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https://avalanches.com/pk/mardan_former_prime_minster_of_islamic_republic_of_pakistan_tweeted1932734_26_04_2022

Former Prime Minster of Islamic republic of Pakistan Tweeted

Strongly condemn the terrorist attack targeting Chinese teachers of Karachi University. This is yet another attack with a specific agenda of trying to undermine Pak-China strategic r'ship. We must ensure defeat of this foreign-backed agenda of our enemies.

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Interlinking Meta-Cognition with university's students academic achievements in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan


Abstract

This study aims at investigating the association between metacognitive awareness and student’s

academic achievements. The study undertakes the objectives and hypotheses on Low, Average and

High achievers in addition to assess the effects of metacognition awareness level on student’s

academic achievement. Through multistage stratified random sampling, data was collected from 160

undergraduate students, studying in Department of Mathematics & Department of English in Abdul

Wali Khan University, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa. Data was collected through Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) by schraw and Dennison(1994),CGPA of the students,self-developed objective

type subject test. Descriptive Statistics & statistical tests (Chi

square & Linear Regression) were

applied for data analyses. The results showed that metacognitive awareness had significant effect on

student’s academic achievement (CGPA) in Department of English whereas it was found to be

insignificant in Department of Mathematics. The study recommends an

introductory course on

Educational Psychology, which cater the metacognitive needs of the students. Moreover, research

studies are recommended in the subjects except English and Mathematics. The cultural difference of

the students, teachers, and locality

of the universities might be taken care of future perspective of

researchers.

Introduction

Learning is a continuous, rather complicated & cyclic process which plays important role in academic

development of learners (Dweck, 2002). Metacognition is a new emerging concept, which enable the

learner to be smart worker, not hard worker. Flavell in 1976 introduce a term meta-memory, which provided base for the introduction of metacognition in educational psychology(Baltaciand & Akpinar

2011; Kayashima et al., 2004;

Yore & Treagust, 2006). Metacognition is further elaborated

as know how about mental processes for learning & regulation of mental processes (Brown, 1987). It is the

capability through which students implicate cognitive processes in thinking & understanding about

and regulating their cognitive processes for the learning processes (Schraw & Dennison, 1994; Sungur & Senler, 2009). Meta-Cognition can be explained as the

knowledge about selection of appropriate strategies

for solving problems and fruitful learning. It actually gives information about when, how, why to use

any strategy for performing any learning task (Santrock, 2008).

It is generally assumed that students are not using metacognition consciously in their

academic as well as general tasks because metacognition is neither taught nor openly discussed

concept in the educational context in Pakistan. Metacognition enables the learner to be expert of their

own cognitive processes (evaluate, observe, monitor & regulate), which are important for learning. It

simply means that how, why and when they understand a concept as well as don‘t understand a

concept. According to research studies, significant association is found among Metacognition,

intelligence, and academic achievements (

Bağçeciet et al., 2011; Young & Fry, 2008; Dunning et al., 2003; Desoete & Roeyers, 2002; Kruger & Dunning, 1999;

Borkowski, Carr, & Pressely, 1987;

Sternberg, 1986a; Sternberg, 1984

). Meta-cognition is important

process for in

-depth involvement of

students in the learning process (Costa &Kellick, 2009). Highly strategic, Problem solver and good

predictors of own scores are those learners who are highly metacognitive aware (Artzt & Thomas, 1992; Garner & Alexander, 1989; Swanson, 1992). Researchers suggest metacognition as important

component for fruitful learning and high academic achievement

(Coutinho, 2007;

Flavell, 1985;

Taebee et al., 1998;

Zimmerman, 1990).

Awarded degrees after

completion and Cumulative

Grade Point Average (CGPA)

are mostly representative of

academic achievements

of individual student. In the current study, the Grade Point

Average (GPA) of individual stud

ents in previously completed semester‘s results were considered

their academic achievements.

The Govt. of Pakistan has focused on higher education and particularly

in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa over the last two decades, and to enhance the outcomes of higher education,

29 public sector universities have been instituted in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as per mentioned phases: before year

2000, from 2000 to 2009, & from 2009 to 2018. A total of

nineteen (19) state-owned universities were established In the 3rd phase. Abdul Wali Khan

University Mardan (AWKUM) is the only university in 3rd phase, wh

ich mothered five universities in

the province.

