Apple news and rumors since 1997
Apple iPhone 12 models use Qualcomm's 5G X55 modem - AppleInsider
Apple's new 5G-equipped iPhone 12 models appear to sport Qualcomm's Snapdragon X55 modem, according to early teardowns of the devices.
Apple's new 5G-equipped iPhone 12 models appear to sport Qualcomm's Snapdragon X55 modem, according to early teardowns of the devices. Although the iPhone 12 doesn't officially start arriving on customer doorsteps until Oct. 23, teardown videos and internal photos of the new models have surface on Chinese social media. One particular clip posted to Weibo appears to show an L-shaped iPhone logic board equipped with the Qualcomm 5G modem. Although the video doesn't show the iPhone being torn down, the logic boards appear identical to those seen in other confirmed teardowns. That lines up with predictions that Apple would use the second-generation Qualcomm 5G chip in its 2020 iPhone devices. Although Qualcomm has a newer X60 chip available, that product debuted too late to be included in Apple's iPhone 12 lineup. All four iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Pro models support both sub-6GHz 5G and mmWave in the U.S., with models in other countries supporting only low-band 5G connectivity. Apple settled a long-running legal dispute with Qualcomm to gain access to its 5G chip technology in 2019. Although Apple opted for Intel chips in the iPhone 11 lineup, it became clear that Intel wasn't going to be able to deliver 5G chips. Next year's "iPhone 13" models are likely to come equipped with the X60 modems, however. That'll bring significant improvements to battery performance, chip size, and connectivity. Apple, for its part, has already signaled that it plans to use upcoming Qualcomm chips in future iPhones until at least 2024. That's according to text within the Apple and Qualcomm settlement filing that specifically mentions the as-of-yet unannounced X65 and X70 modems.
Analysts worry about UK 5G support in 'iPhone 12' - AppleInsider
Members of the UK's telecommunications industry are concerned that support for the country's 5G networks may be limited in the upcoming "iPhone 12" release, with fears it may not include support for 700MHz networks.
Members of the UK's telecommunications industry are concerned that support for the country's 5G networks may be limited in the upcoming "iPhone 12" release, with fears it may not include support for 700MHz networks. It is believed 5G will be an important feature for the 2020 iPhone range, with the new communications technology promising high speed connectivity to consumers. However, Apple's popular iPhone may cause issues for some carriers, depending on Apple's implementation of the technology. According to analysts speaking to The Telegraph, if Apple elects to not include support for 700MHz 5G bands, this could prevent it from working fully with carriers that build out their networks using it. Carriers are expected to take part in a 700MHz spectrum auction set to take place in early 2021, organized by national regulator Ofcom. Carriers had the opportunity to reuse existing unused spectrum they own for 5G communications, as well as to repurpose bands already in use for the same purpose, but most elected to wait for the auction to acquire more. The problem is that carriers are already at capacity with their existing allocations. The exception to the carriers is apparently Three, as the company already owns a considerable amount of 5G spectrum in bands that are expected to be usable by the iPhone. In the event 700MHz bands aren't supported by Apple, this would hand Three a sizable advantage in the UK. This would be a similar situation to one that took place during the launch of the iPhone 5, with carrier EE the only one in the market with sufficient 4G coverage to be reliable. After the auction, the rollout of 700MHz 5G networks will be "quite quick" according to 5G analyst Simon Rockman, "because the networks really, really need it." The UK telecommunications industry may talk about "missed opportunities" if Apple doesn't include 700MHz support, suggests Rockman. Lacking support for 700MHz may also lead to "coverage problems" for consumers, warns Assembly analyst Matthew Howett. "The spectrum bands that the iPhone works on are crucially important," he said. The talk of spectrum support may be very late in the day for UK carriers considering the expected launch of the new models on Tuesday. As Apple hasn't given any indication of what bands it will or won't support ahead of launch, it's possible the fears could be completely unwarranted. Telecommunications known as 5G actually covers two different spectrum areas: Sub-6GHz and mmWave. The sub-6GHz bands, as mentioned above, will provide widespread coverage for carriers, with highly durable bands being used that are somewhat close to the ranges used by carriers currently. This includes T-Mobile's 600MHz-based 5G network, which practically consists of solely 600MHz spectrum. The headline speeds of 5G are supplied by what's known as mmWave, spectrum in the range of 24GHz to 100GHz, which could provide gigabit-speed connections to users. However, mmWave signals are fragile, easily blocked by surfaces and even rain, and operate at far shorter distances. For carriers, this means mmWave 5G will be reserved for cities and built-up areas with high population densities, while sub-6GHz bands will be used for blanket coverage. All of it will be classifiable as 5G, with most consumers using the slower version the majority of the time, and the higher-band version where available.
