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Question: "Why is our history not taught to us in Pakistan Studies?". The answer is, it was...until 1981.
When examining surviving Pakistani history textbooks written between 1947 to 1980, all of them begin with the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation from 3000 BCE rather than the invasion of Sindh by Mohammad bin Qasim in 712. These books contained the collective history of the region Pakistan was in (the Indus Valley), and a decent effort was made to connect students to the land of Pakistan. The nation was viewed as a melting pot of different people and languages. Most importantly, the Pakistan Movement was described as the Muslim League had defined it; as a defence against Brahmin domination.
That all changed in 1981. Under the direction of General Zia ul Haq, the University Grants Commission issued a notice to all prospective textbook authors specifying that new history textbooks were to "induce pride for the nation's past, enthusiasm for the present, and unshakable faith in the stability and longevity of Pakistan".
To eliminate all possible ambiguities to this approach, Pakistani authors were given the following directive:
"To demonstrate that the basis of Pakistan is not to be founded in racial, linguistic, or geographical factors, but, rather, in the shared experience of a common religion. To get students to know and appreciate the Ideology of Pakistan, and to popularize it with slogans. To guide students towards the ultimate goal of Pakistan - the creation of a completely Islamised State."
In fulfillment of this directive, all of Pakistan's ancient history was either removed or simply relegated to a single insignificant chapter, with no emphasis being put that it was our history. Secondly, the invasion of Sindh by Mohammad bin Qasim was given high importance and was considered as the origin of "Pakistani history". The most disturbing aspect was the redefinition of the Pakistan Movement from the Muslim League's definition, to "a movement for Islamic revival", which mirrored the same concepts and politics of Jamaat-i-Islami. All textbooks were now being centered around the following themes, of which none were historically accurate:
1. The 'Ideology of Pakistan', both as a historical force which motivated the movement for Pakistan as well as its raison d'etre.
2. The depiction of Jinnah as a man of orthodox religious views who sought the creation of a theocratic state.
3. A move to establish the ulema as genuine heroes of the Pakistan Movement.
4. An emphasis on ritualistic Islam, together with a rejection of liberal interpretations of the religion and generation of communal antagonism.
> Destruction of Jinnah's speeches
On top of this, General Zia ul Haq ordered many of Jinnah's speeches and audio recordings held at National Archives and Radio Pakistan to be destroyed. These speeches and audio recordings were those that promoted secular, democratic ideals for Pakistan. One famous audio recording was the 11 August Speech, in which Jinnah famously said: "You are free; you are free to go to your temples. You are free to go to your mosques or to any other places of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion, caste or creed—that has nothing to do with the business of the state.” By sheer luck, the only reason why Pakistan knows of this speech today is thanks to a audio copy that was stored by BBC Radio Archives.
> Collapse of Education System
Prior to the 90s, everyone attended government schools. The advent of private schools began when Zia implemented his education reforms in the 80s. After 1982, government schools prioritised stuffing student’s minds with paranoia, parochialism, and hyper-religiosity. Students were seen as "young foot soldiers" to preserve and protect a praetorian, ideological state of which they could eventually become a part. To produce students with empathy, moral sense, and capacity to reason independently was not just unnecessary, it was undesirable. Almost never were students told to respect a queue, obey traffic rules, and desist from littering. Exam cheating and degree buying, though widespread, was not decried as a moral crime. Machoism was promoted as a virtue, not treated as a disease. Nowhere was a student taught to appreciate those who are different culturally, ethnically, religiously, in physical appearance, or perhaps ability-disability. Families with money almost immediately withdrew from government schools because of this reason, and by the 90s the era of private schools began.
> Zia Generation vs Junoon Generation
The legacy of Zia was the generation he left behind and what negative effects it had on Pakistan 20 years later. The lost Zia generation (school children of the 1980s) became young adults in the early 2000s. Is it any coincidence that Pakistan's most troubling years of suicide bombings and extremism came between 2002 to 2015? This was the period the Zia generation took control of the country, both politically and socially. No
Wrote By Mir Ishfaque M Hassni
7 CATCHY REASONS YOU WON'T STOP YOURSELF TO STARTING YOGA AND ALSO SOME IMPORTANT TIPS FOR BEGINNERS
By Tayyaba Aijaz
Winter season has been started and the freezy and cold air are compelling everyone to stay in their home. But, how... If you will not go outside so how would you be able to maintain your mental and physical health. Are you too much worried about this problem?