Therefore, it is considered that the academic parameters in this university will be more Up to date than

others. Hence, the present study explains understanding of metacognition

among the Students in the chosen subjects of Mathematics and English. Metacognition in these two areas is most effective process for best learning (Benito, 2000; Ceylan, & Harputlu,

2015; Karbalaei, 2011;

Schoenfeld, 2009; Wenden, 1998

) but above cited reports were content limited mostly in the relevant

subjects. Our study co-relates

the general awareness of metacognition versus academic achievements of students & investigates its

effects on student‘s academic achievements, with special focus on Low, Average, and High achievers, in the selected teaching departments in AWKUM.For one, the

following objectives have been developed to answer the effects of Meta-Cognition on students‘

academic achievement:

Objectives of the Study

To assess Meta-Cognitive Awareness

level of undergraduate students.

To investigate the effects of

Meta-Cognitive Awareness

level on students‘ academic

achievement.

To find association between

Meta-Cognitive Awareness

level and students‘ gender.

To find association between

Meta-Cognitive Awareness

level and High, Average and Low

achievers.

Hypotheses

There is relationship between Meta

-

Cognitive Awareness level and academic achievements of

stud

ents.

There is difference in Meta

-

Cognitive Awareness level

of female and male students.

There is difference in Meta

-

Cognitive Awareness level

of High, Average and Low achievers.

Discussion

Learning is a merely natural process which take place throughout the life, as an individual expose to

the Various events in his/her life. It is also time dependent process that means more exposure led to more learning. However, it depends on individual capabilities which a person has, that how much

he/she can learn from a single event in life. The knowledge of

metacognition and its appropriate

application could be helpful in minimizing the individual‘s differential learning. The proper utilization

of metacognitive strategies by subject tutors and respective students could lead to noteworthy impact

academic achievements of students. Our data exhibited that the students‘ academic achievements were

in direct relation to their metacognitive awareness. The previous reports were found in accordance to

the outcomes of department of English in our study (Coutinho, 2007,

Dunning et.al., 2003; Kodak& Boyacá

, 2010; Ndidiamaka, 2010; Pintrich & De Groot, 1990; Sperling et.al., 2002; Taebee et.al.,

1998; Young, Fry, & Jan, 2008). Furthermore, the student‘s data in Department of Mathematics

produced insignificant effect on academic achievements (CGPA) of students who were metacognitively aware. The previous reports (Cubukcu

, 2009; Mousoulides & Philippou, 2005) were in accordance to our findings.

Recommendations

For the purpose of improvement in achieving desired academic goa

ls, we recommend the following

points based on our data analysis and discussing it in light of related literature via Metacognitive

Knowledge and Metacognitive Self-regulation.

1.

Keeping in view the Metacognitive needs of students in both departments,

curriculum may

include an introductory course on Educational.

2.

For improvement of Critical Thinking among the students in both departments, Faculty

members might also be offered with refresher courses.

3.

Teachers may also be trained for enabling the students

on how to undertake self-questioning,

self-Assessment, self-regulation and thinking aloud during learning activities. If faculty in

both departments of AWKUM lack the skill in that, then they might arrange training sessions

for teaching faculty based on th

e recommended strategies of Metacognition Knowledge &

Self-regulation.

4.

Being the key target for learning, the students need to be evaluated by their tutors according

to the parameters discussed in the present research. The students, failing to comply with

the

discussed parameters might be provided with appropriate proper

counselling

and/or guidance

on the respective subject. The students

counselling

should be provided by the experts in the

University, if not available at the institution, then sessions migh

t be arranged on the monthly

basis for such students by inviting the experts from other Universities.

5.

Our data exhibited that the students tends to apply metacognitive strategies primarily for learn

by rote instead of conceptual learning and comprehension.

The tutors and counselling experts

must focus on realizing the students that understanding the information is primary to

memorizing, otherwise, it might lead them to be conceptually weak in the subject and unable

for further learning.

6.

Furthermore, the researchers need to evaluate the impact of application of metacognitive

strategies in the various subjects excluding Mathematics & English. Moreover, the cultural

diversity might be considered during future research regimes.

