Other News Tymur Shahin
Türkiye'de bir araştırma ekibi, yaklaşık 3600 yıl önce Santorini adasında bulunan bir yanardağın patlamasının neden olduğu tsunamide ölen genç bir adamın kalıntılarını ortaya çıkardı
1500 ile 1600 yılları arasında büyük çaplı bir patlama meydana geldi. Girit adasında var olan Minos uygarlığının düşüşüne yol açan bu yanardağdı.
Volkanik kül patlama alanının etrafında uçtu. Aynı zamanda, insanlık henüz bir tsunamiye dair çok fazla kanıt toplayamadı. Öncelikle tsunami kıyıda iz bırakmadığı için. Cesedi ve enkazı denize götürür ve sonsuza kadar saklar.
Birkaç yıldır burada kazılar yapılıyor. Aynı zamanda, tsunaminin ancak yakın zamanda bulunduğuna dair kanıtlar. Bunlar deniz tarafından kaldırılmayan kül ve çöp katmanlarıdır.
Antalya'da arkeolojik kazılar sırasında antik binaların kalıntıları bulundu, yıkılan evin altında arkeologlar çok sayıda binayı kazdı
Evin altındaki kazılar sırasında VII. Yüzyıla ait bir sinagog bulundu. Sinagogun ortasındaki bir yazıtta, Yahudi bir babanın 2,5 yaşında vefat eden oğlu için bir ibadethanenin tadilatı için para ödediği yazıyordu.
Side, birçok uygarlığın yaşadığı antik Pamfilya'nın önemli liman kentlerinden biridir. Bilim adamları, 2014 yılında bu alandaki alanın arkeolojik sit alanına dönüştürülmesiyle arkeolojik kazılara hız verebildiler.
Bölgedeki kaçak yapıların yıkılmasının ardından tarihi yapıların tek tek kazılmasına başlandı.
Wang eyaletinin çeşitli bölgelerinde kar yağışı nedeniyle 400 yerleşim biriminin bulunduğu trafik trafiğe kapatıldı
Yüzlerce araç yollarda mahsur kaldı. Yetkililer, ağır ekipman kullanarak yolların kardan temizlenmesini organize etti.
Other News Istanbul
İstanbul'da bir adam metroya bindi
İstanbul'da fiyatı belediye tarafından karşılanan ucuz halk ekmeği için kuyruklar toplanıyor
İstanbul'da kasırganın kurbanlarının sayısı 4'e yükseldi, 19 kişi daha yaralandı.
Other News Turkey
International English Tests:
Defects and Recommendations
As the world's options for education, trade, immigration, and global citizenship grow, the value of exams that assess international English proficiency rises. Each test, such as the OEFL in the United States, IELTS in the United Kingdom, Cambridge examinations, Pearson, ITEP, and G-Mat in the United Kingdom, uses different measurements, and institutions set their own score standards based on their requirements.
In recent years, 'human'-based evaluation has faded from view in the measuring of these examinations, with artificial intelligence bringing the scoring system to the fore. Measurement was adopted by comparing previously coded data into software, especially in computer-based measures, and a metric system was devised that promised both fast and precise results to the user.
However, these ideals of speed, ease, and precision have resulted in a new issue: Are applicants truly successful based on language testing?
Artificial intelligence, which is sensitive to predefined words, for example, gives high results in both the Speaking and Writing sections of the TOEFL test, regardless of word relationships; in other words, it is possible to get points by using'meaningless word stacks.'
In the PTE-A test, there is a system deficit for obtaining points, regardless of whether particular sentence patterns are utilized appropriately or inappropriately in the Listening and Reading parts.
It is clear that these programs are shifting away from assessing non-native speakers' English abilities. Furthermore, by including characteristics like age, career, educational status, purpose, and aim, the measurements clearly shift away from judging language competence, which is a human capacity, and toward robotics and systems.
Only humans have the ability to communicate in a language. As a result, it is critical that people assess their language skills. Despite having a relatively low level of understanding, any candidate can currently earn a TOEFL-IBT score of 105 and an IELTS Academic score of 8.5. All you need to know is how to decipher the codes of the program that runs these tests in the background.
