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Huawei 'forging forward' despite Trump sanctions - BBC News
The phone maker is at the centre of the Trump administration's crackdown on Chinese tech firms.
image copyrightGetty Images Chinese phone maker Huawei said it was doing its best "to survive and forge forward" despite US sanctions. Huawei is one of a handful of Chinese tech firms targeted by Donald Trump on the grounds of national security. The phone maker had been busy stockpiling its supply of microchips before a US trade ban came into effect in September. On Friday, it said revenues for the first three quarters of 2020 were 9.9% higher than the same period last year. But Huawei said its ability to find component parts such as microchips has been "put under intense pressure and its production and operations saw increasing difficulties". Disruptions in manufacturing caused by Covid-19 were also to blame. During January to September this year, Huawei generated 671.3bn Chinese Yuan ($100bn; £77bn) in revenue. The US government put Shenzhen-based Huawei on its blacklist last year and put pressure on other countries to exclude Huawei from their next-generation 5G networks. The US now requires any company that sells Huawei products made anywhere with US technology to obtain a licence. Huawei said it was hopeful some chipmakers will apply for licences and was willing to work with partners to replenish its supplies. Going forward, Huawei said it would focus on technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) and cloud "and unleash the value of 5G networks along with its partners". On Thursday, Huawei unveiled its Mate 40 smartphones, claiming they feature a more "sophisticated" processor than Apple's forthcoming iPhones.
Osiris-Rex: Nasa asteroid mission confident of success - BBC News
The first images are released of the Osiris-Rex spacecraft trying to grab rock from asteroid Bennu.
By Jonathan AmosBBC Science Correspondent media captionSampling an asteroid: This image sequence is speeded up and repeated "We really did kind of make a mess." That was Dante Lauretta's take after reviewing the first pictures to come down from Nasa's Osiris-Rex probe following its bid to grab a sample from asteroid Bennu on Tuesday. Dust and grit flew in all directions but that was good news, enthused the University of Arizona professor. "Everything that we can see from these initial images indicates sampling success. So in case you can't tell, I'm pretty excited." The principal investigator's team now has to work out precisely how much material Osiris-Rex might have lifted from the surface of 500m-wide Bennu. If it's a kilo or more, it would represent the biggest extra-terrestrial sample cache since the Apollo astronauts gathered rocks from the Moon some 50 years ago. But even a smaller amount would still be a great prize. Bennu is a very primitive object, with chemistry preserved from the dawn of the Solar System more than 4.5 billion years ago. As such, it can tell us a great deal about how the Sun and the planets came into being. media captionControllers at Lockheed Martin celebrate the touch and go Osiris-Rex used what had been described as a "reverse vacuum cleaner" to acquire its clutch of "soil". More properly called the Touch-and-Go Sample Acquisition Mechanism, or Tag-Sam, this device comprised a long boom with a ring-shaped collection chamber on the end. The idea was to deliver a squirt of nitrogen when the Tag-Sam made contact with the asteroid. The hope was this gas would stir up Bennu's fragmented surface, leading to a considerable number of rocky pieces getting trapped inside the collection chamber. image copyrightNASA/Goddard/UoA image captionThe mess: Dust and grit are thrown in all directions as the sampling head makes contact The downlinked pictures certainly suggested the strategy was the right one. Osiris-Rex may have been in contact with Bennu for only six seconds before retreating, but the sampling ring was flat and stable, and even pressing into the soil slightly. This should have maximised the chances of retaining material. Rich Burns, Nasa's project manager on the mission, lauded the the way his team managed to put the probe in just the right place on Bennu - almost exactly at the centre of the targeted sampling zone. "We're over 320 million km away from Earth at this point, and we touched this asteroid within a metre of where we intended to. So that's extraordinary and a real credit to our team," he told reporters. image copyrightNASA/Goddard/UoA image captionEngineers will spin the probe to try to gauge the mass of material taken on board On Thursday, engineers will command the spacecraft to take detailed pictures of the sampling ring to try to see what it contains. And then on Saturday, they'll make Osiris-Rex spin itself around with the Tag-Sam outstretched. Any extra mass on board will change the level of torque required to turn the probe, compared with the level that was needed to perform the same rotation exercise prior to sample acquisition. "We are expecting a final sample mass measurement report on Monday," explained Sandy Freund, the mission operations manager at Lockheed Martin, the company that manufactured Osiris-Rex. It seems highly likely that Osiris-Rex has achieved its