Other News Kampala
This is my very first entry and I just want to get the introduction statements out of the way. Are you at that age where everyone is taking different paths and finding themselves? People are drifting away and things are changing, a group of friends keeps thinning out because every one is moving on? What age is that anyway? Pre-pandemic, I would have said twenty-five or even thirty, but right now in the middle of the pandemic, I guess so anyway, we may not even be half way through this, things seem to have escalated. I find myself worrying about things that just should not be bothering me at this age. Things like why don't I have a job, why can't I see my friends anymore, where did everybody go, am I even going to finish school and the list goes on. People are struggling with mental health and every now and then one or two of my friends updates their status and all I see through seven different slides is suicidal contemplation. I tried. I really tried. Every time I would see one I'd race into their inboxes and reassure them. Yes, past tense because even after all I did, virtual hugs, encouragement and affection shown, after a few weeks they would start again and maybe I'm a coward but when I see them now, I flip past them. Maybe I have my own problems so I put a song in the background of my mind and close my eyes to the world and choose to be selfish. What am I getting at? I don't think that i know either I just hope this eventually leads to something.
So much has happened, is happening that maybe we just need to talk about real things that are killing us slowly with no outlet.
Quotes And Their Value.
Quotes are valuable.
They are knowledge, and wisdom and insight. They offer us the opportunity to learn through others. And they are great tools to reinforce and reaffirm what we already understand.
Sometimes hearing the words of a famous or successful person is enough to help us accept an idea and put it into action.
As, once Zig Ziglar said, “ People often say that motivation doesn’t last. Well, neither does bathing - that’s why we recommend it daily.” So sometimes we need something regularly to satisfy our psychological & behavioral needs, Something with which we can overcome our daily difficulties and to live in harmony. That’s why quotes become very essential thing in life. whether, you need motivational quotes or funny quotes or quotes of your idols.
“There are two kinds of people; those who do the work and those who take the credit. Try to be in the first group; there is less competition there. (Indira Gandhi)” So what kind of person you are?
KNOW ABOUT TB
Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially serious infectious disease that mainly affects the lungs. The bacteria that cause tuberculosis are spread from person to person through tiny droplets released into the air via coughs and sneezes.
Once rare in developed countries, tuberculosis infections began increasing in 1985, partly because of the emergence of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HIV weakens a person's immune system, so it can't fight the TB germs. In the United States, because of stronger control programs, tuberculosis began to decrease again in 1993. But it remains a concern.
Many tuberculosis strains resist the drugs most used to treat the disease. People with active tuberculosis must take many types of medications for months to get rid of the infection and prevent antibiotic resistance.
Although your body can harbor the bacteria that cause tuberculosis, your immune system usually can prevent you from becoming sick. For this reason, doctors make a distinction between:
- Latent TB. You have a TB infection, but the bacteria in your body are inactive and cause no symptoms. Latent TB, also called inactive TB or TB infection, isn't contagious. Latent TB can turn into active TB, so treatment is important.
- Active TB. Also called TB disease, this condition makes you sick and, in most cases, can spread to others. It can occur weeks or years after infection with the TB bacteria.
Signs and symptoms of active TB include:
- Coughing for three or more weeks
- Coughing up blood or mucus
- Chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing
- Unintentional weight loss
- Night sweats
- Loss of appetite
Tuberculosis can also affect other parts of your body, including the kidneys, spine or brain. When TB occurs outside your lungs, signs and symptoms vary according to the organs involved. For example, tuberculosis of the spine might cause back pain, and tuberculosis in your kidneys might cause blood in your urine.
When to see a doctor
See your doctor if you have a fever, unexplained weight loss, drenching night sweats or a persistent cough. These are often indications of TB but can also result from other conditions. Also, see your doctor if you think you've been exposed to TB.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that people who have an increased risk of tuberculosis be screened for latent TB infection. This recommendation includes people who:
- Have HIV/AIDS
- Use IV drugs
- Are in contact with infected people
- Are from a country where TB is common, such as several countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia
- Live or work in areas where TB is common, such as prisons or nursing homes
- Work in health care and treat people with a high risk of TB
- Are children who are exposed to adults at risk of TB
Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spread from person to person through microscopic droplets released into the air. This can happen when someone with the untreated, active form of tuberculosis coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs or sings.
