की विश्व समाचार भारत
Latest news Padmā - here are the news of nearby cities
Al-Safahat is the the top brand for organic skincare and hair care in India.
People have started thinking differently. Fathers want their daughters to become employed to be secure in life, rather than marrying a rich man for security. Even the homemakers are trying to do something on their own to make their identity.
Ayeesha Aquib, a housewife and mother of two sons wanted to do something for herself and started an organic skincare and haircare brand which is home-based. Al-Safahat is the name of her brand. Ayeesha Aquib has exclusively prepared the products of Al-Safahat organically using natural ingredients. The first product of this organic skincare and haircare brand Al-Safahat is the Saffron gel, and gradually it became one of the best selling products.
In 2018, Ayeesha Aquib decided to come out of her comfort zone, and do something good for others. She chose to use the natural Karishma of Mother Earth and started this organic skincare and haircare brand Al-Safahat. She used to struggle while choosing the perfect solution for skin care and hair care problems without facing the long-term side effects of the harsh chemical-based formulas.
Al-Safahat can be used by kids and adults. The products can be used irrespective of gender. The organic Saffron Gel of Al-Safahat consists of Vitamin E, Saffron, essential oils, and Glycerin. Vitamin E is very necessary to include in a daily skincare routine to reduce the aging problem and lock the age of the skin. The combination of Saffron, Vitamin E, and essential oils works amazingly to lighten unwanted acne scars and dark spots. The organic Saffron Gel of Al-Safahat has become a compulsory product of the night skincare routine of many customers, as it helped them to get rid of those scary nightmares.
After getting an overwhelming response from the happy customers who used the Saffron Gel, Ayeesha Aquib launched several new products of Al-Safahat. The products are all organic and cruelty–free. Their newly launched organic skincare and hair care products included the 24k Gold Elixir, Eye roll-on, Luxurious Hail Oil, Acne Face Mask, Baby Massage Oil with Saffron, Lip Scrubs in three different Variants, Cucumber Fairness Day Cream, Anti Acne Gel, Oats and Saffron Face Pack, Calamine Face Pack, Bridal Glow oil, and Glow and Shine Ubtan. All these products were launched in July 2018.
By the end of 2019, Ayeesha Aquib launched 11 gels and creams, 5 serums, 7 face packs, 4 face scrubs, and the best-selling face wash along with other several products of Al-Safahat. After the organic saffron Gel, Aqua Pearl Serum became their next best selling during the winter season of 2018.
In 2020, when all the businesses were going down, Ayeesha Aquib’s Al-Safahat gained many customers from distant parts of India. They made their ground stronger by organizing various giveaways and quarantine combo pack offers.
Al-Safahat has launched its new website in November 2020, with a complete hair care package for adults. During the winters most of us face hair fall problems and dandruff issues, Ayeesha Aquib has solved this problem permanently and organically-Safahat has launched their new website, www.al-Safahat.com in November 2020, with their new launch, ‘The Complete Hair Care’ package for adults.
Islam for girLs🤔
I have a question for all muslim boys and men..aaplog azan k waqt ldkiyon ko sr pe dupatta rakhne ko kehte ho..thik hai achhi baat h bilkul rakhni chahie lkin aap ye btao kya apko v sr dhakna nai chahie???
Kya quran me aisa likha h k sirf ladkiyon ko hi sr dhakne ka hukm hai ladkon ko nahi???
The Seaweed resources in India – prospects and challenges
n 2019–20, India produced over 325 million tons of food grains to feed more than 1.4 billion people. This population is increasing every year. As it grows, demand for food grain production increases. Traditional Indian agriculture is currently at maximum production levels but lacks the capacity to fill the gap between production and demand. The farmlands are further put to more lucrative uses of land for building townships, industrial corridors, commercial establishments, infrastructural facilities etc. Therefore, it is imperative that society must identify alternative resources that will support and supplement the long-term human food demands sustainably with minimal environmental impacts. There is ample evidence of the importance of seaweeds in the context of human food needs and ecological benefits of farming. Economic uses of seaweeds particularly for food, feed, phycocolloids and agro-based products, are well known for centuries and are now being extensively investigated for their application in bio-fuel, neutraceutical, medicinal, personal-care and food additive industries. Direct consumption of seaweeds as food in the form of salads, soups and a number of other food preparations is very common in Southeast Asian countries. Japan, China and Korea stand at the forefront of seaweed utilization in human food preparations, whereas in India, seaweeds are used only for the extraction of industrially important phycocolloids such as agar, alginate and carrageenan.