objective of taking at least 60g off Bennu. But if it hasn't, there are two more nitrogen bottles still aboard the probe to facilitate further sampling bids. And there's plenty of time, too. The spacecraft is not scheduled to depart Bennu for Earth until April next year. A landing on Earth for any rock cache in this timeline would be late 2023. Prof Lauretta once again on Wednesday's paid tribute to the British scientist who conceived Osiris-Rex. This was Bristol-born Michael Drake who held senior science positions at the University of Arizona in Tucson. He worked up the concept for the mission but sadly died in 2011, aged 65, just months after Nasa had green-lit the project. "I'm pleased to see that my dad's legacy is being honoured at this exciting time in Osiris-Rex's mission," Michael Drake's son, Matt Drake, told BBC News. "My father's idea to study near-Earth asteroids as a means of peering back in time to the birth of the Solar System finally came to fruition during [Tuesday's] Tag event. "As the principal investigator of this team from its inception until his passing almost 10 years later, he would have been incredibly proud of his team's accomplishments." Osiris-Rex carries a plaque of remembrance to Michael Drake. image captionMichael Drake was the instigator behind the Osiris-Rex mission [email protected] and follow me on Twitter: @BBCAmos
Borat 2 review: 'Fascinating and urgently satirical' - BBC News
Borat Subsequent Moviefilm, the sequel to 2006’s smash hit, revives Sacha Baron Cohen’s iconic character – but it’s his daughter who steals the spotlight in this satire.
Perhaps it suffers from having a different director: Jason Woliner has taken the reins from legendary Seinfeld / Curb Your Enthusiasm alumnus, Larry Charles. But another, more significant reason why it is less enjoyable is that the world has changed since 2006. YouTube had barely launched back in that dim, distant era, so it was rare to see pranksters catching people off guard in public. Nowadays, you can watch countless Borat-style routines at the click of a mouse. A related point is that, in the first film, Baron Cohen amazed us by getting Americans to make the most outrageously toxic statements on camera. These days, in contrast, some Americans make those statements on camera every day. They dont need anyone to coax or trick them into expressing opinions that might have been classed as extreme 14 years ago; they do so loudly and proudly. Subsequent Moviefilm isnt a write-off, though. It is saved by its satirical focus (which Ill get to shortly), and by its secret weapon, Maria Bakalova, a Bulgarian actress who plays Borats 15-year-old daughter (the oldest unmarried woman in Kazakhstan). I missed Ken Davitians Azamat, and I was piqued that a new sidekick had been introduced in his place. But Bakalova is a real discovery. Most of the scenes that had me covering my eyes in mortified glee were the ones in which she took the lead. She is so wide-eyed and heartfelt in her interactions with strangers that her plotline becomes strangely emotional, and so fearless and quick-witted in the stunt sequences that she gives the film the surprise value that it lacks elsewhere. We already know that Baron Cohen can do this stuff; the thrill comes from seeing that someone else can do it, too. Indeed, that climactic gotcha might explain why Subsequent Moviefilm has been released in such a hurry. The 2006 Borat was made during George W Bushs presidency, but it didnt comment explicitly on his administration. This one is far more topical. It has parts that could have been shot at any time, but most of it is about coronavirus, Facebook conspiracy theories, white supremacy, the sexual harassment that led to the MeToo movement, and various Trump-related scandals. Baron Cohen and his team are clearly more intent on influencing viewers at the ballot box than they are in making them laugh. They even finish with a caption: NOW VOTE. OR YOU WILL BE EXECUTE. [sic] Having been made with a specific political purpose, Subsequent MovieFilm wont age as well as the previous Borat did. Whereas that one will stand as an evergreen comedy, this one might be as ephemeral as a newspapers editorial cartoon or an episode of Spitting Image. But its the ripped-from-the-headlines relevance that makes it so fascinating, and its the boiling rage at current politics that makes it so bracing. There arent many films as urgently satirical as this one. You might not want to re-watch it in a few years time, but you should definitely watch it now. Borat Subsequent Moviefilm is released on Amazon on 23 October 2020. Love film and TV? Join BBC Culture Film and TV Club on Facebook, a community for cinephiles all over the world. If you would like to comment on this story or anything else you have seen on BBC Culture, head over to our Facebook page or message us on Twitter. And if you liked this story, sign up for the weekly bbc.com features newsletter, called The Essential List. A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Culture, Worklife and Travel, delivered to your inbox every Friday.
Samuel Paty: Beheading of teacher deepens divisions over France's secular identity - BBC News
Mass rallies over the murder of a teacher mask growing dissent over the country's secular identity.
