کی عالمی خبریں پاکستان
Latest news Pshai - here are the news of nearby cities
At the age of 25 years old
i am zafar marri from balochistan .i say to that i am feeling hestiate the age of 25 years old in balochistan ,beacuse there is no rules and regulations in our country ,everyone has talking about own nepotism thus there is favourism in areas.Our balochistan and their sovereignty makes us low valus.i am not happy at all at the age of 25 year's old .
Baluchistan and Fatal Educational system
Education is the least discussed topic in Pakistan and it is the main reason of any backward society. The other provinces of Pakistan are somehow stable in terms of education as compared to the least developed and under privileged province of Pakistan, Baluchistan. Today lets raise voice for the education system of Baluchistan which is about to fall. The education systems of other provinces have some flaws but education in Baluchistan is a failure. The province is deprived of each and everything which is now near to collapse and the main reason is fatal educational system.
Education plays a role of oxygen in the society which should be in appropriate amount.as oxygen keeps environment or earth to be live on, in the same way education brings ethics in masses which is important for creation of a good society but Education is not the priority of the government that’s why the system has just been paralyzed. Some of rural areas do not have the facilities of education. people are mostly illiterate and people are not aware of their basic rights due to which every illegal thing is happening with them this situation is brought by their sardars and beneficiries, mindset of people from such areas can be estimated by well known fact in which reporter once asked a man from these areas about the use of CNIC and his reply was “this card is given to us by our sardar and we know only one use of it and that is to vote our sardar during election so such illiteracy in rural areas has led the society to destruction and mostly all illegal works are being done with them and by them, in urban areas worst scenario can be picturized, in urban areas where exists abundance institutions but with no output. They are also unaware that what is happening around them.the system is showing its worst result for common people they are not playing the role for common people due to which people are becoming tired of such system which are not performing or facillitating them but people who are in power or authorized this is dueto the incompetent educational system. The education here becomes a topic of none and that’s why we have buildings empty of ethics I have mentioned that the system has become fatal here in Baluchistan because whatever they are producing are black sheeps which are helping to deepen the ongoing system because they are the beneficiary of such paralyzed system. Here black sheeps are not the illiterate but the educated that gets degree from the institution and get into practical life where they act like black sheep that is what we have enormouse institutions but no outputs which is suffocating this system and deepening this paralysed system. The doctors are not working in government hospital; they are incompetent in private hospital but still have high status and have strong hold in this system. Engineers don’t have that skill that can be utilized, cannot work well without corruption. Teachers are incompetent and lost ethics. The educated bureaucracy is corrupt and brought their department to a very low level in fact all the departments are in deficit which collectively affecting the economy of province. Hence the province is near to collapse. This is happening in each and every department of Baluchistan and this is why I called this educational system fatal for this province, because whatever is the output, that is just deepening the same system and kind of cycle has been created which make easy entrance for such people. This cycle is too much strong and it is not the outcome of one or two years but about seventy years that has helped such people who should have become a part of prosperity are now liabilities for the province and the system is still alive and attracting good people to be bad for other so they could survive, the fatal educational system start from the school level where a child could be polished in his /her early age but unfortunately they are providing the worst environment specially in government schools and private also not lagging teachers who are not good enough to be teachers and are on high posts. They have really bad behavior, drugs are normally used. child behavior changes from that point and still they are running the institutions. when such children reach to level of middle and matric, they become habitual of cheating where whole department of education is involved under the supervision of government. The students changes its mind from positivity to negativity and in intermediate level, he tries to understand the corrupt system and he gets it in bachelors, student who should have become bright future for the province becomes corrupt and tries to convince himself to live with this corrupt system in master level he fully become a depressed person. By depressed I mean he loses the sense to think positive and becomes unknown to the basic rights and the teachers at that level give end touch to the mind which is useless for a good system but is well prepared for the paralysed system. when he gets all of this at different levels then he never tries to do something profitable for province but for himself, such acts are damaging this province and the country has lagged alot if we say something worst happening in this province, is the educational system that we have today in the province because education is the center for each and every department it is a kind of factory that produces products and supply for different department to run well if your product is containing the toxic substances it kills and maybe whole system that you want to run well is damaged and will lead to collapse ,the resources of this province is not utilized due to the paralyzed system of education ,education that we have is not telling us about such resources and we all are deep and dump about such resources and have changed our minds to do illegal thing to gain personal benefits and damage the country”s economy to great extent.
There is nothing impossible in this world Lets not hinge on seventy years disasters that have been brought by different governments. I know it might be difficult but not impossible. Let’s not let this province to collapse. .Baluchistan have many resources which are still not discovered and such incompetency is due to the worst educational system that made the incompetent people who are not able to explore this resources and take advantage out of it we can save this by applying strict rules . We should know that that societies develop through education so we need to change our focus from other problems and focus on this fatal problem we should be very clever to give chance to the government whose priority is education and knows well about education department who should be strict enough to overcome such harsh situation. Those ministers should be in power who knows his/ her targets. If we get this department to a level where we can provide pure education then this province has the potential to play a handsome rule in the economy of Pakistan. This province can have good doctors, engineers and scientists which collectively can produce enormous and extraordinary results for the province but at the end you have to be focused on your targets that no force could halt you.