Global production of seaweeds has been estimated at 30.1 million wet tons in 2016, with 95% of the total produced from culture and the remaining 5% from natural beds. The top seven countries that account for global production of seaweeds are: China, Japan, Korea, Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia and Vietnam. However, in India, agar and alginate are produced from seaweeds harvested from wild stocks. The present review provides an overview of Indian seaweed resources, their utilization and the associated seaweed industry. Recent initiatives to develop and transform seaweed farming into social enterprises are described. Opportunities and challenges for building a successful seaweed industry in India are also discussed.
India is among the 12 mega-biodiversity nations in the world. India’s coastline is 8100 km long and has an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 2.17 million km2 (equal to 66% of total mainland area). Nearly 30% of its human population is, one way or another, dependent on the rich exploitable coastal and marine resources. The Indian coastline, with its different coastal ecosystems, supports luxuriant growth of diverse seaweed populations, having considerable economic importance.
Indian agar production started in 1940 on a cottage-industry scale. Later, a process for industrial manufacture of agar was developed. With the development of the industrial methods, a few processors started agar production This food-grade agar meets most domestic Indian requirements. Food grade agar powder fetches higher prices than agar strips.
Alginate is extracted from wild stocks along the Gulf of Mannar coast. Alginate production has steadily increased from 98 metric tons in 2003–200 metric tons in 2016. SNAP Natural Products and Alginate (P) Ltd. is the major producer. SNAP produces a variety of alginate products, including food, pharmacological, industrial, textile and welding grades. Alginates have been used in a wide range of applications as thickening and gelling agents in the food and feed processing industries. Pharmaceutical industrial concerns utilize alginate coloring agent as stabilizers and in the textile industry as water proofing, paper coating and in wastewater treatment.
The Southeast Indian coast is considered to be most suitable for commercial seaweed cultivation because it has shallow, wide and flat coastal shorelines with moderate wave action, and rich in nutrients including phosphorus and nitrogen. Seawater salinities and temperatures are optimal for seaweed production making the region suitable for commercial seaweed cultivation year round, except during the monsoon season. Essential cultivation supplies including bamboo, rope and anchors are readily available at reasonable prices close to the cultivation sites.
Economics of seaweed cultivation
The bamboo raft system is the preferred method for all industrially valuable Indian seaweeds. Advantages include: raft located in sub-surface seawater column providing adequate sunlight exposure; rafts are easily handled and relocated to suitable locations free from epiphytes and grazing; and bottom nets minimize herbivore grazing of algae. Materials for making rafts (e.g. bamboo, anchor stones, polypropylene rope, etc.) are commonly available close to the farm areas.
Future directions in seaweed culture in India
Indian seaweed cultivation dates back nearly four decades. Cultivation technologies have been developed for several industrially valuable seaweeds over the last 20 years but there are still many challenges to overcome. Challenges include the need for high-temperature-tolerant and fouling- and disease-resistant strains. Most Indian seaweed cultivation is located in near-shore waters, and to overcome inshore challenges an alternative farming strategy including expanding to offshore culture systems is recommended.
Indian seaweed cultivation in near-shore areas faces several challenges. Expansion of cultivation grounds is a major constraint due to water use conflicts with fish landing centers and commercial fishing activities. Human sewage rich in phosphate and nitrate from major municipalities and small towns has negative impacts on seaweed growth. Run-off from land-based agriculture, thermal power plants and chemical factories inundates near-shore waters and contributes to commercial cultivation challenges. Shallow, near-shore seawater temperatures often reach levels that inhibit seaweed growth. These challenges represent contributing reasons to relocate seaweed cultivation operations to offshore sites. Offshore seaweed cultivation has several potential advantages including: elimination of space limitation as vast ocean areas are available; water use conflicts are minimized due to minimal fishing activities; and offshore waters are clean and transparent as agricultural runoff, sewage and industrialized discharges are minimized due to open ocean dispersion. Offshore algal farming has potential disadvantages including: maximum wave height of 5–10 m; current velocity of 2–3 knots; and wind speeds of 35 m s−1 all of which can damage and dislodge the farm infrastructure. Offshore farming units must be able to withstand these dynamic conditions. The development of novel, offshore seaweed farms could play a major role in generating sustainable energy from biomass. Use of special textile mats can simplify seaweed farming and substantially increase yields. .