Although tuberculosis is contagious, it's not easy to catch. You're much more likely to get tuberculosis from someone you live or work with than from a stranger. Most people with active TB who've had appropriate drug treatment for at least two weeks are no longer contagious.
HIV and TB
Since the 1980s, tuberculosis cases have increased dramatically because of the spread of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HIV suppresses the immune system, making it difficult for the body to control TB bacteria. As a result, people with HIV are much more likely to get TB and to progress from latent to active disease than are people who aren't HIV positive.
Tuberculosis also remains a major killer because of the increase in drug-resistant strains. Over time, some TB germs have developed the ability to survive despite medications. This is partly because people don't take their drugs as directed or don't complete the course of treatment.
Drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis emerge when an antibiotic fails to kill all of the bacteria it targets. The surviving bacteria become resistant to that drug and often other antibiotics as well. Some TB bacteria have developed resistance to the most commonly used treatments, such as isoniazid and rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane).
Some TB strains have also developed resistance to drugs less commonly used in TB treatment, such as the antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones, and injectable medications including amikacin and capreomycin (Capastat). These medications are often used to treat infections that are resistant to the more commonly used drugs.
Anyone can get tuberculosis, but certain factors can increase your risk, including:
Weakened immune system
A healthy immune system often successfully fights TB bacteria. However, several conditions and medications can weaken your immune system, including:
- Severe kidney disease
- Certain cancers
- Cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy
- Drugs to prevent rejection of transplanted organs
- Some drugs used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease and psoriasis
- Malnutrition or low body weight
- Very young or advanced age
Traveling or living in certain areas
Your risk of getting tuberculosis is higher if you live in, emigrate from or travel to areas with high tuberculosis rates. Areas include:
- Eastern Europe
- Latin America
- Using substances. IV drugs or excessive alcohol use weakens your immune system and makes you more vulnerable to tuberculosis.
- Using tobacco. Tobacco use greatly increases the risk of getting TB and dying of it.
- Working in health care. Regular contact with people who are ill increases your chances of exposure to TB bacteria. Wearing a mask and frequent hand-washing greatly reduce your risk.
- Living or working in a residential care facility. People who live or work in prisons, homeless shelters, psychiatric hospitals or nursing homes are all at a higher risk of tuberculosis due to overcrowding and poor ventilation.
- Living with someone infected with TB. Close contact with someone who has TB increases your risk.
Without treatment, tuberculosis can be fatal. Untreated active disease typically affects your lungs, but it can affect other parts of your body, as well.
Tuberculosis complications include:
- Spinal pain. Back pain and stiffness are common complications of tuberculosis.
- Joint damage. Arthritis that results from tuberculosis (tuberculous arthritis) usually affects the hips and knees.
- Swelling of the membranes that cover your brain (meningitis). This can cause a lasting or intermittent headache that occurs for weeks and possible mental changes.
- Liver or kidney problems. Your liver and kidneys help filter waste and impurities from your bloodstream. Tuberculosis in these organs can impair their functions.
- Heart disorders. Rarely, tuberculosis can infect the tissues that surround your heart, causing inflammation and fluid collections that might interfere with your heart's ability to pump effectively. This condition, called cardiac tamponade, can be fatal.
If you test positive for latent TB infection, your doctor might advise you to take medications to reduce your risk of developing active tuberculosis. Only active TB is contagious.
Protect your family and friends
If you have active TB, it generally takes a few weeks of treatment with TB medications before you're not contagious anymore. Follow these tips to help keep your friends and family from getting sick:
- Stay home. Don't go to work or school or sleep in a room with other people during the first few weeks of treatment.
- Ventilate the room. Tuberculosis germs spread more easily in small closed spaces where air doesn't move. If it's not too cold outdoors, open the windows and use a fan to blow indoor air outside.
- Cover your mouth. Use a tissue to cover your mouth anytime you laugh, sneeze or cough. Put the dirty tissue in a bag, seal it and throw it away.
