South Africa is the world's most unequal Los Angeles
More than two decades have passed since South Africa overhauled a racist regime designed to keep the country's black population under the thumb of an elite white minority. But while democracy has delivered freedom for all South Africans, not enough has changed for those living in the country's vast townships. In fact, despite 25 years of democracy, South Africa remains the most economically unequal country in the world, according to the World Bank. If anything, the rainbow nation is even more divided now than it was in 1994. In many ways, the legacy of apartheid endures. Previously disadvantaged South Africans hold fewer assets, have fewer skills, earn lower wages, and are still more likely to be unemployed, a 2018 World Bank report on poverty and inequality in South Africa found. And, at the other end of the spectrum, an elite, mainly white minority continues to thrive. While the African National Congress (ANC) is expected to win again in Wednesday's national elections, it may be facing an increasingly disillusioned electorate. The gap between rich and poor is wider in South Africa than in any other country where comparable data exist, the World Bank found. Mthandazo Ndlovu, Oxfam South Africa's democracy and governance manager, say inequality has been exacerbated as a result of "systemic failures at a government level." It's not just income inequality that is cause for concern, he adds, but also unequal access to opportunities and essential public services. "One would have assumed that 25 years into democracy we would have had better access to land, better access to health care, we would not have children falling into pit latrines due to failures in the provision of ablution facilities," he said. This is not to say the government hasn't made significant strides in leveling the playing field, he added. Access to basic services such as electricity, water, education and health care has improved considerably since the ANC came into power, according to the World Bank report. But a fraction of the population still enjoys the lion's share of the spoils while the rest struggle to make ends meet. South Africa's richest households are almost 10 times wealthier than poor households, according to World Bank estimates. "If you look at the number of people who sleep on an empty stomach, these numbers are quite shocking," adds Ndlovu. Poverty levels are highest among the black population, followed by South Africa's "coloured" population -- the accepted term for mixed-race people in the country. n South Africa, the white population makes up the majority of the elite — or top 5% — explained Murray Leibbrandt, economics professor at the University of Cape Town. Read: South Africa's Suidlanders are prepping for a race war Part of Leibbrandt's work has involved tracking the social progress of 30,000 South Africans from 2008 to 2017. "The best signifier of a country that's really on its way isn't a society with no inequality," he said. "It's a society with declining inequality and a growing middle class." By Leibbrandt's estimates, South Africa's middle class is small and sluggish, and comprises approximately one in five South Africans. While the middle class has hardly grown since 2008, the black percentage of the middle class has increased from 47% to 64%, he says. "The picture that we pick up in our statistics is that we haven't been successful in breathing transformation through the country. And it fractures the country." Levels of inequality in South Africa appear to be passed down from generation to generation. "It's a very embedded phenomenon that doesn't change very quickly, because it's the result of the way the whole society coheres," Leibbrandt said. The way forward, he suggested, starts with South Africans recognizing the situation as it is right now. "The point is that this inequality and these livelihoods of people, that is their daily life. And so if we are going to try and flourish together ... then we do need to try and understand that." Sourse:
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Danielle Goldstein won the Shanghai leg of the Longines Global Champions Tour for the world's top showjumpers in a nail-biter. The colorful Israeli rider and her powerful, big-striding 13-year-old chestnut mare Lizziemary edged Ireland's Darragh Kenny and Balou Du Reventon by just 0.08 seconds in the jump-off. Dutch veteran Jur Vrieling and VDL Glasgow v. Merelsnest finished third, 2.65 seconds back. "This is one that everybody really wants to win," Goldstein told LGCT television. "The money is huge here, and the crowd is unbelievable, so this is amazing. We've come a long way, and we've made it worthwhile." In the Global Champions League team competition, the Monaco Aces of Frenchman Julian Epaillard and Belgium's Jerome Guery triumphed ahead of the Paris Panthers. 