Biofuel production from seaweeds
Seaweeds are appealing potential biofuel feedstock candidates for the production of transportation fuel, as they grow rapidly and exhibit high photosynthetic light harvesting efficiency. Globally, several countries including India have reported efficient conversion of macroalgae to biofuels such as bioethanol, biobutanol, biomethane and biohydrogen. Potential Indian seaweed genera for biofuel production in India include Ulva, Kappaphycus, Gracilaria, Gelidium, Sargassum, etc. Red algal genera including Kappaphycus, Gracilaria and Gelidium have been cultivated in India for phycocolloid production. Due to their potential for large-scale farming, these seaweeds have been examined for their biofuel production potential, utilizing their phycocolloid or cellulose content as substrates. Recently, green seaweeds, mainly Ulva sp., have also emerged as potential feedstock for biofuel production due to their high carbohydrate content, higher growth rates and lack of direct commercial utilization. Several research groups in India are actively working on the growth engineering of seaweeds, bio-refinery techniques for extraction of value-added products and photo-bioreactor design for high biomass production. Biofuel production from residual biomass after extraction of value-added bio-products from seaweeds makes the process economically viable from an industrial perspective.
Opportunities and challenges for establishing successful seaweed industries in India
Bio-fertilizer and bio-stimulants from seaweeds have immense potential in the Indian agriculture sector. Seaweed bio-stimulants increase crop yields and quality, reduce use of chemical fertilizers and help improve the soil fertility. India imports seaweed bio-stimulants worth US $25–30 million annually from Canada, Norway, Indonesia, Philippines and China. There are opportunities to promote indigenous sea weed-based technology for the production of bio-stimulants. Promoting indigenous seaweeds for bio-stimulants will reduce the fertilizer subsidy burden of the Indian exchequer.
Seaweeds have the potential to be used in a broad spectrum of products such as: food, biofuels, chemicals, cosmetics, medicines, etc. The National Bio-fuel Policy of India (2018) targeted 20% blending of biofuels by 2030. It is estimated that, if 460 million tons of fresh seaweed biomass per year could be harvested from a 10 million hectare area (corresponding to about 5% of total EEZ of India), it could generate 6.66 billion liters of bioethanol, which would meet the targeted petrol blending by 2030 in India. Industrial production of biofuel from seaweeds needs to be given top priority.
India’s traditional food practices are different from other Asian seaweed consuming nations. Although 30% of the Indian population lives close to the sea, people are not accustomed to eating seaweed. Formulation of a wide variety of recipes by food technology institutes for adaptation to Indian palates and popularization through social media are needed for promoting seaweed-based foods in India. International collaboration for processing and preparation of seaweed-based foods should be established with the Southeast Asian countries where consumption of seaweed food is popular.
Seaweeds have tremendous business potential for generating revenue and jobs in bioactive and cosmetic sectors as they possess anti-ageing, anti-oxidant and moisturizing properties. However, such applications are not yet developed at the industrial level in India and so an initiative to do so needs to be given priority. Seaweeds with high pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications need to be identified and cultivated at large scale through industrial collaborations. Identifying suitable cultivable and scalable seaweed strains for pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications should be undertaken by an industrial public-sector collaboration.
Several cultivation technologies have been developed through significant Indian research and development efforts, and commercial seaweed farming is being carried out using floating rafts along the southeast coast of India. Such structures are suitable for near-shore waters where low tidal amplitude and minimal tidal influences persist. However, a major portion of the Indian coastline is exposed to the open sea and has high tidal amplitudes. Recently, Tube net method has successfully been developed on the Gujarat coast. Tube-net systems withstand rough sea conditions while producing good biomass yields. Several other culture systems which can withstand high water dynamics in open water areas needs to be developed. Seasonal dependency on Indian seaweed culture represents a crucial challenge needing to be overcome. Monsoon periods in India are associated with occasional occurrence of cyclones and typhoons and create high seawater turbulence and high tidal fluctuations. Cultivation during this period is restricted to seed bank preservation. Land-based cultivation in intensively operated ponds has been done successfully for several species. In India, seaweeds are mainly used for extracting phycocolloids and the high cost of pond-produced seaweeds may not be profitable unless the harvested seaweeds are processed for multiple products e.g. biofuel, bio-stimulants, food, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals Seaweed growers are receiving minimal prices for their harvested seaweeds due to their sale to cottage-level industries for indigenous phycocolloid extraction. Export of dry seaweeds has been banned for several decades. If the ban is lifted and export of dry seaweeds is permitted, farmers will realize higher prices for their seaweeds. Other challenges in seaweed farming affecting crop productivity and quality are crop health issues such as high temperature impacts, diseases which rely on R&D efforts to reduce or eliminate.
