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The use of fire by terrorists as a strategic weapon to target the population and instill fear, hatred, property devastation, economic losses, and attract press attention is not something new. As Jenkins said in 1974, "terrorist attacks are usually choreographed to attract the attention of the international press and local media, therefore terrorism is theatre." During the past five decades, the world has experienced several "set fires" that were done intentionally by terrorist groups against the government and civilian population. On March 25th, 1990, an arsonist was reported by the U.S. who set the fire intentionally at the Happy Land Night Club, which caused heavy destruction and the deaths of several people.
ISIS publicly asserted in May 2019 that they were responsible for a series of wildfires, including the destruction and death toll of the 2018 California inferno. In recent years, a number of wildfires have occurred around the world, notably the forest fires in Turkey in 2021, which the Turkish government and citizens blamed on the PKK terrorist organization. As a form of vengeance against Turkey's government, the PKK terrorist organization is infamous for setting fire to Turkey's forests, resulting in civilian deaths and environmental harm. Wildfires in Australia, Greece, and other countries have all had comparable instances.
Is the United Republic of Tanzania at significant threat of arson-terrorist attacks?
Arson is an easy and cheap terror tactic that terrorists use with the intent of causing fear, economic depression, and potential casualties. Arson gives a chance to terror groups and movements that are searching for low-cost, low-skill, and efficient methods of attack to cause casualties and economic losses while putting the population, government, and security officials on the margin of when and where the secret fire setting will occur next. It is also a prime tactic for groups that want to remain anonymous while pushing their agenda and avoid raising suspicion by using firearms. Factory buildings, schools, markets, universities, banks, apartment buildings, churches, forests, and other business structures are apparently common targets for arson.
In Tanzania, increasing fire events have wreaked havoc on the civilian population, national security, and government authorities. Since 2020, the country has experienced multiple fire occurrences in various regions, resulting in deaths, serious property damage, injuries, and economic devastation among the civilian population and government.
Surprisingly, such events continue to rise on a daily basis. More than six major fire events have been reported in the country in less than six months, all of which occurred suddenly in business structures, religious institutions, schools, bars, hotels, and tourist places, causing irreparable damage. With regard to security investigations, officials state that the majority of fires are the result of negligence and faulty electrical wiring, although some investigation findings are still pending. (See, for example, Karume market fire-2022, Kariakoo market fire-2021, Fire in 4 Tourist Zanzibar Hotels-2021, Mount Kilimanjaro fire-2021, etc).
But, isn't it more than just negligence and poor wiring that the government and security officials should be more wary of now, following a string of inexplicable fire occurrences that the country is currently experiencing? I hope that the current fire breakout at Karume market serves as a timely reminder to the leadership and security of the United Republic of Tanzania that the continual outbreak of fire incidents in the country is something that must not be taken lightly.
A complete understanding of fire as a weapon is key when addressing this emerging threat. It is also important to note that fire is an appealing weapon that terrorists prefer to use for many reasons. The security officials must broaden their investigation to meet the issue with high intelligence, which will necessitate new policies and partnerships. Security officials must rethink the way they have approached this emerging threat from the beginning with an open mind in order to develop an effective course of action and strategies to countermeasure the situation before it’s too late. It's also worth noting that terrorists often use fire attacks as a way to divert the government's and security attention away from their larger plans. Finally, it's important to remember that terrorism's essence and goal are both political.
Joseph W. Pfeizer et al., Fire as a Weapon in Terrorism (US Combating Terrorism Center, July, 2013.
Bridget Johnson et al., ISIS Video Urges Arson as ‘Five – Star’ Terror Tactic, Shows California Burning. Home Land Security Today.US, August 4th, 2020.
Daily Sabah with Agencies, Arson- Loving PKK prime suspect as forest fires hit Turkey, July 29th 2021
Troy S. Thomas, MA USAF, Intelligence Preparation of the Battle space for Counterterrorism. Strategic Intelligence Research, Joint Military Intelligence College, Washington, D.C., November 3rd 2004
WHAT IS LIFESTYLE?