For detail study click on below link: https://doi.org/10.36902/sjesr-vol3-iss4-2020(239-246)

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Ennui (boredom):


Many months have elapsed! And yeah alot of temps (time) has passed that we couldn't see lumiére (light) at the end of tunnel. We couldn't see a ray of espérer (hope). We often have had glimpse bitter memoirs. We couldn't have coup d' oeil (glance) a true and perfect union. I like to be a boring soul. Being boring is bit inquisitive. Because boredom is something which we could feel in high times. If you're a boring person then you might ask comme la craie et le fromage (like chalk and cheese ) queries alternatively. And its been cool and wacky. Sometimes it have been far-reaching but we might behave like contemplative. Asking queries about politique (politics) is normal but it depends on our interest which would require a profundity. Discussing political system of Pakistan would sometimes blow your mind. But being a high-five class citizen we have need of our elementary rights. It consists of روٹی , کپڑا , مکان , تبدیلی , ضروریات وغیرہ.

Being boredom is better. Sometimes we discuss different questions about education system of Pakistan. Personally I love to talk about education. It is something to be loved. It would enhance and would strengthen your mind. Cool. Our education system is not on fleek. But we and our government have to take major steps to improve our education-system. We know that we've political, economic and social challenges and we're facing it very bravely. Cool.


Maleeha

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In the amid of garden something thrown by a gust of wind. Though its the age of satire and the age of complications that ignite certain times on us. Everyone has multiple constrains but I find that this age seems to be obscure. So there is no transparency at all, no cool fervor, no newness and no ingenuity. We are often quashed by nature in different embodiment. We only manipulate glamour and enchantment woefully we are worthless and blank from inside. We are full of impediments. We are confuse that monopolize us in some other way. But many times we boldly overthrew our twofold personalities. It would seems clearly that we are inconsistent. We could not set and could not be fix at all. But what to do my dear ones?

We are inimical to our soul mate and pure relations. Just focus on yourself. Give ample time to yourself for the sake of that you start loving yourself and you entrench your own respect. Do it.

If you try it you'll find a true person which still exists in YOU/YOURSELF but in many forms many embodiment.

Always be TRUE to yourself and be true to your blood relations. Because they are very incentive. Don't harm yourself. Oust negativities from yourself. I know we are innocent. We are loving. We are admirable.

You know we are QUETZAL that chirps in a lovely way even in hard and miserable conditions. Be like QUETZAL that sings like a REBBEC in lap. If we remove detestation and hatred from ourselves we'll find a pure thaddeus (courageous heart). Don't be malice to others.

LOVE YOURSELF

RESPECT YOURSELF

DON'T ACCUSE OTHERS

DON'T BLAME OTHERS

TRUE TO YOURSELF


Thanks

Maleeha

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بغیر عنوان کے...

Sometimes we think that we're star-studded soul. Less but frequently. Sometimes we feel that we're wacky persona. Hardly we're in a condition where we are not able to move , where we're not able to search a real emralds which would add strength and support to our soul. Even we're in state of isolation but hardly we won't able to enjoy state of tranquility. It sucks. Why we have not an inner peace? Why we think others will do our work? The third part will never ever do anything for us. They will waste our time. Why are we so malefic? We ourselves are horrific. We have terrible faces just like we're monsters. Can we remove mask from our pretty faces? No. Because we like to play with the sentiments of others. We trust blindly. We think negatively. And why not.We speak in inimical way. We never have trust ourselves. There is no transparency in our soul. We breathe in a vilifing environment. Every single day we pulverize our wings. And why not. But we do not have any idea why we behave like this.


Thanks

Maleeha writes

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https://avalanches.com/pk/mardan__life_has_always_been_very_hectic_and_a_struggle_for_all_of_us_as1187258_04_01_2021

"LIFE" has always been very hectic and a struggle for all of us. As everything has its own perks and snags. We all are not okay and not perfect.


I guess our life could be a better song and a pretty experience. Our life consists of three stages. Likewise the first stage (1-12). It is called our childhood. In this period our different and unique habits builds up. We often learn languages and much more things.


The other stage (Age 13-19). A very critical and crucial stage of our life. In this stage we often make some blunders. As in this stage the witless boys and girls makes idiotic mistakes. Boys wants to try and experience "smoking''. They thinks that the noxious fumes will fascinates them and as a result they fell in love with drugs which in result damages their life. In this satire period they experience all the colors of their life. In this stage these creatures either girls and boys setup affairs. They never know that in this stage they loss their self-esteem and dignity forever. I doggone on these type of friendships. I guess "one should not trust a person blindly, do not expect anything from anyone''.


Last but not the least the last stage comprises of (Age 20-40 .....). Here maturity begins. In this stage we often becomes wise and we take wise decisions. One could never become wise till 40.