Power button Touch ID on the iPad Air 4 was an 'incredible feat' - AppleInsider
A pair of Apple executives have discussed changes to the iPad introduced in the iPad Air 4, including the "incredible feat of engineering" to add a Touch ID sensor to the power button on the new model.
A pair of Apple executives have discussed changes to the iPad introduced in the iPad Air 4, including the "incredible feat of engineering" to add a Touch ID sensor to the power button on the new model. Apple revealed its iPad Air 4 on September 15, complete with an updated A14 Bionic chip, a design inspired by the iPad Pro line, and a larger 10.9-inch display. Arguably the biggest departure for the iPad Air is its biometric alterations, with Touch ID moved from the now-gone Home button to the power button on the top. Speaking on the iJustine and Jenna Ezarik podcastSame Brain published on Saturday, Apple VP of hardware engineering John Ternus and Apple VP of product marketing Bob Borchers talked about the changes that the iPad lineup underwent during the September event. On the subject of Touch ID on the tablet, Borchers described the change as "an incredible feat of engineering to get that fingerprint sensor with all of the capability and all of the security into that form factor." When asked if the power button Touch ID was using the same technology as the original but in a smaller form factor, Ternus suggested it was more an "evolution of the technology" employed by the system. "We wanted to get to the full-screen design and so we wanted to get rid of the Home button on the chin, and so we had to come up with another place for the Touch ID sensor." "What made it so challenging is this really narrow aspect ratio that it has," Ternus offered, due to being on the top of a slimline button. "If you think about it, it's only ever seeing a smaller slice of your fingerprint than what a traditional, you know, what our older sensor could do." Ternus continued "it has to be incredibly sensitive and it also has to capture as you go through the enrollment process and then as it continues to adapt over time, a broader view of the fingerprints. So no matter how you touch it with your finger, it's got that particular portion captured and so it can do the match." A "lot of algorithm work, a lot of hardcore silicon" was put into practice to create "such a capable sensor in such a tiny little space," but one that Borchers pointed out was "a really sophisticated space" due to the other items in the region that have to be managed while introducing a new sensor. "On the cellular iPads, the top portion of the enclosure is the antenna," Ternus explained, which meant they had to place "this incredibly sensitive Touch ID sensor right inside an incredibly sensitive antenna, and had to figure out how to make them work with each other and not be talking over each other and causing interference." "As these products become more feature rich, and obviously more compact and condensed, it's becoming more and more critical that our teams are collaborating really, really tightly together," he continued, "because the Touch ID team and the antenna team had to be in lockstep through the entire engineering process." Apple's design for a power button Touch ID sensor may find its way into more products in the future. One day before the iPad Air 4's launch, analyst Ming-Chi Kuo forecasted that more iPad models that lack Face ID will adopt the change in 2021.
Apple leaker confirms October 13 'iPhone 12' event, Pro models arriving later - AppleInsider
The "iPhone 12" will be announced at an Apple Event on October 13 according to prolific leaker Jon Prosser, aligning with earlier rumors.
The "iPhone 12" will be announced at an Apple Event on October 13 according to prolific leaker Jon Prosser, aligning with earlier rumors. Apple is expected to announce the "iPhone 12" lineup at an event sometime in October, and all speculation points to October 13. Jon Prosser has added that his sources line up with the leaked date provided to AppleInsider. Prosser details again that the event will take place on October 13 with pre-orders opening on October 16, just as the AppleInsider source had said. He also included that the "iPhone 12 mini" and "iPhone 12 Max" would arrive in stores on October 23. A follow up tweet noted that the "iPhone 12 Pro" and "iPhone 12 Pro Max" would likely be shown at the event, but not launch until sometime in November. The pro models are likely delayed due to more complex part orders and the inclusion of LiDAR. Apple has shipped the iPhone lineup in two intervals before with the iPhone X arriving a month later than the iPhone 8 in 2017. It followed a similar pattern in 2018 with the iPhone XS arriving about a month before the iPhone XR. If accurate, the October 13 event will be the second fall event held by Apple in 2020. The "Time Flies" event was held in September and revealed the iPad Air 4, Apple Watch Series 6, and Apple One. After the October iPhone event, Apple is expected to hold one more event to reveal the first Macs with Apple Silicon.
The best resources and tips for customizing your iOS 14 Home Screen - AppleInsider
Whether you want to create your own icons or are looking to find some ready-made ones, we've got some tips and tricks to help you customize your iOS 14 Home Screen.