Lifestyle is the interests, opinions, behaviors, and behavioral orientations of an individual, group, or culture.
In short I can say lifestyle is the way or style of living including your styles, behavior, attitudes, daily activities etc
The society we live in we normally see different lifestyles of people the way they live, behave, work and the way they dress up etc. Some people in the society live traditionally like old times while some have changed to modern lifestyles, it’s not bad that some still live like old times traditionally instead it’s good that people live according to the way they are comfortable, but we must have a good lifestyle like having good meal (Balanced Diet), physical activities, anger management, be hardworking and not lazy etc, this is called healthy and good lifestyle.
Lifestyle is a reflection who you are; our lifestyle communicates a clear message about who we are and how we think. It tells people or gives them a clear message about how we live, dress up, talk, appearance, work etc. It’s not that people judge you by it just shows them that what kind of a person you are maybe disciplined, punctual, hardworking and etc.
But sometimes in our society there are some people who just look at our lifestyles and starts judging us without knowing anything who we are, where are we from etc that is not right completely the way we don’t have the right to judge them or anyone similarly the same way they or anyone else has no right to judge us.
We may be not working or having career but that doesn’t mean we are useless, sometimes for example in most of the societies girls are judged when they wear short clothes this doesn’t mean that they don’t belong to a good family or they aren’t decent No!! ,That’s how they are comfortable and no one has the right to judge them.
“DON’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER.”
Never ever judge a person by their outer appearance, for example a person maybe short, tall, fat, thin, black or white, some are fast learners while some are slow learners but don’t laugh on them or make fun of them or judge them, respect them if you want to be respected in English we also say
“TREAT PEOPLE THE WAY YOU WANT TO BE TREATED.”
So never judge a person by their outer appearance because that’s how the Almighty God has made them, the way five fingers are not the same the same way everyone is not the same God has made everyone different and every person has some special talent inside them, I always think and feel people shouldn't look down on themself, learn to be confident and brave as they are capable of facing all the challenges and problems alone no matter how difficult the situation can be, no matter if someone stands beside you or not.
In short “JUDGING A PERSON DOES NOT DEFINE WHO THEY ARE, IT DEFINES WHO YOU ARE.”
It doesn’t matter how people appear from outside what matters is that how they are from inside, their heart, their intentions if that is clean then it doesn’t matter by their outer appearance, for example sometimes though a person dresses up simple but his or her intentions are not good they just pretend to be good but they are not good so that’s why it’s said outer appearance doesn’t matter, in this society mostly girls face a lot of problems because of some people, like some orthodox minded people refuse their children especially girls to persuade their career and get married early, to stop dressing up their way just because of the fear of society and stop girls from going out alone.
This is not the time to stop or put restrictions on children whether it’s a girl or boy it’s the time to support them if they want to do something like proceed their educations, build their career first before getting married it’s not that you should support them in everything even if they are wrong No if they are wrong calmly and peacefully explain them that they are wrong and some parents put restrictions because their children’s are wrong Nope if u put restrictions directly without giving them a second chance then like that they will never learn and will continue doing wrong.
Trust yourself and your upbringing dear parents or guardians.
We should learn on how to have full faith on our children’s and we should try and treat our children equal whether it’s a girl or a boy because times have changed now those times are gone where girls were treated less than boys now it’s the time where girls are not less than boys but equal to boys and more capable than the boys so first change your thinking so you can change the worlds thinking.
“LET’S NOT WAIT FOR THE CHANGE, LET’S BE THE CHANGE.”
Let’s not wait anyone else to make us realize about this lets realize ourselves and instead make others also realize only then the world will get more developed.
Dear people instead of wasting your time in judging people, fighting etc unite and live together as a whole society, make your relationships so stronger that even misunderstandings cannot ruin or destroy your relations.
So guys stop sleeping and stand up and improve yourself and make a new version of yourself that will shock everyone.
No matter what difficulties, challenges arise in your path always say this to yourself that I can do it.