By Lucy WilliamsonParis correspondent image copyrightGetty Images image captionThousands rallied following the murder of a teacher who showed cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad in class There was something hidden by the crowds that gathered across France over the weekend. The dramatic show of national unity - after the decapitation of teacher Samuel Paty outside Paris - hid growing dissent in some parts of the country over the nation's view of secularism and freedom of speech. "Last year, a student told me that it was completely legitimate to kill someone who failed to show respect to the Prophet [Muhammad]," Fathia Agad-Boudjhalat, a history teacher, told French radio. "It comes from what they hear in their families." Fathia has used cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad for years, along with cartoons of Donald Trump and Emmanuel Macron, to teach about freedom of speech. But many in her profession report worrying trends among a minority of students who seem at odds with French laws and values. State secularism - or laïcité - is central to France's national identity. It's as important as the concepts of "liberty, equality, fraternity" that make up its post-Revolutionary motto. Laïcité decrees that the public space - whether classrooms, workplaces or ministries - should be free of religion. Curbing freedom of expression to protect the feelings of one particular community, the state says, undermines the country's unity. But there is evidence that a growing number of people in France are uncomfortable with this argument and want the boundaries around secularism and free speech to change. media captionRallies in Paris, Toulouse, Lyon and other French cities in support of Samuel Paty According to Michaël Prazan, a former teacher, this dissent began to grow in the early 2000s when the government banned religious symbols in schools. Back then, he was teaching in a suburb of Paris with a high Muslim population. He believes teachers have failed to react to a growing chasm between them and some of their students. "We need to be more responsive as soon as there is a student who poses a problem in class, such as rejoicing in a terrorist act," he told me. "We need to deal with it quickly before it spills over onto the internet and a death threat for the teacher." Teachers say they noticed a change after 2015, when Islamist gunmen attacked the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo after it published cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad. "They deserved it," some students told philosophy teacher Alexandra Girat, "because the cartoons were too much - they shouldn't represent the Prophet [Muhammad] that way." image copyrightGetty Images image captionA mural in tribute to those killed in the Charlie Hebdo attack was erected on the Rue Nicolas-Appert Polls suggest wider public opinion in France has hardened since the attacks, with a majority of people now supporting the magazine's decision to publish the cartoons. Previously, most said it was an "unnecessary provocation". Meanwhile, almost 70% of Muslim respondents believe publishing the images was wrong. But both sample groups strongly condemned the attacks themselves. The roots of deepening divisions over religious identity and freedom of speech are complex. They include the influence of conflicts overseas and the racism and social marginalisation experienced by many descendants of Muslim immigrants here. France's national values are hard to defend, some say, if they don't appear to apply to you. So where does all that leave teachers like Samuel Paty, who are tasked with teaching students about freedom of speech? image captionSamuel Paty, a well-liked teacher, received threats after showing the cartoons One woman at Sunday's rally said France's leaders needed to act. "We can't leave teachers alone to face these complicated religious, moral and philosophical questions," she told us. "They need direction." We've been sounding the alarm for years," Iannis Roder, a historian and teacher, told French radio. "I hope this is a turning point in recognising the reality of what happens on the ground." President Macron has reportedly asked the government to come up with "concrete action" and to strengthen security in schools, promising that "fear will change sides". More than 80 people who posted online messages of support for Mr Paty's killer will be investigated by police, and associations with radical links are under fresh scrutiny too. The government is under pressure, with one senior opposition figure criticising Mr Macron's approach and calling for "armes et non des larmes" - weapons not tears. But after so many attacks here over the past five years, the divisions - and the disillusion - seem to grow a little more each time. How pupils will react to the killing of Mr Paty won't be clear until early November, when schools return after a two week break leading up to the Christian holiday of Toussaint. After the attacks in 2015, some children refused to take part in a minute's silence that was held across the nation to remember those who died. A similar national moment is planned for Mr Paty when schools return next month. Once again, teachers will be watching to see what the response of their pupils will be.
