS TO INTERNET AND THE WORLD WIDE WEB IS EASY AND CONVINIENT. THE GENERAL WEB IS RATHER HARMLESS BUT THE VIVID INFORMATION THAT A TEEN SHOULD ATTAIN GRADUALLY IS AT THEIR ARSENAL FROM A VERY EARLY AGE.THIS INCLUDES ANSWERS TO VARIOUS CURIOUSITY ABOUT SEX, PORNS AND MASTURBATION, GORE ETC.THIS LEADS TO SEXUAL EXCITATION AT A VERY YOUNG AGE. THIS EXPOSURE CERTAINLY LEAVES A MENTAL SCAR AMONG THE BEGINNING TEENS. AFTER SUCH EXPOSURES, THEY ARE MORE LIABLE TO IMPLEMENT IT IN THEIR LIVES WHICH LEADS TO RAPES, TEEN PREGNANCIES AND EVEN ATTEMPT TO MURDER. THE THINGS THEY SEE IMPACTS THE WAY THEY THINK, AN ACT TREACHEROUS LIKE MURDER AND TORTURE SEEMS SIMPLE TO THEM. THEY FEEL LIKE THESE ARE DO ABLE ACTIONS.THIS IS ALSO A MAJOR REASON FOR MENTAL STRESS THAT TEENS ENDURE THESE DAYS.
SUMMING UP, THESE ARE THE MAIN REASONS THAT I CONSIDER IMPACT THE MENTAL WELL BEING OF TEENS THESE DAYS. HOWEVER, DUE TO MY LITTLE EXPOSURE TO THIS ISSUE AND RELUCTANCY IN SURVEYS STANDARD DATAS AND VALUES HAVEN’T BEEN GAINED.
SOLUTIONS TO THE AFOREMENTIONED MENTAL STRESS CAN BE
THE VERY JUDGEMENTAL THOUGHTS AMONG PEOPLES BOTH TEENS AND ADULT SHOULD BE MINIMIZED. IF WHAT A TEEN YOU KNOW IS BEING HIMSELF/HERSELF DOING NOTHING ILLEGAL, YOU DON’T NEED TO PUT YOUR OPINIONS FORWARD. A NUDGE IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION WILL WORK GOOD.
THE COUNSELLING FACILITIES IN EACH AND EVERY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS SHOULD NOT ONLY FOCUS ON ACADEMIC PROGRESS BUT RATHER BE FOCUSED ON THE HOLLISTIC WELL BEING OF THE TEEN.
ANONYMITY MUST BE MAINTAINED IF REQUESTED.
YOUTHS THEMSELVES SHOULD BOYCOTT SOCIAL TABOOS AND SILENCES WHICH PREVENTS THEMSELVES FROM BEING THE PERSON THEY ARE.
VIVE TU VIDA BUT BE OPEN ABOUT MENTAL HEALTH AND THE STRESS THAT YOU FEEL. TRUST ME EVERYTHING GETS BETTER.
What happened to srilanka cricket team?
Other News Nepal
Initiative, is due to open on December 3.
The first electric train, which traveled along the 414 km section of Boten - Vientiane Laos, arrived in Vientiane in early November. On November 30, Laos and China signed an intergovernmental agreement to provide guidance and legal framework for cross-border activities along the rail route.
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Miya Abdul Ajaj from Karuniyahi, 03 Kalyanpurjabdi, Siraha, Nepal had scammed (6 lakhs) Puran Bahadur Gurung from Vyas 1 Amreni on granting visa application to Qatar. Reportedly, he had also tricked other Nepalese and taken money in advance. The fraud is hiding in Qatar and isn't in contact for 6 months.
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Each day comes with its own bouts of joys and/or disappointments. One minute you're happy, the next minute, who knows? Life is very unpredictable. It constantly throws a lot of sh..t at us and it depends how street savvy, positive-minded, and thick skinned you're, to avoid throwing in the towel.
I've walked through numerous valleys full of shadows of death.. We've all faced problems of mammoth proportions such that giving up was the only available option.
But somehow, we summoned those remnants of resilience...and made it. I always never fail to give glory to the Living God for always coming to my rescue in the nick of time..To Him, it is never too late. He controls time, chance, space, our destined futures, All He requires is FAITH...the rest, He takes over. On second thoughts, he tells Paul that His power "is manifested during our weakness".
We may be facing insurmountable problems right now, during this infamous, January month. No light might be flickering at the end of the tunnel. Friends may disappear when we need them most..the cat might be *sleeping on the oven*...no help might forthcoming..we trust in men, when the One who controls the future is only a prayer away.
Let's give glory to God, trust in the Son He sent as atonement for our sins. To the oppressed by life's problems and those who want to give up, including me. DON'T. Let's look up to the heavens..He is forever ready to help. Happy Sabbath!
Music is food for the soul, and for others it is an escape, a way of falling in love on a bright sunny spring’s day or rather escaping to a world of the unknown where only the rhythm, beats and melodies speak to one’s heart. The world with it’s godly natural sounds, gave birth to many genres of music, from your heartfelt RnB and Soul to the upbeat roaring sounds of the township, Kwaito and from there the rhythmic, enchanting, vibrant beats of what we call House music. Many like myself believe that house music gave birth to the other genres we hear of today, but later discovered Jazz was the bearer of it all, like the famous genre of Deep house music believed to be listened my abogrootman, with their famous mantra,” the aim is not to sweat.”
But for this young man, born and bred in the small village of Ga-Mashabela, in the belly of Sekhukhune District, Limpopo Province, his love for music didn’t deter him into listening our famous genres of Hip Hop or Amapiano but the very genre that speaks to the soul, Deep House music. Justice Mahlong, professionally known as GabDeesoul in the music industry, had a love for music growing up; influenced by the affluent and talented likes of Oscar Mbo, Ezra, DJ Mlu, etc. In 2013, GabDeesoul the artist was born, he started collecting deep house music and in his music journey as only a teenager, he scored his first ever gig in Mpumalanga, Lydenburg where he discovered his talent.
