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George Floyd death homicide, official post-mortem declares - BBC News
George Floyd, whose death sparked mass protests, suffered a cardiac arrest while being restrained.
Image copyrightGetty ImagesImage caption George Floyd's death in Minneapolis sparked civil unrest across the country The death of George Floyd, an African-American man who died in police custody, has been declared a homicide following an official post-mortem. He suffered a cardiac arrest while being restrained by Minneapolis police officers on 25 May, the report found. It listed Mr Floyd's cause of death as "cardiopulmonary arrest complicating law enforcement subdual, restraint, and neck compression". The examination also recorded evidence of heart disease and recent drug use. A video showing a white police officer continuing to kneel on Mr Floyd's neck even after he pleaded he could not breathe sparked outrage when it emerged a week ago. It has led to six consecutive days of protests around the United States and a level of civil unrest not seen this widely across the country in decades. The findings of the official post-mortem were released shortly after those of a private examination that was carried out by medical examiners hired by the Floyd family. That report said Mr Floyd, 46, died from asphyxia (lack of oxygen) due to a compression on his neck and back. It also found the death was a homicide, a statement from the family's legal team said. Media captionFloyd's brother: 'That's not bringing him back' "The cause of death in my opinion is asphyxia, due to compression to the neck - which can interfere with oxygen going to the brain - and compression to the back, which interferes with breathing," Dr Michael Baden, a former New York City medical examiner and one of the pair, said at a news conference on Monday. Benjamin Crump, a lawyer for the Floyd family, told Monday's news conference: "Beyond doubt he would be alive today if not for the pressure applied to his neck by officer Derek Chauvin and the strain on his body by two other officers." He added: "The ambulance was his hearse." More than 75 cities have seen protests over what happened to George Floyd. Streets that only days ago were deserted because of the coronavirus pandemic have filled with demonstrators marching shoulder to shoulder. The case has reignited deep-seated anger over police killings of black Americans and racism. It follows the high-profile cases of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Eric Garner in New York and others that have driven the Black Lives Matter movement. Media caption'This is pain right here' - Washington DC protests turn violent On Sunday, mostly peaceful demonstrations once again gave way to violence in many cities, with clashes erupting between police and protesters. Police cars were burned, buildings were torched and shops looted in several places. Dozens of cities imposed curfews but they were defied. Many videos shared on social media from across the US appeared to show riot police responding disproportionately to demonstrators. Dozens of attacks targeting journalists have been reported. On Monday, President Trump told state governors they had been "weak" and had to get "much tougher", and utilise troops from the National Guard, thousands of whom have already been activated in two dozen states. "You've got to arrest people, you have to track people, you have to put them in jail for 10 years and you'll never see this stuff again," Mr Trump said in a video conference call, according to US media. There have been scenes of violence in Washington DC in recent nights, including near the White House.
George Floyd died of asphyxia, private post-mortem finds - BBC News
African-American man whose death sparked protests died due to police officers' actions, examiners say.
