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Latest news Pandrāni - here are the news of nearby cities
Question: "Why is our history not taught to us in Pakistan Studies?". The answer is, it was...until 1981.
When examining surviving Pakistani history textbooks written between 1947 to 1980, all of them begin with the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation from 3000 BCE rather than the invasion of Sindh by Mohammad bin Qasim in 712. These books contained the collective history of the region Pakistan was in (the Indus Valley), and a decent effort was made to connect students to the land of Pakistan. The nation was viewed as a melting pot of different people and languages. Most importantly, the Pakistan Movement was described as the Muslim League had defined it; as a defence against Brahmin domination.
That all changed in 1981. Under the direction of General Zia ul Haq, the University Grants Commission issued a notice to all prospective textbook authors specifying that new history textbooks were to "induce pride for the nation's past, enthusiasm for the present, and unshakable faith in the stability and longevity of Pakistan".
To eliminate all possible ambiguities to this approach, Pakistani authors were given the following directive:
"To demonstrate that the basis of Pakistan is not to be founded in racial, linguistic, or geographical factors, but, rather, in the shared experience of a common religion. To get students to know and appreciate the Ideology of Pakistan, and to popularize it with slogans. To guide students towards the ultimate goal of Pakistan - the creation of a completely Islamised State."
In fulfillment of this directive, all of Pakistan's ancient history was either removed or simply relegated to a single insignificant chapter, with no emphasis being put that it was our history. Secondly, the invasion of Sindh by Mohammad bin Qasim was given high importance and was considered as the origin of "Pakistani history". The most disturbing aspect was the redefinition of the Pakistan Movement from the Muslim League's definition, to "a movement for Islamic revival", which mirrored the same concepts and politics of Jamaat-i-Islami. All textbooks were now being centered around the following themes, of which none were historically accurate:
1. The 'Ideology of Pakistan', both as a historical force which motivated the movement for Pakistan as well as its raison d'etre.
2. The depiction of Jinnah as a man of orthodox religious views who sought the creation of a theocratic state.
3. A move to establish the ulema as genuine heroes of the Pakistan Movement.
4. An emphasis on ritualistic Islam, together with a rejection of liberal interpretations of the religion and generation of communal antagonism.
> Destruction of Jinnah's speeches
On top of this, General Zia ul Haq ordered many of Jinnah's speeches and audio recordings held at National Archives and Radio Pakistan to be destroyed. These speeches and audio recordings were those that promoted secular, democratic ideals for Pakistan. One famous audio recording was the 11 August Speech, in which Jinnah famously said: "You are free; you are free to go to your temples. You are free to go to your mosques or to any other places of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion, caste or creed—that has nothing to do with the business of the state.” By sheer luck, the only reason why Pakistan knows of this speech today is thanks to a audio copy that was stored by BBC Radio Archives.
> Collapse of Education System
Prior to the 90s, everyone attended government schools. The advent of private schools began when Zia implemented his education reforms in the 80s. After 1982, government schools prioritised stuffing student’s minds with paranoia, parochialism, and hyper-religiosity. Students were seen as "young foot soldiers" to preserve and protect a praetorian, ideological state of which they could eventually become a part. To produce students with empathy, moral sense, and capacity to reason independently was not just unnecessary, it was undesirable. Almost never were students told to respect a queue, obey traffic rules, and desist from littering. Exam cheating and degree buying, though widespread, was not decried as a moral crime. Machoism was promoted as a virtue, not treated as a disease. Nowhere was a student taught to appreciate those who are different culturally, ethnically, religiously, in physical appearance, or perhaps ability-disability. Families with money almost immediately withdrew from government schools because of this reason, and by the 90s the era of private schools began.
> Zia Generation vs Junoon Generation
The legacy of Zia was the generation he left behind and what negative effects it had on Pakistan 20 years later. The lost Zia generation (school children of the 1980s) became young adults in the early 2000s. Is it any coincidence that Pakistan's most troubling years of suicide bombings and extremism came between 2002 to 2015? This was the period the Zia generation took control of the country, both politically and socially. No
Wrote By Mir Ishfaque M Hassni
At the age of 25 years old
i am zafar marri from balochistan .i say to that i am feeling hestiate the age of 25 years old in balochistan ,beacuse there is no rules and regulations in our country ,everyone has talking about own nepotism thus there is favourism in areas.Our balochistan and their sovereignty makes us low valus.i am not happy at all at the age of 25 year's old .
Baluchistan and Fatal Educational system
Education is the least discussed topic in Pakistan and it is the main reason of any backward society. The other provinces of Pakistan are somehow stable in terms of education as compared to the least developed and under privileged province of Pakistan, Baluchistan. Today lets raise voice for the education system of Baluchistan which is about to fall. The education systems of other provinces have some flaws but education in Baluchistan is a failure. The province is deprived of each and everything which is now near to collapse and the main reason is fatal educational system.
