All publications of LUBADDE RAHIM . Kampala , Uganda

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*๐ˆ ๐‡๐€๐•๐„ ๐๐Ž๐–๐‡๐„๐‘๐„ ๐“๐Ž ๐†๐Ž โ€“ ๐“๐‡๐„ ๐‚๐Ž๐๐“๐‘๐Ž๐•๐„๐‘๐’๐˜ ๐Ž๐ ๐–๐„๐“๐‹๐€๐๐ƒ๐’*


๐Ÿ’ก๐™ฐ๐šœ ๐š ๐šŽ ๐šŒ๐š˜๐š–๐š–๐šŽ๐š–๐š˜๐š›๐šŠ๐š๐šŽ ๐š๐š‘๐šŽ ๐š†๐š˜๐š›๐š•๐š ๐šƒ๐š˜๐š ๐š— ๐šŠ๐š—๐š ๐™ฒ๐š˜๐šž๐š—๐š๐š›๐šข ๐™ฟ๐š•๐šŠ๐š—๐š—๐š’๐š—๐š ๐™ณ๐šŠ๐šข....


For a long time, the government of Uganda has trekked a narrative to restore the rapidly depreciating wetland resources from investors and citizenry reclamation through ordering both parties to vacate these water catchment grounds. It was not until last month that the president of Uganda lifted the order only to favor investors who he appealed had been hoodwinked by the colonial government.


This however happened after the government evicted hundreds of settlers in Lubigi wetland and abolished rice growth on an estimated 30-acre in a wetland in Otuke in early July to dissuade farmers from cultivating in catchment areas. Nonetheless regions like Bukedia and Busoga have continued to establish rice and sugarcane plantations which exert pressure on river Mpologoma that flows from Elgon to Kyoga.


To this matter, Uganda lies at the verge of losing more than 60% of its original wetland coverage from 17.5% in the early 1990โ€™s to 8.5% to date due to human activities, some of which have been permitted by NEMA to operate factories and warehouses in gazatted industrial parks located in wetlands for example, Namanve, Luzira, Bweyogerere, etc.


Therefore, much as the government wishes to retain investors in wetlands, these places house a huge number of civilians that comprise the Urban Poor living in low lying parts of urban areas like in Ndeeba, Katwe, Kasokoso, Kosovo etc. Such people have been robbed in the same way like the alleged investors since its envisaged that most of them buy land parcels during dry seasons with limited knowledge on the prevailing flooding conditions.


It is not out of desire that civilians stay in water logged places that leave their lives in jeopardy, this has been a result of a magnitude of factors forcing them to degrade the natural environment for survival for instance; poverty, limited sensitization, lack of alternatives and increased land values.


But despite the inhumane conditions that persist in wetland communities characterized by indecent housing, poor sanitation and worsening levels of starvation with no efforts to imbue life, People look at this situation as normal since government has no dimension to resettle them even in situations where elites have condemned the silence on the matter.


While government strategies to evict the urban poor hassling with improper housing in wetlands, it is on the other side cherishing investors ironically by aiding them establish factories in similar places that have exposed wetlands to risks through issuing them certified operational permits. However, climatic havocs will continue to occur and natives will one day rise to fight against this status quo.


Unless proper rezoning ordinances are established to over-see a dynamic shift in settlement patterns aimed at reducing reclamation of gazatted wetlands as more citizens search for cheap land to establish homes and business centres, the poor urban dwellers living in water logged communities will have nowhere to go. โ€œIf you evict them, where will they go?โ€


๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ฎ ๐—ฝ๐—ต๐˜†๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฟ


 *๐—Ÿ๐—จ๐—•๐—”๐——๐——๐—˜ ๐—ฅ๐—”๐—›๐—œ๐— 

๐—น๐˜‚๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ@๐—ด๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—น.๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ*

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โ€œLukwagoโ€™s fight for Boda-bodas is a social fair playโ€


Each day, thousands of passengers in Kampala depend on โ€œBoda bodasโ€ for fast, reliable, and flexible connectivity during their travel. To meet this need, city authorities across the globe are increasingly opting to work with neutral providers and urban planners to plan for equitable transport facilities and to readdress the general form of cities for equity and reliable transportation unlike Kampalaโ€™s city authority that portrays motorists as a threat to city development.


In 2002, a group of Vendors related to an association called โ€œTukole Bukozi Tradersโ€ were joined by the city Mayor Ssebaana Kizito to fight against the Council enforcement that wished to evict them from the streets of St Balikuddembe market. After the elapse of 10years, vendors still conveyed on the streets of the city; all efforts to evict them were largely not effective and hence failed by 2011 when Jennifer Musisi also insisted on the same.


