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EID UL ADHA
Eid Ul Adha is a Muslim festival that basically marks the end of Hajj or Pilgrimage to Makkah. This Eid is also known as the Eid of sacrifice, and it basically commemorates the faith of Abraham and devotion to Allah. According to the Belief of the Muslims, Allah asked Abraham to sacrifice his son for Allah’s sake, and even though he was a good man and loved his son very much, his devotion and faith to God was so strong that he did not hesitate to take this bold step and agreed to sacrifice his son (Huda, 2011). The willingness of Abraham to sacrifice his son for the sake of Allah caused Allah to spare his son’s life, and therefore a lamb was sacrificed in his place. This was a miracle of Allah and it proved that he has command over all things and the known and the unknown. It is because of this holy incident in the History of Islam that the Muslims now celebrate Eid ul Adha every year to earn Allah’s blessings and forgiveness.
Eid ul Adha is a sacred Muslim event that is celebrated every year around the world with sacrifice, prayer and food. Eid Ul Adha is also known as the greater Eid and it is the second most important festival in Islam. Eid ul Adha takes place in the month of hajj on the 10th of Zil hajj after all the pilgrims to Makkah have performed the obligatory events.
In the United States and Canada many Muslims gather and offer the morning prayers at a mosque or in an open environment instead of eating breakfast. After the morning prayers people gather with their family and friends and they enjoy being together. In Egypt EId-ul-Adha is celebrated by offering morning prayers and enjoying the feast. The morning prayers and the sermon are an important element and Muslim tradition around during this Eid holiday. The people meet with each other like that in USA in order to celebrate socialize and enjoy this historic day in Egypt. The people also offer sacrifices in the form of Goat, Lamb, Camel and Cow. The meet from the sacrifice is then distributed among the poor people in the form of charity.
Eid Ul Adha is celebrated as a four day event in Pakistan. All the stores are closed on the day of Eid and like that in other countries Muslims gather for the prayers and listen to the sermon in the mosque. And it is celebrated in the same fashion in the countries like Morocco and Bangladesh. All these countries are Muslim dominated societies. For the Non-Muslim countries there are no national holidays and the Eid Al adha is celebrated with some limitations. However it is a fundamental festival of Islam and a time of happiness for all the Muslims around the world .
The prayer for Eid Al adha is wajib and consists of two rakats with additional takbirs (Muslimah, 2011). The logic behind these Eid prayers is to thank Allah for his infinite blessings.
Prior to the Eid prayer there is a Khutba, and it is necessary to listen to the khutba.
In the first rakat of the Eid prayer, one performs 3 additional takbirs after the opening takbir and before reciting the fatiha. One should raise his hands for each takbir like the opening takbir.
In the second rakat again 3 additional takbirs are offered after reciting the Fatiha and the surah. All the takbirs are like the first rakat except the third takbir, after which one goes into a normal takbir for going into ruku world..
Mir Meharullah Mengal
Markets, shopping malls and offices are open but schools are closed. The decision of the Pakistan Government is quite surprising. Does the Coronavirus has only affect the education system which is already affected by the negligent policymakers?
The education system should start virtual classes for the completion of courses and to avoid the wastage of time.
A black day in the history of Pakistan 16-12-1971
A black day in the history of Pakistan 1971. Who was responsible to cut off the right hand of Pakistan in 1971.Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, Commander in Chief East Wing or President General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan. What is reason behind Niazi surrender? Who ordered Niazi to surrender?
If President Yahya was responsible then why Niazi and other competent officers were dismissed their services? Why committee failed to take action against President Yahya Khan?
We all know that this war was badly effected the image of Pakistan in all over the world. We cannot remember that day but we need to learn the lesson of this war. If we want to stabilize our country/institutions we strictly need to found those peoples in our rows whose are trying to destabilize our country either they belong to political parties or either they belong to military. If we want to protect our country with corrupt peoples we need to take strong steps equally without any pressure.
Night Holds the Reality
I can't believe in myself being represented as a school topper, when I closed my eyes. It is actually a dream when I Slept and closed my physical eyes, jumped into the imaginaries and opened my eyes of mind.