Journey of new life after covid-19?
“This is the fight of our lives. We are going to win. Whatever it takes”
One of the most memorable and beautiful line said by ‘Steve Rogers’ alias the famous “captain America” in the movie End-Game, when the avengers were risking their lives to get the infinity stones to end up the dark legacy of Thanos. So, Here I am again with my thoughts in the same series. This time I have come up with some questions which you can easily get from the Title itself. So, what do you think about the situation after this real End-Game? Will our super heroes be successful completely in ending the dark legacy of this real ‘Thanos in the form of Covid-19’? And if even we get the success in the near future, what would be the outcome in the near future. How are we going to start the journey of our new life after this pandemic gets over? Whether people will learn the lesson from this ongoing situation in life and learn the real art of living? And the major one How the world is going to recover itself from the world-wide economic crisis and challenges in front of our government of this economic crisis. Whether there will be a change their life styles after all this come to an end or they will continue their past? These are the questions which I guess will be in the mind of most of the people who are thinking about future. Though this pandemic has put us in a great trouble but if we have a look on the other side of the aspect, we will see that due to this situation when everything has stopped, the nature is healing itself very fast. According to a report of NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), the earth is shining very bright and the Ozone layer has healed its hole over Arctic region completely. If we talk about India, the Air Quality Index abbreviated as AQI has decreased down sharply and for the very first time after long years people can breathe in clean and pure air. We have also got the news became viral on 5th April, 2020 of the famous ‘Dhauladhar mountain range’ of ‘The Great Himalayas’ are visible from Jalandhar district of Punjab after 30 years. You will be surprised to know that the distance between the two are approx. 214 Kms. So, one can easily calculate the purity and cleanliness of the air in our surrounding from this data. Last day or earlier that, I guess you all have read the news that the holy river Ganga at Haridwar is now being considered as pure and fit for drinking and Narmada water at Jabalpur, MP has been declared as pure as mineral water. So, by all these we can think easily how our nature is doing great. But the major question arises that “will this all be continue after this pandemic as well as this lock down will be over in near future” will all of us think of living our lives along with maintaining the natural beauty as well as keeping the point of conservation of the nature and its habitat? It will also be a great challenge of the government as well as the environmentalists all around the globe to take effective and must implemented steps and rules to conserve the nature and its beauty. So, it is also an important question for them that how would they do all these?
Another major problem which the whole world has to face after all this is the great economic crisis. According to an article published in ‘The BBC News dated April 9 2020, Kristalina Georgieva the Managing Director of International Monetary Fund (IMF) said that “the world faced the worst crisis since the great depression of 1930s” till date and this pandemic will turn global economic growth, “sharply negative this year”. She also forcasted that in 2021 the world will see only a partial recovery. According to her it was expected in January that approx.160 member countries of IMF will have their positive growth per capita income, but now the number has been turned on its head completely. Now 170 countries have been predicted to experience negative per capita income growth this year. So, one can easily understand the worst effect of the virus on the world economy. If we talk about India that if the lockdown extends further approx. 1.3 billion people likely to result in economic recession and millions of the daily wage workers will suffer the threat of starvation. Though the former RBI governor Shri Raghuram ji Rajan has wrote “It is said India reforms only in crisis like as it has done earlier”. But still it will be a great challenge as well as headache for the government to save jobs and bring back the country from the threat of economic recession after all this gets over.
Because after all this, “A Part of the journey will End” and after that the path of the new journey will be in our hand that how we start it? I end up here only again with the same question mark so that you can think on your own what will be the scenario all around the world after the end of this real ‘End-Game’ and how are we going to start our new life and new world again?
Corona following the path of ‘Thanos’
‘You have my respect Stark’, when I am done, half the humanity will still be alive’. I guess most of us remember this famous dialogue from the great villain of Marvels Studios till date. Yes, I am talking about ‘Thanos’. He says this statement while interacting to Tony Stark; ‘The Iron Man’. His only dream was to maintain balance on Earth by clearing half of the humanity from Earth. Though that was his madness only as the way he selected cannot be justified in any sense. How can anyone think of maintaining balance by taking half of the innocent lives. But the spread of the present Pandemic Corona Virus and the ignorance of the common public across the world toward this pandemic will justify the dream of Thanos in near future. It looks like the Pandemic is on the way of Thanos to clear the lives from Earth. Till now the pandemic has taken more than 2.5 million people under its grip around the globe taking More than 2 lakh lives. No one knows its main origin though everyone knows just that it came out from China (either from the Wuhan Centre of Virology or the fish market as the scholars are predicting) and started playing with the lives of people just like the puppeteer, who plays and manipulates the puppet as per his will.