Media captionFloyd's brother: 'That's not bringing him back' George Floyd, the African-American man whose death has sparked civil unrest, died from asphyxia (lack of oxygen), a private post-mortem examination found. He died due to compression on his neck and back by Minneapolis police officers, medical examiners hired by the Floyd family said. The findings differ from an official preliminary examination carried out by the county medical examiner. It did not find evidence of "traumatic asphyxia or strangulation". The official examination also said underlying health conditions played a role in Mr Floyd's death. But the two doctors hired by the Floyd family found the death was a homicide, a statement from its legal team said. "The cause of death in my opinion is asphyxia, due to compression to the neck - which can interfere with oxygen going to the brain - and compression to the back, which interferes with breathing," Dr Michael Baden, a former New York City medical examiner and one of the pair, said at a news conference. Media caption'This is pain right here' - Washington DC protests turn violent A video showing a white police officer continuing to kneel on George Floyd's neck even after he pleaded he could not breathe sparked outrage when it emerged a week ago. It has led to six consecutive days of protests around the United States and a level of civil unrest not seen this widely across the country in decades. Benjamin Crump, a lawyer for the Floyd family, told Monday's news conference: "Beyond doubt he would be alive today if not for the pressure applied to his neck by officer Derek Chauvin and the strain on his body by two other officers." He added: "The ambulance was his hearse." Dr Baden said there was "no other health issue that could cause or contribute to the death". Image copyrightReutersImage caption A memorial has sprung up in Minneapolis at the spot where George Floyd was arrested by police The findings contradict those of a preliminary post-mortem examination that was included in the criminal complaint against Mr Chauvin, who has been charged with third-degree murder and manslaughter. The medical examiner noted in that report that Mr Floyd had underlying heart conditions and said the combination of these, "potential intoxicants in his system" and being restrained by the officers "likely contributed to his death". The full official death examination is yet to be released by the office of the Hennepin County Medical Examiner. It says it is awaiting more results from laboratory studies. Image copyrightEPAImage caption There have been protests in several European cities, including this one in Barcelona The Floyd family and their lawyers say the charge against Mr Chauvin should be increased to first-degree murder. They say the private post-mortem examination proves two other officers filmed kneeling on his back also contributed to his death. More than 75 cities have seen protests over what happened to George Floyd, with streets only days ago deserted because of coronavirus full of demonstrators marching shoulder to shoulder. The case has reignited deep-seated anger over police killings of black Americans and racism. It follows the high-profile cases of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Eric Garner in New York and others that have driven the Black Lives Matter movement. On Sunday, mostly peaceful demonstrations once again gave way to violence in many cities, with clashes erupting between police and protesters. Police cars were burned, buildings were torched and shops looted in several places. Dozens of cities imposed curfews but they were defied. Image copyrightGetty ImagesImage caption Protesters staged a "die-in" in New York City's Times Square on Monday On Monday, President Trump told state governors they had been "weak" and had to get "much tougher", and utilise troops from the National Guard, thousands of whom have already been activated in two dozen states. "You've got to arrest people, you have to track people, you have to put them in jail for 10 years and you'll never see this stuff again," Mr Trump said in a video conference call, according to US media. There have been scenes of violence in Washington DC in recent nights, including near the White House. Demonstrators lit fire to buildings including a historic church known as the church of the presidents overnight on Sunday. Many videos shared on social media from across the US appeared to show riot police responding disproportionately to demonstrators. Dozens of attacks targeting journalists have been reported. Media captionA tanker has been driven at protesters in Minneapolis The curfew in Washington DC has been extended for another two nights and will start at 19:00 on Monday. A curfew starting at 23:00 had been in effect on Sunday. New York City is also imposing a citywide curfew on Monday from 23:00 until 05:00 on Tuesday. "The violence and the looting has been bad for the city, the state and this entire national movement, undermining and distracting from this righteous cause," said New York Governor Andrew Cuomo.
Coronavirus: Government urged to change advice to 'stay local' - BBC News
Coastal areas have been overrun by tourists since travel limits were lifted, the government is told.
Image copyrightAndrew Matthews/PAImage caption Thousands flocked to the Jurassic Coast to enjoy the sunny weather at the weekend Coronavirus guidelines on travel should be changed to "stay local", Dorset's two council leaders have urged. Thousands of people flocked to Durdle Door beach on the Jurassic Coast at the weekend and Bournemouth beach was also packed. Dorset and Bournemouth Christchurch and Poole (BCP) councils warned crowds could lead to a rise in Covid-19 cases. Current rules state that households can drive any distance in England to destinations such as parks and beaches. In a statement, Dorset Council leader Spencer Flower said there had been "extremely disappointing behaviour" by members of the public at beaches in the county. On Saturday three people were airlifted to hospital after tombstoning from the limestone arch at Durdle Door Beach. Media captionThousands of people flocked to Bournemouth beach on Sunday Mr Flower said: "My plea to the government is to review the unrestricted travel guidelines currently in place and require people instead to 'stay local'". "The current guidelines have a disproportionately negative effect on areas like ours which are popular with visitors but do not have the infrastructure to cope right now. "I am worried that we will see a second wave of infection here in Dorset as a result of the high number of visitors to the area over recent days." His counterpart at BCP Vicki Slade said she had witnessed a number of cases of "people failing to adhere to social distancing rules and of illegal parking, widespread barbecues and council staff being abused when going about their work". She said local MPS should press for a five-mile travel limit for non-work purposes, or risk fines. Bournemouth's official tourist board posted a picture on social media of a crowded beach, with the words: "Too many people, too little respect... Have some humanity... Stay away." It follows Brighton City Council arguing for more powers from government to implement its own lockdown, after huge crowds have filled its parks and beaches.