'Rocketship' It was the second LGCT triumph for Goldstein, who also won in Estoril two years ago. "She is like a rocketship underneath you, you have just so much raw power, she tries her heart out for me," Goldstein said about the horse she has been riding since 2016. "I couldn't ask for anything more." Watched by a cosmopolitan crowd at the China Art Palace in Shanghai, with many spectators donning hats and designer outfits, the lone Asian stop of the Tour saw nine riders qualify for the jump-off, on a sandy course over 1.60-meter jumps set by Uliano Vezzani. Ireland's Kenny had set the pace as the third rider in the jump-off, finishing in a time of 38.06 seconds as he stepped up the pace in the second part of the course to beat the previous leader, Vrieling. "Dani did one less stride to the last fence and that made a huge difference," Kenny said afterwards. "I've been aiming my horse for this for two months now and it's a great show." The sixth rider, Belgium's Pieter Devos, the winner of Miami Beach two weeks ago, put down the fastest time (37.49 seconds) in the jump-off, but dropped a pole at the penultimate fence. Another Belgian, Niels Bruynseels, and his big striding horse Delux Van T&L, were equally unlucky, dropping a pole at the last fence as they finished in a time of 38.21 seconds. Close finish With just two more riders to go, Goldstein guided Lizziemary round the course in a clear round in 37.98 seconds, as Kenny looked on from the sidelines and showed his frustration after getting beaten by such a thin margin. Could the last rider, LGCT rookie Titouan Schumacher and Atome Z, produce a masterpiece in front of the China Art Palace? It wasn't meant to be for the 164th-ranked Frenchman, as his horse dropped a pole, and they finished in eighth place in a time of 39.12 seconds. Head-to-head television pictures comparing Kenny and Goldstein's rides showed Lizziemary won the jump-off in the final few strides. "Today worked out," said Goldstein. "Some days it doesn't, but it was really our day and she jumped amazing the whole day. I didn't nail the first line the way I would have liked, but I made it up somewhere else...I couldn't be happier." Devos remains overall leader The Global Champions Tour, show jumping's richest circuit, is held at a record 20 venues in 2019, including new stops in New York, Montreal and Stockholm. It was staged in Shanghai for the sixth straight year. Her victory earned Goldstein a place in the lucrative GC Prague Playoffs November 21-24, which will see all individual LGCT winners compete against each other in the season finale. After stops in Doha, Mexico City, Miami Beach and Shanghai, Devos remained atop the overall leaderboard with 120 points, following his fifth-place finish in Shanghai. Bruynseels, who was sixth in Shanghai, is second in the overall standings with 94 points, followed by Germany's Daniel Deusser with 83 points. Global Champions League The Monaco Aces, who had been lying in pole position after the first round, made a tactical horse-rider switch to clinch the Global Champions League (GCL) for teams Sunday as they finished on a total of four penalties and in a combined time of 156.3 seconds. The Paris Panthers were second, with the same penalties as the Aces, but at four seconds back. Kenny put down two clear rounds with two different horses, while his Belgian team mate Gregory Wathelet had four penalties in the second round. The Prague Lions, with Holland's Marc Houtzager and Bruynseels, were third, on a total of eight penalties. The two-day GCL had been re-scheduled to Saturday and Sunday after one of two specially chartered horse flights from Europe was delayed. The team event normally finishes before the start of the Longines Global Champions Tour, which concluded on Saturday. "It was decided with FEI [International Equestrian Federation] approval to change the earlier team competition to ensure the horses were well rested and fresh for the weekend with horse welfare the top priority," the GCL said on its website. The Monaco Aces had taken the lead in Shanghai after the first round, which saw five teams producing double clears on a technical course over 15 jumps, which included three sets of double combinations. "I was super happy — It's only half of the job done, but a good day for the team," said Epaillard of the Aces, after guiding Virtuose Champeix to the team's first clear in just over 74 seconds. His Brazilian team-mate Marlon Modolo Zanotelli also had a perfect first round with VDL Edgar M: "He's a fantastic horse and just gets better and better — I'm very lucky to have him," the Brazilian said. Although Epaillard said on Saturday the Aces were unlikely to make a horse-rider change overnight, the team switched Modolo Zanotelli for Guery and Garfield de Tiji Des Templiers for the second round