EID UL ADHA
Eid Ul Adha is a Muslim festival that basically marks the end of Hajj or Pilgrimage to Makkah. This Eid is also known as the Eid of sacrifice, and it basically commemorates the faith of Abraham and devotion to Allah. According to the Belief of the Muslims, Allah asked Abraham to sacrifice his son for Allah’s sake, and even though he was a good man and loved his son very much, his devotion and faith to God was so strong that he did not hesitate to take this bold step and agreed to sacrifice his son (Huda, 2011). The willingness of Abraham to sacrifice his son for the sake of Allah caused Allah to spare his son’s life, and therefore a lamb was sacrificed in his place. This was a miracle of Allah and it proved that he has command over all things and the known and the unknown. It is because of this holy incident in the History of Islam that the Muslims now celebrate Eid ul Adha every year to earn Allah’s blessings and forgiveness.
Eid ul Adha is a sacred Muslim event that is celebrated every year around the world with sacrifice, prayer and food. Eid Ul Adha is also known as the greater Eid and it is the second most important festival in Islam. Eid ul Adha takes place in the month of hajj on the 10th of Zil hajj after all the pilgrims to Makkah have performed the obligatory events.
In the United States and Canada many Muslims gather and offer the morning prayers at a mosque or in an open environment instead of eating breakfast. After the morning prayers people gather with their family and friends and they enjoy being together. In Egypt EId-ul-Adha is celebrated by offering morning prayers and enjoying the feast. The morning prayers and the sermon are an important element and Muslim tradition around during this Eid holiday. The people meet with each other like that in USA in order to celebrate socialize and enjoy this historic day in Egypt. The people also offer sacrifices in the form of Goat, Lamb, Camel and Cow. The meet from the sacrifice is then distributed among the poor people in the form of charity.
Eid Ul Adha is celebrated as a four day event in Pakistan. All the stores are closed on the day of Eid and like that in other countries Muslims gather for the prayers and listen to the sermon in the mosque. And it is celebrated in the same fashion in the countries like Morocco and Bangladesh. All these countries are Muslim dominated societies. For the Non-Muslim countries there are no national holidays and the Eid Al adha is celebrated with some limitations. However it is a fundamental festival of Islam and a time of happiness for all the Muslims around the world .
The prayer for Eid Al adha is wajib and consists of two rakats with additional takbirs (Muslimah, 2011). The logic behind these Eid prayers is to thank Allah for his infinite blessings.
Prior to the Eid prayer there is a Khutba, and it is necessary to listen to the khutba.
In the first rakat of the Eid prayer, one performs 3 additional takbirs after the opening takbir and before reciting the fatiha. One should raise his hands for each takbir like the opening takbir.
In the second rakat again 3 additional takbirs are offered after reciting the Fatiha and the surah. All the takbirs are like the first rakat except the third takbir, after which one goes into a normal takbir for going into ruku world..
Mir Meharullah Mengal
𝑺𝒐𝒖𝒏𝒅 𝒐𝒇 𝒅𝒆𝒎𝒐𝒄𝒓𝒂𝒄𝒚 𝒊𝒏 𝑷𝒂𝒌𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏
𝑷𝒂𝒌𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏'𝒔 𝒑𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒍 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊𝒆𝒔, 𝒑𝒆𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒊𝒂𝒓𝒍𝒚 𝒂 𝒏𝒆𝒘 𝑷𝒂𝒌𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏 𝑫𝒆𝒎𝒐𝒄𝒓𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒄 (𝒑𝒅𝒎) 𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒆 𝒉𝒂𝒔 𝒅𝒆𝒗𝒂𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒕𝒆𝒅 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒎𝒐𝒓𝒂𝒍 𝒗𝒂𝒍𝒖𝒆𝒔 𝒐𝒇 𝒑𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒔. 𝑫𝒆𝒎𝒐𝒄𝒓𝒂𝒄𝒚 𝒊𝒔 𝒑𝒉𝒊𝒍𝒐𝒔𝒐𝒑𝒉𝒚 𝒘𝒉𝒊𝒄𝒉 𝒓𝒖𝒏𝒔 𝒏𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒐𝒏 𝒃𝒂𝒔𝒊𝒔 𝒐𝒇 𝒎𝒐𝒕𝒐𝒔. 𝑨𝒏𝒅 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒎𝒐𝒕𝒐𝒔 𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒐𝒑𝒕𝒆𝒅 𝒃𝒚 𝒑𝒐𝒍𝒊𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒍 𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒐𝒍𝒐𝒈𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒔. 