I could see him [Mehrab] , sharing my ideas with him[My dream friend], gathering with one another, facing every moment with joy and prosperity. I could see our daily routine, We made ourselves ready for the School and went for the studies.
I could hear my name being repeated continuously. Being repeated by every corner of my surrounding. I could hear the praises, being sent for me. I see every member of the generation mentioning me in their advices.
In first, I could not find out the reason[reason of praises, reason of being repeated continuously, reason of being mentioned in everyone's advices]. I found myself thinking of , What would be the reason that has made me as important. I couldn't made myself capable of solving out the suspension. I found myself being confused but not helpless.
I could see myself gathering with him[Mehrab], discussing my confusion. He [Mehrab] made me clear that it was due to the boldness of me that made me so. I found him [ as a friend ] advising me," do focus on your career and study hard in upcoming days. Make yourself prevent from the social evils [drugs,robberies]." I could see myself firmly accepting and agreeing with him.
The days were badly surrounded by the environmental evils. It could appear almost everyone being involved in robberies and especially drugs. I could see several types of people being destroyed in drugs and I could see the person who dragged everyone in this evil.
It seemed to be the last days of school when everyone was appearing happily due to their numbers and ranks. I found out him[Mehrab] even happier than others due to me because I was on the top. He seemed to suggest me for a college but I couldn't seem to afford and I stayed. I found him [Mehrab] leaving me alone and going for seek of knowledge.
I found out myself being alone. Being alone due to those who used to be my friends and left. I found myself recalling the words that he[ Mehrab ] has suggested [ prevent yourself from the social evils ]. I kept thinking of the social evils and from there I couldn't find myself alone. I found out a partner who appeared to be an attractive one for the social evils.
I could see myself facing away from my career and following the new partner. I could see the heal of lonliness in that [ New Partner]. I couldn't help making gatherings with him. It seemed to be spending hours with the new partner. I could see him making me taste drug and making my mindset positive of drugs. I couldn't find his [Mehrab] advices and followed on. And afterall I became one of them [Drug addicts].
I could feel just fews days have passed and he[Mehrab] has returned. He returned holding a scholarship, based on my marks, for me. When he came to me , he found me talking with smoke, feast with the evils and playing with the tubes.
He mentioned me in his speech," HassanJan, I was stupid and my stupidity took me here to you. I have decided a bright future for you and you are of ruining your present."
I continued," Mehrab... Come and have a look. How happy I am with my new friends. Only you were missing. Come and join us, we all together will enjoy ."
Mehrab exclaimed with sorrow,"Uuh.... Old HassanJan. Wherever you are I am gonna miss you."
I could see him [ Mehrab] slapped me and went away...
Suddenly I woke up, and looked around. I found myself safe. I thanked God that it was just a dream but I thought for a while that ," If drug is this much dangerous in dream then how will it be in real life." I can not even imagine that.
In last, drug is deadly. Prevent yourself and your beloved from drug. Join hands together and raise voice for the drug mafias.
" We need a drug free Balochistan "
Time ⌚, it's beggest problem and solution in the world.
According to Some of people time is spin which rolling and life become death by rolling day in night, night in morning, mornings in weeks, weeks in months and months become year.....
But according to others life is lideposit which you withdraw in life or after life...
But if you have any other thoughts about life.. Comment it... Thanks
Life is too short, it's common definition which we known since childhood some time from books and some advises of elders, story, poetry and from many other huge sources. But issue is that depress people are also wish that same shortness....... So that is no matter how long or short the life so we should learn the actual meaning of life......
firstly we should understand that life is not only your......
(A. It is the blessing and chance of god to you for achieve the goals and blessing of life .
B. It is not only your life, because your parents serve their's life , for your life, or to make your life stronger.
- suicide is not solution of problem ( if you have life therefore it's means you still have the chance that you find solution of problems.........and any problem of world never remains forever.)
- if you suicide , there means you are uneducated. ( but your parents and dear want to see you as educated person and well competent person).
so don't think about the life is short, think that life is short because, god love you and god want to give you haven early, so bless you life in your positive thing which make your life happy with your relative , humans , your dears, your nears, etc.