- Wear a face mask. Wearing a face mask when you're around other people during the first three weeks of treatment may help lessen the risk of transmission.
Finish your medication
This is the most important step you can take to protect yourself and others from tuberculosis. When you stop treatment early or skip doses, TB bacteria have a chance to develop mutations that allow them to survive the most potent TB drugs. The resulting drug-resistant strains are deadlier and more difficult to treat.
In countries where tuberculosis is more common, infants often are vaccinated with bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine. The BCG vaccine isn't recommended for general use in the United States because it isn't very effective in adults. Dozens of new TB vaccines are in various stages of development and testing.
Other News Uganda
Baash Junior Bio, Age, Nationality, Career and Early Life.
Bashar Ahmed, better known by his stage name Baash Junior, is a Somali musical artist, writer, YouTuber, and content creator.
He was born on 17th October, 2000 in Mogadishu, Somalia. He grew up in Yemen later moved to Kampala, Uganda where he finished high school.
Baash Junior started his career at the age of 16 as a social media influencer where he got his fan base, people loved his daily Snapchat snaps and Instagram stories later created his YouTube channel and dropped his first song. Baash Junior has achieved many successes in his career teaching as Certificate of Appreciation from Ibdaa Educational School and Al-Suhail Model School in Yemen and Junub Africa Fashion Award 2019.
Uganda's Uprising recording and performing Artist "Krayton" currently recording music as a solo Artist under Krayton Music releases his new song titled "Bwokyusa", featuring LoveLess. The song was recorded mixed and mastered by Uprising Sound Engineer "Jose Pro". Now Available in all platforms. Listen to it and tell us what you feel in the comment section. Thank you so much!!
Article by Claire Namyalo.
ALL ABOUT FOOD, NUTRITION AND HOW TO LIVE A HEALTHY AND HAPPY LIFE.
In life, there are many ways one can live both happy and healthy. But one of the most common ways is through eating well balanced meals also known as a balanced diet.
A balanced diet is a meal containing foods in their right amounts. For one to be healthy, one needs to eat well to have the energy to do their specific tasks. In short terms, all this can be known as " Nutrition".
a). Diet and health.
Diet: This refers to the food one consumes everyday.
Food is one of the basic needs of man. It is referred to as a solid or liquid that is consumed within a living organism which eventually provides it with the food nutrients required to grow. The human body is an extremely large structure that requires various foods in their right proportions for it to grow well. In occurrences where one eats foods with various food values either in extremely large or small quantities can result into many sicknesses, diseases and disorders.
What influences peoples' choices of food.
In many parts of the world, the rich are more prevailed to get access to various types of food prepared in different places for example restaurants, hotel etc.
Listed below are some of the factors that influence peoples' food choices.
1. Personal likes and dislikes.
2. Religious and moral beliefs, social custom an d tradition.
3. Food availability and variety on sale.
4. Cost of the food.
5. Physical needs of the body.
6. Time available to shop for and prepare food.
7. Storage, preparation and cooking facilities.
8. What we think an about food.
9. The science of food and technology.
10. Marketing and packaging of the food.
It is important to understand various foods and their effects on one's body.
This is the study of nutrients and their connection to food and living organisms.
Foods consumed by man consists of various chemical elements arranged in different ways to form molecules which give those different food types their flavour, texture and colour which eventually affect their digestion.
Most foods contain more than one nutrient and are therefore of use to the body in many ways. Foods like sugars only contain one nutrient and likewise, there is no such food that contains all nutrients that is why one has to eat various foods required by the body in their right amounts for it to grow well.
WHAT ONE NEEDS TO ENSURE THAT THEY ARE HEALTHY.
Reduce on your daily sugar consumption since it will help you reduce dental problems and overweight which is beneficial to your health.
Eat foods with limited fats since this will help lower the cholesterol levels in one's blood thus reducing the risk of heart related illnesses.
Eat plenty of dietary foods like fruits, vegetables, cereal products in order to protect you against intestinal disorders.
Avoid drinking alcohol to protect yourself from liver and heart problems.
Try to eat less salt to avoid high blood pressure leading to heart diseases.
HOW TO STRICTLY FOLLOW DIETARY GOALS.