Coronavirus: Customers queue for hours as Ikea reopens 19 shops - BBC South East Wales
Thousands have queued to get into the furniture giant's stores amid strict social distancing measures.
Image caption There were long queues in Manchester Thousands of shoppers have queued for hours to get into Ikea stores after the furniture giant reopened 19 shops in England and Northern Ireland on Monday. They had been warned that only a limited number of shoppers would be welcomed with only one adult and one child from a household allowed in. But Ikea was forced to shut car parks at some stores to help ease pressure. In Warrington, people arrived at 05:40 to start queuing for the Ikea store to reopen at 09;00. The company praised shoppers for their patience. "Where we've seen strong demand we've taken appropriate decisions to open early for browsing and to temporarily close our car parks to help ease pressure and reduce waiting times," Ikea said. "We're incredibly grateful to the public in playing their part to help keep everyone safe." Queues across the country In Warrington, a line of more than 1,000 people snaked around the car park with similar scenes at Ikea's Wembley store. On Twitter, shoppers complained of "five-mile queues" in Croydon, Wembley and outside of London. Law student Alexi Norris visited Wembley to buy a desk but was shocked at the long waits. Customers queue for hours as Ikea reopens 19 shops West Midlands police took to Twitter to warn people of large queues at Ikea's Wednesbury branch. The police urged: "Please consider if you need to go there today as you may be in for a very long wait." There were long queues outside the Belfast branch, noted BBC reporter Mark Simpson. In Manchester one shopper (who didn't want to be named) told the BBC that despite queues outside, inside the shop it was easy to maintain social-distancing. "It's very busy with every entrance manned by staff with walkie talkies who were managing the long queues that had formed," the shopper said. "We arrived just after 11:00 and had to queue for about an hour and a half before we were allowed into the store. "However, once inside though the store was much emptier than usual, so it was very easy to stay a safe distance from the other shoppers." Risky to health But some criticized the long queues as a sign of runaway consumerism. One Twitter user said: "Don't understand how a person sees this Ikea queue and actually joins it, rather than heading home for a beer." Others warned that people queuing were risking catching coronavirus. One said: "People shopping at Ikea moaning about the people in the queue at Ikea today. It's the 'it's not me, it's everyone else' attitude that will cause the inevitable second wave. "Wear a mask and only go out if you have to. It's not that hard, surely?" Safety measures An Ikea spokesperson said: "The health and safety of our customers and co-workers remains our top priority, which is why we put extensive and enhanced measures in place to create a safe and comfortable experience." The measures include limiting numbers of customers in stores, a staggered entry system, screens in key areas and social-distancing wardens. All play areas and the restaurants have remained closed. "We ask that these measures are respected at all times," Ikea said. It had asked customers to "come prepared with ready-made lists and their own bags to help ease waiting times". It also pleaded with customers wishing to return items, "to do so at a later date". "While frustrating, these planned measures are in place to ensure everyone's safety," Ikea said. "To avoid queues, we'd ask those purely wishing to browse, to visit us in the coming weeks." Meanwhile, new footfall data from retail analyst Springboard has shown a sharp rise in the number of shoppers as a result of lockdown restrictions in England being eased. Overall, shopper numbers were up 36% on last week's Bank Holiday Monday and 21% on the week before that. High Streets saw the largest increase, with footfall up 44% on last week and 24% on the week before. The increases have come despite only limited reopening allowed in England. Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales have not yet allowed similar shops to open again.