It is critical to revert to the 'human origin' measurement practice in these assessments in order to sustain the English language's domination, general position, and use in significant subjects like education, settlement, trade, and international accords.
After all, language is a human construct, and the assessor must be human as well.
Türkiye'de otobüs şoförleri, köprüyü güvenli bir şekilde geçebilmeleri için motosikletlileri kasırga rüzgarlarından korudu
Türkiye'yi etkisi altına alan kuvvetli fırtınada 6 kişinin hayatını kaybettiği biliniyor.
İstanbul'da bir saat kulesi düştü. Olayda kimse yaralanmadı.
Other world news
Each day comes with its own bouts of joys and/or disappointments. One minute you're happy, the next minute, who knows? Life is very unpredictable. It constantly throws a lot of sh..t at us and it depends how street savvy, positive-minded, and thick skinned you're, to avoid throwing in the towel.
I've walked through numerous valleys full of shadows of death.. We've all faced problems of mammoth proportions such that giving up was the only available option.
But somehow, we summoned those remnants of resilience...and made it. I always never fail to give glory to the Living God for always coming to my rescue in the nick of time..To Him, it is never too late. He controls time, chance, space, our destined futures, All He requires is FAITH...the rest, He takes over. On second thoughts, he tells Paul that His power "is manifested during our weakness".
We may be facing insurmountable problems right now, during this infamous, January month. No light might be flickering at the end of the tunnel. Friends may disappear when we need them most..the cat might be *sleeping on the oven*...no help might forthcoming..we trust in men, when the One who controls the future is only a prayer away.
Let's give glory to God, trust in the Son He sent as atonement for our sins. To the oppressed by life's problems and those who want to give up, including me. DON'T. Let's look up to the heavens..He is forever ready to help. Happy Sabbath!
Music is food for the soul, and for others it is an escape, a way of falling in love on a bright sunny spring’s day or rather escaping to a world of the unknown where only the rhythm, beats and melodies speak to one’s heart. The world with it’s godly natural sounds, gave birth to many genres of music, from your heartfelt RnB and Soul to the upbeat roaring sounds of the township, Kwaito and from there the rhythmic, enchanting, vibrant beats of what we call House music. Many like myself believe that house music gave birth to the other genres we hear of today, but later discovered Jazz was the bearer of it all, like the famous genre of Deep house music believed to be listened my abogrootman, with their famous mantra,” the aim is not to sweat.”
But for this young man, born and bred in the small village of Ga-Mashabela, in the belly of Sekhukhune District, Limpopo Province, his love for music didn’t deter him into listening our famous genres of Hip Hop or Amapiano but the very genre that speaks to the soul, Deep House music. Justice Mahlong, professionally known as GabDeesoul in the music industry, had a love for music growing up; influenced by the affluent and talented likes of Oscar Mbo, Ezra, DJ Mlu, etc. In 2013, GabDeesoul the artist was born, he started collecting deep house music and in his music journey as only a teenager, he scored his first ever gig in Mpumalanga, Lydenburg where he discovered his talent.
As the years went by and still a high school learner, his musical journey led him to meeting a group called the 1064s Records in 2015, which helped him gain recognition in the underground music industry. Together with the 1064s Records crew, they met the HDOSDH-High Definition of Strictly Deep House on one of their gigs in Phokwane, and together they soared on to host their first ever show/event 2017. Like everything has a beginning, the show was also a first of just too many to come, he says it was one show that got him face to face with some of his favorite artists that have inspired his musical journey. The likes of Scotch Flavio, Tshipi My Man, ThabzTwentyTwo just to mention a few.
Like all of us, we have an escape; a favorite thing that helps us forget about our problems and just breathe and just like in every industry, there are bumps and hiccups here and there, but we soldier on. For GabDeesoul music was that escape. It helped him soothe pains, and triumph against all odds, it was his passion, hard work and perseverance that has kept him in the game for long especially at a young age. To finally reap the fruits of his labor and let others onto the opportunities he was once given, he started an online movement, Feel the Sessions Podcast in the year 2019. The platform was aimed at giving hope and a home for new and upcoming artists to showcase their craft, host guests and feature mixes from the Head Honcho Gds. “It has been an experience for me, and in 2021 I finally launched the brand. With the first live event at Feel the Sessions…” He said, and he further went on to explain how much of an overwhelming experience it was and also promised to give an everlasting entertainment in the industry.