On several occasions, Lord Mayor Lukwago has scorned KCCA for unlawfully evicting street vendors and hawkers through his assertion that Uganda has got no supportive law to evict the urban poor. He has since said that such people would be licensed by KCCA formerly and designated road side specially planned markets for order, convenience and effective city functionality. At a certain moment, the former RCC Hud Husein brought in the National Army (UPDF) to apply vigor in the eviction process but all ended in vanity.


This deceitful โ€˜scorching fireโ€™ has also hit up Motorist business due to the increased tension in the city center that has been brought up by insecurity related actions, congestions and corresponding road indiscipline. The catastrophe could be redirected through having separate lanes designed for motor bikes just the way it is on Namirembe road and Luwumu Street.


Last week the media received ruthless statements from the prime minister and Gen. Katumba regarding the reduction of Motorcycles within the CBD. This conclusion had been made without fanatic consultative meetings with various stakeholders. The erratic 7000 wanted motorcycles in the center are strongly believed to be very ideological numbers rather than practical and bound to face continuous opposition.


This phobia has prompted the KCCA Executive Committee to petition the High Court to quash the ban on โ€œBoda-bodasโ€, on grounds that it is illegal, heartless and unprofessional. This committee stated that no one supports this business yet it employs more than 200,000 innocent Ugandans. Recently, the president of the republic of Uganda criminalized โ€œBoda bodasโ€ during a 2017 vigil of one of the great leaders that succumbed to assailants who used motorcycles to fire all around his private vehicle. However, these are a few individuals that have used the improper road design to fulfil their individual benefits at expense of the other Ugandans who use the business to sustain their cost of living within a dying economy.


Therefore, I wish to bring to the attention of Hon. Nabanja and Gen. Katumba the fact that the countryโ€™s job market is still limited by challenges including the wage gap, corruption, nepotism and tribalism yet university entry is free for all. This implies that the largest group in informal businesses emanates from graduates that try to creatively and unluckily make ends meet after failing in the unhealthy job competition in organizations, central and local governments to informal self-employment. There are numerous challenges in the informal sector that need urgent considerations rather than sending out urbanists from the city. It is through such acts that the government hitherto receives opposing groups on many of its strategies.


Owing to Lukwagoโ€™s fight for the wellbeing of the urban poor, it is unfair to relate it to seeking Political Capital yet there are no avenues embraced formerly to switch the status quo. The registration of โ€œBoda bodasโ€ and having them stipulated into licensed stages is important as said by Gen. Katumba but the challenges of the city are wider than that. It is the poor land use development that causes congestion within the developing city. If the aim of the government is to organize the โ€˜Capitalโ€™, then comprehensive research on the dos and donโ€™ts needs to be established.


An all-inclusive Urban Planning scheme should be established in Kampala if equity is to be availed for projectsโ€™ acceptability. This will attract compliance to smart city development strategies formulated by all stakeholders. Generally, unless there are more alternatives for youths, โ€œLukwagoโ€™s fight for Boda-bodas is a fair playโ€ aimed at keeping the poor in the city since they equally share Constitutional Rights.

The writer is a Physical Planner,

Lubadde Rahim @July 2022

[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]


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อฒแ†ฮแฆแŽช อฒแŽปแŽฌ แฆแŽชแŽ แŽชแŽชแŽทแŽช

(Full story)


๐— ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—ด๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜„๐˜๐—ต ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜€๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ด๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ด๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ 21๐˜€๐˜ ๐—–๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฝ ๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜๐˜†, ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ณ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐˜ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐˜€๐˜€๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ณ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜ ๐—ป๐—ผ ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—น๐˜†๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ณ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐—ด๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฒ๐˜…๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜๐˜‚๐˜€ ๐—พ๐˜‚๐—ผ.


๐—›๐—ผ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ, ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜€ ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น๐˜† ๐—ถ๐—น๐—น ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ณ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜„ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฎ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—ณ๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ฐ ๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ฒ๐˜…๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜€ ๐˜€๐˜๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ, ๐—ฎ ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐—น ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ผ ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ธ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜€๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฎ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ผ ๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ด๐—ต๐˜ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ด๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฎ ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐˜๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ.


๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ณ๐˜ ๐—ž๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ผ ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—น๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐—ป 2002 ๐—ฎ๐—ณ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐˜๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ถ๐—น ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—น๐˜† ๐—ฎ๐—ณ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—จ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฎ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—ฐ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜€๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ผ 10๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜€. ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ž๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ฎ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฏ๐˜† ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ต ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ด๐˜‚๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ก๐—ฅ๐—” ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—ฟ. ๐—ฆ๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ฑ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐—ป๐—ผ ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ฐ ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ด๐—ต ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐˜๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜๐—ต๐—ณ๐˜‚๐—น ๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ฒ.