Don,t think about problem.
(think about solution)
Don't wast your time, to think about problems.
( invest your time to think about solutions)
So don't think more, only enjoy your life with your dears..............
(happy life )
The competition among nations for the sake of economic stability has led the world towards industrialization. The industrialization era has not only brought economic prosperity but has also brought horrible consequences in the form of global warming. Global warming can be define "the average temperature of earth's climate system called global warming" is driving change in rainfall patterns, extreme weather, arrival of seasons and more collectively global warming and its effects are known as climate change. The factors helping in global warming are Industrialization, deforestation, unplanned urbanization and wars which are the main cause of green house effect. Although Kyoto Protocol of Japan, Poland Conference and the Paris Agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change is to limit the global warming well below 2.0 C°. The sustaining or bringing below 2.0C° is not possible until the emission of Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Ozone (O3) are not reduced. If it is not curbed, the world must loss their biodiversity and some parts of land. In which Shanghai city of China and Miami city of America and some Deltas such as of Bangladesh are prominent in the list. The water level is already up to 1 meter and expecting to 2 meters due to floating of glaciers. It is expecting in 2100, the world will loss glaciers from the earth. Global warming is a terrorism creating by humans for self economic eagerness. Therefore the world must run a camping for the sake of future generation. The world must formulate a strategy to minimized the further increasing of temperature. It is possible to overcome deforestation including some important like Amazon Basin in Brazil, Congo Basin in Africa, and Esoterical Forest in Malaysia and Indonesia. Additionally, unplanned urbanisation must be watched. Side be side, the world ought to overcome the usage of fuel and the use of nuclear weapons. By adopting such measures, we can maintain the sea level and save cities from displacement. Agricultural production could be enhanced. Moreover, the biggest threat of water scarcity can be also be minimize by building dams. The world leaders should show big hearts in this regard. So that, our future generation could see the nature beauty (biodiversity).
By Mehmood Khan
Pakistan-United States relations.
Relations between countries are always based on bilateral principles. Unfortunately, in case of Pakistan the ground reality has always been changed from United States of America. Pakistan was a newly emerged country during 1950s, and her leadership was busy to handle the worsened situation, other countries were busy in industrial and agricultural competition. After the world war II, states such as Soviet Union and United States (US) were in cold war. In this condition the newly born country received invitation from both sides. As Pakistan is a Muslim country and Soviet has Godless ideology which was not suited to leadership. So, the country's inclination had towards US. In 1950s, the country was US allied. Pakistan joined Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) called Manila Pact in 1954 and the Central Treaty Organization (Baghdad Pact) in 1955. Pak- US enjoyed the relationship till 1960s, after which, Pakistan came in favour of China and US in support of India. The relationship in 1962, more wrecked when Sino-India war took place. Washington declared India as most closed ally in Southeast Asia. Before 1970s, US shown realistic ties. In 1971, war against India, US helped Pakistan by aid arms and military sharing intelligence. It was done due to Soviet fear, because losing war for Pakistan means paved way to Soviet. In the Zia-ul-Haq regime, both states enjoyed relationship during 1979-1988. Than the era of 1990s was started when Pakistan faced many restrictions. The country was degraded by Pressler Amendment to watched on nuclear proliferation. All types of aid for Pakistan were stopped by US. Although, India had detonated nuclear bomb in 1974 but on 18 May 1998, India conducted nuclear tests. In response Pakistan conducted nuclear tests on 28 May 1998. United States imposed further restrictions on both countries by Glenn Amendment. However, the sanctions were lifted in 2001, in the same year 9/11 tragedy occurred in US. This incident has changed world politics. For the compensation of American citizens US declared war on Afghanistan with the help of NATO. To target Taliban's chief such as Al Qa'ida, Haqqani network and Tahreek e Taliban Pakistan unmanned flying planes used in 2004. These drone attacks were targeting militants group in Pakistani territory. Meanwhile, President Musharaf has given permission for