Education plays a role of oxygen in the society which should be in appropriate amount.as oxygen keeps environment or earth to be live on, in the same way education brings ethics in masses which is important for creation of a good society but Education is not the priority of the government that’s why the system has just been paralyzed. Some of rural areas do not have the facilities of education. people are mostly illiterate and people are not aware of their basic rights due to which every illegal thing is happening with them this situation is brought by their sardars and beneficiries, mindset of people from such areas can be estimated by well known fact in which reporter once asked a man from these areas about the use of CNIC and his reply was “this card is given to us by our sardar and we know only one use of it and that is to vote our sardar during election so such illiteracy in rural areas has led the society to destruction and mostly all illegal works are being done with them and by them, in urban areas worst scenario can be picturized, in urban areas where exists abundance institutions but with no output. They are also unaware that what is happening around them.the system is showing its worst result for common people they are not playing the role for common people due to which people are becoming tired of such system which are not performing or facillitating them but people who are in power or authorized this is dueto the incompetent educational system. The education here becomes a topic of none and that’s why we have buildings empty of ethics I have mentioned that the system has become fatal here in Baluchistan because whatever they are producing are black sheeps which are helping to deepen the ongoing system because they are the beneficiary of such paralyzed system. Here black sheeps are not the illiterate but the educated that gets degree from the institution and get into practical life where they act like black sheep that is what we have enormouse institutions but no outputs which is suffocating this system and deepening this paralysed system. The doctors are not working in government hospital; they are incompetent in private hospital but still have high status and have strong hold in this system. Engineers don’t have that skill that can be utilized, cannot work well without corruption. Teachers are incompetent and lost ethics. The educated bureaucracy is corrupt and brought their department to a very low level in fact all the departments are in deficit which collectively affecting the economy of province. Hence the province is near to collapse. This is happening in each and every department of Baluchistan and this is why I called this educational system fatal for this province, because whatever is the output, that is just deepening the same system and kind of cycle has been created which make easy entrance for such people. This cycle is too much strong and it is not the outcome of one or two years but about seventy years that has helped such people who should have become a part of prosperity are now liabilities for the province and the system is still alive and attracting good people to be bad for other so they could survive, the fatal educational system start from the school level where a child could be polished in his /her early age but unfortunately they are providing the worst environment specially in government schools and private also not lagging teachers who are not good enough to be teachers and are on high posts. They have really bad behavior, drugs are normally used. child behavior changes from that point and still they are running the institutions. when such children reach to level of middle and matric, they become habitual of cheating where whole department of education is involved under the supervision of government. The students changes its mind from positivity to negativity and in intermediate level, he tries to understand the corrupt system and he gets it in bachelors, student who should have become bright future for the province becomes corrupt and tries to convince himself to live with this corrupt system in master level he fully become a depressed person. By depressed I mean he loses the sense to think positive and becomes unknown to the basic rights and the teachers at that level give end touch to the mind which is useless for a good system but is well prepared for the paralysed system. when he gets all of this at different levels then he never tries to do something profitable for province but for himself, such acts are damaging this province and the country has lagged alot if we say something worst happening in this province, is the educational system that we have today in the province because education is the center for each and every department it is a kind of factory that produces products and supply for different department to run well if your product is containing the toxic substances it kills and maybe whole system that you want to run well is damaged and will lead to collapse ,the resources of this province is not utilized due to the paralyzed system of education ,education that we have is not telling us about such resources and we all are deep and dump about such resources and have changed our minds to do illegal thing to gain personal benefits and damage the country”s economy to great extent.
There is nothing impossible in this world Lets not hinge on seventy years disasters that have been brought by different governments. I know it might be difficult but not impossible. Let’s not let this province to collapse. .Baluchistan have many resources which are still not discovered and such incompetency is due to the worst educational system that made the incompetent people who are not able to explore this resources and take advantage out of it we can save this by applying strict rules . We should know that that societies develop through education so we need to change our focus from other problems and focus on this fatal problem we should be very clever to give chance to the government whose priority is education and knows well about education department who should be strict enough to overcome such harsh situation. Those ministers should be in power who knows his/ her targets. If we get this department to a level where we can provide pure education then this province has the potential to play a handsome rule in the economy of Pakistan. This province can have good doctors, engineers and scientists which collectively can produce enormous and extraordinary results for the province but at the end you have to be focused on your targets that no force could halt you.