𝑻𝒉𝒆𝒚 𝒑𝒂𝒗𝒆 𝒘𝒂𝒚 𝒇𝒐𝒓 𝒆𝒏𝒅𝒖𝒓𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒔𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒊𝒕𝒚. 𝑼𝒏𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒕𝒖𝒏𝒂𝒕𝒆𝒍𝒍𝒚, 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒐𝒍𝒐𝒈𝒚 𝒊𝒔 𝒎𝒊𝒙𝒆𝒅 𝒃𝒚 𝒍𝒆𝒂𝒅𝒆𝒓𝒔𝒉𝒊𝒑𝒔. 𝑶𝒏𝒍𝒚 𝒇𝒐𝒓 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒑𝒖𝒓𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒆 𝒐𝒇 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒇 𝒆𝒈𝒐 𝒂𝒏𝒅 𝒔𝒂𝒗𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒇 𝒄𝒐𝒓𝒓𝒖𝒑𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏. 𝑻𝒉𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒖𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒚 𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒕𝒊𝒕𝒖𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒔 𝒎𝒊𝒈𝒉𝒕 𝒉𝒂𝒗𝒆 𝒈𝒊𝒗𝒆𝒏 𝒕𝒐 𝒇𝒂𝒄𝒆 𝒇𝒐𝒍𝒍𝒐𝒘𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝒄𝒂𝒔𝒆𝒔 𝒇𝒊𝒍𝒆𝒅 𝒂𝒈𝒂𝒊𝒏𝒔𝒕 𝒕𝒉𝒆𝒎. 𝑻𝒉𝒆𝒔𝒆 𝒄𝒂𝒔𝒆𝒔 𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒇𝒊𝒍𝒆𝒅 𝒂𝒍𝒎𝒐𝒔𝒕 𝒃𝒆𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒆 𝑷𝒂𝒌𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏 𝑻𝒂𝒉𝒓𝒆𝒆𝒌 𝑰𝒏𝒔𝒂𝒇 (𝑷𝑻𝑰) 𝒈𝒐𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒏𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕. 𝑰𝒏 𝒘𝒉𝒊𝒄𝒉 𝒎𝒐𝒏𝒆𝒚 𝒍𝒂𝒖𝒏𝒅𝒆𝒓𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝒊𝒔 𝒌𝒏𝒐𝒘𝒏. 𝑫𝒆𝒔𝒑𝒊𝒕𝒆, 𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒐𝒍𝒗𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒊𝒔𝒔𝒖𝒆𝒔 𝒊𝒏 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒍𝒊𝒂𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒐𝒓 𝒊𝒏 𝒉𝒐𝒖𝒔𝒆 𝒄𝒉𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒆 𝒕𝒉𝒆𝒚 (𝒐𝒑𝒐𝒔𝒊𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏) 𝒅𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒅𝒆𝒅 𝒕𝒐 𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒓𝒕 𝒓𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒊𝒆𝒔 𝒂𝒏𝒅 𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒔𝒉𝒐𝒘 𝒑𝒐𝒘𝒆𝒓. 𝑵𝒂𝒘𝒂𝒛 𝑺𝒉𝒂𝒓𝒆𝒆𝒇, 𝒔𝒖𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒐 𝒐𝒇 𝑷𝑴𝑳-𝑵 𝒎𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒈𝒏𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝒕𝒐 𝒎𝒊𝒍𝒊𝒕𝒂𝒓𝒚 𝒍𝒆𝒂𝒅𝒆𝒓𝒔𝒉𝒊𝒑'𝒔 𝒊𝒏𝒄𝒍𝒖𝒅𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒆𝒇 𝒐𝒇 𝒂𝒓𝒎𝒚 𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒇 (𝑪𝑶𝑨𝑺) 𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒂𝒍 𝑸𝒂𝒎𝒂𝒓 𝑱𝒂𝒗𝒆𝒅 𝑩𝒂𝒋𝒘𝒂 𝒂𝒏𝒅 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒓 𝒔𝒆𝒓𝒗𝒊𝒄𝒆𝒔 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒆𝒍𝒊𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒄𝒆 (𝑰𝑺𝑰) 𝒄𝒉𝒊𝒆𝒇 𝒈𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒓𝒂𝒍 𝑯𝒂𝒎𝒆𝒆𝒅. 𝑺𝒉𝒂𝒓𝒆𝒆𝒇 𝒊𝒔 𝒐𝒏 𝒃𝒂𝒊𝒍 𝒅𝒖𝒆 𝒕𝒐 𝒉𝒊𝒔 𝒉𝒆𝒂𝒍𝒕𝒉 𝒊𝒔𝒔𝒖𝒆𝒔, 𝒇𝒍𝒊𝒆𝒅 𝒕𝒐 𝑬𝒏𝒈𝒍𝒂𝒏𝒅 𝒂 𝒎𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒉 𝒂𝒈𝒐. 𝑻𝒐 𝒃𝒆 𝒓𝒆𝒎𝒆𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓𝒆𝒅, 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒔𝒂𝒎𝒆 𝒔𝒐𝒖𝒏𝒅 𝒘𝒂𝒔 𝒓𝒆𝒑𝒆𝒂𝒕𝒆𝒅 𝒃𝒚 𝑨𝒍𝒕𝒂𝒇 𝑯𝒖𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒊𝒏, 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒇𝒐𝒖𝒏𝒅𝒆𝒓 𝒐𝒇 𝑴𝑸𝑴 𝒔𝒆𝒕𝒕𝒍𝒆𝒅 𝒊𝒏 𝑬𝒏𝒈𝒍𝒂𝒏𝒅. 𝑯𝒖𝒔𝒔𝒂𝒊𝒏 𝒃𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒆𝒅 𝒊𝒏 𝑷𝒂𝒌𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏 𝒂𝒏𝒅 𝒅𝒆𝒄𝒍𝒂𝒓𝒆𝒅 𝒉𝒊𝒎 𝒂𝒔 𝒓𝒆𝒃𝒆𝒍. 𝑩𝒂𝒄𝒌 𝒕𝒐 𝒕𝒐𝒑𝒊𝒄, 𝒑𝒐𝒍𝒊𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒔 𝒊𝒏 𝒎𝒂𝒊𝒏𝒍𝒚 𝒄𝒐𝒖𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒔, 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒂𝒓𝒍𝒚, 𝒊𝒏 𝒇𝒊𝒓𝒔𝒕 𝒘𝒐𝒓𝒍𝒅 𝒄𝒐𝒖𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒆𝒔 𝒉𝒂𝒗𝒆 𝒃𝒆𝒆𝒏 𝒔𝒆𝒆𝒏 𝒘𝒆𝒍𝒍 𝒊𝒏 𝒅𝒊𝒔𝒄𝒊𝒑𝒍𝒊𝒏𝒆𝒅. 𝑩𝒖𝒕 𝒊𝒏 𝑨𝒔𝒊𝒂, 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒑𝒐𝒍𝒊𝒕𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒍 𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒊𝒆𝒔 𝒅𝒐 𝒏𝒐𝒕 𝒇𝒐𝒍𝒍𝒐𝒘 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒓𝒆𝒂𝒍 (𝒑𝒉𝒆𝒍𝒐𝒔𝒐𝒑𝒉𝒚) 𝒅𝒆𝒎𝒐𝒄𝒓𝒂𝒄𝒚. 𝑶𝒏𝒆 𝒎𝒖𝒔𝒕 𝒇𝒂𝒄𝒆 𝒅𝒖𝒆 𝒑𝒓𝒐𝒄𝒆𝒔𝒔. 𝑨𝒄𝒄𝒐𝒓𝒅𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝒕𝒐 𝒓𝒖𝒍𝒆 𝒐𝒇 𝒍𝒂𝒘 𝒂 𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒔𝒐𝒏 𝒊𝒔 𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒑𝒐𝒏𝒔𝒊𝒃𝒍𝒆 𝒕𝒐 𝒉𝒊𝒔 𝒅𝒆𝒆𝒅𝒔 𝒃𝒆𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒆 𝒍𝒂𝒘. 𝑺𝒐, 𝒉𝒆 𝒐𝒖𝒈𝒉𝒕 𝒕𝒐 𝒐𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒘𝒉𝒆𝒍𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒈𝒍𝒚 𝒂𝒄𝒄𝒆𝒑𝒕 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒄𝒊𝒔𝒔𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒐𝒇 𝒄𝒐𝒖𝒓𝒕𝒔.