George Floyd death: Liverpool players take knee in picture at Anfield - BBC Sport
Liverpool players displayed a message of support by taking a knee around the centre circle at Anfield after the death in police custody of African-American George Floyd in Minneapolis.
Liverpool players took a break from training at Anfield on Monday for this picture Liverpool players took a knee around the centre circle at Anfield in a message of support following the death in police custody of African-American George Floyd in Minneapolis. The picture featuring 29 Reds players came with the caption "Unity is strength. #BlackLivesMatter". Players reportedly requested the picture during training on Monday. Manchester United's Paul Pogba and Marcus Rashford added their voices to worldwide protests against racism. Protests have been held after Floyd, an unarmed black man, died on 25 May after being restrained by white Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin, who kneeled on his neck for almost nine minutes to pin him down. Chauvin has since been charged with his murder and sacked. Former San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick first protested against racial injustice and police brutality by kneeling down during the United States national anthem in the summer of 2016. Since then, that gesture has become symbolic to the Black Lives Matter movement. United midfielder and France World Cup winner Pogba said he felt "felt anger, pity, hatred, indignation, pain and sadness" in a passionate Instagram post. He added: "Sadness for George and for all black people who suffer from racism EVERY DAY! Whether in football, at work, at school, ANYWHERE! This has to stop, once and for all. Not tomorrow or the next day, it has to end TODAY! "Violent acts of racism can no longer be tolerated. I can't tolerate, I won't tolerate, WE WON'T TOLERATE. "Racism is ignorance, LOVE is intelligence, STOP the silence, STOP racism." United team-mate and England footballer Rashford said he had been "trying to process what is going on in the world". He added: "At a time I've been asking people to come together, work together and be united, we appear to be more divided than ever. "People are hurting and people need answers. Black lives matter. Black culture matters. Black communities matter. We matter." Liverpool players that tweeted the same picture and message included defenders Virgil van Dijk and Joe Gomez, full-back Trent Alexander-Arnold, midfielder Georginio Wijnaldum, as well as James Milner and Andrew Robertson. British 200m world champion sprinter Dina Asher-Smith had tweeted on Thursday: "Racism, police brutality... all of this is something we all have to be vocal about. Irrespective of our race or nationality. "RIP George Floyd. Heartbreaking and sickening to have to be saying RIP to another black person in these circumstances." On Sunday, England footballer Jadon Sancho unveiled a "Justice for George Floyd" T-shirt after scoring for Borussia Dortmund against Paderborn and Marcus Thuram took a knee after scoring for Borussia Monchengladbach. Liverpool striker Rhian Brewster and tennis stars Serena Williams, Coco Gauff and Naomi Osaka also spoke out about Floyd's death. 'We have had enough' Basketball legend Michael Jordan says he is "deeply saddened, truly pained and plain angry". "I see and feel everyone's pain, outrage and frustration," he added. "I stand with those calling out the ingrained racism and violence toward people of colour in our country." "We have had enough." Vanessa Bryant, widow of basketball legend Kobe, shared an image of her late husband wearing an "I Can't Breathe" T-shirt. "My husband wore this shirt years ago and yet here we are again," she wrote. "Life is so fragile. Life is so unpredictable. Life is too short." F1 drivers answer Hamilton's call Formula 1 drivers Charles Leclerc, Lando Norris, Carlos Sainz, George Russell and Daniel Ricciardo all issued anti-racism messages on social media after reigning F1 world champion Lewis Hamilton criticised those in his industry for not speaking out. "I'm one of the only people of colour and yet I stand alone," the Briton, 35, who is the only black F1 driver, wrote on Instagram. "I would have thought by now you would see why this happens and say something about it but you can't stand alongside us." Leclerc said he had been "completely wrong" not to speak out previously, saying he had not done so because he felt "out of place and uncomfortable". Hamilton's Mercedes team said in a statement they "stand with Lewis" and were "deeply saddened by the recent developments and hope to see a de-escalation soon". They added: "Tolerance is an elementary principle of our team and we are enriched by diversity in all its forms. We welcome and encourage people from all races, cultures, religions, philosophies and lifestyles. "We condemn every form of discrimination as we work together to drive change forward."