EID UL ADHA
Eid Ul Adha is a Muslim festival that basically marks the end of Hajj or Pilgrimage to Makkah. This Eid is also known as the Eid of sacrifice, and it basically commemorates the faith of Abraham and devotion to Allah. According to the Belief of the Muslims, Allah asked Abraham to sacrifice his son for Allah’s sake, and even though he was a good man and loved his son very much, his devotion and faith to God was so strong that he did not hesitate to take this bold step and agreed to sacrifice his son (Huda, 2011). The willingness of Abraham to sacrifice his son for the sake of Allah caused Allah to spare his son’s life, and therefore a lamb was sacrificed in his place. This was a miracle of Allah and it proved that he has command over all things and the known and the unknown. It is because of this holy incident in the History of Islam that the Muslims now celebrate Eid ul Adha every year to earn Allah’s blessings and forgiveness.
Eid ul Adha is a sacred Muslim event that is celebrated every year around the world with sacrifice, prayer and food. Eid Ul Adha is also known as the greater Eid and it is the second most important festival in Islam. Eid ul Adha takes place in the month of hajj on the 10th of Zil hajj after all the pilgrims to Makkah have performed the obligatory events.
In the United States and Canada many Muslims gather and offer the morning prayers at a mosque or in an open environment instead of eating breakfast. After the morning prayers people gather with their family and friends and they enjoy being together. In Egypt EId-ul-Adha is celebrated by offering morning prayers and enjoying the feast. The morning prayers and the sermon are an important element and Muslim tradition around during this Eid holiday. The people meet with each other like that in USA in order to celebrate socialize and enjoy this historic day in Egypt. The people also offer sacrifices in the form of Goat, Lamb, Camel and Cow. The meet from the sacrifice is then distributed among the poor people in the form of charity.
Eid Ul Adha is celebrated as a four day event in Pakistan. All the stores are closed on the day of Eid and like that in other countries Muslims gather for the prayers and listen to the sermon in the mosque. And it is celebrated in the same fashion in the countries like Morocco and Bangladesh. All these countries are Muslim dominated societies. For the Non-Muslim countries there are no national holidays and the Eid Al adha is celebrated with some limitations. However it is a fundamental festival of Islam and a time of happiness for all the Muslims around the world .
The prayer for Eid Al adha is wajib and consists of two rakats with additional takbirs (Muslimah, 2011). The logic behind these Eid prayers is to thank Allah for his infinite blessings.
Prior to the Eid prayer there is a Khutba, and it is necessary to listen to the khutba.
In the first rakat of the Eid prayer, one performs 3 additional takbirs after the opening takbir and before reciting the fatiha. One should raise his hands for each takbir like the opening takbir.
In the second rakat again 3 additional takbirs are offered after reciting the Fatiha and the surah. All the takbirs are like the first rakat except the third takbir, after which one goes into a normal takbir for going into ruku world..
Mir Meharullah Mengal
7 CATCHY REASONS YOU WON'T STOP YOURSELF TO STARTING YOGA AND ALSO SOME IMPORTANT TIPS FOR BEGINNERS
By Tayyaba Aijaz
Winter season has been started and the freezy and cold air are compelling everyone to stay in their home. But, how... If you will not go outside so how would you be able to maintain your mental and physical health. Are you too much worried about this problem?
So, cool, we have a solution to your problem. You should start 'yoga'
It is the form of exercise that provides you a perfect physical and mental health and you can easily take it indoors.
According to Natalie Navines(a broad certified osteopathic family physician and certified kundalini yoga instructor in Hollywood California), "The purpose of yoga is to build strong awareness and harmony in both the mind and the body". Yoga can indeed help in relaxation.
PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH BENEFITS OF YOGA
It is scientifically proven that Yoga can lessen your chronic pain such as arthritis, headaches, back pain, and carpal tunnel syndrome. Yoga can also lower blood pressure and reduces insomnia also helps in:
2.Improve athletic performance
3.Safguard from injury
4.Enhance muscle strength and tune.
5. Maintaining a balanced metabolism.
6. Become better respiration energy and validity.
Apart from physical benefits yoga also helps you to manage the stress that leaves devastating effects on your body and mind. For example; sleeping problems, headaches, back and neck pain, drug abuse, and inability to concentrate.
Here are the seven attractive benefits of yoga
1. YOGA HELPS TO CONCENTRATE BETTER
When you practice yoga on daily basis it helps to calm your mind and senses. A calm mind able to concentrate better. In simple words, yoga helps in keeping fluctuating thoughts and distractions at bay. Then, your mind becomes sharper and you can concentrate for a longer period with ease.
