Munguyiko Emmanuel Kigali
Other News Bethesida Iradukunda
Who is internet expert and programmer
He got his certificate of programming
Php and server languages like asp.net and
SQL and he was certified by w3schools on
05 may 2020.
Other News Kigali
Written by: Jean Louis Segoe
Ten teenagers who murdered an 18-year-old man in a gang attack have been sentenced.
Jack Woodley, 18, died from a single stab wound during an 80-second attack in which he was punched, kicked and stamped upon by 10 youths.
All 10, now aged between 15 and 18, were convicted of murder and sentenced to life with minimum terms of between eight and 17 years.
Nine of them have launched appeals against their convictions.
A murder trial heard Mr Woodley, from Sunderland, had attended the final night of the Houghton Feast funfair in Houghton-le-Spring on 16 October.
Whilst there, he came to the attention of a group of youths who prosecutors said were intent on attacking someone.
- Why was Jack Woodley killed?
- The case against each defendant
He refused when they challenged him to a fight but they followed him out of the fair accompanied by about 30 to 40 youths.
As Mr Woodley neared the Britannia Inn, a 16-year-old boy ran up and punched him from behind triggering a melee during which a 15-year-old boy fatally stabbed Mr Woodley in the back.
One of the 10 defendants admitted stabbing Jack Woodley with a 9in (25cm) knife.
The judge Rodney Jameson QC said each youth, none of whom can be identified, was responsible for Mr Woodley's death but their involvement varied.
He said any of the youths had the opportunity to withdraw from the attack but the "mob mentality took over and it cost Jack his life", although he said not all of them "intended to kill".
The judge said Mr Woodley was "standing on the threshold of his adult life" having got keys to his new home that day and was due to start a a new job the following Monday.
"He had much to look forward to and must have had high hopes for the future," he said, adding: "None of those hopes will now be fulfilled."
He said the feast was seen as an "opportunity" by some young people to fight over "trivial rivalries" between neighbouring communities and Mr Woodley was marked by the attackers as being a "townie".
Jack Woodley died in hospital a day after being attacked near the Britannia Inn in Houghton-le-Spring
He said Mr Woodley had "done nothing at all wrong at any time" before the attack while some of the youths at least had gone "intending to become involved in violence".
The minimum terms each youth must serve before they can be considered for parole were:
- The 15-year-old with the blade who had moved to the North East to escape a city's gang and knife culture to serve at least 17 years
- The 16-year-old boy who launched the attack must serve at least 13 years six months
- A 17-year-old who was part of the group who went with the boy to get his knife shortly before the attack to serve at least 15 years
- An 18-year-old, who was 17 at the time and also part of the group who got the knife but deemed by the judge not to be "particularly bright or an obvious leader", to serve at least 15 years
- The youngest defendant who was 14 at the time and now 15, to serve eight years as the judge said his youth and low IQ meant he was "not as much to blame as most of the others in the dock"
- A 15-year-old who was 14 at the time who exchanged friendly "fist bumps" with the victim before the attack and shouted "get the chopper out" to serve at least 13 years
- A 15-year-old who was 14 at the time to serve at least 10 years as the judge said he was a "fighter" with a history of violent behaviour but a low IQ meaning he was "easily led"
- A 16-year-old who was 15 at the time to serve at least 11 years after the judge said he was seen for a couple of seconds on mobile phone footage moving towards the brawl with his head concealed by a hood or balaclava, although the youth was not named by any witnesses and did not give any account to police or the court
- A 16-year-old who was 15 at the time who told the court he grappled Mr Woodley but he had not realised it was the victim and he was trying to stop the attack must serve at least 11 years
- An 18-year-old who was 17 at the time who the judge said it was a "crying shame" had got "caught up" in the trouble having overcome a low IQ and ADHD to get a job where he was well-regarded must serve at least 11 years
The judge said while it may seem "unfair" the youths could be released from prison at a relatively young age, the loss of Mr Woodley had to be balanced against each defendant's age, individual circumstances, actual involvement in the killing and chances of rehabilitation.
He said no sentence could compensate Mr Woodley's family for their "permanent and irreversible" loss and it was "not a measure of the worth" of his life which was "beyond calculation".
Even once they are deemed suitable for release by a parole board, each boy would remain on licence for the rest of their life, the judge added.
