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IS REALITY REALLY REAl OR NOT?:
As the mankind wakes up to its daily routine going about its chores and work and the world sets in motion the daily routine to all of us feels like a loop of activities running over again and again and going back and fort like a pendulum’s motions, yet the most distinctive attribute of mankind forces it to ponder over the existence of mankind itself . the continued progress of scientific innovation and theories made mankind wonder the nature of universe and the status of mankind in it ,the roles, the location, the position in the universe and most important ”how we got here” . from earlier times mythology became the source of this knowledge giving its theories about how universe was created by deities out of chaos but these theories remind unable to satisfy mankind ,although these theories were discarded with the advent of science and only one concept:
“The Big B ang”
Became dominant and remind the foundation of mankind’s views about its inception but, the scientist began to imagine a third possibilities about the realities of things and their nature that is that we the “humans” might just be holograms in the larger system of a simulations controlled by a super species to whom we humans might just object provided with the abilities of artificial intelligence and information processing or we might just be a research experiment to them just like robots are to us . while making such argument one has calculate the capability and the capacity of human being and of the above mentioned higher being it may seem unrealistic to some but it’s quit clear that such a possibility can exist in our reality since human mind is capable of stating that there might be other like us or better more powerful and also inferior to us in this vast universe of ours? but the questions arise that in the countless numbers of our written history in the forms of millenniums why hadn’t we contacted them or why isn’t there any mention of them in our ancient texts and books? Well the logical answer would be that they might not obey the same laws of physics and nature as we door they would just be of different shape and sizes and made of different material then us such type of description are present in many historical books spread all over the various region of the world. the second argument being is that they might be more developed in terms of civilization and technology that they might have visited and created us so that the we may became some sort of software testing project for them to extract vital result and to learn something from us as we human represent the wide embodiment of emotions such as rage , love, happiness, sadness etc as well as the intellectual capacity to build gigantic structures and scientific innovation with the combination of above mentioned qualities the human have successfully learned to prosper in an environment once a human could hardly survive such advancement has not been seen by any other being on the planet . the humans have learned to successfully harness the energy of the planet and reached the level that they are near to becoming a multi planet species . the scientist “nilolai kardeshev” has given a way to differentiate ourselves from higher being as we mentioned above on the basis of their ability to harness, store and affectively use the energy of their planet, sun,solar system, galaxy and local group it is divided into four categories:
TYPE1 TYPE2 TYPE 3 TYPE4 TYPE5
TYPE1:is able to use the energy of their palent.TYPE2: is able to use the energy of their star and solar system.TYPE3:is able to use the energy of their galaxy.TYPE4:is able to use energy of multiple galaxy.
All of these comparison differ by level of magnitude to ants we are as are as different, powerful and complex that we might be supreme to them. further the comparison is divided into sub category from o.1 to 1 representing development from hunter gatherer to the stage at which humans are today and what we might achieve in few hundred years. For the reasons stated above it is save to say we are somewhere between 1.7 to 1.9 we have dug out the fossil fuels and are shifting to renewables and also to space hence if we are able to make it here then civilization as competitive as us might have also made it here and supreme being s would be so developed almost to point of 4.0 that that they may have created us for there own reasons .
Well the reason of our creation or is there something specie ahead of the developments of humans or not is still unclear or that whether we are real or not , one can say that whether we will find out or not we should still ponder of over this question because it is the only question that will let us explore our boundries and take us to our maximum potential were destined to explore our surrounding and to see the vastness of our universe .
WATER PROBLEMS, WATER CRISES, WATER SHORTAGE IN PAKISTAN.
As we as a whole realize that our Earth surface is covered by water that is 66%. Presently a day our nation Pakistan is confronting extreme deficiency of water because of some Natural reasons and Miss Management. Water assets are possessed by Government and are overseen as freely claimed assets. 93% of water is required as agribusiness source in Pakistan though 2% of water is utilized in Industries and 5 % utilized as a homegrown reason. In Sindh under 30% of groundwater is new. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa expanding deliberation has brought about wells presently coming to saline layers. The evaporating of wells, decreased stream, exhaustion, and saltish ground water is the fundamental explanation of water emergencies. Ground water in the sub bowl of Quetta would be depleted by 2016 because of the evaporating of wells. In Islamabad the drop has been 50 feet somewhere in the range of 1986 and 2001.In Lahore the drop has been around 23 feet somewhere in the range of 1993 and 2001.Although Punjab has the best provincial water supply in Pakistan. By far most of the country populace has either funneled water from hand siphon or engine siphon. Just 7% of country populace relies upon a burrowed well or a waterway, channel or stream.
