World news of the Pakistan
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The World Bank In Pakistan
Pakistan has important strategic endowments and development potential. The increasing proportion of Pakistan’s youth provides the country with a potential demographic dividend and a challenge to provide adequate services and employment.
In July 2019, Pakistan entered into a 39-month Extended Fund Facility (EFF) arrangement with the International Monetary Fund. Stabilization measures under the EFF were expected to moderate aggregate demand pressures in the economy. Leading indicators suggested a slowdown in growth in the first 7-8 months of FY20. The output of large-scale manufacturing (which accounts for around 50 percent of industrial output) contracted by 3.4 percent in Jul-Jan FY20. The agriculture sector, however, registered growth in the rice and livestock sub-sectors.
However, the rapid spread of the COVID-19 virus since February 2020 has brought economic activity to a near-halt. Most of the country has been placed under a partial lockdown. The closure of non-essential businesses and domestic supply chain disruptions are having a significant impact on wholesale and retail trade and transport, storage and communication, the largest sub-sectors of the services sector. The drop in domestic and global demand is also compounding the strains on the industrial sector, which is hit by both supply and demand shocks. In addition, the country’s main industrial sector – textiles and apparel – is highly exposed to COVID-19-related disruptions due to its labor-intensity.
Average inflation increased to 11.8 percent during Jul-Mar FY20 (from 6.8 percent in Jul-Mar FY19) reflecting upward adjustments in administrated prices and exchange rate depreciation pass-through. The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) maintained a tight monetary stance during this period, keeping the policy rate at 13.25 percent to dampen inflationary expectations. However, as the COVID-19 pandemic spread, it reduced the policy rate to 11.0 percent in March 2020.
The Current Account Deficit (CAD) narrowed to 1.0 percent of GDP in Jul-Feb FY20, from 3.5 percent in the same period in FY19, thanks to a 17.5 percent decline in goods imports. This, together with large multilateral disbursements and higher foreign investment flows, helped shore up gross international reserves to US$13.2 billion (as of March 27th, 2020)—or equivalent to 3.5 months of imports. However, due to global developments, foreign investors have offloaded more than half of their position in domestic securities since February 2020. The exchange rate, which had remained relatively stable through June-February FY20, depreciated by 7.3 percent in March.
In the first half of FY20, the fiscal deficit stood at 2.3 percent of GDP, compared to 2.7 percent in the first six months of FY19. The fiscal adjustment was achieved through increases in domestic revenue collections and slower growth in non-interest recurrent expenditures. However, the COVID-19 pandemic is likely to put significant pressure on expenditures whereas revenue collections are expected to be negatively impacted. Pakistan’s public debt, which stood at 87.5 percent of GDP at the end of FY19, may rise as a result.
Real GDP growth is projected to contract by 1.3 percent in FY20 as domestic and global economic activity slows down sharply in the last four months of the fiscal year. The outbreak of COVID-19 will impact growth beyond FY20. Under the baseline scenario, growth will remain muted in FY21 before reaching 3.2 percent in FY22. Inflation is expected to average 11.8 percent in FY20 and to gradually decline thereafter.
The current account deficit is projected to narrow to 1.9 percent in FY20, as imports contract more than exports. Export growth is expected to remain negative in FY21 but to subsequently rebound. Similarly, imports are expected to recover slowly from FY22 on wards, as domestic industrial activities pick up. Remittances are expected to contract in FY20 and FY21, respectively, due to lower growth in the Gulf Cooperation Council economies. Increased multilateral and bilateral flows are expected to be the main financing sources over the medium-term.
The fiscal deficit is expected to remain elevated in FY20 and FY21. Revenue mobilization efforts will be negatively impacted by subdued domestic activity, while expenditures will increase to contain the spread of COVID-19 and support the economy. The fiscal deficit is expected to fall gradually by FY22 as the impact of the crisis tapers-off. However, the public debt-to-GDP ratio is expected to increase and remain elevated over the medium-term, with Pakistan’s exposure to debt-related shocks remaining high.