In order to follow dietary goals, one has to have knowledge about various foods and the nutrients they contain. It should be noted that healthy eating should be taught right from infancy.
However, the following listed below are some suggestions on how to follow one's set dietary goals;
1. How to reduce sugar consumption.
Consume drinks with less sugars.
Avoid adding sugar to drinks.
Buy drinks that have reduced sugars for example fruit canned drinks.
Reduce on the sugar added on home made items like cakes, buns etc.
Eat sugary snacks only as a treat other than a habit or addiction.
2. Limiting the consumption of fats.
Consume dairy products with low fats eg cheeses, yogurt etc for normal consumption.
Eat plenty of poultry products like eggs and white meat foods like fish as compared to red meat.
Try to avoid eating fried foods but instead you can boil, steam, grill and bake them.
Use low fat spreads other than margarine or butter.
3. How to increase dietary fibre consumption.
Use more wholegrain cereal products for example wholemeal flour when cooking.
Eat fresh fruits and vegetables on a daily basis.
Consume breakfast snacks and cereals that are full of fibre and have low sugars.
4. Ensuring low salt intake.
Use spices and herbs as an alternative for salt while cooking.
When a salty flavour is required, use other salt substitutes with less sodium.
Limit the amount of salt added to cooked items such as soups, vegetables etc.
Reduce on salty snack foods like crisps.
Avoid eating foods that have salt added to them during their processing for example sausages, cooked meats, smoked fish and so on.
5. Reduce alcohol consumption.
It is quite important to have knowledge about the alcohol contents of various beverages.
If possible, dilute fruit juices with alcohol.
Limit or try to avoid alcoholic beverages at any cost.
FOOD NUTRIENT CONTENTS.
Measuring food nutrients that people eat daily is quite difficult.
However, various nutritional values of different foods can be affected by;
1. Type of plant or animal species.
2. How the plant or animal is grown or reared respectively.
3. Harvesting and slaughter effect.
4. Duration taken for the transportation of various foods to different countries.
5. The food processing effect of the factory.
6. Wastage amounts from food preparations.
7. Effects of various cooking practices and processes in the kitchen.
It should be strongly noted that the way different foods are prepared for consumption in the kitchen has a great effect on the nutritional content.
In cooking, there are some practices and processes that can either lead to a loss of nutrients or conserve and enhance food nutritional values for food.
PRACTICES THAT LEAD TO FOOD NUTRIENT LOSS.
It destroys nutrients like vitamin C, thiamin etc.
When you overheat proteins, it results into hardening and reduced digestion.
It leads to loss of vitamin C, thiamin, riboflavin and nicotinic acid into the liquid.
3. Exposure to air
Results into the oxidation of vitamin C in fruit juices, vegetables and fruits.
Leads to the gradual deterioration of fats due to rancidity.
4. Light exposure
Leads to the destruction of vitamin A and riboflavin.
PRACTICES THAT CONSERVE NUTRIENTS.
Using this method, food does not come into direct contact with the water hence the water soluble vitamins are retained.
2. Preparing stews and gravy
Making gravy from vegetable cooking water retains some soluble vitamins. These vitamins are retained in the liquid used in the stew.
3. Pressure cooking
Cooking duration is reduced hence resulting in less destruction of the food.
4. Vegetable Preparation
Vegetable preparation before cooking prevents the oxidation of vitamin C.
Cooking vegetables in boiling water without pre-soaking them reduces water soluble vitamin loss by leaching.
Minimum cooking time reduces heat destruction of various food nutrients.
PRACTICES THAT ENHANCE NUTRITIONAL VALUES.
1. Combining foods
The combination of various low protein foods like baked beans with toast ensures that essential food nutrients that are lacking in one food can be provided by the other.
The combination of vitamin C with foods containing iron increases the absorption of iron from the small intestine.
2. Preparing food.
When curry spices are cooked in iron pots, the iron passes through the spices.
Heating cheese enables the fat content to be more easily digested.
Homogenizing milk (one that has a uniform consistency) reduces on the size of the fat droplets which enables them to be digested more easily.
MORE INSIGHT IN FOOD.