China's economy continues to bounce back from virus slump - BBC News
The world's second biggest economy saw growth of almost 5% in the third quarter of the year.
image copyrightGetty Images China's economy continues its recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic with growth of 4.9% for the three months of July to September. The world's second biggest economy was the first major economy to suffer from coronavirus lockdowns. China is now leading the charge for a recovery with its latest gross domestic product (GDP) figures for the third quarter of 2020. However, the growth is lower than the 5.2% expected by economists. For the first three months of this year Chinas economy shrank by 6.8% when its saw nationwide shutdowns of factories and manufacturing plants. It was the first time Chinas economy contracted since it started recording quarterly figures in 1992. The key growth figures released on Monday suggest that Chinas economic recovery is gathering pace, although experts often questioned the accuracy of its economic data. . Retail sales grew by 0.9% in the third quarter, the first time theyve shown any improvement this year. The quarterly figures are compared to the same quarter of 2019. Chinas trade figures for September also pointed to a strong recovery, with exports growing by 9.9% and imports growing by 13.2% compared to September last year. Over the previous two decades, China had seen an average economic growth rate of about 9%. The Chinese government has rolled out a raft of measures this year to revive the coronavirus-hit economy and support employment. While the central bank stepped up policy support earlier this year after widespread travel restrictions choked economic activity, it has more recently held off on further easing. Premier Li Keqiang warned earlier this month that China needs to make arduous efforts to achieve its full-year economic goals. "I don't think the headline number is bad," said Iris Pang, chief China economist for ING in Hong Kong. "Job creation is China is quite stable which creates more consumption." For the second quarter of this year, economic growth in China reached 3.2% as its started its rebound.
Israel and Bahrain establish formal diplomatic relations - BBC News
Bahrain becomes only the fourth Arab country in the Middle East to recognise Israel.
image captionBahrain is the fourth Arab country to recognise Israel since its founding in 1948 Israel and Bahrain have formally established diplomatic relations. The deal - brokered by the US - was signed in the Bahrain capital, Manama, on Sunday. For decades, most Arab states have boycotted Israel, insisting they would only establish ties after the Palestinian dispute was settled. Bahrain is now the fourth Arab country in the MIddle East - after the UAE, Egypt and Jordan - to recognise Israel since its founding in 1948. Palestinians have condemned the diplomatic moves as a "stab in the back". At a ceremony in Manama on Sunday evening, Bahraini and Israeli officials signed a "joint communiqué" establishing full diplomatic relations. The two countries are now expected to open embassies. Israeli media report that the document did not include any references to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Following the signing, Bahraini Foreign Minister Abdullatif bin Rashid Al-Zayani said in a speech that he hoped for "fruitful bilateral co-operation in every field" between the two nations. He also called for peace in the region, including a two-state solution to the Palestinian conflict. image captionUS Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin travelled with the Israeli delegation on Sunday The Israeli team flew on El Al flight 973 - in reference to Bahrain's international dialling code - and passed over Saudi Arabia with special permission from the kingdom. Saudi leaders have so far resisted calls to normalise relations Israel. Regional rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran has played a role in this diplomacy - a decades-old feud exacerbated by religious differences, with Iran a largely Shia Muslim power and Saudi Arabia seeing itself as the leading Sunni Muslim power. The UAE and Bahrain - both allies of Saudi Arabia - have shared with Israel worries over Iran, leading to unofficial contacts in the past. US Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin accompanied the Israeli delegates. He will also accompany Israel's first delegation to the UAE on Tuesday. media captionThe agreements were signed in a ceremony at the White House The Israeli agreement with the UAE came after Israel agreed to suspend controversial plans to annex parts of the occupied West Bank. Palestinian leaders were reportedly taken by surprise by that announcement. They have condemned the UAE deal and the later Bahrain agreement. The Palestinian foreign ministry recalled its ambassador to Bahrain after the deal was announced last month, and a statement from the Palestinian leadership spoke of the "great harm it causes to the inalienable national rights of the Palestinian people and joint Arab action".
Missing Hong Kong protester Alexandra Wong 'was held in mainland China' - BBC News
"Grandma Wong" says she was detained by mainland police and forced to renounce her activism.