𝑩𝒚: 𝑴𝒆𝒉𝒎𝒐𝒐𝒅 𝑲𝒉𝒂𝒏
The competition among nations for the sake of economic stability has led the world towards industrialization. The industrialization era has not only brought economic prosperity but has also brought horrible consequences in the form of global warming. Global warming can be define "the average temperature of earth's climate system called global warming" is driving change in rainfall patterns, extreme weather, arrival of seasons and more collectively global warming and its effects are known as climate change. The factors helping in global warming are Industrialization, deforestation, unplanned urbanization and wars which are the main cause of green house effect. Although Kyoto Protocol of Japan, Poland Conference and the Paris Agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change is to limit the global warming well below 2.0 C°. The sustaining or bringing below 2.0C° is not possible until the emission of Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Ozone (O3) are not reduced. If it is not curbed, the world must loss their biodiversity and some parts of land. In which Shanghai city of China and Miami city of America and some Deltas such as of Bangladesh are prominent in the list. The water level is already up to 1 meter and expecting to 2 meters due to floating of glaciers. It is expecting in 2100, the world will loss glaciers from the earth. Global warming is a terrorism creating by humans for self economic eagerness. Therefore the world must run a camping for the sake of future generation. The world must formulate a strategy to minimized the further increasing of temperature. It is possible to overcome deforestation including some important like Amazon Basin in Brazil, Congo Basin in Africa, and Esoterical Forest in Malaysia and Indonesia. Additionally, unplanned urbanisation must be watched. Side be side, the world ought to overcome the usage of fuel and the use of nuclear weapons. By adopting such measures, we can maintain the sea level and save cities from displacement. Agricultural production could be enhanced. Moreover, the biggest threat of water scarcity can be also be minimize by building dams. The world leaders should show big hearts in this regard. So that, our future generation could see the nature beauty (biodiversity).
By Mehmood Khan
Pakistan-United States relations.
Relations between countries are always based on bilateral principles. Unfortunately, in case of Pakistan the ground reality has always been changed from United States of America. Pakistan was a newly emerged country during 1950s, and her leadership was busy to handle the worsened situation, other countries were busy in industrial and agricultural competition. After the world war II, states such as Soviet Union and United States (US) were in cold war. In this condition the newly born country received invitation from both sides. As Pakistan is a Muslim country and Soviet has Godless ideology which was not suited to leadership. So, the country's inclination had towards US. In 1950s, the country was US allied. Pakistan joined Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) called Manila Pact in 1954 and the Central Treaty Organization (Baghdad Pact) in 1955. Pak- US enjoyed the relationship till 1960s, after which, Pakistan came in favour of China and US in support of India. The relationship in 1962, more wrecked when Sino-India war took place. Washington declared India as most closed ally in Southeast Asia. Before 1970s, US shown realistic ties. In 1971, war against India, US helped Pakistan by aid arms and military sharing intelligence. It was done due to Soviet fear, because losing war for Pakistan means paved way to Soviet. In the Zia-ul-Haq regime, both states enjoyed relationship during 1979-1988. Than the era of 1990s was started when Pakistan faced many restrictions. The country was degraded by Pressler Amendment to watched on nuclear proliferation. All types of aid for Pakistan were stopped by US. Although, India had detonated nuclear bomb in 1974 but on 18 May 1998, India conducted nuclear tests. In response Pakistan conducted nuclear tests on 28 May 1998. United States imposed further restrictions on both countries by Glenn Amendment. However, the sanctions were lifted in 2001, in the same year 9/11 tragedy occurred in US. This incident has changed world politics. For the compensation of American citizens US declared war on Afghanistan with the help of NATO. To target Taliban's chief such as Al Qa'ida, Haqqani network and Tahreek e Taliban Pakistan unmanned flying planes used in 2004. These drone attacks were targeting militants group in Pakistani territory. Meanwhile, President Musharaf has given permission for some attacks in tribal areas. But when Pakistan Peoples Party came into power has shown annoyance to US but these drones attack kept on to Pakistan Muslim League N government. In the result of 522 drone attacks from 2004 to 2015 approximately 3852 causalities afforded Pakistani nation. These attacks were not decreased until November 1, 2013 when Tahreek e Taliban Pakistan chief Hakeem ullah Mehsud was killed in Abbottabad (near Islamabad). The operation has given birth to mistrust. In these type of operations innocent people lost lives. After watching the inhuman violations Imran Khan took stance on drones. He compelled Obama's administration to stopped these erroneous attempts in Khyber Pakhtun Khwa (KPK). However, Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) kept on the country violation. CIA spy Ramyon Davis killed two men in Lahore, Pakistan in January 27, 2011. Than CIA conducted Operation Neptune Spear in Abbottabad and killed Ossam Bin Ladin in May 2,2011 by spy Dr. Shakeel Afridi who had done Ossam DNA test. Shakeel was later