Never think yourself less than anyone and stand up for your rights don’t let your rights be deprived always stand up for your rights and for the truth.
Always say this to yourself that
“I AM THE BEST.”
WHEN YOU BELIEVE IN SOMETHING, FIGHT FOR IT AND WHEN YOU SEE INJUSTICE, FIGHT HARDER THAN YOU’VE EVER FOUGHT BEFORE.
I WISH YOU ALL THE BEST FOR YOUR FUTURE, I HOPE THAT EACH OF YOU WILL TRY BRINGING THE CHANGE IN THIS WORLD ……..
Asha Mwakyonde, Dodoma
KAMISHNA wa Umeme na Nishati Jadidifu Felcchesmi Mramba amezitaka Asasi za Kiraia kuhakikisha uwepo takwimu na taarifa sahihi na zile zilizopo upande wa serikali ili kuepuka kuwapo na tofauti kubwa ambazo zinaweza sababisha kutokufikia malengo yao.
Hayo ameyasema jijini Dodoma hivi karibuni wakati akifungua warsha ya Jukwaa la Asasi za kiraia za nishati endelevu iliyolenga kujadili maboresho ya Sera na mikakati ya uendelezaji nishati jadidifu ili kupunguza matumizi ya nishati zenye athari kwenye mazingira kwa niaba ya Waziri wa Nishati January Makamba.
Mramba amesema kuwa amefarijika kujumuika na asasi hizo za kiraia katika majadiliano muhimu ambayo yanalenga uboreshaji wa Sera na mpango kuhusu uendelezaji wa nishati hiyo pamoja na matumizi ya nishati safi ya kupikia (Clean Cooking energy.
Amesema maeneo hayo ni muhimu kwa mustakbali wa uchumi wa nchi na afya za wananchi wake ambao ni nguzo ya uzalishaji mali na maendeleo nchi kwa ujumla.
" Kulingana na takwimu za taarifa ya hali ya gesi joto (Green House Geses), nchini kiwango cha utoaji gesi kwa mwaka 2014 kilikuwa ni tani 286.45 za hewa ya ukaa zikichangiwa na sekta za matumizi ya ardhi na misitu, kilimo, nishati, taka za Viwanda ambazo ni asilimia 1.6 tu kilitokana na uzalishaji wa nishati," amesema Mramba.
Ameeleza kuwa pamoja na mchango huo kuonekana ni kidogo sekta ya nishati inachangia kwa kiwango kikubwa katika uzalishaji hewa ya ukaa cha asilimia 72.7 katika sekta ya matumizi ya ardhi na misitu kutokana na matumizi ya mkaa na kuni kwa ajili ya upatikanaji wa nishati ya kupikia.
Mramba ameongeza kuwa ili kupunguza kiasi hicho ni kuhakikisha sekta ya nishati inachangia upunguzaji wa hewa ukaa nchini kati ya asilimia 30 hadi 35 kufikia mwaka 2030.
Awali Mkurugenzi wa Shirika la Kuendeleza Nishati Asili Tanzania (TaTEDO), Estomih Sawe amesema wanaipongeza serikali kwa juhudi za kufanya mapitio ya Sera ya Nishati ya mwaka 2003 iliyolenga kutatua changamoto zilizohusu uwekezaji wa sekta binafsi na umma kwenye
vyanzo vya nishati jadidifu kupitia Sera ya Nishati ya mwaka 2015.
Amesema mapitio yao ya sera na miongozo mbalimbali na majadiliano na wadau wa nishati yameibua
masuala kadhaa ya kisera ambayo wangependa kumshirikisha mgeni rasmi.
Mkurugenzi huyo ameyataja baadhi ya masula ambayo wameona yanamapungufu ni pamoja na Sera ya Taifa ya Nishati ya mwaka 2015, inamapungufu ya kutokuwa na nyenzo
za utekelezaji ikiwemo mikakati na mifumo ya kisheria na utekelezaji.