Whether you want to create your own icons or are looking to find some ready-made ones, we've got some tips and tricks to help you customize your iOS 14 Home Screen. On Monday, we showed you how to customize your iOS 14 Home Screen. But, the rabbit hole goes much deeper. If you're looking for a little inspiration, the iOS 14 subreddit is currently filled to bursting with people showing off their custom home screen designs. We're also really digging this gorgeous Animal Crossing theme that Twitter user Okpng has made. Creating your own iOS app icons Creating your own app icons is easy enough, provided you have access to graphic design or photo-editing software of some sort. You can use whatever you prefer— Pixelmator Pro, Adobe Photoshop or Illustrator, Affinity Design. And there are advantages to making your own icons, too. After all, it doesn't get more one-of-a-kind than handmade icons and wallpapers. We've seen vintage iPhone, Windows 3.1, and even Playstation memory card themed iPhone home screens. Whenever you design your icon, you'll need to make sure the image is a square. Apple suggests that a 180px by 180px icon for the iPhone. Don't forget that Apple icons have rounded corners as well, so you'll need to be mindful of where you place your design. Additionally, you can't use transparent icons for your app, either. In the event that you'd like your background to show through — such as a retro Windows 98 layout — you'll need to match the color of the icon to your iPhone's wallpaper to fake it. When saving icons, we suggest saving as a PNG, though a JPG will work, too — it may just come with some unwanted compression. Once your icons are saved, get them to your iPhone's Camera Roll. After you save your icon set to your iPhone's Camera Roll, you can use the Shortcuts app to set them to whatever app you'd like. Important: Because you're executing an app through a shortcut rather than directly, there will be a slight delay — especially on older iPhones. However, this is currently the only Apple-approved way to set your own custom icons. How to set custom icons for apps in iOS 14 (it should also work in iOS 13!)
- Open Shortcuts
- Tap +
- Tap Add Action
- Tap Scripting
- Tap Open App
- Tap the app you wish to customize
- Name the app
- Tap Done
- Tap ...
- Tap ... (again)
- Tap Add to Home Screen
- Tap the icon under Home Screen Name and Icon
- Select the image from your camera roll
- Tap Add
ISS: Estée Lauder's NASA deal to promote skincare products in space - Insider - INSIDER
Estée Lauder hopes to send up to 10 bottles of its popular "Advanced Night Repair" serum to the ISS at the end of this month.
Makeup company Estée Lauder is teaming up with NASA to launch skincare products into space, one of the most high-profile commercial projects ever produced on the International Space Station (ISS). The company hopes to send up to 10 bottles of its popular "Advanced Night Repair" serum to the ISS at the end of this month, according to a report by New Scientist magazine. The serums will be loaded aboard a Northrop Grumman Cygnus spacecraft, which will bring an additional 8,000 pounds of other supplies to the space station. As part of the project, the company has asked NASA astronauts to capture the "imagery and video" of the product in the microgravity environment of the space station. Estée Lauder then hopes to use that footage in ad campaigns or other promotional material. The company's president Stephane de la Faverie told a panel at the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics' Ascend Summit last month that he was a "risk-taker," the New York Post reported. "That tends to basically come with ideas that are a little bit, you know, outside of the normal, traditional ways of doing marketing," he said, according to the Post. In 2001, Pizza Hut became the first restaurant chain to deliver a pizza to space — a publicity stunt that cost around $1 million, according to the BBC. The pizza was sent onboard a resupply rocket to Russian astronaut Yuri Usachov, who was working on the ISS. Usachov filmed himself eating the pizza, which, according to ABC, was "seasoned with extra spices, especially salt since it's known that taste buds become a little dulled in space." Watch the clip below: In the last few years, NASA has been opening up the ISS to private companies to exploit for marketing and entertainment purposes. This week, a media production company called Space Hero Inc. said it plans to film the first reality TV show set in space, which will involve selecting one person from a group of contestants to travel to the ISS in 2023. NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine also announced earlier this year that actor Tom Cruise had signed on to produce a film aboard the ISS.
Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 2 may be cheaper than original at launch - AppleInsider
Samsung's Galaxy Z Fold 2 smartphone could cost consumers a little less money than the original Galaxy Fold at launch, with Samsung's own website seemingly revealing the price ahead of its official unveiling on September 1.