Tiananmen: Police ban Hong Kong vigil for victims of 1989 crackdown - BBC News
Authorities say the decision was taken due to public health concerns amid the coronavirus pandemic.
Media captionImages from last year's commemoration in Hong Kong Hong Kong police have banned a vigil marking the Tiananmen Square crackdown for the first time in 30 years. Authorities said the decision was due to health concerns over coronavirus. However, there are fears this may end the commemorations, as China seeks to impose a new law making undermining its authority a crime in the territory. Currently, Hong Kong and Macau are the only places in Chinese territory where people can commemorate the deadly 1989 crackdown on pro-democracy protesters. In mainland China, the authorities have banned even oblique references the events of June 4, which came after weeks of mass demonstrations that were tolerated by the government. Whether the commemoration will be allowed to go ahead in Hong Kong next year - when the new law targeting what Beijing considers to be terrorism and subversion in the territory will most likely be in force - is unclear. Image copyrightAFPImage caption This photo was taken two days before the crackdown in Tiananmen Square The proposed law has come under widespread international criticism, with seven former UK foreign secretaries urging Prime Minister Boris Johnson to form a global alliance to coordinate the response to what they called "flagrant breach" of Sino-British agreements. Hong Kong was handed back to China from British control in 1997 under the "one country, two systems" model. Lee Cheuk Yan, the chairman of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China, said the "unreasonable" ban on this year's vigil means the end to Hong Kong's "one country, two systems". The vigil in Hong Kong is a large event - last year, organisers said 180,000 people came together in the city's Victoria Park. Police put the number of attendees at under 40,000. The alliance said people could come to the Victoria Park in a group of eight people - allowed under coronavirus regulations - and hold candles while observing social distancing. Lee also urged the people to commemorate the crackdown in different parts of the city, and the alliance will also organise an online event around the globe. Media captionWang Dan one of the leaders of the Tiananmen Square protests Pro-democracy protesters occupied Tiananmen Square in April 1989 and began the largest political demonstrations in communist China's history. They lasted six weeks, with as many as a million people taking part. On the night of 3 June tanks moved in and troops opened fire, killing and injuring many unarmed people in and around Tiananmen Square. Afterwards the authorities claimed no-one had been shot dead in the square itself. Estimates of those killed in the crackdown range from a few hundred to several thousand. China has never given an official figure for how many people died.
In pictures: Back to school in England - BBC News
Many children have returned to their classrooms in England for the first time since lockdown began.
Some children in England have gone back to school for the first time since the coronavirus lockdown began. Many schools have opened their doors to children in Reception and Years 1 and 6. Image copyrightEddie Keogh / Reuters On arrival parents and children were kept 2m apart as they queued to enter school. Image copyrightEddie Keogh / Reuters Image copyrightJoe Giddens / PA Media Image copyrightEmma Lynch / BBC Parents said goodbye at the door, as children headed inside to see what their socially distant classrooms were like. Image copyrightEmma Lynch / BBC At this school in Mortlake, south-west London, each child was assigned their own desk, which were spaced around the classroom. Image copyrightBranwen Jeffreys / BBC Some of the older pupils shared larger desks, but were still seated apart. Image copyrightEDDIE KEOGH / Reuters At this school in Watlington, in Oxfordshire, a reduced number of children were allowed into each classroom so they could maintain social distancing. Image copyrightEmma Lynch / BBC Pupils are told to wash their hands regularly. Image copyrightLouis Lomas / SWNS At this school in Bristol a one way system is marked out on the floor. Image copyrightEddie Keogh / Reuters Even in the playground, the children are told to keep their distance. All photographs subject to copyright.