๐—จ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—บ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฑ๐˜€ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜, ๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—พ๐˜‚๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ฑ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ผ๐—บ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—น๐—ฑ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—ถ๐˜๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—น. ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐—น ๐—ฐ๐—น๐—ถ๐—บ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ผ๐—ฝ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—”๐˜ƒ๐—ผ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ๐—น๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ด๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ.

๐—ฆ๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ž๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ฎ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐˜‚๐˜๐—บ๐—ผ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—ฒ๐˜…๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜, ๐—ฎ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐—ป๐—ผ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐˜„ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜€.


๐—˜๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐˜ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ณ๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐˜„ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ. ๐—ฆ๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฑ ๐—ป๐—ผ๐˜ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ฝ ๐—ณ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ถ๐˜‡๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ด๐˜†๐—บ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ด๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ž๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ฎ ๐˜€๐—ธ๐˜† ๐˜€๐—ฐ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€. ๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—น๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ป๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜๐˜€ ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜†๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ž๐—ฎ๐˜๐˜„๐—ฒ ๐—ด๐—ต๐—ฒ๐˜๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ถ๐—ด๐—ต๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ต๐—ผ๐—ผ๐—ฑ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ต ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ธ; ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—น๐—ผ๐˜„๐˜€ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ž๐—ฎ๐˜๐˜„๐—ฒ. ๐—ช๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—น ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—บ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฑ, ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐—น ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ท๐—ผ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—บ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฐ๐—ต ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฒ.


๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐—ฎ ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ธ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐—ณ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐—ณ 1 ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ณ ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜€, ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—บ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฑ 2๐—บ๐—ถ๐—น๐—น๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—จ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฎ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—น๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด๐˜€ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ต ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ด๐—ผ ๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ธ ๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ฎ ๐—ต๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฆ๐—ฎ๐˜‚๐—ฑ๐—ถ ๐—”๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ถ๐—ฎ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ด๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ 2๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜€. ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ด๐—ต๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ธ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ฑ, ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜€๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฎ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐— ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฎ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ผ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฏ๐˜‚๐˜† ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐—ผ ๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€๐˜๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐˜ ๐˜€๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ต๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ๐˜€.


๐—จ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฝ๐˜€๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜, ๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐—ต๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐—ฒ๐˜…๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—บ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐˜† ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ด๐—ต๐˜ ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ณ ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—น๐˜† ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น๐˜† ๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜‚๐—ฝ ๐—ฏ๐˜† ๐—ฎ (20๐—ซ40)๐—ณ๐˜ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ก๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—น๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ฒ. ๐—”๐˜ ๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐˜ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜ ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ผ๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด; ๐—ถ๐˜๐˜€ ๐—ฐ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐˜๐˜† ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜€๐—ผ ๐—ฎ๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ, ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ผ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ณ๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฉ๐—ถ๐—น๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐˜๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด. ๐—ฆ๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ต ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ž๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ฎ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐—ด๐—ผ ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฎ ๐—ฏ๐—ถ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐˜† ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€๐˜๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€.


๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜ ๐—ฑ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฎ ๐˜๐—ถ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐—ถ๐˜ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ป 2๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ธ๐˜€ ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜‚๐˜€ ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด; ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ถ๐—ด๐—ต๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ต๐—ผ๐—ผ๐—ฑ ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ผ๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐˜†, ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐˜† ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜. ๐—ฆ๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—น๐—น๐—ผ๐˜„๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ธ ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ž๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ผ ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—น๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜ ๐—ด๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—บ.


๐—Ÿ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ต ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐˜€๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€๐—ณ๐˜‚๐—น๐—น๐˜† ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€ ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฟ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐˜. ๐—ฆ๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜€๐—น๐—ผ๐˜„๐—น๐˜† ๐—ด๐—ฒ๐˜๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—น๐˜๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€. ๐—ฆ๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐——๐—™๐—–๐—จ ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ธ ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ป๐˜ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐—ต๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฑ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€๐˜๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐˜ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ž๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ฎ ๐—ฎ๐—ณ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐—ณ 3๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜€.