There are considerable downside risks to the outlook. The immediate challenge for the government is to contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, while minimizing economic losses and protecting the poorest. In the medium-to-long term, the government should remain focused on implementing structural reforms to boost private investment sustainably.
Gender mainstreaming in agriculture extension
Authors: Imran Burhan
Proposed by; Dr. Muhammad Yaseen
Department of agriculture extension, College of agriculture,uos, Sargodha
Pakistan economy relay on agriculture. A significant piece of the GDP involves that salary which is produced by the agribusiness and agro-base exercises. Ladies are spine of the family unit economy and assume an extremely noteworthy job in agro-base exercises in rustic territories. This investigation comprise of practically half of the populace for example ladies interest in farming. Pakistan and India are the two different nations as the two different economies are comparative in financial societies. This paper likewise covers the reasons of change in ladies work in horticulture and measures which concerned specialists ought to receive so as to increments support as well as profitability of female work.Ladies have consistently assumed a significant job in farming, undertaking a wide scope of exercises identifying with food creation, handling and promoting. Past the homestead, ladies assume a key job in land and water the executives in every creating nation. Ladies are frequently the authorities of water, kindling and grain.
GENDER mainstreaming a way to deal with approach making that considers the two ladies' and men's inclinations and concerns. The idea of sexual orientation mainstreaming was first presented at the 1985 Nairobi World Conference on Women.Sexual orientation mainstreaming is a worldwide issue, contacting the delicate cerebrums of scholars, specialists and researchers of 21st century. Though the job of ladies in all circles of life isn't equivalent with the sources gave to them by the states and the social orders also. Despite the fact that ladies investment in farming division is noteworthy however consequently they are denied of their fundamental training and have least access to data sources; like tv،, newspaper, radio and different sources. Right now study was led to look at the deterrents to sex mainstreaming in the rural augmentation. For the current investigation 500 number of families were chosen as study test. The information were gathered with the assistance of pre-tried and approved meeting plan. Discoveries indicated least degree of training particularly for spouses. In addition, these ladies were having immaterial use of data sources. The investigation unequivocally suggests advancement of instruction and data hotspots for ranch families. The finding of research study featured the prompt consideration of Government, arrangement producers and social orders to have a look over such lacks.
The manual is planned for use in preparing field augmentation operators and provincial advancement laborers working at the town level and it accept a general information on fundamental expansion standards and strategies.The general target of this instructional booklet is to help field expansion laborers in working all the more viably with ladies ranchers. Specifically, the manual plans to give preparing materials and data that could upgrade field laborers abilities to:
• recognize needs, needs, imperatives and openings notice by country ladies;
• guarantee that augmentation bundles meet explicit sex necessities;
• contact and discuss successfully with rustic ladies.
Land Ownership: Despite an expanding obligation regarding food and other cash crops, women do not have a secure entitlement to landandasset ownership. Men dominate this space. Without a male head of family unit, old ladies may accept this accountability. Once in a while this occurs by decision or unavoidable conditions, for example, the passing of husband, divorce, out-migration of men, etc. General society and private associations have never put forth a cognizant attempt to bring mindfulness among men and women regarding their rights ownership rights. A survey conducted by AKRSP indicates that 31 percent of the households have women holding assets and these include landhouse, shops, ornaments, gold, jewellery, fruit trees, forest trees and livestock.
infrastructure/technology: Major agricultural infrastructure including water channels and roads either dont exist or is in a poor condition. The storerooms are not accessible. Network constructed and oversaw water system channels are for the most part inclined to fiascos, for example, avalanches and frequent channel breakage.
poor inputs: This causes the families to depend on customary seed assortments, low milk production breeds, and local poultry breeds. They are both the general population and private parts they have not had the option to address these issues. There is a significant issue in the flexibly of improved excellent oat, vegetable seeds and seed potato. Without guaranteed flexibly of improved seed there is minimal possibility of improving yields.