SOURCES OF WATER/RESERVOIRS
1. Indus Basin River
2.Makran Coastal Basin.
Utilization of water are:
Irrigation, Power generation, Drinking and Industries.
The Main reasons of Water crises: Is drought which is beyond the control of man or in the years when the rainfall is not normal or below from the normal state, the country generally faces the water shortage.
CAUSES OF WATER CRISES:
1. Domestic wastage of water.
2.less plumbing system.
3.Shortage of rainfall.
4.Seepage from stream,river,pipelines etc.
5.Due to deforestation.
6.Due to Climate change.
7.The us e of water in bad way like the uses of water in service station.
MISMANAGEMENT: The normal in progression of the Indus and its feeders is 141.67 Maf of which 97% is utilized in agribusiness and 3% is for homegrown and Industrial purposes. Out of 141.67 Maf, around 106 Maf is every year redirected in to one of the biggest however in proficient water system framework. The leftover 36 Maf goes into the ocean unused - all out misfortune. Out of 106 Maf redirected into a broad water system network over half is lost during the changing and the field application before it arrives at the yield root zone.
Effect ON ECONOMY: less water implies less horticultural yields and to satisfy the food prerequisites of the country, we will reliant on different nations. Less farming yields will force to head towards metropolitan territories for occupations, which will expand the joblessness further.
Deficiency OF ELECTRICITY:
Burden shedding is one of the greatest or significant issues of Pakistan. Because of the low degree of water in dams the dam can't create adequate measure of power.
HOW Might WE REDUCE THE WATER CRISES OF WATER?
Water emergencies mean the panic of water. It implies the measure of water is not exactly the prerequisite. The panic of water is because of the wastages of water, the use of water bad. Pakistan is at number 17 on the rundown of nations that are confronting water emergencies.
The powerful advancement relies on;
. Improvement strategies be set up by the state
. Monetary casing work thinking about the horticulture as industry.
. Accessibility water assets and compelling collecting strategies for overflow
. Insights of yearly water spending will help in successful arranging of water assets.
. Wrinkle as strategy for development and stream as technique for water system be executed emotionally.
In this construction of following dams should be started immediately
2.Kala Bagh dam.
3.Raised Mangla dam.
4. Mirani dam.
5. Gomalzam dam.
Solutions of Water crises, Water shortage are:
Individuals should be taught to save water by participation Moreover, government should make laws of water preservation like, numerous western nations. Endeavors are made to change over the current turn based water system framework to request situated framework.
The issues looked by the water area in the nation are many, intense and genuine and it is likewise realized that we can produce around 83 Maf of more water. Along these lines, working of more supplies and a powerful administration methodology are the requirements of time. Likewise, usage of the suggestions will empower the nation to address the difficulties and accomplish the targets of incorporated, productive, ecologically, monetarily supportable turn of events and the executives of restricted water assets. Simultaneously, it will empower us to understand each drop of our water for our brilliant future.
WEARING POWERFUL WEAPON IS EVERYONE’S BASIC RIGHT
Education is the road to national development. On the basis of education people not only aware about their duties but also they aware about what is wrong or right. One of the goals of education is to enable the people by developing their general consciousness regarding their national and international position as global citizens .Pakistan is a developing country, and only that nation goes towards development that has powerful weapons which is education. Education is the key towards success; every nation develops its generation on the basis of robust training and education on different grounds like social, economical and ideological .Now the thing is it should be everyone’s aim that their child only get quality education and they will do encourage their child to move forward to development. The investment in education pays the best interest to the nations, and a powerful passport to individuals’ future. Quality education does not lie between poor and rich, it is actually every single individual’s basic right. When we talk about quality education we come up to different facts. Now the question arises - how to make sure that every child is getting quality education and how it can be promoted for lifelong learning? This is indeed every institute, every teacher, and every mentor’s responsibility to ensure to be providing quality knowledge to students.