I remember another dialogue from the movie ‘Avengers-End Game’ the next part of the ‘Avengers Infinity War’. The most famous one “I am inevitable”. Though Thanos got killed at last in the movie and the super heroes saved the world from being cleared out. But in this real life this virus is still inevitable and the whole world is waiting for such super heroes to appear anywhere and save the world. We all are locked under homes and feeling just like the animals in the zoo cage feel. No one knows when this dreadful scenario will be over and once again the whole world will take breathe in the open air again. More than 70 countries are competing with each other in order to get the vaccine of this virus but the result seems very far from their reach. The Medical personnel, the police team, the defence services and the workers working in such condition and serving the people while risking their lives are our super heroes in real sense. Some have lost their lives while fighting this small but monster virus, but still their energy didn’t get lower and they are still fighting with all their guts.
It’s also a great opportunity for all the country men to be super heroes by being safe and keeping others’ lives safe. According to a journal published in ‘The Business Insider’ “A single person, not living in quarantine and following the proper social distancing can infect more than 50 people around him and this could end up to infecting 59,000 people in a snowball effect”. One can easily imagine the worst scene by this data. The whole world has now come to a stop and no one knows when everything will be fine again. The major sectors of every country have affected so badly that many start-ups have got ended before being started and many established companies have reached on the verge of bankruptcy and shut down. New joiners are losing their jobs due to all this mess. Tourism sector has got affected the most due to this as the whole sector is dependent upon the people and nature. Due to this the economic conditions of every country have been affected very badly. The developing countries like India and others have got affected the most as tourism plays an important role in the economy growth of every country. The most developed and successful countries like USA and Italy having the most advanced medical facilities have put their weapon down against this pandemic Corona virus. According to an article published in, The Washington Post’ dated April 16, 2020 by Heather Long, about 22 million of people have declared themselves unemployed due to the emergency and lock down. Last week the American President, Donald Trump along with his best medical team confessed that the situation is so worse in USA that if the virus gets stopped spreading and the death toll gets topped after about taking 2 lakh lives, they will think that their medical team has done quite well. Now we can imagine the dreadful situation of the developed country like USA from the above said statement and must think the worst as well as the fearful situation in the country if it gets community spread across the nation as the virus has already spread its legs across the nation and expanding very fast.
So, it’s the real time for all the country men to show their real patriotism, love and care towards our nation and the support to our government and all the warriors who are fighting for us to overcome this virus while risking their own life to threat in real sense. It’s an urge to everyone just follow the instructions and information properly. Just stay at home; stay safe and healthy and keep others safe and join hands together to get a must want win over the monster Corona virus. Then only we can say with proud “Muskuraega India, Jeet jaega India”.
Today I want to tell about NOTHING IS IMPOSSIBLE
As we know friends. We know very very well nothing is impossible in this world.because if we want to do like this than we can do easily
If we will struggle Day by Day then we can Go ahead and we can do anything any where without fear
For example we know very very well About P.M MODI one that he was doing hard work and he struggled day by day and he was thinking how to become a great man from that time he started to struggle and he kept moving slowly slowly and one Day he became P.M of India
And like this we know about A.P.J Abdul kalam one that he was selling the news paper and he was also knowing nothing is impossible in this world and he also struggled day by day and the world today knows it as a missile so friends we should not come back and we should also struggle then we can do anything the person who is becoming great man that's person has struggled Day by Day
Writter Mr HIFAZATULLAH
Short Writing on #IndianCitizenshipAmendmentAct2019
Officially Published On:23rd December 2019
Beginning of my political understanding I supported BJP and its principal ideology recent decisions of central government demonstrated, its commitments which they had made during their political rallies by passing several complicated and complex laws .like Abrogation of Article 370,Article 35(a),Muslim women marriage rights act 2019,Demonitisation,GST,formation of 2 new union territories of Ladhak and Jammu and Kashmir, merger of 2 union territories daman and Diu and Dhara and Nagar haveli,10% reservation to economic backward classes and several other laws, amendments,policy, programmes and other government initiatives. Personally I always welcomed all the initiatives of BJP lead central government but…..