Lack of decision making:As indicated by AKRSP, in 23 percent families, ladies settle on free choices in regards to cultivate costs while in 57 percent families, ladies don't have any dynamic force. It is additionally fascinating to realize that ladies with instruction, aptitudes and specialized preparing are bound to take an interest in choice making. than women exceptance of these characteristics .Ladies working in horticulture are less inclined to choose about the deal or acquisition of advantages.
strict limitations: Women's entrance to cultivate assets relies on the strict and socio-social frameworks winning in their general vicinity of living arrangement. In a few traditionalist regions, for example, Diamer and Astore, ladies are carefully precluded from managing outsiders. Women are not allowed to work out side . During these times they remain at the house. Maybe perhaps the best obstruction in ladies' support in ranch asset the executives is their absence of versatility
Showcasing Constraint's: Women make a solid effort to amplify creation from subsistence cultivating. Because of poor promoting offices, the vast majority of the ladies who are associated with horticulture related endeavors (vegetables, natural products, nursery, poultry and so on.) are confronting extraordinary with promoting, one of which is the absence of foundation. Without great items. Pay acquiring openings are additionally not accessible for ladies.
Womens work is not recognize:: Women's unpaid work isn't perceived at family and network level. The national monetary overviews have never deciphered ladies' remaining task at hand into monitory terms.
Sustenance Situation: The most recent National Nutrition Survey 2011 uncovered that ailing health is predominant in GB particularly among youngsters and ladies of childbearing age. Around 32 percent with low birth weigh.on Body Mass Index (BMI), about 9.5 percent moms are corpulent and 15 percent are underweight,Nutrient An, Iodine and Zinc among kids as long as 5 years and moms. In common and territorial correlation, breastfeeding was most elevated (92.2 percent) in Gilgit Baltistan The detailed utilization of iodized salt for cooking was 94.8 percent.
Requirements in the entrance to farming expansion administrations and social assurance wellbeing nets: Men and ladies ranchers don't have introduction to present day cultivating rehearses because of powerless augmentation administrations. Access and Accessibility to innovation are absent. As referenced before, absence of ladies faculty in totally concerned offices further confines ladies ranchers access to improved and motorized cultivating frameworks.
Institutional and Policy Reforms: The state government needs to present and execute unique ladies shares up to 10% for enlistment in the general population and private area characteristic asset the executives divisions. Powerful institutional and lawful changes are required in all divisions counting horticulture that ought to energize ladies to work, particularly in the farming, domesticated animals, and ranger service divisions.
Women Focused Projects: Future activities structure and usage ought to be sexual orientation delicate. There is a requirement for explicit tasks intended for the individuals living in wretched neediness dependent on their particular issues and needs. The least fortunate families ought to be urged through various impetuses to turn out to be a piece of the institutional arrangement alread existing at the town, UC and locale level.
privileges: Women's interest in network land conveyance choices ought to be empowered. The two people ought to have equivalent rights to desolate terrains created by them. Mindfulness ought to be brought to consider ladies up in dynamic while selling and purchasing of land.
Water system Infrastructure Development: Rehabilitation of water system foundation through on-ranch water the executives and new water system framework is fundamental. The legislature foundations. Likewise, sufficient degree of financing for fix, upkeep and activityof water system frameworks ought to be given in the yearly spending plans. As ladies are the extreme directors of water at the homestead level, they by and large face water shortage issues both for water system and drinking purposes along these lines there is have to fuse ladies .
Quality Inputs: Provision of confirmed seeds and planting material of improved quality in expansion to game plan of essential horticultural sources of info, Such as concoction fertilzers, hardware. seeds, and so forth on financed rates to ladies ranchers will help improve neighborhood economy.
Limit Building: Capacity of ladies and men should be fortified to support them Sell their farming produce at better rates, to decrease post collect misfortunes, and improve on strategies forms engaged with picking, bundling, evaluating, item improvement, what's more, affirmation. Discount showcases likewise should be built up.
Money related Assistance: Considerable work has been done at government and common society level to improve individuals' entrance to moderate monetary administrations. Since ladies need resource possession, there is a need to make specific money related organizations or present monetary items in the current structures that can help address this issue and can encourage ladies to begin their own undertaking. These monetary organizations ought to likewise help create business abilities in ladies
Dairy Development: Dairy cultivating and handling is a region with high potential for focusing on ladies' advancement. This should be possible through presenting improved breeds, silage making, transpor tatiorn offices, improved grub assortments, better ranch the board rehearses, convenient and proficient accessibility of veterinary wellbeing administrations, and foundation of coordinated milk assortment and transportation framework.