on Sunday. Although Guery, the winner of the opening LGCT in Doha, had a pole down on the penultimate fence, Epaillard and Virtuose Champeix delivered once more with another clear round to clinch the first GCL victory for the Aces. "We fight a little bit today, it was really a team victory," said Guery on Sunday. "They did a super job the first day, and we changed a little bit the plan for today." Epaillard said he had felt "a lot of pressure" after the first round. "Very bad for our heart, but it was super," he added. It was tough weekend for Switzerland's Pius Schwizer and Germany's Daniel Deusser of the Shangai Swans, the winners of the first two legs. Although the team finished in 11th place in Shanghai, on a total of 29 penalties, they remain in the lead in the overall standings, with 90 points. Saint Tropez Pirates are second, with 79 points, followed by the Aces with 74 points. After stops in the Middle East, the Americas and Asia, the LGCT and GCL series are headed to Europe for the next five months, with Madrid scheduled to open proceedings on May 17-19. Other venues include London, Rome, Saint Tropez, Monaco and Paris. Sourse:
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"This is the climate election," declared Queensland Greens Sen. Larissa Waters at a Brisbane forum, weeks before the Australian election this month. It's unsurprising that Waters would say this: The environment is always at the heart of the Greens' policy. But a series of natural disasters has forced many other Australians to take notice. Fires, floods and the worst drought in living memory have ravaged Australia in the past year, laying waste to thousands of homes, devastating the livelihoods of farmers and wreaking millions of dollars' worth of damage. In January, record-breaking temperatures soared so high, for so long that asphalt roads started to melt. "When I was first elected in 2010, scientists were telling us it was the critical decade," Waters told the audience. "It's nearly the end of that decade and we've bloody wasted it." The electorate is aware. Concern about climate change is now at a 10-year high among Australians, with 64% believing it should be a top priority for the government, according to an Ipsos poll released in April. Thousands of climate striking students recently walked out of class, while Extinction Rebellion activists are stopping coal trains and blocking roads. The Greens have long campaigned for action but remain a minor party without the numbers to govern. But as climate change becomes a key issue in the May 18 election, Australia's two major parties agree that something needs to be done. The questions are what, when -- and crucially -- how much is it going to cost? No clear climate policy Australia is getting hotter. The rise in temperatures, once a future threat, is now an ever present danger, raising the risk of severe droughts, bush fires and intense rainfall across the country, according to the Bureau of Meteorology. On paper, at least, the country is taking action. In 2015, Australia was among the nearly 200 nations that gathered in the French capital and pledged to take decisive action on climate change, under the Paris Climate Agreement. Specifically, Australia agreed to cut its carbon emissions to 26% to 28% below 2005 levels by 2030. The government's doing that by encouraging businesses and the public sector to cut emissions through its Emissions Reduction Fund, while promoting investment in new technologies like renewable energy. Currently, investment in renewable energy is growing fast and renewables -- mostly hydropower, wind and solar -- provide around 21% of Australia's energy needs. In the United States, it's closer to 17%, and in the United Kingdom it's about 20%. Despite this, in its 2018 Emissions Gap Report, the United Nations said there had been "no improvement" in Australia's climate policy since 2017, noted that emission levels for 2030 were projected to be "well above" target. Prime Minister Scott Morrison insists Australia will meet its Paris Agreement targets. But critics say that's only because it's carrying over credits obtained under the Kyoto Protocol, and it's not doing enough to cut emissions now. "Australia has certainly been lagging behind on climate change action, by which I mean the effort to decarbonize the economy and reduce emissions," said Frank Jotzo, director of the Center for Climate Economics and Policy at the Australian National University. Efforts have been held back, he said, by intense political wrangling that has seen policies introduced then revoked. But in this election politics might also help. The opposition Labor Party has seized on climate policy as one of the few points of difference with Morrison's ruling Liberal Party. If elected, it's promising to cut Australia's carbon emissions by 45% on 2005 levels, compared