Food is one of the basic needs that one depends on everyday. It is planted and then either consumed domestically or sold on a large scale.
And when food makes it's way into markets, shops, groceries and other outlets, it is sold at relatively different prices based on their sizes and cost of production from the cradle to the market place.
Furthermore, I would like to talk about cereals and vegetables. All these kinds of food provide different food nutrients that one's body needs to grow.
These are seeds from cultivated grasses and are commonly known as corn. They are widely grown and consumed by people allover the world because they are cheap and easy to grow. There are various types of cereals which include; wheat, maize, rice, oats, barley and rye. However, I would like to mainly talk about wheat in detail since it is widely used to use to make very many items like cakes, biscuits, samosas etc.
It is the type of cereal that is widely grown to produce various kinds of flour. Wheat is categorised into two kinds that include; the winter and spring wheat.
a). Winter wheat
It ismostly grown in Europe and produces weak soft flour that has proteins less than 10%.
b). Spring wheat
This type of wheat is hard, strong and has more proteins than winter wheat.
There are three types of flour produced by wheat and they include;
Advantages of wholemeal flour.
Since it is fully extracted during production, all it's nutrient content is retained.
The flour's bran is a source of fibre.
It can be used for baking various items like cakes.
Disadvantages of wholemeal flour
It has a relatively high fat content and thus cannot keep for long while baking.
It is filled with phytic acid that may affect the absorption of iron and calcium.
It is not good for making items such as pastries and cakes.
Advantages of white flour.
It has extremely good baking qualities and produces fine textures in cakes and other pastries.
Has less fat and is therefore likely to become rancid.
Contains relatively less phytic acid.
Disadvantages of white flour.
Contains less fibre, calcium and iron.
It also contains relatively less proteins and vitamins.
It is a cereal whose structure resembles that of wheat. There are very many types of rice and some of which include;
Patna rice which is long and thin.
Carolina rice whose grains are round.
Flaked rice with grains are flaked by a machine.
Ground rice whose grains can be crushed into powder and used in baking.
Rice is filled vitamin B and thiamin that helps in one's growth.
It is a cereal that is widely grown by people because it is more resistant to drought than other crops. It is categorised into two namely; the sweet corn and whole maize meal.
It's fresh picked grains are got from the cob and can be boiled, roasted or fried.
Whole maize meal.
The grains are crushed to make flour used for cooking for example making posho.
Barley, rye as well as other cereals provide almost similar nutrients.
Out of the various cereals we have looked at, the following are some of the by products made out of them;
Cornflour which is made from maize and also used as a thickning agent.
Pasta for example macaroni, spaghetti, ravioli, lasagne, vermicelli, tagliatelle and cannelloni.
Cereals should be kept under cool and dry conditions to prevent them from developing moulds.
They should be regularly checked if stored for a long period of time since they are prone to attacks from insects.
These are foods mainly got from plants. They can either be leaves, fruits, seeds and pods, flowers, bulbs, tubers, stems or roots.
Listed below are some examples of vegetables based on their location on a plant.
1. Leaves; cabbages, brussels sprouts, spinach, chicory, cress, watercress, endive and kale.
2. Fruits; tomatoes, cucumber, corn on the cob, eggplant, bitter berries etc.
3. Seeds and pods; peas, beans, French beans and so on.
4. Stems; celery
5. Flowers; cauliflower, broccoli etc
6. Roots; carrots, potatoes, beetroot, swede, parsnips, turnip, radish etc.
7. Bulbs; onions, shallots and leeks.
8. Tubers; potatoes
PREPARATION AND CHOICE OF VEGETABLES.
When choosing vegetables, the following points should be put into consideration;
Wilted and bruised vegetables should be avoided since there is likely to be waste and lose nutrients.
Choose leafy vegetables that are firm and of good colour.
Infected vegetables should be avoided.
STORAGE OF VEGETABLES.
Root vegetables should be stored in a cool, dry and dark place to prevent them from developing moulds.
Leaf vegetables should be stored for a minimum time in a cool place for example a plastic bag since they can easily lose water and vitamin C rapidly when left in the open.
All vegetables should be used as fast as possible.
1. Anita, T. Food and Nutrition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983.