" Ili kuongeza ufanisi katika utekelezaji wa sera hii, nyenzo kama vile
Sheria, Mkakati, Mipango ya utekelezaji, miongozo, Kanuni na mifumo ya
usimamizi, fedha na ufuatiliaji inahitajika kuwepo," ameshauri Sawe.
Sawe amesema manufaa ya kuwa na nyenzo hizo za utekelezaji wa sera, zitavutia na kuongeza kiu ya uwekezaji wa sekta binafsi na umma katika nishati jadidifu nchini.
Ameongeza kuwa Sera ya Taifa ya Nishati ya mwaka 2015 haijajipambanua kwa uwazi namna itakavyoshughulikia changamoto za nishati ya kupikia na kusema kuwa Sera ingepaswa kushughulikia kwa mapana vyanzo vyote vya nishati vyenye manufaa ya kiuchumi
vinavyopatikana nchini ili kukidhi mahitaji ya nishati kwa wote kwa matumizi ya
majumbani na shughuli za kiuchumi.
"Kwa sasa nishati ya tungamotaka inachangia zaidi ya asilimia 85 ya
matumizi yote ya nishati nchini.
Na Sera ya Taifa ya mwaka 2015 na utekelezaji wake havijatoa kipaumbele na kutoa fursa kwa vyanzo vya nishati jadidifu kuweza kuvutia uwekezaji wa serikali na sekta binafsi.
BACK TO SCHOOL FOR YOUR OWN AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
When we say equality what do we mean by this, it does not only mean to be equal but this eight letter word may seem really small word but its meaning is really very deep, the real meaning of equality is the state which actually expresses the two quantities, people, things etc are fair enough with each other, no favoritism with one, absolutely equal with each other.
In most of our societies we see that still despite being in the modern era there are some communities who still aren’t treating people equally and rightfully, they don’t treat them nicely and if they treat them nicely then their thinking about them will not be equal like others.
For example when we talk about equality the first thing which comes in my mind is about Gender Equality.
Gender Equality is known as Equality of the Sexes, male and female. We still see in other countries, communities, societies where they differentiate between male and female, where some orthodox people despite being in the modern era still differentiate between a male and a female in the name of traditions, customs and culture.
There are still some people who think that if a women will study, be educated at the end she will get married and will end up in the kitchen cooking, house chores etc their thinking is that women are made for kitchen work only but I really feel bad for such people who still think like that because they are not lying to others but they are lying to themselves.
In order to balance our life very nicely equality amongst both the gender is really very important because if equality is there then both the genders will understand each other very nicely and one will not try to make the other down and due to this there will be very less misunderstandings and more understanding, the both sexes will respect each other more than whether they are life partners (Husband and Wife), colleagues, friends etc but if there is no equality between the genders then each gender will try to make the other gender down and will end up hating each other and more misunderstandings will be created amongst them.
Dear people if today there will be no equality and we teach our daughters to just compromise, sacrifice and tolerate then we will be doing really injustice with them tomorrow or some day we are going to die for sure what are we going to reply to God ??? That the angels he created and granted us we were not able to protect it??? If we don’t train our daughters to be independent and fight back for their rights then tomorrow there is a possibility someone else will torture them and snatch their rights and they won’t be able to do anything, so dear people don’t consider your daughters as a burden but make them your pride, be proud of them encourage them more to fulfill their dreams etc and teach them to be independent and not to depend on anyone even on you as a father once they are an adult and matured.
Dear girls, ladies be strong stand up for yourself as if you don’t stand up for yourself, for your rights then no one else will and don’t change yourself for anyone.
BE STRONG, BE YOU ………
A female can do anything, never underestimate her or consider her silence to be her weakness.
Gender equality is not a lady or women’s issue, it is a human issue it affects us all……
Fighting for gender equality is not the responsibility of women’s only but the entire society and community is held accountable for it.
The day we stop thinking us or others as man and women while following our goals, that’s the day we can really rise up to equality.
So dear people stop waiting for others to make this change and development in our community stand up and be the first person to make the change in our society and encourage everyone to be a part of this change and slowly you will see a very great change and development in the country, society, community etc.