to the government's minimum pledge of 26%. Earlier this year, when it became clear the government's perceived inaction on climate could cost it votes, it introduced a climate policy, which includes a $2 billion Climate Solutions Fund, as well as plans for the world's second largest pumped hydropower station. While climate change expert Jotzo said the new climate policy was light on details, he saw it as a "positive sign." "It's an acknowledgment that a mainstream party in Australia needs to have a climate change policy in order to be electable," he said. The coal face of the issue While both main parties are talking a big game on climate change, their commitment to action is being tested by the prospect of a large, new coal mine planned in north Queensland. The government has long argued that Australia needs coal to sustain its world-leading run of economic growth. In February 2017, Prime Minister Scott Morrison -- then treasurer -- made his position clear when he brought a lump of coal into Parliament. "This is coal. Don't be afraid, don't be scared," he said, to jeers from the opposition. "It's coal that has ensured for over 100 years that Australia has enjoyed an energy-competitive advantage that has delivered prosperity to Australian businesses." For years, Indian mining conglomerate Adani has been pushing for approval for its Carmichael mine in the Galilee Basin, in Queensland. The mine would ship coal to India, China and Vietnam to feed the growing energy needs of those nations and create much-needed jobs in Australia. The Galilee Basin is one of the world's largest unexploited coal reserves and covers 274,000 square kilometers (105,792 square miles) -- an area bigger than the United Kingdom. The issue has divided voters into pro-Adani or anti-Adani camps in Queensland, said Maxine Newlands, political scientist at James Cook University. "But that's really a trope for the whole debate about where does Australia go and its climate change policy," she added. Economy versus environment When the mine was proposed in 2010, the prospect of 10,000 new jobs caused a rush of excitement in Townsville. That opportunity could have helped solve the north Queensland coastal city's high-profile unemployment problem: about 8% of Townsville is unemployed, compared to the national average of 5% -- meaning that about 8,000 people are jobless. Since then, fierce protests and a lack of access to funding and state subsidies have downsized the capacity of the proposed mine from a behemoth producing 60 million metric tons of coal a year to a more modest 27.5 million metric tons per year facility. That cut the job creation prospects, too. No party wants to lose voters in regional seats by appearing to condemn the unemployed. So both parties are trying to avoid the issue. Environmental protesters, however, are facing it head on. A convoy of Stop Adani protesters recently drove up the east coast of Australia from Hobart in Tasmania to the mine in central Queensland, some in electric cars, to spread their message to voters. "If this mine goes ahead, there are half a dozen mines that will surely follow and that will render us with no chance of turning around climate change," Greens Party leader Richard di Natale said when the convoy stopped in Brisbane. Protesters say more mines in North Queensland could boost traffic from coal ships near the Great Barrier Reef, which has already suffered damage from higher emissions caused by warming seas. The natural wonder runs 2,300 kilometers (1,500 miles) down the length of the coast, 350 kilometers (217 miles) from the mine. Adani company says that in stage one, the mine will produce only a small fraction of Australia's annual coal output, and argues that if Australia isn't mining the coal, other countries will step in to meet growing demand from Asia. The government cleared the way for the mine just before calling the election. Now, Labor -- running on its pro-environment platform -- needs to give final approval, at a local level. But the timeline for approval isn't clear. Whatever happens, there is likely to be anger -- and potentially protests -- on the losing side. Climate change expert Jotzo said he hopes that the next Australian Prime Minister, whoever that might be, will soon realize that a faster transition to renewable energy won't lead to economic ruin -- it could, potentially, have the opposite effect. "There is an interesting vision of Australia as the renewable energy superpower, as an exporter of renewable energy. That is a realistic prospect and one that holds significant economic opportunities," Jotzo said. "What you'd see is very large solar parks in the north of Australia producing very large amounts of hydrogen that are then being shipped to east Asia and potentially Europe." Of course, that would take money, time and political will. Right now, the country seems to be short of all three. Sourse:
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There's an old saying in Turkish politics: "Who wins Istanbul, wins Turkey." The country's biggest city and commercial heart is undoubtedly its biggest political prize and President Recep Tayyip Erdogan isn't about to give it up without a fight. When Erdogan's governing Justice and Development Party (AKP) lost the Istanbul mayoral elections by a razor-thin margin against the opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) in March, the defeat was crushing. His party also lost capital Ankara during the elections, but Istanbul was different. This was the President's hometown, where his party had ruled since the 1990s, and where he launched his political career as mayor in 1994. Erdogan wasn't going to give up this financial powerhouse -- which has a bigger budget then some European countries -- easily. True, he wasn't even a candidate in the March 31 mayoral election. But Erdogan still served as the face of his party's local campaign in what was widely seen as a referendum on his government. In the wake of AKP's loss, it claimed the election was blighted by voter fraud and called for a rerun. On Monday it got its wish, with the Supreme Election Council voting in favor of a rerun to be held on June 23. The President said a new vote is necessary in light of "organized corruption, utter lawlessness and irregularity" during the vote and that a new poll was an important step towards "strengthening democracy." CHP's Deputy Chairman, Onursal Adiguzel, meanwhile, called the decision "plain dictatorship." "This system that overrules the will of the people and disregards the law is neither democratic, nor legitimate," Adiguzel said on Twitter. Experts say the electoral council's decision to accept claims of voter fraud made by Erdogan's AKP party -- and the subsequent wiping of results -- show a worryingly new level of government influence over a supposedly independent body. The council is made up of judges, elected by the country's Court of Appeals and Council of State, who have no direct links to the government. However, the election committee is "highly dominated by AKP sympathizers," said Lina Khatib, head of the Middle East and North Africa program at British think tank Chatham House. "But so far, despite this, elections have always been accepted as free and fair," she told CNN. "This is the first time we see the influence of the AKP in the election committee, being used to influence the results of the election." 'Everything is going to be great' On Monday Ekrem Imamoglu, Istanbul's new CHP mayor, had his mayoral certificate canceled. Addressing a crowd of supporters following the decision, Imamoglu ended a speech by saying, "Everything is going to be great." In response, the hashtag "everything is going to be great" or "HerŞeyÇokGüzelOlacak" quickly emerged online. The opposition now faces a difficult decision. "They (the CHP) regard the decision to rerun is itself unfair, but at the same time if they chose not to rerun this makes the ground wide open for Erdogan's party to gain the seat," said Khatib. On the day of the announcement, there were small gatherings of protesters throughout the city, with some banging pots and pans from their windows in a show of solidarity. By Tuesday the mood was calm and quiet, according to CNN reporters in Istanbul. Since large anti-government Gezi Park protests in 2013, Erdogan's popularity has waned, even as his grip on power has tightened, said Khatib, pointing to the recent appointment of his son-in-law Berat Albayrak as economy minister and large numbers of journalists that have been imprisoned. The decision to reverse the mayoral race is "the bookend of a historic era," tweeted Sonar Cagaptay, Director of the Turkish Program at The Washington Institute, on Tuesday. "Until now, it was one man, one vote, from now on it is: vote until the governing party wins," he said. Financial lifeline Throughout his premiership and presidency, Erdogan has had the final say on several mega projects in Istanbul -- from the city's new airport to urban development plans at Gezi Park that sparked the huge protests in 2013. "Istanbul is not just about prestige, it's about money," said Khatib. "There is a lot of real estate investment in Istanbul by members of the AKP," she added. Khatib said that "having mayoral influence in Istanbul plays a huge role in facilitating some of the real estate deals that are keeping supporters of AKP loyal to the AKP. "So losing Istanbul means the AKP risks losing this financial lifeline." Turkey now faces one of its most significant elections in years, all against the backdrop of heightened social unrest and a fragile national economy. Sourse:
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Other News Los Angeles