Preservation of common assets: The legislature and improvement accomplices ought to put forth extraordinary attempts to include ladies through urging them to become of the protection boards individually of trust for preservation of regular assets and high fields lands. Association of ladies in the board of timberland and untamed life assets and connecting of preservation endeavors to salary creating openings, for example, trophy chasing, eco the travel industry and carbon exchanging, is fundamental to ration these rare assets
Improving Nutrition: In request to give the necessary nourishment, it will be imperative to advance nousenold vegetable creation. Poor and little tarmers don't nave the budgetary asset to purchase these things from showcase and vigorously depend on grain. This satisfies their caloric prerequisite however not the absence of sustenance. Developing vegetables and heartbeats will make up for the dietary benefit of the nourishment. Correspondingly heartbeats can make up for meat, which is by and large past the buying intensity of poor ranchers. Ladies can be developed and material of the soil to made the dietary substance of their family's eating routine particularly in lean seasons.
Leg pulling state
Pakistan is state where pulling legs of successful persons is taken as best hobby, ex PM Nawaz Shareef was also disqualified because of old trend of leg pulling no case is proved yet every body is sleeping deeply.
Saad Tariq another young author found
Mr. Saad Malik has recently published his book on Amazon. It is basically written on Importance of SEO for website. It is available in 5 US dollars.
Pakistan is not a country which acts like a beggar state very poor image is building in eyes of our enemies and friends likewise. Moreover Corona is same joke like DAM funds collection. I don,t see any construction of stated DAM s. ex-Chief Justice also left his job. Can any body answer what the hell is going on?
Heaps of Pakistan(Murree)
Pakistan's most popular Hill station is Murree which lies 50 kilometers above the east of Pakistani capital Islamabad. It is a hilly region, shaping a piece of the external Himalayas and it is situated at an agreeable height of 7500 feet (2286 meters) in the Himalayan lower regions at 33 54′ 30″ north scope and 73 26 east longitude. This territory contains four significant supers that are bit by bit expanding. Murree city itself is arranged at the most noteworthy among them and it is 7500 feet high. Remaining incorporate Patriata, Kuldana, and Gharial. Waterway Jehlum has limited it by in the east, NWFP regions of Abbottabad and Haripur toward the north and West, Islamabad Capital Territory toward the Southwest, and Kotli Sattian Tehsil (town) of Rawalpindi region toward the South.
Murree was a town and it was worked by the structure edge of European urban communities with a Church in the middle and the principle street, The Mall. Shopping center Road is running alongside business places and managerial workplaces around the equivalent. The Mall was and still will be as yet the focal point of fascination. Just Europeans were permitted access to the Mall and after 1947, Non-European gain admittance to The Mall.
It was at first known as US sanatorium and it was ideal and most mainstream recovery territory. It was chosen in view of its cool atmosphere and it used to serve British soldiers and was one of the few such slope stations built up in the lower regions of the Himalayas over the Indian subcontinent. It was one of two significant slope stations in Punjab. The other one was Simla, Murree was best since it was more available from the Punjab fields than Simla. That is the reason it filled in as the late spring capital of the area till in the wake of being supplanted by Simla in 1875.
Starting point of the Name
There are various speculations exist about the birthplace of Murree's name. Marrhi is the neighborhood language in Murree. One hypothesis says that Murree's name has been gotten from the nearby Marrhi which implies an edge. There is another hypothesis as indicated by which it is gotten from Turkish marg which implies a knoll. It tends to be conceivable in light of the fact that there is extensive Turkish social impact around there.
Turkish Influence in the language
There is various words that have been remembered for the neighborhood language from the Turkish language. Turkish Marq took a very long time to become Mari. It was the by chance the spellings and these were utilized by the British when they at first began reaching around there. Spellings of Murree were embraced in 1875.