GOALS OF EDUCATION IN PAKISTAN:
The goals of Pakistan regarding education are mentioned here;
. It was decided in the very first national education conference 1974 held at Karachi that the education system would work according to the national aspirations of Pakistan and would be only those people highly encourage who are needy and poor who can’t afford that expensive education stuff. The father of the nation Quiad-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah has delivered in his conference that education system of Pakistan was to develop national character of Pakistani generation. The national character would contain very high sense of responsibility.
To promote quality education many institutions and committees were made. Because of this the quality of education in the country has suffered badly instead of making progress. Another major problem which has affected negatively the system is the widening gaps and distance between the educational institutions and community. Parental involvement is necessary for ensuring the quality education.
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION:
Negative factors create concerns which are mentioned-below:
● Decimation in schools
It occurs when people are treated unfairly. Powerful ones try to control the powerless for their so-called future benefits. And, those who do not follow them are incredibly discriminated against that leads to suicidal thoughts at extreme level. It should immediately be removed from schools.
· Education without instructions:
A sound education system is essential for every nation of the world. The education system of Pakistan is much affected due to improper guidance; due to weak instructions no one can polish their skills and this become resulting a great and horror issue like unemployment. Low basis private sectors do hire that young teachers who has just passed their secondary levels. And basically those things destroy purpose of quality education.
● Putting too much in one plate :
Institutes must ensure not to pressurize children to learn many languages. For example, Pakistan’s mother tongue is Urdu whereas people speak different languages such as Sindhi, Punjabi, Pastun, and so forth. Majority is Muslim so Arabic language is mandatory to be taught in schools as well. Additionally, I have mentioned above that English is an educational language over here. Therefore, It is necessary for a student to learn these all languages which means putting too much in one’s brain at the same time. It must be removed, and one language to be followed for all subjects.
· Lack of quality teachers:
Teacher is the backbone of education organizations. Majority of teachers do not know about lesson planning and how to cover them out and deliver that. Teachers don’t use new strategies and methods to enhance child’s level of understanding, they only rely on that old methods.
There are a lot of people who can’t afford quality education. Hence, policy makers must come up with something which provides accessibility to each. Organizations should extend their knowledge at a broader level.
Through this paper it is clear that only those nations are developed and successful who have quality education. It is everyone’s basic right to attain this. Every institution and government should follow the education policies. . Pakistan has already been doing a good job at providing quality education. It may take time to remove completely negative factors. Anyhow, Malala Yousuf is one of the great examples from Pakistan.
Other world news
Eating family style: Cape Town's La Tête closes its doors - Eat Out
Thursday, January 21st, 2021by Katy Rose La Tete by Claire Gunn. One of Cape Towns most iconic restaurants, and multi Eat Out award-winner, La Tête has announced that it will be closing with its last service on the 6th of February 2021. The bistro-style restaurant shook up the Cape Town food scene with a fearless dedication to locally sourced ingredients and nose-to-tail eating. Owner and chef, Giles Edwards assisted by his always-beaming Head Chef Siviwe Jaxa turned out some impressively simple food that won them many accolades both in South Africa and abroad. Famed for its freshly baked madeleines (served with a rich vanilla Crème Anglaise dipping sauce and best paired with a double espresso), La Tête brought French-style food to Capetonians and their Instagram feeds. The embossed white plates became ubiquitous on social media, with diners raving about the restaurants simple and delicate approach to local ingredients. Some of the most memorable dishes include the Blood-pudding Scotch eggs and Chicken Hearts served with potatoes and a glossy jus sauce. Edwards has been a strong supporter of smaller winemakers, and the wine list always featured some of the lesser-known and hard to come by vintages. In a social media post late on Wednesday evening, Edwards posted: We are devastated to announce that La Tête will be closing its doors in the first week of February. Despite great determination to see ourselves through this prohibitive time, we can honestly say that we have tried every avenue to no avail. Most of the team have been with us either from the beginning or through many seasons. The issue of leaving our amazing team of 16 staff without employment weighs heavily on our hearts. Regretfully, it is out of our hands. I would like to thank each one of you for your hard work, skill and dedication which has kept our dream alive over the years. I could never have imagined such an abrupt end to it all. In a last message Giles asks all friends of La Tête to join them before 6 February for one last hurrah in these last few weeks as we say goodbye. We will be serving some of our favourite dishes for our final weeks of trading. Reservations are strongly recommended. Contact the team at www.latete.co.za READ FROM 2017: Eat this now: The fish sandwich at La Tête on Bree Street, Cape Town. Header image by Claire Gunn.