The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development estimates that by 2020, there are more than 37,000 homeless veterans in the country.

Disability causes include disability due to physical or mental illness (eg, post-traumatic stress disorder in the military), drug abuse and alcoholism (also often due to mental disorders), unemployment, lack of affordable housing, and low social benefits after military service.

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On the coins, a woman is depicted as a symbol of the struggle in Ukraine, as a symbol of the struggle in Ukraine, a defense against Russian occupiers. In this way, the United States increased the support of Ukrainian defenders and the efforts of Ukrainians to defend their independence and sovereignty.

On one of the coins, a woman is engraved, behind which a Ukrainian ensign develops, and on the other, she is encased in a black-yellow color. The women's hair is embellished with flowers and dormouse, like they are trimmed in their hands. For the creation of coins, they took the sketches of the artist and medalist Adolf Oleksandr Weinman “Freedom, what to go”.

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Do you toss and turn in bed every night? Do you watch the clock as your wake-up time mercilessly approaches and only manage to fall asleep at some point in the morning? Have you been counting sheep for hours and still can't sleep?

Everybody sometimes can't fall asleep. The problem is when this condition lasts a long time or recurs frequently.

Professionally, the condition where you cannot fall asleep is called insomnia. It is dangerous and it is not pleasant to play with it. Sleep is vital for a person. A person suffering from insomnia cannot fall asleep or wakes up frequently.

Common symptoms are:

- difficulty falling asleep at night.

- waking up early in the morning without the ability to go back to sleep.

- frequent nighttime awakenings

- night watch, confusion of day and night

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Prostate enlargement usually occurs in men with age. The enlargement can be benign or malignant.

If classified as benign, the enlarged prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). As for whether it is malignant, it will lead to prostate cancer.

Although it does not endanger the life of the victim, the complaints that arise due to an enlarged prostate are very disturbing activities.

Some people who have an enlarged prostate will feel dissatisfied when urinating.

Symptoms can include a weak urinary stream, increased frequency of urination, frequent awakenings at night, and an inability to hold back the urge to urinate.

In severe cases, an enlarged prostate can cause urinary retention, which is a condition in which a person is unable to excrete urine that is in the bladder.

To overcome the prostate, whether to surgery? Actually, the action to treat this condition depends on the severity.

The main goal of treating an enlarged prostate is to improve the patient's quality of life. The therapy offered also varies, depending on the severity of the symptoms experienced.

To determine the severity, the doctor will perform a series of tests including:

- International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) test score.

- Lab tests, such as urinalysis, prostate- specific antigen (PSA), and kidney function.

- Urophlometry (evaluation of the urine stream), calculation of residual urine.

- Images of the prostate that can be an ultrasound exam.

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EDK Media attends a film, music and dance workshop in Umlazi

Ezase Durban Media KZN better known as EDK Media is a Film and TV production company established back in 2011, based in the heart of Durban KwaZulu-Natal. It offers a variety of services including: TV Presenting Training, Photoshoots, TV Shows, Documentaries, Events management and many more.

On Friday the 15th of July 2022, EDK Media production team attended an art workshop in Umlazi, the south eastern part of KwaZulu-Natal which was held in Umlazi Cinema Hall.

The event was solely based on ways that the youth could utilize to venture into the corporate sector and the entertainment industry. The gap has been identified, that the youth is seeking employment rather than self employment. With the unemployment rate at its peak in South Africa, it is crystal clear that having a degree does not automatically translate to employment.

Dignitaries and speakers from different places graced the event with their presence, amongst which Mr Xolani Dlamini, the founder and event organizer of Urban Arts Entertainment attended. Menzi Theo (executive director of EDK Media), Bella Mnyandu and Smangele Sokhela commended the event organizers for pulling off such a great event in such a short space of time.

We still have a long way ahead to ensure that our government is democratically accountable for its people and for the young people to be granted equal opportunity. We're hopeful that events of this nature make a dent.

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