2.MAINTAINING A MORE POSITIVE ATTITUDE WITH YOUR BODY
Combining yoga with positive affirmations is one of the powerful techniques that you can start learning today. If positive thinking doesn't come easily to you. Then, you should try some other mental strategies and techniques like yoga that can help you appreciate life in a whole new way.
3. YOGA GIVES YOU CONFIDENCE THE ULTIMATE BOOST:
Practicing yoga regularly improves your focus, clarity of mind, flexibility, and posture while also strengthening your body. It is the perfect way of revealing stress as well as implant a sense of empowerment and that is everything you need to increase your confidence level.
4. YOGA HELPS IN MINDFUL EATING :
Yoga is a perfect way to ignites self-awareness which makes us more conscious. This helps us in various ways by becoming conscious about our body, food, choices, etc. Yoga makes us aware of the self: It connects us within and helps us to determine what is right or wrong for ourselves.
5. YOGA HELPS TO DISGUST THE FOOD EASILY:
When we eat food, the food goes down into the stomach, wherein digestive enzymes are secreted that helped in the break down of the food. While performing yoga, some pores focus on stretching, strength, and flexibility that can be quite diligent.
6. YOGA AIDS YOU TO LESS OVERWHELMING :
One of the main concepts in yoga is being nonjudgmental towards both yourself and others, which is a powerful tool for stress relief since much of our stress comes from us being hard on ourselves or frustrated with others.
7. YOGA FOR PHYSICAL FITNESS :
Yoga is beneficial for many reasons. It helps to improve flexibility, works your core muscles and it allows you to perform Cardio-centric exercises in a way that is not texting to other forms of cardio training.
NOW LET'S MOVE ON SOME IMPORTANT TIPS FOR BEGINNERS :
1.Try different forms of yoga then choose one or two in which you're feeling comfortable.
2.Learn to be satisfied with exactly where you are by following your journey. This will give support your mind and body to relaxing and bring faster results for yourself
3. Good mentor can make your journey easier. So find a good mentor for getting better results.
4.Continually practicing yoga will build flexibility, strength, and stamina. So always practice yoga regularly.
5.It may take time to start seeing the results of yoga so give it the time it deserves and it will surely be delivered.
Hope you like this article. Kindly do share your opinion in the comments section.
We will please to hearing from you.
Time ⌚, it's beggest problem and solution in the world.
According to Some of people time is spin which rolling and life become death by rolling day in night, night in morning, mornings in weeks, weeks in months and months become year.....
But according to others life is lideposit which you withdraw in life or after life...
But if you have any other thoughts about life.. Comment it... Thanks
Life is too short, it's common definition which we known since childhood some time from books and some advises of elders, story, poetry and from many other huge sources. But issue is that depress people are also wish that same shortness....... So that is no matter how long or short the life so we should learn the actual meaning of life......
firstly we should understand that life is not only your......
(A. It is the blessing and chance of god to you for achieve the goals and blessing of life .
B. It is not only your life, because your parents serve their's life , for your life, or to make your life stronger.
- suicide is not solution of problem ( if you have life therefore it's means you still have the chance that you find solution of problems.........and any problem of world never remains forever.)
- if you suicide , there means you are uneducated. ( but your parents and dear want to see you as educated person and well competent person).
so don't think about the life is short, think that life is short because, god love you and god want to give you haven early, so bless you life in your positive thing which make your life happy with your relative , humans , your dears, your nears, etc.
Don,t think about problem.
(think about solution)
Don't wast your time, to think about problems.
( invest your time to think about solutions)
So don't think more, only enjoy your life with your dears..............
(happy life )
[ ] Corona is no more a natural, It is nurtured now because, the pakistanis are really mehman Nawaz and they are nurturing Corona. They dont left anything useless. They utilize everything very effectively and efficiently. Just have a look at covid 19, which become an epic story from a pandemic bcz of very friendly user pakistani awam. In our society people thought if China and rest of the world has Corona in abundance than why should they live calmly.like other products of China, they must have this Corona along with its siblings; flu, breathlessness, cough and fever. So they had import corona effected people very immensly, qurantine them for few days and gift it to the rest of the public. Corona proved a very good nature guest. It made its special place in every nook and corner of the pakistan very rapidly just because of non serious and impatience attitude(violation of SOP's) of people towards this pandemic. It brought about lockdown, collapse economy, uncountable deaths and poverty. These are such repurcussions which can't be met until years. But on the other hand thanks to Covid-19, which despite so many catastrophic outcomes, also teach people, how to live simply, how to love life, how to love family, how to use scarce resources and last but not least how valuabe life is, which people have devaluted somewhere in the race of life and there is a power, omnipotent, omnipresent, that is Allah , who can stop the pendulum anytime, so don't proud on anything.
University of Sindh