Manufacturers urge bailout as sector suffers - BBC News
The coronavirus crisis has left many manufacturers on the "cliff edge", an industry body warns.
Image copyrightGetty Images The coronavirus crisis has left many manufacturers on the "cliff edge" and in need of government intervention, an industry body has warned, The government should step in to support key sectors, in line with other countries, Make UK urged. It said support should especially be targeted at the aerospace, carmaking and steel sectors. Its plea came as new figures showed the sharp downturn in UK manufacturing continued last month. The closely watched IHS Markit/CIPS Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) for the sector gave a reading of 40.7 for May. It was up from April's record low of 32.6, suggesting the sector was not declining as quickly as before. Anything below 50 indicates contraction. Rob Dobson, director at IHS Markit, said: "Those who typically see the glass half-empty will note that the UK manufacturing sector remained mired in its deepest downturn in recent memory. "However, the glass-half-full perspective is one where the rate of contraction has eased considerably since April, meaning - absent a resurgence of infections - the worst of the production downturn may be behind us." Make UK chief executive Stephen Phipson said: "We are now in such uncharted territory that what would until recently been thought of as unthinkable is now very much the reality. "While the support schemes in operation are providing significant support to the economy, there are some sectors and companies who are fundamentally sound businesses and were trading positively before the pandemic. "Instead, however, they have now been driven to the cliff edge by the nature of this crisis and may not survive without direct government intervention." Mr Phipson said the firms in question were in "key strategic sectors for the UK internationally" and that the government should therefore "intervene directly to provide support and ensure their survival". Make UK said its research showed that almost three-fifths of manufacturers believed it would take more than a year for trading conditions to return to normal. Commenting on the PMI figures, the EY Item Club said they lent support to the belief that UK economic activity could improve as lockdown restrictions are progressively eased over the coming weeks. But it added: "Nevertheless, the UK seems on course for a record GDP contraction in the second quarter." It said it expected the UK economy to shrink about 15% quarter-on-quarter in the April-to-June period. "While the EY Item Club expects the economy to return to clear growth from the third quarter, we still see the economy contracting around 8% over 2020," it added. "This assumes that there is a gradual further lifting of the lockdown over the coming weeks, following the latest moves that came into effect on 1 June."
Coronation Street to resume filming next week - BBC News
The ITV soap's cameras will roll again on 9 June, 11 weeks after the cobbles fell quiet.
Image copyrightGetty ImagesImage caption Cast and crew will have their temperatures checked daily Coronation Street cameras will start rolling again next week, meaning the ITV soap will not fall off air, despite an 11-week interruption to filming. Bosses have said filming will resume on 9 June, and crew have already returned to the Manchester set to prepare. Social distancing and other safety measures will be in place. But no actors with underlying health conditions or aged over 70 will be allowed back yet - ruling out the likes of William Roache and Maureen Lipman. After filming was halted in March, ITV went down to airing three episodes per week. The new filming pattern will allow the same broadcast schedule to continue, ITV said. 'The time is right' Cast and crew will have their temperatures checked on a daily basis, and actors will put on their own make-up and costumes. Actors over 70 or those with underlying conditions "won't be on set in the initial period of filming", a statement said. Other measures will include crew members being assigned only to certain parts of the set and having designated equipment. Actor Andrew Whyment, who plays Kirk Sutherland, told ITV's Good Morning Britain With Lorraine Kelly: "I think everybody is ready to get back to work now. It's going to be different, but I think we're all ready to get back now, get back to shooting the show again." John Whiston, ITV managing director of continuing drama, said: "With the peak past, all indications are that the time is right for a return to filming. And with the extensive protocols we have put in place, we have made our workplace as safe as possible. "I'm sure our audience will appreciate having the show they love continue on air. For many who have