So, cool, we have a solution to your problem. You should start 'yoga'
It is the form of exercise that provides you a perfect physical and mental health and you can easily take it indoors.
According to Natalie Navines(a broad certified osteopathic family physician and certified kundalini yoga instructor in Hollywood California), "The purpose of yoga is to build strong awareness and harmony in both the mind and the body". Yoga can indeed help in relaxation.
PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH BENEFITS OF YOGA
It is scientifically proven that Yoga can lessen your chronic pain such as arthritis, headaches, back pain, and carpal tunnel syndrome. Yoga can also lower blood pressure and reduces insomnia also helps in:
2.Improve athletic performance
3.Safguard from injury
4.Enhance muscle strength and tune.
5. Maintaining a balanced metabolism.
6. Become better respiration energy and validity.
Apart from physical benefits yoga also helps you to manage the stress that leaves devastating effects on your body and mind. For example; sleeping problems, headaches, back and neck pain, drug abuse, and inability to concentrate.
Here are the seven attractive benefits of yoga
1. YOGA HELPS TO CONCENTRATE BETTER
When you practice yoga on daily basis it helps to calm your mind and senses. A calm mind able to concentrate better. In simple words, yoga helps in keeping fluctuating thoughts and distractions at bay. Then, your mind becomes sharper and you can concentrate for a longer period with ease.
2.MAINTAINING A MORE POSITIVE ATTITUDE WITH YOUR BODY
Combining yoga with positive affirmations is one of the powerful techniques that you can start learning today. If positive thinking doesn't come easily to you. Then, you should try some other mental strategies and techniques like yoga that can help you appreciate life in a whole new way.
3. YOGA GIVES YOU CONFIDENCE THE ULTIMATE BOOST:
Practicing yoga regularly improves your focus, clarity of mind, flexibility, and posture while also strengthening your body. It is the perfect way of revealing stress as well as implant a sense of empowerment and that is everything you need to increase your confidence level.
4. YOGA HELPS IN MINDFUL EATING :
Yoga is a perfect way to ignites self-awareness which makes us more conscious. This helps us in various ways by becoming conscious about our body, food, choices, etc. Yoga makes us aware of the self: It connects us within and helps us to determine what is right or wrong for ourselves.
5. YOGA HELPS TO DISGUST THE FOOD EASILY:
When we eat food, the food goes down into the stomach, wherein digestive enzymes are secreted that helped in the break down of the food. While performing yoga, some pores focus on stretching, strength, and flexibility that can be quite diligent.
6. YOGA AIDS YOU TO LESS OVERWHELMING :
One of the main concepts in yoga is being nonjudgmental towards both yourself and others, which is a powerful tool for stress relief since much of our stress comes from us being hard on ourselves or frustrated with others.
7. YOGA FOR PHYSICAL FITNESS :
Yoga is beneficial for many reasons. It helps to improve flexibility, works your core muscles and it allows you to perform Cardio-centric exercises in a way that is not texting to other forms of cardio training.
NOW LET'S MOVE ON SOME IMPORTANT TIPS FOR BEGINNERS :
1.Try different forms of yoga then choose one or two in which you're feeling comfortable.
2.Learn to be satisfied with exactly where you are by following your journey. This will give support your mind and body to relaxing and bring faster results for yourself
3. Good mentor can make your journey easier. So find a good mentor for getting better results.
4.Continually practicing yoga will build flexibility, strength, and stamina. So always practice yoga regularly.
5.It may take time to start seeing the results of yoga so give it the time it deserves and it will surely be delivered.
Hope you like this article. Kindly do share your opinion in the comments section.
We will please to hearing from you.
Time ⌚, it's beggest problem and solution in the world.