sentence 33 years jailed. Additionally, the violations are not stopped here in November at Salala Air base an offensive attack was did on Pakistani patrolling soldiers. In incident 28 soldiers were martyred by NATO near Afghanistan border. Consequently, on public demonstration the government has issued ordered to evacuate Shamsi Air base which was using for drone attacks on tribal areas. Alongside US was insisting on Pakistan for 'do more policy' regarding Pak- India border. India is considered enemy of Pakistan from the day of independence by Pakistan's. Several skirmishes has been occurred on Kashmir issue. Despite all these issues, Bush administration signed nuclear engagement with India. In 2005 and 2008 not only Defense Agreement but also Nuclear Civil Agreement deal signed with India. Additionally $14 billion military equipment deal and granting six nuclear projects to India are the factors beyond dilapidated relationship. These deal affected bilateral relationship between Pak-US. Pakistan has changed her foreign policy under the auspices of Prime Minister Imran Khan administration. He has rejected 'do more policy' from the first day of premiership. Prime Minister Imran Khan visited United States in 2019. During a meeting with President Trump on July 21, 2019 he stressed on peace dialogue and bilateral relationship. Khan was also appreciated for his speech which he delivered in United Nations General Assembly ( UNGA). Although, Pakistan was remained in socioeconomic from 2000 but she has given many sacrifices for world peace order. The war on terror brought to Pakistan due to US mistrust and operations. In result, the country has lost billions of dollars and humans life. Pakistan images was blurred in comity of nations. US must to reviewed her policy regarding Pakistan because Pakistan has great importance in Southeast Asia. The country can play vital role in Afghan peace dialogue and settlement. On the other hand, US must show some elasticity towards Pakistan. USA should to play role as mediator on Kashmir issue. The Americans should not violate the sovereignty of Pakistan which can hurt people. Dual police ought to not be about Pakistan because this type of diplomacy can not run for long. Setting on one table is best for both countries, because geopolitics has been rotating for cold war.
By Mehmood Khan
By; Mehmood Khan
Question: "Why is our history not taught to us in Pakistan Studies?". The answer is, it was...until 1981.
When examining surviving Pakistani history textbooks written between 1947 to 1980, all of them begin with the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation from 3000 BCE rather than the invasion of Sindh by Mohammad bin Qasim in 712. These books contained the collective history of the region Pakistan was in (the Indus Valley), and a decent effort was made to connect students to the land of Pakistan. The nation was viewed as a melting pot of different people and languages. Most importantly, the Pakistan Movement was described as the Muslim League had defined it; as a defence against Brahmin domination.
That all changed in 1981. Under the direction of General Zia ul Haq, the University Grants Commission issued a notice to all prospective textbook authors specifying that new history textbooks were to "induce pride for the nation's past, enthusiasm for the present, and unshakable faith in the stability and longevity of Pakistan".
To eliminate all possible ambiguities to this approach, Pakistani authors were given the following directive:
"To demonstrate that the basis of Pakistan is not to be founded in racial, linguistic, or geographical factors, but, rather, in the shared experience of a common religion. To get students to know and appreciate the Ideology of Pakistan, and to popularize it with slogans. To guide students towards the ultimate goal of Pakistan - the creation of a completely Islamised State."
In fulfillment of this directive, all of Pakistan's ancient history was either removed or simply relegated to a single insignificant chapter, with no emphasis being put that it was our history. Secondly, the invasion of Sindh by Mohammad bin Qasim was given high importance and was considered as the origin of "Pakistani history". The most disturbing aspect was the redefinition of the Pakistan Movement from the Muslim League's definition, to "a movement for Islamic revival", which mirrored the same concepts and politics of Jamaat-i-Islami. All textbooks were now being centered around the following themes, of which none were historically accurate:
1. The 'Ideology of Pakistan', both as a historical force which motivated the movement for Pakistan as well as its raison d'etre.
2. The depiction of Jinnah as a man of orthodox religious views who sought the creation of a theocratic state.
3. A move to establish the ulema as genuine heroes of the Pakistan Movement.
4. An emphasis on ritualistic Islam, together with a rejection of liberal interpretations of the religion and generation of communal antagonism.
> Destruction of Jinnah's speeches
On top of this, General Zia ul Haq ordered many of Jinnah's speeches and audio recordings held at National Archives and Radio Pakistan to be destroyed. These speeches and audio recordings were those that promoted secular, democratic ideals for Pakistan. One famous audio recording was the 11 August Speech, in which Jinnah famously said: "You are free; you are free to go to your temples. You are free to go to your mosques or to any other places of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion, caste or creed—that has nothing to do with the business of the state.” By sheer luck, the only reason why Pakistan knows of this speech today is thanks to a audio copy that was stored by BBC Radio Archives.