“YOU MUST BE THE CHANGE YOU WISH TO SEE IN THE WORLD.”
DEAR PEOPLE NEVER EVER UNDERSTIMATE ANYONE EITHER IT’S A LADY, WOMEN OR A MAN , INSTEAD SUPPORT YOUR OPPOSITE GENDER , ALL THE BEST I HOPE YOU WILL TRY YOUR BEST IN MAKING A VERY BIG CHANGE IN THIS WORLD……
I've walked through numerous valleys full of shadows of death.. We've all faced problems of mammoth proportions such that giving up was the only available option.
But somehow, we summoned those remnants of resilience...and made it. I always never fail to give glory to the Living God for always coming to my rescue in the nick of time..To Him, it is never too late. He controls time, chance, space, our destined futures, All He requires is FAITH...the rest, He takes over. On second thoughts, he tells Paul that His power "is manifested during our weakness".
We may be facing insurmountable problems right now, during this infamous, January month. No light might be flickering at the end of the tunnel. Friends may disappear when we need them most..the cat might be *sleeping on the oven*...no help might forthcoming..we trust in men, when the One who controls the future is only a prayer away.
Let's give glory to God, trust in the Son He sent as atonement for our sins. To the oppressed by life's problems and those who want to give up, including me. DON'T. Let's look up to the heavens..He is forever ready to help. Happy Sabbath!
Music is food for the soul, and for others it is an escape, a way of falling in love on a bright sunny spring’s day or rather escaping to a world of the unknown where only the rhythm, beats and melodies speak to one’s heart. The world with it’s godly natural sounds, gave birth to many genres of music, from your heartfelt RnB and Soul to the upbeat roaring sounds of the township, Kwaito and from there the rhythmic, enchanting, vibrant beats of what we call House music. Many like myself believe that house music gave birth to the other genres we hear of today, but later discovered Jazz was the bearer of it all, like the famous genre of Deep house music believed to be listened my abogrootman, with their famous mantra,” the aim is not to sweat.”
But for this young man, born and bred in the small village of Ga-Mashabela, in the belly of Sekhukhune District, Limpopo Province, his love for music didn’t deter him into listening our famous genres of Hip Hop or Amapiano but the very genre that speaks to the soul, Deep House music. Justice Mahlong, professionally known as GabDeesoul in the music industry, had a love for music growing up; influenced by the affluent and talented likes of Oscar Mbo, Ezra, DJ Mlu, etc. In 2013, GabDeesoul the artist was born, he started collecting deep house music and in his music journey as only a teenager, he scored his first ever gig in Mpumalanga, Lydenburg where he discovered his talent.
As the years went by and still a high school learner, his musical journey led him to meeting a group called the 1064s Records in 2015, which helped him gain recognition in the underground music industry. Together with the 1064s Records crew, they met the HDOSDH-High Definition of Strictly Deep House on one of their gigs in Phokwane, and together they soared on to host their first ever show/event 2017. Like everything has a beginning, the show was also a first of just too many to come, he says it was one show that got him face to face with some of his favorite artists that have inspired his musical journey. The likes of Scotch Flavio, Tshipi My Man, ThabzTwentyTwo just to mention a few.
Like all of us, we have an escape; a favorite thing that helps us forget about our problems and just breathe and just like in every industry, there are bumps and hiccups here and there, but we soldier on. For GabDeesoul music was that escape. It helped him soothe pains, and triumph against all odds, it was his passion, hard work and perseverance that has kept him in the game for long especially at a young age. To finally reap the fruits of his labor and let others onto the opportunities he was once given, he started an online movement, Feel the Sessions Podcast in the year 2019. The platform was aimed at giving hope and a home for new and upcoming artists to showcase their craft, host guests and feature mixes from the Head Honcho Gds. “It has been an experience for me, and in 2021 I finally launched the brand. With the first live event at Feel the Sessions…” He said, and he further went on to explain how much of an overwhelming experience it was and also promised to give an everlasting entertainment in the industry.