In case of citizen amendment act, I strongly oppose the move of central government.
Before extending my opinion on this act I would like to explain the important provision of act which I discovered from official gazette notification issued on 12th December 2019
a) It provide that person belonging to Hindu,Sikh, Buddhist, Paris,Jains and Christians community from Afganistan,Bangladesh & Pakistan who entered India on before 31st day of December 2014 and who has been exempted by the passport (entry into India ) act 1920 application of the provision of foreigners act 1946 or any rule or order made under, shall not be treated as illegal migrants.
b) The act reduces the aggregate period of residence or service of government from 11 years to 5 years.
c) Act says that these migrants from specified religion and countries do not need to show any document s to prove their identity to become citizen of India if they simply fulfill the provisions mention under section 2 sub clause (1), in clause (b) of this act.
• My protestation or Objection to This citizen amendment act:
I personally believe central government decision is either based on emotion/moral or political I am saying this because in most of the interviews home minister Amit shah said that religious persecution are faced by religious minorities in these three Islamic nations and so he argued that were these people will go therefore government granted citizenship to them by simplifying citizenship law.
My first objection to this act is that political authority should not make any decision on the emotional grounds and by making this law government had weaken the provisions for acquiring Indian citizenship.-
Government Ministers are quoted statements of Mahatma Gandhi, Nehru,B.R.Ambedkar and Sardar Patel to support their move they say that Gandhi ji said that whoever want to come back to India from these country they should come & we should accept them, but I argue that today’s circumstance is completely different in terms of population, economic condition, resource scarcity, administration and many other in which we can’t accept any more outsiders as we had done at several occasions in past like at time of 1971(Indo-Pak war), Uganda crisis and during Sirlankan civil war.
Some of the other important objections are:
Government had said that they don’t have the numbers of illegal migrants who will get citizenship for this they stated several reasons but if I assume that 50 lakh or more migrants will get citizenship under this act.
I think government had forgot that what is the condition of population in our country even after government itself accepted that population explosion is serious concern for our country. Prime Minister himself raised his concern on population in his 15th august Independence Day speech but in against of their own concern they had taken this step, don’t you think by taking this decision population explosion will get strength.
If you follow government closely you had observed that government claim that all their decision will have long term impact or today’s hard decision will give benefit in future same principle will be applicable in this case if you will today allow 50 lakh(assumed) migrants they will become in cores in future which will not only impact our population calculation but they will also effect to our demographic profile I am saying this because government always talk about long term effects.
• My other objection to this act is that I don’t have any issue in regard to religion these migrants belong it doesn’t matter for me I have objection that these illegal migrants after getting citizenship they will get all opportunity which currently our citizen enjoy in feature these outsider can even able to become the Prime Minister our country or occupy various administrative posts this is unacceptable because we don’t know backgrounds of these migrants and which may possess serious security concerns.
• First time in entire south Asia any country has granted citizenship on religious ground before that only Israeli granted citizenship on religious ground and as a secular nation we should maintain this principal during the formulation of any policy or law,so I in very beginning said that government decision is influenced by emotion. India as a secular nation should avoid formulating such laws in future.
• Government can’t walk away from the question that do all migrants face religious persecution? How government will ensure that unwanted element will not entire in our country under the shade of this act only by arguing that all migrants had faced religious persecution and to prove this statement home minister is arguing the condition of minority in Pakistan that minority status declined from 23% to 3% & in Bangladesh from 25% to 7% (as per central government) but by simply stating such statement we can’t prove that all migrants faced religious persecution ,soI ask government to establish effective mechanism to filter the unwanted migrants and do not treat all same because in future it may raise security concerns.
• This act also violate the principle of equality which guaranteed in our constitution under article 14 and no law can be formulated in against of this principal but government argues that they had not violated this principal and used the principal of exemption which means in different circumstances we can use the principle of positive discrimination based law I oppose this because government should only use this principal for the benefit of our Indian people and not for benefiting outsiders by bringing such laws.
• I believe that government decision to provide citizenship to illegal migrants is correct in my opinion if I only address their social, economic condition in which they are living and where there is question of survival comes but it is hard fact that no country should take any decision in emotion or on moral grounds and it has no place in administration and government decision should be rational but in this case decision is not rational I am saying this because in this case government had curtail the opportunities of existing citizen and provided to these outsider, please understand what I am saying I believe that our people will face several issues, problem & negative consequences due to this act now you will ask how, I think my Indian people are capable to understand how.