> Collapse of Education System
Prior to the 90s, everyone attended government schools. The advent of private schools began when Zia implemented his education reforms in the 80s. After 1982, government schools prioritised stuffing student’s minds with paranoia, parochialism, and hyper-religiosity. Students were seen as "young foot soldiers" to preserve and protect a praetorian, ideological state of which they could eventually become a part. To produce students with empathy, moral sense, and capacity to reason independently was not just unnecessary, it was undesirable. Almost never were students told to respect a queue, obey traffic rules, and desist from littering. Exam cheating and degree buying, though widespread, was not decried as a moral crime. Machoism was promoted as a virtue, not treated as a disease. Nowhere was a student taught to appreciate those who are different culturally, ethnically, religiously, in physical appearance, or perhaps ability-disability. Families with money almost immediately withdrew from government schools because of this reason, and by the 90s the era of private schools began.
> Zia Generation vs Junoon Generation
The legacy of Zia was the generation he left behind and what negative effects it had on Pakistan 20 years later. The lost Zia generation (school children of the 1980s) became young adults in the early 2000s. Is it any coincidence that Pakistan's most troubling years of suicide bombings and extremism came between 2002 to 2015? This was the period the Zia generation took control of the country, both politically and socially. No
Wrote By Mir Ishfaque M Hassni
I am a medical Student and I have keen intrest in reading articles or writing about the things,observing the things or activities nearby me.Big fan of music and sports too. From now on i will use this platform to express my thoughts.We all know that all of us got the same mind but that same mind thinks in different ways.What i think of things or in which way or ssense i think,the others will not think of that thing like my mind or like me.Everyone have their own thoughts about the thing and everyone thinks about the things according to their perspective and according to their obserations.At some point their is a clash between point of views and thoughts.And by rule we all should respect the opinions of others becuause in their mind their point of view is right. Everyone is Hero/Heroine of theiir life.
قدرت کو سمجھیں
انسان زندگی میں کبھی ناکام نہیں ہوتا۔اگر کوئی چیز ناکام ہوتی ہے تو وہ ہے اُسکا ارادہ،اُسکا حو صلہ،اُسکا تخیل،اس کا آئیڈیا،اُسکی تدبیر،اُسکا دائرہ،اُسکی سوچ،اُسکا طریقہ،یا اس کا منصوبہ۔انسان اس ناکامی کو خود کی ناکامی سمجھنا شروع کر دیتا ہے۔قدرت کا کمال یہ ہے کہ اسنے اس کائنات میں انسان کے لیے سب رکھا ہے مگر ناکامی نہیں رکھی۔اسی لیے تو انسان کو اشرفالمخلوقات بنا دیا ہے۔اگر قدرت نے انسان کو ناکام کرنا ہوتا تو فرشتوں سے سجدہ نہ کرواتی،اسکو افضل ترین مخلوق کا درجہ نہ دیتی۔
اگر آپکو یقین نہیں آتا تو آپ خود دیکھیں آپکو ناکامی کی کوئی بھی ایک جامع تعریف نہیں ملے گی۔ہر انسان،ہر مضمون ناکامی کو اپنے رنگ میں بیان کرے گا۔ آج تک کوئی بھی اسکی ایک ایسی جامع تعریف نہیں بنا سکا جس پر سب متفق ہو جائیں۔ اسکی سب سے بڑی وجہ یہ ہے کہ وقت کے ساتھ ساتھ انسان کے اندر ناکامی کا معیار بدلتا جاتا ہے،کسی وقت میں جس کو وہ ناکامی سمجھتا تھا کچھ وقت بعد وہی ناکامی دراصل اپنا وجود،اہمیت کھو چکی ہوتی ہے۔ ہر انسان کے لیے ناکامی مختلف ہے ۔ کسی کے لیے ناکامی دولت کا نہ ملنا ہے،کسی کے لیے ناکامی نوکری کا نہ ملنا ہے۔بچے کے لیے ناکامی کھلونا نہ ملنا ہے،اور کسی بزرگ کی ناکامی شاید اچھی صحت کا نہ ہونا ہے، کسی کی ناکامی شاید خوش نہ رہ پا نا ہے۔ہر انسان اس کو الگ طرح سے بیان کرتا ہے۔یہ محض انسان کے ذہن کا فتور ہے جو اسکو طور سے دور رکھتا ہے۔