Though each defendant's actions varied, the judge said there were common features in each of their case, including:
- It was a group attack and Mr Woodley had no chance of defending himself
- There was premeditation although some of that was "brief" for some of the youths
- They attacked "solely for the excitement and pleasure" of inflicting at least really serious injury on a randomly selected and entirely innocent stranger"
- Each boy knew there was a knife and by joining in encouraged its use
- The violence aside from the stabbing was "appalling" with multiple punches, kicks and stamps.
- It was committed in public "to the horror" of onlookers
- All attempts to stop the youths were ignored or met with other violence.
- None of them attempted to help or get help for Mr Woodley despite knowing he was injured
- Mr Woodley obviously knew what was going to happen to him when they raised their hoods and he suffered "terror" with one witness saying she had never seen anyone look so terrified
Ahead of the sentencing, the court heard the defendants had expressed "genuine remorse" but the judge said none of the six who gave evidence during the trial had "told the truth" about their involvement and claimed they did not see or could not remember what happened.
"You decided to put the interest of yourself and co-defendants before those of Jack and his family," the judge told them, adding: "You did everything you could to deny them justice."
He said he understood the youths may "regret what happened for many reasons" but "that is not remorse", which meant being "truly sorry not for what happened but for what you did to make it happen".
The sentencing was delayed slightly due to disturbances outside the court between those attending to watch from the public gallery.
Northumbria Police said three men were arrested on suspicion of breach of the peace and affray.
The judge said the attack and murder was a "joint enterprise" and the youths "all played a part", while prosecutors had said the presence and actions of each youth emboldened others to join in the attack and created the situation for the fatal stabbing.
Speaking after the sentencing, campaign group Joint Enterprise Not Guilty by Association, which opposes joint enterprise convictions, said it was "appalled" by the case.
The group is supporting the families of nine of the defendants who said their sons had been "given life sentences for a murder they did not commit".
The families said they were "mindful of the life that was lost" and "deeply saddened" by Mr Woodley's death but the convictions were "not justice", adding: "We will spend the rest of our lives fighting for our children and our children will spend the rest of their lives maintaining their innocence."
Mr Woodley's mother Zoe McGill said all the defendants were "part of it", adding: "If you involve yourself with someone carrying a knife and you are aware they have a knife then you are as much a murderers.
Barbados: Rihanna made national hero as island becomes republic
Popstar Rihanna was honoured by Prime Minister Mia Mottley at an event marking Barbados new status as a republic.
The artist and businesswoman, also known by her full name Robyn Rihanna Fenty, was previously named ambassador to Barbados in 2018.
Ole Gunnar Solskjaer will be sacked soon privately!!
By Jean Louis segoe ( Ludo D'Afrique)
Cristiano Ronaldo has returned to Manchester United training - with the clock ticking on Ole Gunnar Solskjaer ’s time as manager.
Ronaldo was pictured arriving at Carrington in his black Bentley Flying Spur on Thursday having returned from international duty.
The Red Devils are preparing for a return to Premier League action against strugglers Watford at Vicarage Road on Saturday.
But reports suggest Ole Gunnar Solskjaer remains on borrowed time and the club are privately making plans to appoint his successor.
According to the Manchester Evening News, club chiefs have privately decided they will need a change of manager but it is unclear when a change will be made.
Should Manchester United sack Ole Gunnar Solskjaer? Have your say in the comment section.
Brendan Rodgers is the preferred candidate to replace Solskjaer with Erik Ten Hag and Luis Enrique also identified although Solskjaer may remain in charge until the end of the season.
Despite uncertainty over Solskjaer’s future, United players seemed in good spirts as they returned to first-team training earlier this week.
Ronaldo returned to training after a disappointing week with Portugal which saw them miss-out on automatic qualification for the Qatar 2022 World Cup.
A late Aleksandar Mitrovic goal condemned Ronaldo’s side to a 2-1 defeat to Serbia and left them needing to get through the play-offs to reach the tournament.
Ronaldo’s frustration was clear after the game as he remonstrated with manager Fernando Santos on the pitch at full-time.
And Santos also revealed that Ronaldo took out his frustrations on a Serbian opponent after the game was over.
Ronaldo suffered frustration with Portugal during the international break ( Image: Eamonn and James Clarke)
"It doesn't make sense," Santos told TVI. "When the game was over, the disappointment was brutal. If it was for the Portuguese, imagine for the players and staff. The players were on the ground.
"I went to the field to support and comfort the players, he [Ronaldo] was telling a Serbian player: 'You wouldn't be laughing if the goal I scored there hadn't been cancelled out'. What I told you was to take it easy.”