According to Some of people time is spin which rolling and life become death by rolling day in night, night in morning, mornings in weeks, weeks in months and months become year.....
But according to others life is lideposit which you withdraw in life or after life...
But if you have any other thoughts about life.. Comment it... Thanks
Life is too short, it's common definition which we known since childhood some time from books and some advises of elders, story, poetry and from many other huge sources. But issue is that depress people are also wish that same shortness....... So that is no matter how long or short the life so we should learn the actual meaning of life......
firstly we should understand that life is not only your......
(A. It is the blessing and chance of god to you for achieve the goals and blessing of life .
B. It is not only your life, because your parents serve their's life , for your life, or to make your life stronger.
- suicide is not solution of problem ( if you have life therefore it's means you still have the chance that you find solution of problems.........and any problem of world never remains forever.)
- if you suicide , there means you are uneducated. ( but your parents and dear want to see you as educated person and well competent person).
so don't think about the life is short, think that life is short because, god love you and god want to give you haven early, so bless you life in your positive thing which make your life happy with your relative , humans , your dears, your nears, etc.
Don,t think about problem.
(think about solution)
Don't wast your time, to think about problems.
( invest your time to think about solutions)
So don't think more, only enjoy your life with your dears..............
(happy life )
[ ] Corona is no more a natural, It is nurtured now because, the pakistanis are really mehman Nawaz and they are nurturing Corona. They dont left anything useless. They utilize everything very effectively and efficiently. Just have a look at covid 19, which become an epic story from a pandemic bcz of very friendly user pakistani awam. In our society people thought if China and rest of the world has Corona in abundance than why should they live calmly.like other products of China, they must have this Corona along with its siblings; flu, breathlessness, cough and fever. So they had import corona effected people very immensly, qurantine them for few days and gift it to the rest of the public. Corona proved a very good nature guest. It made its special place in every nook and corner of the pakistan very rapidly just because of non serious and impatience attitude(violation of SOP's) of people towards this pandemic. It brought about lockdown, collapse economy, uncountable deaths and poverty. These are such repurcussions which can't be met until years. But on the other hand thanks to Covid-19, which despite so many catastrophic outcomes, also teach people, how to live simply, how to love life, how to love family, how to use scarce resources and last but not least how valuabe life is, which people have devaluted somewhere in the race of life and there is a power, omnipotent, omnipresent, that is Allah , who can stop the pendulum anytime, so don't proud on anything.
University of Sindh
The story is about a Shepherd boy from Spain whose name is Santiago.He can read and wants to travel. He goes into town one day to sell some of his flock and encounters a tramp-king and a gypsy woman. They urge him to ‘follow his omens’ and leave the world he knows. The gypsy points him toward the pyramids of Egypt, where she says he will find a treasure.
Crazily, he believes her, sells his flock and sets sail. A thief in Tangier robs him of his savings.But, strangely, Santiago is not devastated, apprehending a greater feeling of knowing that he is on the right path. He is now living a different life, in which every day is new and satisfying.
He keeps reminding himself of what he was told in the market before he left: ‘When you want something, all the universe conspires in helping you to achieve it.’
What I liked:
This book left a big impression on me.It’s almost as if, while you’re reading it, you can imagine your grandfather telling it to you as if it’s a tale from his childhood. I always thought that novels were a waste of time because you never learn any “real life” lessons from them, but this book finally proved me wrong.
The story itself is special.There were a few times where I seriously couldn’t sleep, reading impatiently in the middle of the night to find out what happened next it was as if I am watching web series like The Family Man to know what will happen next.
Now you might ask, what is an alchemist? From what I understood, an alchemist is like a magician chemist who can turn any metal into gold. But throughout the story and the search for the alchemist, I felt like this was more a metaphor for life in general. If we follow our own “Personal Legends” we can perform the same magic – turn our ordinary lives into gold, as long as we believe in the journey and don’t give up on what we believe is our destiny. If you’re looking for inspiration, this story brings it in droves.