Secret meetings with Zuma could sink Mkhwebane - Mail and Guardian
An alleged string of lies about Mkhwebane’s meeting with the former president in her contentious R3.2-billion Absa report has the public protector in a legal wrangle
Alleged lies about clandestine meetings with former president Jacob Zuma could sink public protector Busisiwe Mkhwebane, who is facing three perjury counts related to her R3.2-billion Absa Bank report. The public protector, who was represented by the Economic Freedom Fighters former chairperson, advocate Dali Mpofu, cut a lone and dejected figure in the box as she made her first appearance on Thursday at the Pretoria magistrates court. This was after the Directorate for Priority Crimes Investigations (the Hawks) issued a summons to her last month, and the head of the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) in Pretoria, Sibongile Mzinyathi, decided to prosecute. In a bold statement on the strength of its case, the NPA asserted: The investigation is done, and the state is ready for trial. It is unclear whether the former president would be called, either by the state or by Mkhwebane, to give evidence at the mooted trial. In the charge sheet against Mkhwebane, the NPA alleges that the public protector lied under oath in November 2017, April 2018 and June 2018 when she deposed three affidavits in filing papers to appeal adverse findings made against her office by the high court in Pretoria. Mkhwebanes alleged lies are related to her June 2017 report, which found that the South African government and the South African Reserve Bank failed to recover R3.2-billion from Absa. This was for the R1.5-billion lifeboat loan, at 1% interest, the central bank gave the now-defunct Bankorp bank between 1985 and 1991, and again in 1992. Bankorp, which Absa acquired when the latter was formed in 1991 through an amalgamation of various other banks, was facing total collapse when the Reserve Bank granted it the loans at low interest rates. In her June 2017 report, Mkhwebane found that the government and the Reserve Bank did not implement the CIEX report to recover the Bankorp/Absa loans, stemming from a 2010 complaint to the public protectors office. CIEX is a United Kingdom-headquartered asset-recovery company. Among others, the remedial action set out by the accused [Mkhwebane], [who] directed that the chairperson of the parliamentary portfolio committee take steps to amend section 224 of the Constitution to strip the [Reserve Bank] of its primary objective to protect the value of the currency and to change the consulting obligation with the minister of finance, reads the NPA charge sheet against Mkhwebane. The Reserve Bank reviewed these findings and had the remedial actions set aside by the high court in Pretoria. Mkhwebane had also ordered that the 1998 Special Investigating Unit (SIU) proclamation, which was to probe monies owed by Absa and other companies to the Reserve bank, needed to be reopened and amended. Absa, the finance ministry and the treasury filed applications to review the remedial action related to the SIU, to which Mkhwebane deposed an answering affidavit to the applications in November 2017. Advocate Dali Mpofu (left) with Public Protector Busisiwe Mkhwebane ahead of her first court appearance. (Supplied) The NPA alleges that the public projector lied under oath in her affidavit, saying she had only met Zuma once in April 2017 to discuss her CIEX report, while knowing that the declaration was false. Prosecutors further allege that, in Mkhwebanes April 2018 affidavit, which sought direct access to appeal to the Constitutional Court after the Absa/Treasury review application went against her, she said she had had a second meeting with Zuma. The purpose thereof was to clarify the [former presidents] response to the provisional report, while knowing that the purpose declared was not correct. According to the charge sheet, the third perjury count stems from Mkhwebanes June 2018 replying affidavit in her direct access application. She declared that she did not discuss the final report [or] new remedial action with the [former president] on 7 June 2017, while knowing that it was not true. Mkhwebane was released on Thursday, and the matter was postponed until March for the resolution and management of pre-trial issues.