Despite the setback, Ronaldo issued a defiant statement on social media insisting Portugal will make it to Qatar.
He wrote: “Football has shown us time and time again that, at times, it is the most winding paths that lead to the most desired outcomes.
“Yesterday's result was tough, but not enough to get us down. The objective of being present at the 2022 World Cup is still very much alive and we know what we have to do to get there.
“No excuses. Portugal heading to Qatar.”
In the meantime, United fans will hope Ronaldo can spark a turnaround in form after turning his attentions back to the Premier League.
Anthony Martial's remaining Man Utd transfer clause proves Jose Mourinho was right
Ole Gunnar Solskjaer 'refusing to quit' Man Utd despite stars' discontent over tactics
OLE GUNNAR SOLSKJAER
MANCHESTER UNITED FC
Anthony Martial's remaining Man Utd transfer clause proves Jose Mourinho was right
FIND TOP LIVE STORIES OF SHOWBIZ SPORT AND POLITICS HERE AT @LDAFRIQUE, SOON TO PUBLISH WEBSITE.
Other News Rwanda
Project Title: Tegereza Wemererwe (Managing Social Distancing in clouded area)
Exceptional times require exceptional measures.
In order to meet the stricter requirements for social distancing for fighting against covid-19, public places statistics calculations, for security and we have developed an idea which give an opportunity to design a cost effective new product that provides a valuable support in managing the daily flow of people in different places such as Stadium, banks, churches, bars, market places, public transportation and many more areas.
Purpose Statement (Goals):
§ To avoid emotion in the safety of people in the area by rules of social distancing
§ To identify by counting how many people are located in the area, management of people based on the area we have.
§ Monitoring, keeping information you can retried anytime (Identifying where they are not respecting rules).
§ Sending a SMS to the administrator (Ex. Police Station or anyone who is monitoring the system) which is going to help for some decisions making.
§ Assist in Statistics, by identifying how many people are using the area or who have visited the area (Banks, Stadium, and Supermarket).
To alert someone on the entrance by making a noise and lighting in red as “Danger = Not allowed” and green as” Free = Allowed”, the noise will help for those who have a problem to see (Alert system, to avoid mistakes).
§ Security; identify how many people are in a certain place.
§ Allowing really number of people in the area not to overload people where they are not comfortable (People management).
§ Fighting against covid-19; social distancing.
§ Real statistics calculation
Identify fraud immediately (E.g. the room has the capacity of such a number of people, if there is a stranger, the system will not allow one of the authorized persons to enter the room)
§ Smartness City
§ Improve records availability, accessibility of information and documents.
§ Robots which works 24 hours by 7 days.
§ Increase the community of users of the information by providing ubiquitous availability and stability (Ex. Someone in the office is able to see where they are destroying rules which will help for some decision making).
§ Improve outreach campaigns through better tools and automation (Every community is able to get our products by automating they activity).
§ Response time to potential (Records are available anytime, online where it is going to be used if necessary).
§ Due this lockdown, we had time to think how we can deploy anything which can help our people to fight for covid-19 and we have found that our device is not going to work only for covid-19, in many more activities as we explained previously.
§ Producing many devices which are going to serve our nation where are needed.
§ Train users and technical staff how to use the products.
§ Establish support processes.
§ Affordable product
§ People – Mpunga Mediateur, Dusenge Patrick and Eric Maniraguha.
§ Time – implementation within two weeks.
§ Provide training to more people on how the system works.
Risks and Dependencies:
§ The cost justification in terms of ease of use, quality of information, speed of accessibility, ease of support and maintenance is difficult to quantify so that management can see improvements in the use of investments in systems.
§ We have thought about a solution to this pandemic (Covid-19), by avoiding overloading the spaces by using a machine which calculates and gives statistical calculations,
§ We need Support of Ideas to this system.
Tegereza Wemererwe project has the following parts:
1. Box or Pillar
2. Alarm system,
4. Process Unit
5. Internet system
7. Cloud technology or Google map
I. Box or Pillar
This is the box or Pillar which holds the device, where it is going to be located.
It’s fixed at the entrance and holds sensors and an alarm system, which is activated when the number of people has gone behind a maximum.
So the pillar is a traffic light system placed at the entrance to manage the flow of people; It allows and/or blocks entrance with a help of a big display (green=Allowed to enter; red=not allowed to enter).
The device is covered with a waterproof material, making it usable in any kind of weather.