• Government and party spokespersons must restrict them from speaking in against of protesters and question on their intention or to say they are guided by political parties propaganda is unfortunate in any democratic setup were protest is ultimate tool to raise voice against decision of government and this tool should not be questioned but yes I oppose any kind of violence take place in shade of any protest it should be avoided.
• To say that people are protesting because they have misinterpreted information on CAA by opposition political parties is wrong because when government passed abrogation of article 370 no protest took place, Ram temple decision came no protest took place, government done demonetization single protest had not taken place, government introduced GST no protest took place so what I want to say that government need to address concerns of people if there are protest and should not reject it by questioning their knowledge Or lack of information about CAA or by saying there is political propaganda behind such demonstration.
• I will restrict myself from commenting on incident happened in Jmiya Milia Islamya university were clash between students and police took place in which both side were injured and same like incidents in against of CAA occurred in different others parts of country in my observation role of both students/protesters and police were under suspensions and to prove their claims there is need to establish expert body to probe all essential facts before drawing any conclusion.
• Uttar Pradesh government is establishing new practice by imposing fine on those protesters who were involved in spreading violence and destroying public property but I think only protesters should not be punished police man are equally responsible in spreading violence because when they failed to control violence it spread and if I refer to one UP minister statement that stone palters were called from Jammu And Kashmir then there is also a failure of state intelligence and Yogi government should immediately throw such police officer’s from his administration UP CM should know that every coin has two side and his decision to impose fine is not rational in any way.
o View on National Register of Citizen (NRC)
• The National Register Citizen (NRC) is the list of Indian citizens in Assam and primarily brought for State of Assam, which faced influx from Bangladesh during 20th century, is the only state having an NRC.
• Most important thing to remember is that under this NRC 3.29 crore people submitted their application out of which 1.9 crore names were registered.
a) This NRC was introduced to fulfill the demand of ALL ASSAM STUDENT UNION (ASSU)in 1979 and in 1985 Rajeev Gandhi government signed Assam Accord in order to full fill their demand to deport outsiders under this accord those who came in Assam before January 1,1966 they will deemed as citizens but those who came in between January ,1996 to 25th march 1971 could get citizenship by leaving in India/Assam for minimum 10 years and those who came after 25th March 1971 they will be deported to their country after identification when this matter came before Supreme Court in 2013 after court direction later Modi government incited further steps to implement it.
My Opinion and argument on NRC in context of CAA:
Government argument is that CAA and NRC is two separate exercises and they both do not associate with each other in anyway but in my opinion both NRC and CAA is two different think it is true were one defines that who is citizen and other identify who is illegal migrants now for me how both are associated with each other you see when government introduced NRC in Assam they found that more than 50 Lakh people declared illegal to protect some of the migrants from deportation BJP government in name of Religious persecution brought amendment to Citizenship (Amendment) act of 1955 to give citizenship to 6 minority communities of 3 Islamic state Bngladesh,Afganistan and Pakistan now were in Assam more than 50 lakh people were deporting under NRC now due to this CAA 2019 18 lakh (assumed) people will be protected from deportation.
I think by bringing this act central government had cheated & violated the provision of Assam accord which is unfortunate because in future it will influence the efforts of central government in establishing communication with other north eastern militant groups in establishing peace & It will also diminish the trust between people and government.
Recent address of prime minister and home ministers reflected, state of confusion within government on the issue of implementing NRC in entire country I am saying this because if we refer to the speech made by prime minister on 22nd December 2019 In Delhi he said that government had not discussed anything on the issues of NRC in any cabinet meeting were his home minister in parliament reflected in his speech made on 9th and 12th December that government next step will be to implement NRC in entire country.
I robustly support NRC for the reason that today we really need to identify illegal migrants & deport them to their original country from where they belong to it is necessary from our security perspective and for protecting interest of our citizens under citizen first principle.
Assisting illegal migrants by help of law should be appreciated if government is doing this on humanitarian ground but when government allow these migrants on their religious grounds then intension of government must be question even after government theory of religious persecution is correct But it is difficult for me to say that government is using migrants religion for vote bank politics if I refer to government policy,programmes & initiatives which they made without any difference but we should remember politics is different from administration.
Therefore I support NRC but I strongly oppose CAA because were NRC identify and deport illegal migrants were CAA protect some sections of migrants from deportation and also provide citizenship to them and NPR statistics will help government in identify illegal migrants in some or any way.