written in it is a vital escape from all the fears and stresses this virus brings in its wake." Haircut headaches In remarks reported by Broadcast magazine last week, Whiston said there were some challenges to making life on the cobbles look like it is picking up from where it left off. "For some reason during lockdown, all the men have shaved their heads, while the women have dyed their hair," he said. "That is proving quite a headache - particularly as we can't go near them to do anything with it." Image copyrightITVImage caption Emmerdale has already resumed filming, with restrictions in place Emmerdale has already returned to filming, by recording new episodes showing characters dealing with lockdown. EastEnders is also expected to resume this month. It follows the publication in May of guidelines for the TV industry to get back to work. Meanwhile on Monday, further safety guidelines were published for the return of film and "high-end", bigger-budget TV drama. They include measures such as social distancing, and they also say:
- Cast members should try to avoid performing face-to-face
- Social distancing may be impractical due to the intimate work required and proximity between cast and crew
- In which case, people should form small "fixed teams" that do not mix with other teams
- Stars and crew members flying in from abroad must follow government quarantine rules
- Crowd scenes should be avoided where the government's social distancing rules can't be observed
- Cast and extras should be asked to do their own hair and make-up
- Daily symptom checks should be carried out
Coronavirus: South Africans cheer as alcohol goes back on sale - BBC News
People were banned from buying it as part of efforts to combat the spread of coronavirus.
Image copyrightAFPImage caption Traders will only be permitted to sell alcohol for consumption off-site Long queues have formed outside shops selling alcohol in South Africa after restrictions on its sale, imposed two months ago as part of measures to fight Covid-19, were lifted. Social media posts showed people, who had braved the morning chill, cheering as buyers emerged with their bottles. The alcohol ban was to allow police and hospitals to better focus on tackling the coronavirus, the authorities said. Alcohol-fuelled violence is a huge problem in South Africa. Doctors and police say the ban has had a dramatic impact, contributing to a sharp drop in casualty admissions. Image copyrightAFP But the country's brewers and its wine makers had complained that they were being driven out of business. The government has also lost a fortune in tax revenue, reports the BBC's Andrew Harding in Johannesburg. The authorities are now in the process of easing one of the toughest lockdowns in the world. As part of this latest step - known as level three - President Cyril Ramaphosa said that from 1 June the sale of alcohol would resume, but only between 09:00 and 17:00 and not on Friday, Saturday or Sunday. Also, the alcohol can only be drunk at home rather than where it was bought. Media captionIn rural areas of the Kwa-Zulu Natal province, clean water is scarce, making hand washing difficult The authorities had warned customers not to rush to the shops but rather stagger their purchases throughout the week to avoid crowds and to reduce the risk of infection, the BBC's Vumani Mkhize in Johannesburg reports. On Twitter, "Tops", the name of a liquor store, and "level three" are the top trending topics in South Africa, with people sharing pictures of celebrating - some singing - the return of alcohol sales: Image copyrightAFPImage caption Queues of people waiting for buses to return to work At least eight million people are estimated to have gone back to work on Monday as most sectors of the economy have resumed operations. Teachers and learners were expected to return to school on Monday but the authorities have pushed back the resumption to next week. Trade unions representing teachers have urged their members to stay home until health and safety regulations to curb the spread of coronavirus were met, the BBC's Nomsa Maseko in Johannesburg reports. The education department had promised to disinfect buildings, and provide clean, running water and personal protective equipment for all schools. But many had still not received the items, she adds. Education Minister Angie Motshekga has said that the authorities will use this week to prepare schools on safety plans against the virus. Despite the easing of restrictions in South Africa , infection rates for coronavirus continue to rise. Cape Town is currently experiencing a sharp spike and other major cities are expected to follow suit. The country is also grappling with a serious shortage of testing equipment. It has reported more than 32,000 cases of coronavirus and 683 deaths.