Perphaps we realise all our faults and all our mistakes which we did ever in our life. We regret and we think that those culpabilities becomes our pretty memories.


Thanks!

Maleeha!

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In the amid of garden something thrown by a gust of wind. Though its the age of satire and the age of complications that ignite certain times on us. Everyone has multiple constrains but I find that this age seems to be obscure. So there is no transparency at all, no cool fervor, no newness and no ingenuity. We are often quashed by nature in different embodiment. We only manipulate glamour and enchantment woefully we are worthless and blank from inside. We are full of impediments. We are confuse that monopolize us in some other way. But many times we boldly overthrew our twofold personalities. It would seems clearly that we are inconsistent. We could not set and could not be fix at all. But what to do my dear ones?

We are inimical to our soul mate and pure relations. Just focus on yourself. Give ample time to yourself for the sake of that you start loving yourself and you entrench your own respect. Do it.

If you try it you'll find a true person which still exists in YOU/YOURSELF but in many forms many embodiment.

Always be TRUE to yourself and be true to your blood relations. Because they are very incentive. Don't harm yourself. Oust negativities from yourself. I know we are innocent. We are loving. We are admirable.

You know we are QUETZAL that chirps in a lovely way even in hard and miserable conditions. Be like QUETZAL that sings like a REBBEC in lap. If we remove detestation and hatred from ourselves we'll find a pure thaddeus (courageous heart). Don't be malice to others.

LOVE YOURSELF

RESPECT YOURSELF

DON'T ACCUSE OTHERS

DON'T BLAME OTHERS

TRUE TO YOURSELF


Thanks

Maleeha

Maleeha

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https://avalanches.com/pk/mardan__the_life_of_roses_1184068_03_01_2021

''THE LIFE OF ROSES'':

"The life of roses". It is a calm topic. So I'll jot it from many dimensions. Likewise roses are colorful. Red roses are attractive and it gives soothing effect to us. We may share our fondness and sentiments through flowers. Genuinely roses are hidden diamonds. So we may take it as a vigorous and dynamic object. They are full of life. They are like bright-eyed and bushy-tailed. If there is beauty absolutely there would sharp and vicious needles. Even a white flower has a black shadow. Every flower is full of love, chipper, peart, spry and frisky taste. Every flower has its own taste and it gives us relish and relief full of fun. It blooms in different phases. It sings melodious song but there is no to feel its music. If you ever cut a flower it shows your tenderness towards a particular flower. It shows your likeness not your love. Do not cut a flower because after two three days it may loose its winsomeness , voluptuousnes and its pretty picturesqueness. Even if you start to feel a flower's music it may gives you idyllic happiness and jovial vibes. Roses are tepid towards us. If you water it daily it will gives you a couthy taste. They have had lekker petals which rejuvenate our memoir. It flickers daily to us. Every single day it verve and restore our energy in some other form. If you manifest your love to entire living things inresult it would burgeon your fidelity, your devotion and your calmess. Manifest your fondness to living things. Likwise people and flowers. It would gives you robustness and firmness. It would add glisten effect to your personality. It'd charms you and your physical strength. Go ahead. Explore yourself. Love yourself. Respect yourself. Know yourself and keep knowing yourself.

Thanks

Maleeha writes ?

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https://avalanches.com/pk/mardan__integrit_1183913_03_01_2021

INTEGRITÁ:


Integritá (Integrity) is evolved from the Latin word 'integer' meaning 'whole' or 'complete'. Integrità is the sense of 'wholeness' deriving from qualities such as 'honesty' and consistency of character.


Integrità may be your amour propre and morale. We are suppose to cope our own deeds. Integrità means doing equitable things all the time. Integrità can stand in opposition to hypocrisy. Integrità is vital in all walks of life. Likewise it defines your togetherness. It presents your own self respect from your own side. If you regard your self it will gives you ecstasy, elation and gaiety. Internally you will find glee sparkles which is beyond your wit. Do admire yourself in any and every state. Integrità defines once moral in perfect manner. If a person believes in set of norms and values he/she could lead a jocand life. A person could hardly regard him/herself when we talk about self esteem. First compiled all those things (rules) which would give you felicity and extreme jubilation. Then set your mind according to that rules. Bear austerity for integrità. Build your self esteem. It would give you delectation and jouissance. Then you will enjoy your life in your own way. Honest to yourself. Never lie to yourself. If you ever stuck in maelstorm and traumas then give time to yourself. Think on it. Likewise think from both sides. You may think about its bad and good compliments. Never compromise on yourself for the sake of that what people will say. Never ever compromise on yourself. It would only give you traction and huge tensions. Love yourself. I may say that we are hidden diamonds. We always have hidden talents that hardly could sparks. If a person has nothing else, he can always feel proud of his integritá. It would vitalize you. And it would helps a person to make trustworthy bonds with people. Integrità is not something who can purely teach to someone. It is more of virtue that comes of within a particular person. If you have integrità it would gives you valuable possession no one can take from that particular person. Without integritá the world would be merely anarchy and mayhem. It would be zero nothing else. Integritá would give you freedom and trustworthy. It may be inherited from parents. If you have pure integritá so you will free of the guilt.