Samsung's Galaxy Z Fold 2 smartphone could cost consumers a little less money than the original Galaxy Fold at launch, with Samsung's own website seemingly revealing the price ahead of its official unveiling on September 1. Initially revealed alongside other new releases in early August, the Galaxy Z Fold 2 was outlined by Samsung, but a release date and pricing for the smartphone were not advised at the time. Ahead of a Samsung Unpacked livestream that will take place on September 1, the Samsung website in the United Kingdom briefly displayed the price of the new model, before being taken down. The leak, reported byAndroid Authority, reveals the price of the Galaxy Z Fold 2 in the UK to be Â£1,799 ($2,400). The price is approximately Â£100 ($133) cheaper than the Samsung Galaxy Fold at launch, which may be a small comfort for potential buyers. The pricing in the United States probably won't be as high as in the United Kingdom, especially as prices in the UK incorporate sales tax automatically, which for most electronic goods is set at 20%. The pre-tax UK price brings it down to Â£1,499 ($2,001), somewhat closer to the $1,980 launch price of the Galaxy Fold in the United States, but it is likely Samsung will lower the price further so the second-generation model is cheaper that the first in most territories. Even with a small reduction, the price of the Galaxy Z Fold 2 will still seem quite expensive compared to Apple's top-tier iPhones. For example, the most expensive iPhone 11 Pro Max with 512GB of storage is $1,449, or a pair of 256GB iPhone 11 units could be acquired for a combined total of $1,698, or three 256GB iPhone SE handsets for a collective $1,647. The Galaxy Z Fold 2 sports a larger 7.7-inch folding screen, up from 7.3 inches, and has a 6.23-inch screen on the front. Powered by a Snapdragon 865 chip, it includes two 12-megapixel cameras with a 64-megapixel zoom version. As well as being able to select the color of the device itself, customers can also elect to customize the device's hinge, by opting for a red, blue, silver, or gold casing. It will remain to be seen how well the new version will take on the rigors of consumer use, as Samsung has spent more time refining the design, which could help make it more resilient. The first version suffered issues with the screen during reviews, forcing Samsung to rethink the design before shipping a modified version months later.
Apple may split 'iPhone 12' release into two phases - AppleInsider
Sources within the supply chain say that component orders suggest Apple will release its 6.1-inch "iPhone 12" models first, with the others following later.
Sources within the supply chain say that component orders suggest Apple will release its 6.1-inch "iPhone 12" models first, with the others following later. Following Apple confirming that the "iPhone 12" will be available "a few weeks later" than normal, industry sources are now saying that the four models may be release in stages. While they will presumably all be announced at the same time, it's thought now that the two 6.1-inch iPhone models may be released first. According to Digitimes, the supply chain is now expecting to see orders for new iPhone components peak in the fourth quarter, some weeks later than usual. "Apple may launch its 5G iPhones in two stages," infers Digitimes, "with two 6.1-inch models in the first and another 6.7- and 5.4-inch devices in the second." The publication's unnamed sources within the supply chain reportedly say that their shipments for the 6.1-inch iPhone have already begun. These shipments are of the "SLP (Substrate-like PCB) mainboards" and those for the remaining iPhones are now scheduled to begin in late August. Overall, Digitimes says that the peak time for shipping all new iPhone SLPs is going to take place between two and four weeks later than usual. Apple is expected to launch four "iPhone 12" models, all with 5G connectivity, and arranged in three different sizes. Those are a 5.4-inch budget model to be called the "iPhone 12," plus 6.1-inch ones called the "iPhone 12 Max" and "iPhone 12 Pro". There is also believed to be a new 6.7-inch "iPhone 12 Pro Max." Digitimes has a poor record for deducing features for future Apple products from its sources of information. It a much stronger one for details from within the supply chain, and Monday's report is more the latter than the former.
Examining Apple's record-breaking $59.7B June quarter by the numbers - AppleInsider
Apple considerably beat all industry expectations with its latest earnings, and did so with a quarter that was featured closed stores, and coronavirus lockdowns affecting the supply chain.