๐—”๐˜€ ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜€ ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฑ, ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜ ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฑ. ๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—บ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ป๐˜ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐˜† ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐˜† ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐—ฝ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—น๐˜† ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€๐˜๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป. ๐—ฆ๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐— ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฎ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜, ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐— ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฎ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ฑ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป. ๐—”๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐˜† ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ด๐—ต ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐—ฑ๐—ผ๐˜„๐—ป๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ๐˜€, ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐˜†๐—ป๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฑ, ๐—ถ๐˜ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜€๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฎ ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐˜๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ, ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ด๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ต ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ถ๐—ฟ ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐˜ ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐˜‚๐—ฑ๐—ฑ๐˜† ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—ด๐—ด๐˜†.


๐—ง๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ถ๐—ฟ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐˜€๐—บ๐—ฎ๐˜†, ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐˜† ๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฑ, ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐˜๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ถ๐˜ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ. ๐—ฆ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น ๐—ฏ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—ฝ๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฐ๐—ธ๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐˜‚๐—ฝ ๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐˜‚๐—ฑ, ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ถ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ฝ๐˜€ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ด๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—น๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—น ๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—น๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜‚๐—ฝ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—ผ๐—น๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ. ๐—”๐—น๐—น ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฎ ๐˜€๐˜‚๐—ฑ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ป, ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐˜† ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—น๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ต ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ณ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜๐˜€ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ต ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ป๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—น๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ฎ ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐˜๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ.

๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—น๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜‚๐—ฝ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜€ ๐—ก๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—น. ๐—Ÿ๐—ถ๐˜๐˜๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ฑ ๐— ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฎ ๐—ธ๐—ป๐—ผ๐˜„ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ฎ ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐˜„ ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ท๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป.


๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ ๐˜๐—ผ๐—ผ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜‡๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฎ ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐˜๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ, ๐— ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฎ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐—ฎ ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—บ๐—ถ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—น๐˜† ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฐ๐—ต, ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐˜‚๐˜€๐˜ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐—ป๐—ผ๐˜ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜๐˜‚๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฝ๐˜€ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ด๐—ต๐˜ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฎ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐˜†๐—ป๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€. ๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ด๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜€, ๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐˜† ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—น๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜‚๐—ฝ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฒ๐˜†๐—ฒ๐˜€, ๐—ฎ ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜„ ๐˜€๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—ฝ๐˜ ๐—ผ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฐ๐—ต๐˜‚๐—ฏ๐—ฏ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—น ๐—ฏ๐—น๐˜‚๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ฎ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜‚๐˜๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜† ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐— ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฎ. ๐—”๐˜ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜, ๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—น๐˜†๐˜‡๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—น๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—บ ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐˜€๐—ถ๐˜๐˜†.


๐—–๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€๐˜๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜€๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐—ต ๐—ฎ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฑ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜† ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐˜๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐—ฐ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜ ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ณ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€. ๐—ง๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ๐—ฎ ๐˜๐—ผ๐—ผ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฑ ๐—ป๐—ผ๐˜ ๐—ฎ๐—ณ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜€๐—ฒ ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ 2๐˜†๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜€ ๐˜€๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด๐˜€, ๐—ฏ๐˜‚๐˜ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜. ๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐—ต ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—บ๐˜‚๐˜€๐˜ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ผ๐—ถ๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐˜๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ๐—น๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ถ๐—ฟ ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—น๐—ถ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ด๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—น๐—ฑ ๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€.


๐—ก๐—ข๐—ง๐—˜

๐—” ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ด๐—ฒ ๐—ด๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ฝ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ณ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ณ๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐˜๐˜€ ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐˜† ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ก๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฃ๐—ต๐˜†๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฃ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ป๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—•๐—ผ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐—ต๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฑ ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜€๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜€ ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ป๐˜๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ฑ๐—ผ๐˜„๐—ป๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜‡๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜€ ๐—ฒ๐—พ๐˜‚๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น๐˜† ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ป๐˜‚๐—บ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ฏ๐˜‚๐˜†๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ผ๐˜๐˜€ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐˜๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐˜€, ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐˜€, ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฏ๐˜‚๐—ณ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜ ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ด๐˜‚๐—ถ๐—ฑ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ.


๐—–๐—ผ๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ช๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—น๐—ฑ ๐—˜๐—ป๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐——๐—ฎ๐˜† (5๐˜๐—ต ๐—๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฒ)


๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ๐˜€

๐—ฃ๐—ต๐˜†๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—Ÿ๐˜‚๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ ๐—ฅ๐—ฎ๐—ต๐—ถ๐—บ (๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ช๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ)

๐—น๐˜‚๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ@๐—ด๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—น.๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—บ

๐—–๐—ถ๐˜๐˜† ๐—ฃ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ป๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐— ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ฎ

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