Is ‘ARSON’ Emerging Terrorism in Tanzani Dar es Salaam

Is ‘ARSON’ Emerging Terrorism in Tanzania?


Rwabudongo, H.M


Introduction

The use of fire by terrorists as a strategic weapon to target the population and instill fear, hatred, property devastation, economic losses, and attract press attention is not something new. As Jenkins said in 1974, "terrorist attacks are usually choreographed to attract the attention of the international press and local media, therefore terrorism is theatre." During the past five decades, the world has experienced several "set fires" that were done intentionally by terrorist groups against the government and civilian population. On March 25th, 1990, an arsonist was reported by the U.S. who set the fire intentionally at the Happy Land Night Club, which caused heavy destruction and the deaths of several people.


ISIS publicly asserted in May 2019 that they were responsible for a series of wildfires, including the destruction and death toll of the 2018 California inferno. In recent years, a number of wildfires have occurred around the world, notably the forest fires in Turkey in 2021, which the Turkish government and citizens blamed on the PKK terrorist organization. As a form of vengeance against Turkey's government, the PKK terrorist organization is infamous for setting fire to Turkey's forests, resulting in civilian deaths and environmental harm. Wildfires in Australia, Greece, and other countries have all had comparable instances.


Is the United Republic of Tanzania at significant threat of arson-terrorist attacks?

Arson is an easy and cheap terror tactic that terrorists use with the intent of causing fear, economic depression, and potential casualties. Arson gives a chance to terror groups and movements that are searching for low-cost, low-skill, and efficient methods of attack to cause casualties and economic losses while putting the population, government, and security officials on the margin of when and where the secret fire setting will occur next. It is also a prime tactic for groups that want to remain anonymous while pushing their agenda and avoid raising suspicion by using firearms. Factory buildings, schools, markets, universities, banks, apartment buildings, churches, forests, and other business structures are apparently common targets for arson.


In Tanzania, increasing fire events have wreaked havoc on the civilian population, national security, and government authorities. Since 2020, the country has experienced multiple fire occurrences in various regions, resulting in deaths, serious property damage, injuries, and economic devastation among the civilian population and government.


Surprisingly, such events continue to rise on a daily basis. More than six major fire events have been reported in the country in less than six months, all of which occurred suddenly in business structures, religious institutions, schools, bars, hotels, and tourist places, causing irreparable damage. With regard to security investigations, officials state that the majority of fires are the result of negligence and faulty electrical wiring, although some investigation findings are still pending. (See, for example, Karume market fire-2022, Kariakoo market fire-2021, Fire in 4 Tourist Zanzibar Hotels-2021, Mount Kilimanjaro fire-2021, etc).


But, isn't it more than just negligence and poor wiring that the government and security officials should be more wary of now, following a string of inexplicable fire occurrences that the country is currently experiencing? I hope that the current fire breakout at Karume market serves as a timely reminder to the leadership and security of the United Republic of Tanzania that the continual outbreak of fire incidents in the country is something that must not be taken lightly.


Conclusion

A complete understanding of fire as a weapon is key when addressing this emerging threat. It is also important to note that fire is an appealing weapon that terrorists prefer to use for many reasons. The security officials must broaden their investigation to meet the issue with high intelligence, which will necessitate new policies and partnerships. Security officials must rethink the way they have approached this emerging threat from the beginning with an open mind in order to develop an effective course of action and strategies to countermeasure the situation before it’s too late. It's also worth noting that terrorists often use fire attacks as a way to divert the government's and security attention away from their larger plans. Finally, it's important to remember that terrorism's essence and goal are both political.


Endnotes:

Joseph W. Pfeizer et al., Fire as a Weapon in Terrorism (US Combating Terrorism Center, July, 2013.

Bridget Johnson et al., ISIS Video Urges Arson as ‘Five – Star’ Terror Tactic, Shows California Burning. Home Land Security Today.US, August 4th, 2020.

Daily Sabah with Agencies, Arson- Loving PKK prime suspect as forest fires hit Turkey, July 29th 2021

Troy S. Thomas, MA USAF, Intelligence Preparation of the Battle space for Counterterrorism. Strategic Intelligence Research, Joint Military Intelligence College, Washington, D.C., November 3rd 2004

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CULTURE & RELIGION


WHAT IS CULTURE?

Culture means ideas, customs and social behavior of particular people, society and community, encompassing language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music, arts and etc. Culture encompasses everything we do in our life daily, what we wear, how we dress up, what we believe (whether it’s right or wrong), how we behave with people and etc.


In our society through culture, people and groups define themselves, accept the society’s shared values and traditions and contribute more to the society. Each society has different culture, religion, tradition and etc, but it depends on us on how we believe and follow it.

Believing in the traditions, rituals, customs is not bad but sometimes some people tend to have excessive beliefs and that too which are false and superstitious.


Superstitions means a belief or practice that is not based on reason or scientific thinking, neither is scientifically proved nor is based on scientific knowledge or human reasons which are not true but still people just believe it as they think it makes them feel good or bad luck, for example people believe in a particular number which brings luck to them or if by wearing particular colour clothes may bring luck.


I am not trying to hurt anyone or insult anyone’s culture, beliefs, but I just want to make people understand the difference between superstition and reality.


The truth is before we came to this world the Almighty had already written our destiny and if anything good or bad would happen with us meant it was already written and whatever happens has a reason behind and we should not blame anyone for the things happen in our lives but we should have hope and trust in ourselves and on Almighty. Believing and following our culture is not bad but do not exceed it and believing in something which is not reality.


As we speak about culture it also includes religion,


WHAT IS RELIGION ?

Religion is organized beliefs, practices and systems that relates to believing and worship of a controlling natural force/power, the one who created the universe, who created us, nurtured us and brought us to this universe, provided us all the needs and gave us such lovely parents that take care of us. The only person always there with us in our problems, sorrows and happiness is none other than the Almighty God.


In this world everyone has their own religion; worships their own religion and believes in them, for examples of religions are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism and etc.


We should respect each other’s religion and never make fun of it, by religion we may be different but by humanity we are all the same,humanity is the biggest and best religion, and instead of differentiating each other by colour, form, appearance, religion we should be united, we should have unity amongst us.


“We may have different religions, different languages, different coloured skin, but we all belong to ONE HUMAN RACE.”


No matter how we are different from each other we should be one and no one is perfect, everyone has their own flaws but what makes them perfect is the person who accepts them. I believe that everyone is perfect in their own imperfect ways.

Guys all I can say that be yourself and live the story that no one else can live of your unique life.


At last we are all,


HINDUS

BUDDHISM

MUSLIMS

ATHEISTS

CHRISTIANS

JEW S……………ACT LIKE IT.


DEAR GUYS LETS JUST FORGET ALL THE PREVIOUS THINGS AND START AFRESH AND LETS RESPECT EVERYONE, THEIR OPINION AND EVERYONE’S RELIGIONS.

ALL THE BEST ♡.

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