Every gift is a calling, and every calling has a purpose, in his closing statements he said, “For me, music is life, and it has helped me connect with people I never knew, and I’m still looking forward to shaking as many hands out there as I preach unity for the underground.” Like they say good things do come to an end, but music is forever, deep house fans and just lovers of feel-good music can support and review GabDeesoul’s musical journey by following his Facebook pages,’ Feel the Sessions’ and ‘GabDeesoul Gds’. he also has a ‘Feel the Sessions’ merch for sale, so if you feel it, why not wear it and groove with it.
Written and edited: Tokisho M
Hacking is the activity of identifying weaknesses in a computer system or a network to exploit the security to gain access to personal data or business data. An example of computer hacking can be: using a password cracking algorithm to gain access to a computer system.
Who is a Hacker?
A Hacker is a person who finds and exploits the weakness in computer systems and/or networks to gain access. Hackers are usually skilled computer programmers with knowledge of computer security.
Types of Hackers
Hackers are classified according to the intent of their actions. The following list classifies types of hackers according to their intent: White hat hacker
Ethical Hacker (White hat): A security hacker who gains access to systems with a view to fix the identified weaknesses. They may also perform penetration Testing and vulnerability assessments.
Cracker (Black hat): A hacker who gains unauthorized access to computer systems for personal gain. The intent is usually to steal corporate data, violate privacy rights, transfer funds from bank accounts etc.
Grey hat: A hacker who is in between ethical and black hat hackers. He/she breaks into computer systems without authority with a view to identify weaknesses and reveal them to the system owner.
Script kiddies: A non-skilled person who gains access to computer systems using already made tools.
Hacktivist: A hacker who use hacking to send social, religious, and political, etc. messages. This is usually done by hijacking websites and leaving the message on the hijacked website.
Phreaker: A hacker who identifies and exploits weaknesses in telephones instead of computers.
State-sponsored hackers/ Nation-State: actors aggressively target and gain persistent access to public and private sector networks to compromise, steal, change, or destroy information. They may be part of a state apparatus or receive direction, funding, or technical assistance from a nation-state.
Type of Cybercrime
The following list presents the common types of cybercrimes:
Computer Fraud: Intentional deception for personal gain via the use of computer systems.
Privacy violation: Exposing personal information such as email addresses, phone number, account details, etc. on social media, hacking a website, etc.
Identity Theft: Stealing personal information from somebody and impersonating that person.
Sharing copyrighted files/information: This involves distributing copyright protected files such as eBooks and computer programs etc.
Electronic funds transfer: This involves gaining an un-authorized access to bank computer networks and making illegal fund transfers.
Electronic money laundering: This involves the use of the computer to launder money.
ATM Fraud: This involves intercepting ATM card details such as account number and PIN numbers. These details are then used to withdraw funds from the intercepted accounts.
Denial of Service Attacks: This involves the use of computers in multiple locations to attack servers with a view of shutting them down.
Spam: Sending unauthorized emails. These emails usually contain advertisements.
What is Ethical Hacking?
Ethical Hacking is identifying weakness in computer systems and/or computer networks and coming with countermeasures that protect the weaknesses. Ethical hackers must abide by the following rules.
Get written permission from the owner of the computer system and/or computer network before hacking.
Protect the privacy of the organization been hacked.
Transparently report all the identified weaknesses in the computer system to the organization.
Inform hardware and software vendors of the identified weaknesses.
Why Ethical Hacking?
Information is one of the most valuable assets of an organization. Keeping information secure can protect an organization’s image and save an organization a lot of money.
Fake hacking can lead to loss of business for organizations that deal in finance such as PayPal. Ethical hacking puts them a step ahead of the cyber criminals who would otherwise lead to loss of business.
Legality of Ethical Hacking
Ethical Hacking is legal if the hacker abides by the rules stipulated in the above section on the definition of ethical hacking. The International Council of E-Commerce Consultants (EC-Council) provides a certification program that tests individual’s skills. Those who pass the examination are awarded with certificates. The certificates are supposed to be renewed after some time.
By: Kennedy Njau
Email: [email protected]