Oxford Covid vaccine team are developing new jab to deal with mutant strains - The Sun
OXFORD scientists are working on their Covid jab to assess whether it can deal with emerging coronavirus variants. Strains from South Africa and Brazil with concerning mutations have left scientists scrambling to work out if their jabs will be affected. Read our coronavirus live blog for the latest news & updates Sheila Evans receives an injection of the Oxford/AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccine at the Al Abbas Mosque, Birmingham, January 21Credit: PA:Press Association Oxford is now undertaking feasibility studies to reconfigure the technology used to make its vaccine, The Telegraph reported, citing confirmation from the university. The scientists are working on estimating how quickly they could reconfigure their technology, should the challenge ever arise in order to attack new variants. It is hoped they will be able to make tweaks within just 48 hours notice. A University of Oxford spokesman said: "It is known that viruses constantly change through mutation These changes are being monitored closely by scientists, and it's important we continue to remain vigilant for changes in the future. "The University of Oxford is carefully assessing the impact of new variants on vaccine immunity and evaluating the processes needed for rapid development of adjusted Covid-19 vaccines if these should be necessary." Experts say if the new variants escape the vaccines in use, it should be possible to refashion them in rapid time. AstraZeneca vaccination doses prior to being given to patients Credit: Getty Images - Getty The process of changing the vaccine and getting it into arms would take a few weeks, according to Sir Patrick Vallance, the Chief Scientific Adviser. Talking to Sky News yesterday, Sir Patrick said: Fortunately the new vaccine technologies, particularly mRNA [used for the Pfizer and Moderna jabs], are relatively easy to change. You dial up a change, It only takes a few weeks for that change to be made. I think that's what we are going to see. I wouldn't be at all surprised if we needed slight variations of the vaccine to make sure we keep on top of this. Changes will occur all over the world, viruses mutate, i would expect to see more of that going forward. On the need for annual vaccines, Sir Patrick said regular Covid jabs would be needed regularly and potentially have to be changed - as is the case for the flu. He said: I think its quite likely that we are going to need regular vaccination, at least for a few years, and I think its quite likely that those vaccines may need to change a bit as they do for flu every year. Prime Minister Boris Johnson said the MHRA will be ready to approve tweaked Covid vaccines. He is pictured with a vial of the AstraZeneca/Oxford vaccine on November 30Credit: AFP or licensors Meanwhile, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said on Wednesday that the nations medicines regulator will be ready and able to give approval to tweaked Covid vaccines amid new variants popping up. Tory MP Neil OBrien asked Mr Johnson at prime ministers questions in the House of Commons about concerning data from South Africa that the virus could mutate and thus dodge the vaccines and reduce their efficacy. Mr Johnson said: We have been talking about that with the scientists over the last days and weeks intensively, just in the last few hours. We are confident that the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency will be in a position to turn around new applications for new variants of vaccines, as may be required to deal with new variants of the virus. The MHRA said: We are in discussion with vaccine manufacturers on potential modifications that may be needed for current vaccines to be effective against new variants, if required, according to the Financial Times. It comes after scientists have warned Covid-19 vaccines being rolled out in the UK and around the world may be less effective against the South African strain, known as 501Y.V2. Both the variants from South Africa and Brazil have a mutation called E484K that is known to essentially evade some antibodies. The UK variant, found in Kent, does not have this mutation. A study, which has not yet been peer-reviewed, found the mutations in the South Africa variant may be resistant to immunity from previous coronavirus infection. Lawrence Young, a virologist and professor of molecular oncology at Warwick Medical School, who was not involved in the research, said: This preprint suggests that individuals might be able to get infected with a variant of Sars-Cov-2 (the virus that causes Covid-19) even if they have previously had Covid-19. It also shows we urgently need to find out if we could see infection with this variant post-vaccination. Sir Patrick said there are unanswered questions about variants such as 501Y.V2. He said laboratory studies suggest this may be a virus that can escape some of the immune effects of antibodies, but we dont know to what degree. Sir Patrick said: We should get information on clinical effects because vaccinations are occurring in South Africa, they are occurring in Brazil, and they are occurring in other places variants may occur, so we should get some more information on that. They are more worrying in the sense they are a little more different in terms of how the immune system may recognise them. It is a real issue of concern. Its something we need to keep an eye on, but we dont have all the answers yet. I would just caution the laboratory studies are not perfect predictors of what happens in the clinic so we need to get clinical data as soon as we can. Sir Patrick said there is we are increasingly of the view that it will be susceptible to the vaccine. It comes as recent laboratory tests have indicated that the Covid vaccine developed by Pfizer is likely to work against the UK variant that emerged in Kent, called B.1.1.7. The researchers said their results indicate its is "unlikely that the B.1.1.7 lineage will escape BNT162b2-mediated (Pfizer/BionTech vaccine) protection". But it has not yet released findings on the concerning E484K mutation. BioNTech has said it plans to publish a more detailed analysis of the likely effect of its vaccine on the South African variant within a few days. GP surgeries are 'ready to go' on Covid vaccines - but don't have supplies, warns top doc