some attacks in tribal areas. But when Pakistan Peoples Party came into power has shown annoyance to US but these drones attack kept on to Pakistan Muslim League N government. In the result of 522 drone attacks from 2004 to 2015 approximately 3852 causalities afforded Pakistani nation. These attacks were not decreased until November 1, 2013 when Tahreek e Taliban Pakistan chief Hakeem ullah Mehsud was killed in Abbottabad (near Islamabad). The operation has given birth to mistrust. In these type of operations innocent people lost lives. After watching the inhuman violations Imran Khan took stance on drones. He compelled Obama's administration to stopped these erroneous attempts in Khyber Pakhtun Khwa (KPK). However, Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) kept on the country violation. CIA spy Ramyon Davis killed two men in Lahore, Pakistan in January 27, 2011. Than CIA conducted Operation Neptune Spear in Abbottabad and killed Ossam Bin Ladin in May 2,2011 by spy Dr. Shakeel Afridi who had done Ossam DNA test. Shakeel was later sentence 33 years jailed. Additionally, the violations are not stopped here in November at Salala Air base an offensive attack was did on Pakistani patrolling soldiers. In incident 28 soldiers were martyred by NATO near Afghanistan border. Consequently, on public demonstration the government has issued ordered to evacuate Shamsi Air base which was using for drone attacks on tribal areas. Alongside US was insisting on Pakistan for 'do more policy' regarding Pak- India border. India is considered enemy of Pakistan from the day of independence by Pakistan's. Several skirmishes has been occurred on Kashmir issue. Despite all these issues, Bush administration signed nuclear engagement with India. In 2005 and 2008 not only Defense Agreement but also Nuclear Civil Agreement deal signed with India. Additionally $14 billion military equipment deal and granting six nuclear projects to India are the factors beyond dilapidated relationship. These deal affected bilateral relationship between Pak-US. Pakistan has changed her foreign policy under the auspices of Prime Minister Imran Khan administration. He has rejected 'do more policy' from the first day of premiership. Prime Minister Imran Khan visited United States in 2019. During a meeting with President Trump on July 21, 2019 he stressed on peace dialogue and bilateral relationship. Khan was also appreciated for his speech which he delivered in United Nations General Assembly ( UNGA). Although, Pakistan was remained in socioeconomic from 2000 but she has given many sacrifices for world peace order. The war on terror brought to Pakistan due to US mistrust and operations. In result, the country has lost billions of dollars and humans life. Pakistan images was blurred in comity of nations. US must to reviewed her policy regarding Pakistan because Pakistan has great importance in Southeast Asia. The country can play vital role in Afghan peace dialogue and settlement. On the other hand, US must show some elasticity towards Pakistan. USA should to play role as mediator on Kashmir issue. The Americans should not violate the sovereignty of Pakistan which can hurt people. Dual police ought to not be about Pakistan because this type of diplomacy can not run for long. Setting on one table is best for both countries, because geopolitics has been rotating for cold war.
By Mehmood Khan
By; Mehmood Khan
[ ] Corona is no more a natural, It is nurtured now because, the pakistanis are really mehman Nawaz and they are nurturing Corona. They dont left anything useless. They utilize everything very effectively and efficiently. Just have a look at covid 19, which become an epic story from a pandemic bcz of very friendly user pakistani awam. In our society people thought if China and rest of the world has Corona in abundance than why should they live calmly.like other products of China, they must have this Corona along with its siblings; flu, breathlessness, cough and fever. So they had import corona effected people very immensly, qurantine them for few days and gift it to the rest of the public. Corona proved a very good nature guest. It made its special place in every nook and corner of the pakistan very rapidly just because of non serious and impatience attitude(violation of SOP's) of people towards this pandemic. It brought about lockdown, collapse economy, uncountable deaths and poverty. These are such repurcussions which can't be met until years. But on the other hand thanks to Covid-19, which despite so many catastrophic outcomes, also teach people, how to live simply, how to love life, how to love family, how to use scarce resources and last but not least how valuabe life is, which people have devaluted somewhere in the race of life and there is a power, omnipotent, omnipresent, that is Allah , who can stop the pendulum anytime, so don't proud on anything.
University of Sindh