image copyrightGetty Images image captionAlexandra Wong, nicknamed "Grandma Wong" by her fellow protesters, gave an emotional press conference on Saturday A prominent Hong Kong protester has made her first public appearance in 14 months, telling the media she had been held in mainland China. Alexandra Wong, 64, was nicknamed "Grandma Wong" and was often pictured waving a British flag at protests. She said she was detained last August in the border city of Shenzhen and forced to renounce her activism in writing. Ms Wong said she was also sent on a "patriotic tour" of Shaanxi province. While there, she had to sing the national anthem and was photographed waving the Chinese flag. She was then released on bail, she said, but was forbidden from returning to Hong Kong. Last year's anti-government protests began in June 2019 over plans to allow extradition to mainland China, but later morphed into a broader movement demanding full democracy. Hong Kong was a British colony until 1997, but was then returned to Chinese control under the principle of "one country, two systems". While it is technically part of China, the territory has its own legal system and borders, and rights including freedom of assembly and free speech are protected. Speaking at an emotional press conference in Hong Kong on Saturday, Ms Wong said she was initially detained by the authorities in Shenzhen for a total of 45 days, for "administrative detention" and "criminal detention". However, she wasn't told what charges she was facing. image copyrightGetty Images image captionMs Wong was often pictured with a British flag at the protests "I was afraid I would die in that detention centre," she said. At the end of the 45 days she was told to declare on camera that she hadn't been tortured, she said, and that she wouldn't protest or do interviews with the media. She was also forced to confess in writing that her activism was wrong - something she described as "the worst thing I did in my life". After this she was sent to Shaanxi province, in north-east China, before being released on bail pending trial for "picking quarrels and provoking trouble". She was not given any written documentation of these charges. media captionThe history behind Hong Kong's identity crisis and protests - first broadcast November 2019 For a year after her release on bail, she was only allowed to go back to Shenzhen, the border city where she lives, and was forbidden from going to Hong Kong. These conditions expired late last month. Ms Wong told reporters that she had "no courage" to return to Shenzhen "unless there is a radical change in the political situation". "I won't give up fighting," she added. "After all, there will be sacrifice, otherwise... the authoritarian system won't be changed." She also called for the release of 12 Hong Kong activists, believed to be fleeing to Taiwan, who were intercepted at sea by mainland authorities in August. Hong Kong saw a wave of arrests of activists earlier this year under a controversial national security law imposed by China in June. The security law, opposed by many in Hong Kong, punishes what Beijing broadly defines as subversion, secession, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces, with up to life in prison.
US election 2020: Early voting records smashed amid enthusiasm wave - BBC News
Huge numbers of voters are casting ballots with less than three weeks to go until the election.
Tony Awards: Alanis Morissette musical leads reduced nomination field - BBC News
Broadway theatres have been shut since March, a fact reflected by this year's pared-down nominations.
image copyrightGetty Images image captionAlanis Morissette (centre) with the cast of Jagged Little Pill Alanis Morissette musical Jagged Little Pill has received 15 Tony nominations, ahead of an awards ceremony that will honour a season cut short by Covid-19. Broadway theatres have been shut since March, a fact reflected by the limited scope of this year's field. Jagged Little Pill, which was inspired by Morissette's 1995 album, is one of only three shows up for best musical. Moulin Rouge's Aaron Tveit, meanwhile, is the only nominee in the best leading actor in a musical category. The US actor said he was "beyond grateful, elated and honoured" to be recognised for his work in the stage version of Baz Luhrmann's 2001 film. The musical, which opened in New York in July 2019, has 14 nominations in all. Many categories feature fewer nominees than usual, while no shows at all have been nominated for best musical revival. No date has been set for this year's ceremony, originally scheduled for 7 July, though it is likely the awards will be presented virtually in early December. image copyrightMatthew Murphy image captionMoulin Rouge stars Karen Olivo and Aaron Tveit are both nominated British stars in contention include Tom Hiddleston, who is up for best leading actor in a play for his work in Harold Pinter's Betrayal. Britain's Jamie Lloyd is nominated for best director for that production, as is Stephen Daldry for his direction of The Inheritance. Both productions premiered in London before transferring to Broadway last year. Hiddleston's competition includes fellow Briton Tom Sturridge and US film star Jake Gyllenhaal. The duo are both nominated for Sea Wall/A Life, a double bill of monologues at New York's Public Theater. media captionAlanis Morissette's debut album Jagged Little Pill is 25 years old Other big names in the running for awards include Laura Linney, up for best actress for My Name is Lucy Barton. That one-woman show also started out in London, having premiered at the Bridge Theatre in 2018. A full list of this year's nominations can be found here. Follow us on Facebook, or on Twitter @BBCNewsEnts. If you have a story suggestion email [email protected]
Inside Canada's decades-long lobster feud - BBC News
A fight over indigenous rights has erupted in Canada's billion-dollar lobster fishing industry.