Every gift is a calling, and every calling has a purpose, in his closing statements he said, “For me, music is life, and it has helped me connect with people I never knew, and I’m still looking forward to shaking as many hands out there as I preach unity for the underground.” Like they say good things do come to an end, but music is forever, deep house fans and just lovers of feel-good music can support and review GabDeesoul’s musical journey by following his Facebook pages,’ Feel the Sessions’ and ‘GabDeesoul Gds’. he also has a ‘Feel the Sessions’ merch for sale, so if you feel it, why not wear it and groove with it.
Written and edited: Tokisho M
Hacking is the activity of identifying weaknesses in a computer system or a network to exploit the security to gain access to personal data or business data. An example of computer hacking can be: using a password cracking algorithm to gain access to a computer system.
Who is a Hacker?
A Hacker is a person who finds and exploits the weakness in computer systems and/or networks to gain access. Hackers are usually skilled computer programmers with knowledge of computer security.
Types of Hackers
Hackers are classified according to the intent of their actions. The following list classifies types of hackers according to their intent: White hat hacker
Ethical Hacker (White hat): A security hacker who gains access to systems with a view to fix the identified weaknesses. They may also perform penetration Testing and vulnerability assessments.
Cracker (Black hat): A hacker who gains unauthorized access to computer systems for personal gain. The intent is usually to steal corporate data, violate privacy rights, transfer funds from bank accounts etc.
Grey hat: A hacker who is in between ethical and black hat hackers. He/she breaks into computer systems without authority with a view to identify weaknesses and reveal them to the system owner.
Script kiddies: A non-skilled person who gains access to computer systems using already made tools.
Hacktivist: A hacker who use hacking to send social, religious, and political, etc. messages. This is usually done by hijacking websites and leaving the message on the hijacked website.
Phreaker: A hacker who identifies and exploits weaknesses in telephones instead of computers.
State-sponsored hackers/ Nation-State: actors aggressively target and gain persistent access to public and private sector networks to compromise, steal, change, or destroy information. They may be part of a state apparatus or receive direction, funding, or technical assistance from a nation-state.
Type of Cybercrime
The following list presents the common types of cybercrimes:
Computer Fraud: Intentional deception for personal gain via the use of computer systems.
Privacy violation: Exposing personal information such as email addresses, phone number, account details, etc. on social media, hacking a website, etc.
Identity Theft: Stealing personal information from somebody and impersonating that person.
Sharing copyrighted files/information: This involves distributing copyright protected files such as eBooks and computer programs etc.
Electronic funds transfer: This involves gaining an un-authorized access to bank computer networks and making illegal fund transfers.
Electronic money laundering: This involves the use of the computer to launder money.
ATM Fraud: This involves intercepting ATM card details such as account number and PIN numbers. These details are then used to withdraw funds from the intercepted accounts.
Denial of Service Attacks: This involves the use of computers in multiple locations to attack servers with a view of shutting them down.
Spam: Sending unauthorized emails. These emails usually contain advertisements.
What is Ethical Hacking?
Ethical Hacking is identifying weakness in computer systems and/or computer networks and coming with countermeasures that protect the weaknesses. Ethical hackers must abide by the following rules.
Get written permission from the owner of the computer system and/or computer network before hacking.
Protect the privacy of the organization been hacked.
Transparently report all the identified weaknesses in the computer system to the organization.
Inform hardware and software vendors of the identified weaknesses.
Why Ethical Hacking?
Information is one of the most valuable assets of an organization. Keeping information secure can protect an organization’s image and save an organization a lot of money.
Fake hacking can lead to loss of business for organizations that deal in finance such as PayPal. Ethical hacking puts them a step ahead of the cyber criminals who would otherwise lead to loss of business.
Legality of Ethical Hacking
Ethical Hacking is legal if the hacker abides by the rules stipulated in the above section on the definition of ethical hacking. The International Council of E-Commerce Consultants (EC-Council) provides a certification program that tests individual’s skills. Those who pass the examination are awarded with certificates. The certificates are supposed to be renewed after some time.
By: Kennedy Njau
Email: [email protected]