As the years went by and still a high school learner, his musical journey led him to meeting a group called the 1064s Records in 2015, which helped him gain recognition in the underground music industry. Together with the 1064s Records crew, they met the HDOSDH-High Definition of Strictly Deep House on one of their gigs in Phokwane, and together they soared on to host their first ever show/event 2017. Like everything has a beginning, the show was also a first of just too many to come, he says it was one show that got him face to face with some of his favorite artists that have inspired his musical journey. The likes of Scotch Flavio, Tshipi My Man, ThabzTwentyTwo just to mention a few.
Like all of us, we have an escape; a favorite thing that helps us forget about our problems and just breathe and just like in every industry, there are bumps and hiccups here and there, but we soldier on. For GabDeesoul music was that escape. It helped him soothe pains, and triumph against all odds, it was his passion, hard work and perseverance that has kept him in the game for long especially at a young age. To finally reap the fruits of his labor and let others onto the opportunities he was once given, he started an online movement, Feel the Sessions Podcast in the year 2019. The platform was aimed at giving hope and a home for new and upcoming artists to showcase their craft, host guests and feature mixes from the Head Honcho Gds. “It has been an experience for me, and in 2021 I finally launched the brand. With the first live event at Feel the Sessions…” He said, and he further went on to explain how much of an overwhelming experience it was and also promised to give an everlasting entertainment in the industry.
Every gift is a calling, and every calling has a purpose, in his closing statements he said, “For me, music is life, and it has helped me connect with people I never knew, and I’m still looking forward to shaking as many hands out there as I preach unity for the underground.” Like they say good things do come to an end, but music is forever, deep house fans and just lovers of feel-good music can support and review GabDeesoul’s musical journey by following his Facebook pages,’ Feel the Sessions’ and ‘GabDeesoul Gds’. he also has a ‘Feel the Sessions’ merch for sale, so if you feel it, why not wear it and groove with it.
Written and edited: Tokisho M
Hacking is the activity of identifying weaknesses in a computer system or a network to exploit the security to gain access to personal data or business data. An example of computer hacking can be: using a password cracking algorithm to gain access to a computer system.
Who is a Hacker?
A Hacker is a person who finds and exploits the weakness in computer systems and/or networks to gain access. Hackers are usually skilled computer programmers with knowledge of computer security.
Types of Hackers
Hackers are classified according to the intent of their actions. The following list classifies types of hackers according to their intent: White hat hacker
Ethical Hacker (White hat): A security hacker who gains access to systems with a view to fix the identified weaknesses. They may also perform penetration Testing and vulnerability assessments.
Cracker (Black hat): A hacker who gains unauthorized access to computer systems for personal gain. The intent is usually to steal corporate data, violate privacy rights, transfer funds from bank accounts etc.
Grey hat: A hacker who is in between ethical and black hat hackers. He/she breaks into computer systems without authority with a view to identify weaknesses and reveal them to the system owner.
Script kiddies: A non-skilled person who gains access to computer systems using already made tools.
Hacktivist: A hacker who use hacking to send social, religious, and political, etc. messages. This is usually done by hijacking websites and leaving the message on the hijacked website.
Phreaker: A hacker who identifies and exploits weaknesses in telephones instead of computers.
State-sponsored hackers/ Nation-State: actors aggressively target and gain persistent access to public and private sector networks to compromise, steal, change, or destroy information. They may be part of a state apparatus or receive direction, funding, or technical assistance from a nation-state.
Type of Cybercrime
The following list presents the common types of cybercrimes:
Computer Fraud: Intentional deception for personal gain via the use of computer systems.
Privacy violation: Exposing personal information such as email addresses, phone number, account details, etc. on social media, hacking a website, etc.
Identity Theft: Stealing personal information from somebody and impersonating that person.
Sharing copyrighted files/information: This involves distributing copyright protected files such as eBooks and computer programs etc.
Electronic funds transfer: This involves gaining an un-authorized access to bank computer networks and making illegal fund transfers.
Electronic money laundering: This involves the use of the computer to launder money.
ATM Fraud: This involves intercepting ATM card details such as account number and PIN numbers. These details are then used to withdraw funds from the intercepted accounts.
Denial of Service Attacks: This involves the use of computers in multiple locations to attack servers with a view of shutting them down.
Spam: Sending unauthorized emails. These emails usually contain advertisements.
What is Ethical Hacking?
Ethical Hacking is identifying weakness in computer systems and/or computer networks and coming with countermeasures that protect the weaknesses. Ethical hackers must abide by the following rules.
Get written permission from the owner of the computer system and/or computer network before hacking.
Protect the privacy of the organization been hacked.
Transparently report all the identified weaknesses in the computer system to the organization.
Inform hardware and software vendors of the identified weaknesses.
Why Ethical Hacking?
Information is one of the most valuable assets of an organization. Keeping information secure can protect an organization’s image and save an organization a lot of money.
Fake hacking can lead to loss of business for organizations that deal in finance such as PayPal. Ethical hacking puts them a step ahead of the cyber criminals who would otherwise lead to loss of business.
Legality of Ethical Hacking
Ethical Hacking is legal if the hacker abides by the rules stipulated in the above section on the definition of ethical hacking. The International Council of E-Commerce Consultants (EC-Council) provides a certification program that tests individual’s skills. Those who pass the examination are awarded with certificates. The certificates are supposed to be renewed after some time.
By: Kennedy Njau
Email: [email protected]