By Robin Levinson-KingBBC News, Toronto image copyrightGetty Images A fight over indigenous fishing rights that's been decades in the making has come to a head in Nova Scotia, the epicentre of Canada's billion-dollar lobster industry. In a small warehouse on the southern tip of Nova Scotia, near Yarmouth, two indigenous fishermen found themselves trapped with nowhere to go when an angry mob raided the lobster pound where they had stored their catch. Jason Marr, one of the indigenous fishermen stuck inside, said he had moved his lobster there that evening, because he heard there might be a raid at another location. All was quiet at first, but soon he says he was surrounded by about 200 men. "They were pounding on the door, screaming obscenities, 'give us the lobster'!" he told the BBC. There were also four non-indigenous men inside with them, who worked at the pound. The crowd cut the power and threw a rock through the window, while he called police, he says. "I didn't know if they wanted to kill me or whatnot... they said they were going to give us until midnight or they were going to burn us out." Mr Marr says he saw men urinate on his car and slash his tires. The mayhem ended when police forced him to leave, he says, and he watched as the men stormed the pound and took his catch, as well as others. Just a few hours earlier, a similar raid had been carried out at a second location, where a car was burned. In both instances, police gathered outside but made no arrests. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police say they are still investigating. This dispute is the latest in an escalating feud between Mi'kmaq fishermen and non-indigenous commercial fishermen that began when the Sipekne'katik First Nation launched its own fishery in September, during the off-season. Non-indigenous commercial fishermen say the fishery should be shut down, while indigenous fishermen say it is their constitutional right. The roots of this discord go back over 250 years to the Peace and Friendship Treaty of 1752, which promised Mi'kmaq the right to hunt and fish their lands and establish trade. For centuries, the treaty and others like it were ignored. But in 1999, the Supreme Court of Canada issued a landmark ruling making it clear that the Mi'qmaq and Maliseet people had the right to not just sustain themselves by hunting and fishing, but to earn a "moderate livelihood", even in the off-season. The court defined "moderate livelihood" as a living that provided for "necessities" like food and shelter, but not the "accumulation of wealth". What that means practically was never addressed in the regulations, leaving a grey area that has yet to be resolved to this day. For decades, the Mi'kmaq say the government has failed to enforce that ruling. So after several years of failed negotiations, they are coming up with their own solution. Operating outside of the province's commercial lobster fishery, the Sipekne'katik First Nation plans to make their lobster fishery a test case, issuing just 11 licences, with the hopes of collecting data towards making the operation sustainable in the years to come. "It wasn't like we just came down and put traps in the water," Chief Michael Sack told the BBC. But Mr Sack says that shortly after launching the fishery, they became subject to threats and sabotage, which culminated in the raids on two lobster pounds this week. Derek Thomas, a commercial fisherman for over 25 years, condemns the violence. But he says the government needs to step in and enforce off-season rules for the sake of the lobster population. "I don't think anybody likes the violence, and I don't think anybody denies their rights. But enough is enough already," he told the BBC. "Regulations are designed to prevent over-harvesting and to maintain a sustainable fishery, it is all we want for our communities." The government does have the right to regulate indigenous fishing in order to protect conservation efforts. But R v Marshall made it clear that the government must prove the restrictions are necessary. Mr Thomas says fishermen have "frustration boiling over" after years of deteriorating stocks. Between 2016-2018, lobster caches declined about 10% in the province, although there's no clear indication of why. The pandemic has also cut into lobster exports to the lucrative Chinese market. This is not the first time indigenous fishermen have clashed with non-indigenous commercial fishers. Shortly after the R v Marshall decision, many indigenous fishermen took to the water in the off-season and fights broke out along wharfs in Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Like now, the non-indigenous fishermen said they were concerned about the effect that off-season fishing would have on the lobster population. image captionLobster traps that were seized by non-native fishers lie dumped outside the DFO office In Canada, the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) only allows lobster fishing during distinct seasons, timed to coordinate with the lobster's molting schedules, which is when lobsters shed their shell and grow another one. During the molting, their shells are soft, and they are easily hurt and killed. But restricting lobster fishing during molting season is not the only way to protect the lobster population, says Robert Steneck, a professor of oceanography who researches lobster populations at the University of Maine's School of Marine Sciences. "Frankly I don't think it really makes a difference," he says. The scale of the fishery matters, Mr Steneck says, and the impact that a small fishery like the one organised by the Sipekne'katik First Nation would have limited effect on total populations. In LFA 34, the regulatory name for the body of water near St Mary's Bay, where the indigenous lobster fishery is located, there are 979 lobster licences, and each licence is allowed to carry about 375-400 traps during the season. The Sipekne'katik fishery has issued 11 licences, with the right to carry 50 traps each. "Really it would be trivial, in my view, by almost any standard," he says. Canada's lobster industryA snapshot from 2018
- $C1.4bn(£800m) caught
- 97,381metric tonnes
- 8,907lobster licences