Note: The device is flexible for different sizes.
II. Alarm System
a) Light Alarm: A traffic light system with 2 different color display (Lighting in red = Not allowed) and (Lighting in green = allowed).
b) Sound Alarm: A buzzer is activated when a maxim number of people has been exceeded, this buzzer makes a loud noise until the number of people is reduced.
c) Data Center: The system can be controlled remotely (via internet / VPN). The system administrator can see everything which is going on. He/she can track and trace all places where they are respecting the rules.
d) SMS Message: The system administrator or owner of the system will be notified via an instance SMS, whenever the rules are not being respected somewhere.
The counting of people at the entrance and exist is held by PIR motion sensors, which are directly connected to the process unit of the system.
IV. Process unit
This is the main part of the system which collect information from sensors and process the information, and put the information on the server.
V. Internet System
In order to operate, the system needs an internet connectivity. A sim card is needed to each device; we can easily get a good internet from our local ISP (Internet Service Provider).
The system has an internal battery, which operates when there isn’t electricity, this battery can last for 10 hours in operation. And a solar panel can be added to it. We make sure our system operates 24/7.
VII. Cloud Technology or Google map
For an easy monitoring, the system has a map, with locations of all registered places. All notifications can be seen on the map as well (e.g. when a certain has more people than its maxim, an alert icon is being display on that exact location with a message alert).
VIII. Server System
The system needs a server to store all collected information. All needed information will be retrieved from this server.
Example of how our system will be connected to some buildings:
Other world news
Do you toss and turn in bed every night? Do you watch the clock as your wake-up time mercilessly approaches and only manage to fall asleep at some point in the morning? Have you been counting sheep for hours and still can't sleep?
Everybody sometimes can't fall asleep. The problem is when this condition lasts a long time or recurs frequently.
Professionally, the condition where you cannot fall asleep is called insomnia. It is dangerous and it is not pleasant to play with it. Sleep is vital for a person. A person suffering from insomnia cannot fall asleep or wakes up frequently.
Common symptoms are:
- difficulty falling asleep at night.
- waking up early in the morning without the ability to go back to sleep.
- frequent nighttime awakenings
- night watch, confusion of day and night
Read more at :
If classified as benign, the enlarged prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). As for whether it is malignant, it will lead to prostate cancer.
Although it does not endanger the life of the victim, the complaints that arise due to an enlarged prostate are very disturbing activities.
Some people who have an enlarged prostate will feel dissatisfied when urinating.
Symptoms can include a weak urinary stream, increased frequency of urination, frequent awakenings at night, and an inability to hold back the urge to urinate.
In severe cases, an enlarged prostate can cause urinary retention, which is a condition in which a person is unable to excrete urine that is in the bladder.
To overcome the prostate, whether to surgery? Actually, the action to treat this condition depends on the severity.
The main goal of treating an enlarged prostate is to improve the patient's quality of life. The therapy offered also varies, depending on the severity of the symptoms experienced.
To determine the severity, the doctor will perform a series of tests including:
- International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) test score.
- Lab tests, such as urinalysis, prostate- specific antigen (PSA), and kidney function.
- Urophlometry (evaluation of the urine stream), calculation of residual urine.
- Images of the prostate that can be an ultrasound exam.
Read more :
Ezase Durban Media KZN better known as EDK Media is a Film and TV production company established back in 2011, based in the heart of Durban KwaZulu-Natal. It offers a variety of services including: TV Presenting Training, Photoshoots, TV Shows, Documentaries, Events management and many more.
On Friday the 15th of July 2022, EDK Media production team attended an art workshop in Umlazi, the south eastern part of KwaZulu-Natal which was held in Umlazi Cinema Hall.
The event was solely based on ways that the youth could utilize to venture into the corporate sector and the entertainment industry. The gap has been identified, that the youth is seeking employment rather than self employment. With the unemployment rate at its peak in South Africa, it is crystal clear that having a degree does not automatically translate to employment.
Dignitaries and speakers from different places graced the event with their presence, amongst which Mr Xolani Dlamini, the founder and event organizer of Urban Arts Entertainment attended. Menzi Theo (executive director of EDK Media), Bella Mnyandu and Smangele Sokhela commended the event organizers for pulling off such a great event in such a short space of time.
We still have a long way ahead to ensure that our government is democratically accountable for its people and for the young people to be granted equal opportunity. We're hopeful that events of this nature make a dent.