LOVE YOURSELF

RESPECT YOURSELF

KNOW YOURSELF

EXPLORE YOURSELF

BE MAGNANIMOUS TO OTHERS AND YOURSELF


Thanks

Maleeha writes

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5 DAY FAT LOSS ACCELERATOR

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Other News Pakistan

شمائلا رند


پنھنجن کانسواء ڀلا ڪھڙيون عيدو۔۔!!

عيد منعي! خوشي،راحت جنھن ڏينھن جي اچڻ سان ھڪ پاسي محبتن جو جنم ٿيندو آھي ته،ساڳئي ويلي غريبن کي غريب ھئڻ جو احساس به وڌي ويندو آھي! ڇاڪاڻ ڪنھن احساس مند شخص چواڻي ته،آئون عيد جھڙا ڀلارا ۽ خوشين جھڙا ڏينھن ناھيان ملھائيندو ڇو جو انھن خوشين وارن ڏينھن جي اچڻ سان غريبن کي پنھنجي غريب ھئڻ جو احساس وڌي ويندو آھي! عيد جو ڏينھن جتي انيڪ خوشيون کڻي کڻي حاضر ٿيندو آھي، اتي ھي ڏينھن انھي لاء ”خزان“ به بڻجي پوندو آھي! ڇاڪاڻ ته پنھنجن کان پري رھڻ ۽ وري خوشي جھڙن ڏھاڙن جي اچڻ سان جتي ڪنھن پل لاءِ خوشي محسوس ٿيندي آھي، اتي پنھنجائپ جو احساس سچ ۾ آڪٽوبر،نومبر ۽ ڊسمبر ئي لڳندو آھي٠٠ مطلب جيڪي پاڻ کي اڪيلو سمجھندا آھن نه چاھيندي به ھھڙن ڏينھن تي پنھنجن کان پري رھن ٿا، سفري يا وري جسماني مطلب نفرتن جي نگري ۾ ڦاٿل ماڻھو ويجھو ھوندي به ڄڻ زميني وڇوٽي تي ھوندا آھن!عيد ھڪ خوشين جو وقت آهي، پر اهو اسان مان انهن ماڻهن لاءِ به بيحد اداسي آهي، جيڪي پنهنجي خاندان جي ميمبرن سان گڏ خوشيون ونڊ نٿا ڪن ٿا يقينن سڀني رشتن سان گڏ ماءُ پيءُ جي غير موجودگي جو به ڪو احساس ٿي نٿو سگھي!جيتوڻيڪ منهنجي ماءُ کي وڇڙيل ڇھ سال ٿي ويا آهن، ۽ منهنجي بابا سائين کي چوڏهن سال ٿيا آهن،، سچ ۾ سوچيندي آھيان ڀلا امڙ ۽ بابي کان سواءِ ڀلا شمائلا جون عيدون به ڪھڙيون بس رسم نڀائڻ عيد ملھائڻ مجبوري آھي باقي اندر جي اڌمن جي ور چڙھيل خاص طور تي پنھنجائپ جو احساس ۽ جذبو رکندڙن لاءِ خوشين جي سڀئي ڏينھن ڄڻ وڌيڪ اذيت ڀريا لڳندا آھن،جڏهن ته دنيا جا ھر ڪم ھميشه رھن ٿا، پر ماءُ پيءُ ھميشه ناهي رھندا، ماءُ پيءُ کي وقت ڏيڻ گهرجي عيدون به انھن ساڻ ھونديون آھن، ۽ جن جا ماءُ پيءُ ھن دنيا ۾ نه آھن، ته انهن کي گھرجي ته قبرستان تي وڃن،

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