حقیقت بات یہ ہے کہ ناکامی تو ایک رحمت ہے،یہ ایک قبولیت ہے،یہ ایک راستہ ہے۔جب کبھی آپ کسی چیز میں ناکامی محسوس کر رہے ہوں تو سمجھ جائیں کہ قدرت کو آپکا منصوبہ پسند آ گیا ہے، قدرت آپکی رہنمائی کر رہی ہے،آپکو راستہ دکھانے کی کوشش کی جا رہی ہے،قدرت نے آپکو کوشش کو قبول کر لیا ہے۔ آپ کے لیے اصل منصوبہ بندی کر رہی ہے۔اب یہ آپ پر ہے کہ آپ اس منصوبہ بندی کو سمجھ سکتے ہیں یا آپ اسکو ناکامی سمجھ کر راستہ چھوڑ دیتے ہیں۔انسان بھی قدرت کا ایک بچہ ہے جب وہ چلنا شروع کرتا ہے تو بار بار گرتا ہے مگر ہمت نہیں ہارتا کوشش کرتا رہتا ہے آخر وہی بچہ بولٹ ، دنیا کا تیز ترین بھاگنے والے بچہ بن جاتا ہے۔کامیاب لوگ قدرت کو سمجھ لیتے ہیں۔وہ اپنے خوابوں کے لیے موزوں زمین ڈھونڈ لیتے ہیں۔خواب بیج کی طرح ہوتے ہیں جو آپکو زمین میں بونے پڑ تے ہیں،یاد رکھیں صحرا میں اُگنے والے پودے پہاڑوں میں نہیں اُگ سکتے،میدان میں جو پھل لگتے ہیں وہ ساحلوں پے نہیں لگ سکتے۔جیسے ہر پودے کو ایک الگ ماحول چاہئے ہوتا ہے،اسی طرح ہر خواب کو بھی الگ ماحول کی ضرورت ہوتی ہے۔اگر آپ صحرا میں ہیں اور آپکا خواب پہاڑ ہیں تو آپکو سفر کرنا ہو گا اس زمین کی تلاش میں جہاں کا خواب آپ نے دیکھا ہے۔
ہم میں سے اکثر لوگ سفر نہیں کرتے اپنے خوابوں کے لیے موزوں زمین کی تلاش نہیں کرتے۔ہم اپنے خواب کا بیج بغیر سوچے سمجھے بو دیتے ہیں،اکثر اس پر محنت بھی کرتے ہیں مگر ہم اسکو اگانے میں ناکام ہو جاتے ہیں۔ جب ہمارا بیج نہیں اُگتا ہم قدرت کو شکوہ کر کے ہمت ہار دیتے ہیں۔جب کہ اُسکا نا اُگنا بھی قدرت کا ایک رسپانس ہے۔قدرت آپکو سمجھا رہی ہوتی ہے کہ آپکا بیج اس جگہ کے لیے نہیں ہے۔ہر کوئی اچھا ڈاکٹر نہیں بن سکتا،ہر کوئی اچھا انجینئر،کھلاڑی،آرٹسٹ،بزنس میں وکیل،جج،سیول سرونٹ ،یا اچھا استاد نہیں بن سکتا ۔اس لیے تو کہا گیا ہے غور و فکر کرو،اس کائنات میں غور و فکر کرنے والوں کے لیے نشیناں ہیں۔جب آپ غور کرتے ہیں تو آپکو بار بار اپنے خواب کے بیج کے لیے زمین ڈھونڈنا پڑتی ہے۔کامیاب لوگ بار بار اپنا بیج بوتے ہیں آخر کار موزوں زمین ڈھونڈ لیتے ہیں جیسے کہ جیک ما کو ستائیس بار نوکری نہیں ملی پھر وہ علی بابا کا مالک بن گیا۔اس نے اپنا بیج ستائیس جگہ بویا اور آخر اسکو وہ ماحول مل گیا جس میں اُسکا بیج درخت بن گیا۔ ایڈیسن کو ہزار بار سفر کرنا پرا پھر بلب ملا،کے ایف سی کا ملک کو ستر سال سفر کی مسافت درکار تھی۔
جیسے زمین اپنی مدار کی ارد گرد گھومتی ہے یہ لوگ بھی سفر کے دوران اپنے خواب سے دور نہیں ہوئے۔ زندگی کے حالات سے لڑتے رہے مگر اپنے مدار سے دور نہیں ہوئے ،جیسے زمین اپنے محور کے گرد چکر لگاتی ہے ویسے یہ لوگ سیلف انالسس کرتے رہے۔ان لوگوں کو پتا تھا سردی گرمی خزاں کے بعد بہار آ جانی ہے، اور خود کی تکمیل کرتے رہے۔اپنے خوابوں کی زمین ڈھونڈتے رہے۔ یہ لوگ جانتے تھے اگر ایک بہار گزر بھی گئی تو بھی اگلی بہار کی اُمید پے چلتے رہے۔
یہ لوگ ایک ہی اصول پے کام کرتے ہیں وہ یہ ہے یا تو ہم درخت ہیں،یا ہم باغ ہیں۔اس کے علاوہ قدرت نے انسان کو بیکار پیدا نہیں کیا۔ان لوگوں کو پتا ہوتا ہے ہمارا خواب دوسروں کی زندگی بھی بدل سکتا ہے اس لیے ہو سکتا ہے ہمارے درختِ پر پھل نا لگیں مگر بیج ضرور لگیں گے جو دوسروں کے خواب پورا کر دیں گیں۔ان بیجوں سے اور پودے لگیں گے ایک باغ بن جائے گا۔تاریخ بھری پڑی ہے ایسی مثالوں سے ۔ہم زیادہ دور نہیں جاتے آپ علی گڑھ تحریک کو دیکھیں اگر سر سعید احمد خان کا خواب صرف پھل دیتا تو وہ ایک درختِ ہوتا مگر وہاں بیج اُگ گئے جو آگے جا کر ایک باغ بن گے،بل گیٹس،زکربرگ،عبدالستار ایدھی جیسے لوگ اپنے زِندگی میں کئی بار ناکام تھے مگر قدرت ان کے بیج کو درخت نہیں بنانا چاہتی تھی بلکہ باغ بنانا چاہتی تھی۔آخر کار وہ ایسی باغ بن گئے لاکھوں لوگ اپنے خواب پورے کرنے ان کے پاس جاتے ہیں۔ہمیں بھی زِندگی میں یہ اصول اپنا لینے چاہے کہ یا تو ہم درخت ہیں یہ ہم باغ ہیں۔اگر آپ کا پودا نہیں اُگ رہا تو اپنی جگہ بدل لیں،بار بار بدل لیں آپکو ایک دن وہ جگہ مل جائے گی۔دوسرا ہو سکتا آپ خود اپنا خواب پورا نا کر سکیں مگر موزوں زمین کی تلاش کر لیں تو دوسروں کو وہاں کا پتہ ضرور بتائیں تا کہ آپ کا بیج بھی اس کامیاب باغ کا حصہ بن جائے کیوں کہ اگر کسی باغ میں سب درختِ پھل دار ہوں اور کسی ایک پر پھل نا بھی لگا ہو تو بھی سب یہی کہتے ہیں یہ باغ پھل دار ہے۔تیسرا کبھی بھی اپنا مدار نہیں چھوڑنا چاہیے۔ہو سکتا زِندگی آپکو کبھی دور لے جائے،حالات ایسے آ جائیں مگر خواب کو خود سے دور نہ ہونے دیں۔ اگر آپ نے مدار چھوڑا سمجھو کہ آپ اُلجھ گئے پھر آپ مدار میں واپس نہیں آ سکتے۔ ہم کو اپنے محور کے گرد بھی گھومنا چاہے تا کے ہم خود کو بھی سمجھ سکیں ،خود پے کام کر سکیں۔یہ محور اور مدار کا نظام ہے اصل کنجی ہے۔ سب سے اہم بات کہ آپ خزاں کے پھول ہیں تو بہار میں صبر کریں،اگر آپ گرمی کے پھول ہیں تو سردی میں صبر کریں،آپ اگر مدار میں ہیں تو ہر سال بہار بھی آنی ہے،خزاں بھی آنی ہے،سردی بھی آنی ہے اور گرمی بھی آنی ہے۔آپکو اپنا مدار قائم رکھنا ہے قدرت آپکو آپکی جگہ تک ضرور لے جائے گی۔
(اگر آپکو پسند آئی ہے تو آگے شیئر کر دیں نہیں تو میری رہنمائی کر دیں)
7 CATCHY REASONS YOU WON'T STOP YOURSELF TO STARTING YOGA AND ALSO SOME IMPORTANT TIPS FOR BEGINNERS
By Tayyaba Aijaz