What is NPR? Before extending my opinion you should know what it is.
a. National Population Register (NPR) was brought by Congress government in 2005 and its first survey under this NPR conducted in 2010 and later updated in 2015 by BJP government it was decided by congress administration in 2010 that after every 10 years this NPR will b e conducted now what is controversy? recently modi cabinet approved 3,500 (crore) for NPR which will be conducted between March to September 2020 but some people are associating NPR with NRC and speculating that government may use this data for NRC but government argument is that NPR is normal exercise which take place after every 10 years and not associated with NRC.
b. Why we need NPR if there will be censes in 2021 reasons below:
1. NPR is register of the usual resident of country usual resident define as a person who has resident in local area for the past six month or more or a person with intend to resident in that area for next six month.
2. In NPR data citizen can register as well as non citizen because it is data to know the current status of that area nothing more.
3. NPR is brought to create a comprehensive identity data base of usual resident in the country. It may include 15 demographical particulars need to be filled by every individual like: name, father name, mother name, Gender, Date of birth, nationality, present and permanent address and educational qualification.
4. Under NPR there is no need to submit or to show any documents it will be done on self attested.
We should difference between census & NPR some of the difference are:
1. NPR only contains demographic information were census called information on demographic, economic status, living standards and education, house and amenities besides other census is used for reviewing the country’s progress in past and for the future planning. Other difference between NPR,CENCUS &NRC are:
2. NPR is a database of people living in India, it may be citizen of India or not.NRC is database of Registered Citizens were NRC is database of registered citizens NRC process demand for proof of citizenship and if failed it may lead to deportation if not receive any remedy by court of law or tribunal established for purposes but NPR is jut to know what is the current demographic area wise and census is use for understanding current population and standard of living of person any many thing more to plan for future development accordingly.
Example: Jharkhand is believed that most of its population is consisted of tribal community and government will make policy only for the betterment of tribal people but by the help of NPR government will have information if any other communities live there than government policy will also include them.
• I support government s view on NRC and NPR that both had no link with each other but I believe it completely depends on the will of government weather to use data collected under NPR or not in formulating NRC data.
• On the issue of NPR there is state of confusion among citizens that NPR is first step in order to implement NRC in entire country (India).
We can trace genesis of such confusion under following points:
a. In parliament between 2014-2019 Modi government in answer to question asked by member of parliament during question hour of parliament in which minister of state in home affairs Kiren Rijiju responded five time in Lok Sabha and two times in Rajya Sabha that NPR data will use in process of NRC.
b. Congress government also accepted in its annual report of ministry of home affairs in 2008-2009 that NPR will be used for NRC when P.Chidambaram was then home minister but congress party in its defense said that they started NPR only as pilot project and done only first phase in collecting data but modi government NPR is differed because it ask different questions then congress NPR.
c. Therefore if we will go for technical reference from government official reply we will get to know something different and if we refer to government unofficial interviews we will get another information but in my personal capacity I can say that we should not believe in any rumors and strictly follow the fact, NPR is in interest of our country and it is normal exercise for formulation of effective policy and any away not associated with NRC.
d. I strongly oppose the appeal of Indian Author and intellectual Arundhati Roy that citizens should provide wrong information during NPR survey which is unfortunate; I suggest legal action should be taken against her under sedition chargers.
When I oppose this act (CAA) it does not means I am against of those disadvantaged migrants but firstly I have few reservations for my own peoples which I will always address before anyone else.
I in my personal capacity condemned the remarks made against India by Pakistani prime minister and Malaysian prime minister at different international platforms they had raised that in India minorities are not safe I would like to say that in entire world only India is considered heaven for religious minorities because we strictly follow the principle of ‘unity in diversity’ & egalitarian principle. Other countries should avoid from commenting in internal issues of Indi, only Indian people had political rights to criticize our government and we always stand with our government.
Therefore at last once again I strongly oppose this citizen (Amendment) Act 2019 because in any way I had not found this act advantage to our citizen in other hand it will have unconstructive impact on our existing population in near future rest depend on your thinking.
From the desk of:
#PublishedOn:23rd December 2019
(Note:This Writing is perinformation.)
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One boy who was bilongs to a middle class family and his father has not able to earn money for any situation at this situation his other family members was uses worse words for his father and the boy was very disappointed to listen all this words .
One day he was told his father I was became a biggest celebrity and you are proud on me
This story my reality to my
Written by shahmir salim