The Alchemist is a fantastic book and the storytelling is beautiful. The choice of words are impeccable, full of wisdom and philosophy . I totally loved it. The story is very enchanting and bursts with optimism which I think is very important in our lives. The book shows that the journey to your destiny is as important as the destiny itself. I love how the book emphasizes on the importance of faith, hope and spirituality through the story of an ordinary boy. I think this book appeals to everyone because we all have dreams and sometimes we just want someone to tell us that they may come true. Overall,”The Alchemist”is a very exciting fiction novel and it deserves a space at everyone’s bookshelf.This book changed my life after this book i start write Articles and now i wrote some articles in urdu and English language
Favorite Quotes from the Book:
“If someone isn’t what others want them to be, the others become angry. Everyone seems to have a clear idea of how other people should lead their lives, but none about his or her own.”Paulo Coelho, The Alchemist
“Love is not to be found in someone else but in ourselves; we simply awaken it. But in order to do that, we need the other person.”Paulo Coelho, The Alchemist
“One is loved because one is loved. No reason is needed for loving.” Paulo Coelho, The Alchemist
“There is only one thing that makes a dream impossible to achieve: the fear of failure.”Paulo Coelho, The Alchemist.
"It's the possibility of having a dream come true that makes life interesting"
Conclusion from the Story
1) Fear is a bigger obstacle than the obstacle itself.
2) What is "true" will always endure.
3) Gratitude is the practice of finding the good in each day.
4) Embrace the present.
5) Growth, change and evolution are weaved into the fabric of reality.
6) Actions will flow out of having confidence in your decision.
7) Focus on your own journey.
8) There is only one way to learn. It's through action.
Written by: Zeeshan Mallah
Book review on “Time Power Author Brain Tracy”
Brian Tracy (born 5 January 1944) is a Canadian-born American-inspired public speaker and self-development author. He is the author of more than 70 books that have been translated into dozens of languages. His famous books are really worth your money and time power. As an author, he has collected a large number of libraries around the world.
Brian is the Chairman and CEO of Tracy International, a company he founded in 1984 in Vancouver, Canada.
Quotation of Brian Tracy Page#20:
"When you devote all your mental and physical strength to a single goal, incredible success awaits you."
Time Power (Book Review) Article:
Today I am describing in my own words after reading Brian Tracy's book “Time Power” which has been translated by Asad Kazmi with additions.
I have described this book in my own words after reading it. Brian Tracy has written this book summarizing his 25 years of research. Brian Tracy says in this book that this book can make a significant difference in your life. This is not my claim, it is "belief".
This book is all about time management. This book covers all the ways that successful people have been successful in their lives. This book consists of twelve chapters. This book is very useful for four types of people.
3) Owners of companies
4) And those who want to run their lives with time.
Time management is an art in itself that allows you to build a successful life and achieve many successes.
By reading this book, you will learn all the principles and methods that will lead you to success. This book outlines all the principles and methods that can help you become a successful person.
The most important and basic feature of setting and following the time is that you have to set the time and believe in yourself because not believing will not lead you to success.
These books are about achieving success by setting the time. This book explains the ways to manage time and how you can become a successful person by managing time. If you control time, you can be sure that you can achieve as much as you want.
It is stated in this book that when you start the journey towards success by setting the time, then many obstacles will start to arise in your mind. You start to think that I have imprisoned myself for setting the time and taken away my freedom, but not at all because you don't believe in yourself and your time, as long as you By then you will not believe that such obstacles will arise. There will be many such obstacles but you just have to believe in yourself.
Reading this book will help you to know the practical plans, methods and strategies for achieving high success.
It is not enough just to read this book, but the real purpose will be achieved when you make the principles contained in this book a part of life.
In this book, the author has written on many subjects, all of which are beneficial. But what I like is the "ways to enhance your skills." In order to enhance your abilities, first of all highlight your abilities and recognize them. Get into the habit of talking to yourself to highlight your abilities. And imagine yourself to have immense abilities, you have the ability to do everything easily.
In this book, the author has written another article very well that is "Join the most successful people". These articles are useful for those who want to make themselves successful. By reading this book, you will be able to articulate your goals. And to learn how to work towards those goals and find all the ways that will help you on the path to success.
Written By: Zeeshan Mallah