Winter season has been started and the freezy and cold air are compelling everyone to stay in their home. But, how... If you will not go outside so how would you be able to maintain your mental and physical health. Are you too much worried about this problem?
So, cool, we have a solution to your problem. You should start 'yoga'
It is the form of exercise that provides you a perfect physical and mental health and you can easily take it indoors.
According to Natalie Navines(a broad certified osteopathic family physician and certified kundalini yoga instructor in Hollywood California), "The purpose of yoga is to build strong awareness and harmony in both the mind and the body". Yoga can indeed help in relaxation.
PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH BENEFITS OF YOGA
It is scientifically proven that Yoga can lessen your chronic pain such as arthritis, headaches, back pain, and carpal tunnel syndrome. Yoga can also lower blood pressure and reduces insomnia also helps in:
2.Improve athletic performance
3.Safguard from injury
4.Enhance muscle strength and tune.
5. Maintaining a balanced metabolism.
6. Become better respiration energy and validity.
Apart from physical benefits yoga also helps you to manage the stress that leaves devastating effects on your body and mind. For example; sleeping problems, headaches, back and neck pain, drug abuse, and inability to concentrate.
Here are the seven attractive benefits of yoga
1. YOGA HELPS TO CONCENTRATE BETTER
When you practice yoga on daily basis it helps to calm your mind and senses. A calm mind able to concentrate better. In simple words, yoga helps in keeping fluctuating thoughts and distractions at bay. Then, your mind becomes sharper and you can concentrate for a longer period with ease.
2.MAINTAINING A MORE POSITIVE ATTITUDE WITH YOUR BODY
Combining yoga with positive affirmations is one of the powerful techniques that you can start learning today. If positive thinking doesn't come easily to you. Then, you should try some other mental strategies and techniques like yoga that can help you appreciate life in a whole new way.
3. YOGA GIVES YOU CONFIDENCE THE ULTIMATE BOOST:
Practicing yoga regularly improves your focus, clarity of mind, flexibility, and posture while also strengthening your body. It is the perfect way of revealing stress as well as implant a sense of empowerment and that is everything you need to increase your confidence level.
4. YOGA HELPS IN MINDFUL EATING :
Yoga is a perfect way to ignites self-awareness which makes us more conscious. This helps us in various ways by becoming conscious about our body, food, choices, etc. Yoga makes us aware of the self: It connects us within and helps us to determine what is right or wrong for ourselves.
5. YOGA HELPS TO DISGUST THE FOOD EASILY:
When we eat food, the food goes down into the stomach, wherein digestive enzymes are secreted that helped in the break down of the food. While performing yoga, some pores focus on stretching, strength, and flexibility that can be quite diligent.
6. YOGA AIDS YOU TO LESS OVERWHELMING :
One of the main concepts in yoga is being nonjudgmental towards both yourself and others, which is a powerful tool for stress relief since much of our stress comes from us being hard on ourselves or frustrated with others.
7. YOGA FOR PHYSICAL FITNESS :
Yoga is beneficial for many reasons. It helps to improve flexibility, works your core muscles and it allows you to perform Cardio-centric exercises in a way that is not texting to other forms of cardio training.
NOW LET'S MOVE ON SOME IMPORTANT TIPS FOR BEGINNERS :
1.Try different forms of yoga then choose one or two in which you're feeling comfortable.
2.Learn to be satisfied with exactly where you are by following your journey. This will give support your mind and body to relaxing and bring faster results for yourself
3. Good mentor can make your journey easier. So find a good mentor for getting better results.
4.Continually practicing yoga will build flexibility, strength, and stamina. So always practice yoga regularly.
5.It may take time to start seeing the results of yoga so give it the time it deserves and it will surely be delivered.
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