Apple considerably beat all industry expectations with its latest earnings, and did so with a quarter that was featured closed stores, and coronavirus lockdowns affecting the supply chain. In a regular quarter, back before the coronavirus, what would typically happen is that Apple would post guidance saying that they expected to earn between X and Y billion dollars. Analysts would then say no, Apple is wrong, and either it will be more or it will be less. Then what usually happens is that Apple would announce its results and they would invariably be exactly in the range the company had said. But this was not an ordinary quarter. Apple has claimed to be sufficiently uncertain about its fortunes during the coronavirus outbreak that it first pulled its guidance issued in January. Then it didn't release one at all for this latest quarter. Faced with no information from Apple itself, analysts have to analyze, and so every investment bank and research outfit calculated what the earnings must be. Every single one of them got it wrong, even as every one of them expected a positive result showing Apple was surmounting its COVID-19 issues. Morgan Stanley's Katy Huberty was the closest to being right. While the average of all analysts predicted $51.47 billion, she went out on a limb and said it would be $55.1 billion. But even that wasn't right, as Apple instead came in at $59.7 billion. "We're conscious of the fact that these results stand in stark relief during a time of real economic adversity for businesses large and small, and certainly for families," said Tim Cook during the company's financial earnings call. "We do not have a zero sum approach to prosperity, and especially in times like this, we are focused on growing the pie, making sure our success isn't just our success and everything we make, build or do is geared toward creating opportunities for others." June is typically Apple's weakest quarter, simply because of the much greater sales that come alongside the holiday season, back to school promotions, and especially iPhone launches that come toward the end of the year. This has remained the case in 2020, but still the June quarter saw higher revenues than usual. "[In an uncertain environment], Apple saw a quarter of historic results, demonstrating the important role our products play in our customers lives." said Cook. "We set a June quarter record with revenue of $59.7 billion, up 11% from a year ago." That 11% year on year growth comes despite June 2019 having also presented a record-setting revenue figure of $53.8 billion. "Both products and services set June quarter records and grew double digits and revenue grew in each of our geographic segments segments, reflecting the broad base of the success," continued Cook. "As always, and especially in times of real adversity, what makes us proud as a company is not merely what we did, but how we did it," he continued. Alongside the increased overall revenue, Apple's gross margin was up 12.1% at $22.68 billion compared year on year to $20.2 billion. Costs were up, too, with Apple recording operating expenses of $9.6 billion, a rise of 10.4% from Q2 2019's $8.6 billion. While Apple does not break down its costs, this year is notable for how the company continued to pay its retail staff while its Apple Stores were closed. For June alone, analysts estimate that this meant a total worldwide wage bill of $200 million. Apple's newest iPhone SE was announced during the previous financial quarter, but it was only released during this one. Previous reports of high demand causing supply shortages appear to have been backed up by product revenue figures. However, this latest quarter also saw the other product launches of the 13-inch MacBook Pro, new Magic Keyboard for iPad Pro. While it was launched and on sale in the previous quarter, the MacBook Air was still new enough to be getting significant sales. Nonetheless, the iPhone remains Apple's biggest cash cow and the company reported that iPhone revenue grew 2% in this quarter. "In April, we expected year over year performance to worsen," said Cook, "but we saw better than expected demand in May and June." That demand saw Apple's iPhone revenues beat last year's by 1.7%. That's $26.4 billion in Q3 2020, compared to $25.98 billion in 2019. Similarly, iPad revenues were up 31% year on year, reaching $6.6 billion compared to 2019's $5.02 billion. For the Mac, the latest figures are $7.1 billon, a 21.6% rise over 2019. That could largely be attributed to the sudden increase in people working from home. This clearly caused an initial spike in MacBook Pro sales. However, sources in the supply chain later suggested that the demand didn't fall away as quickly as anticipated. Wearables, Home, and Accessories Possibly more surprising than an increase in demand for MacBook Pro models was how Apple's broad Wearables, Home, and Accessories category fared. Its net sales were $6.45 billion for this quarter, compared to $5.525 billion last year. That's a 16.7% increase, yet it comes at a time when even Apple expected wearables, especially, to be lower. While Apple does not break the figure down any further, so there's no way to determine the sales of Apple Watch, AirPods, and so on, the company believed wearables would be most hit by the impact of COVID-19. "I think the Watch in particular, like the iPhone, [was] affected by store closures," said Cook, "because people some people want to try on the watch and see what it looks like. [They want to look] at different band choices and those sorts of things, and so I think as stores closed it puts more pressure on that." "We knew things would decelerate because of the closures," he continued. "So we wound up being very pleased with with how we did. But the store closures definitely affect the wearables and the iPhone. CFO Luca Maestri made the same point. "Lock downs and point of sale crew closures were widespread during April, and impacted our performance," he said. "[However,] we saw very strong double digit growth from iPad Mac and wearables." The reason for the store closures, the health pandemic that saw everyone having to stay at home, meant that the expectation was that Apple's Services would benefit. As it has regularly for quarter after quarter, Services reported a growth. This time it was a growth of 14.8% to a revenue of $13.2 billion. That's a fairly typical percentage rise for Services, but it was significant this time because it meant Apple reached a milestone. "We are proud to announce that we have achieved our goal of doubling our fiscal 2016 services revenue," said Cook, "six months ahead of schedule." Analysts may have been just about as inaccurate in their specific earnings predictions than they ever have been, but they were all positive about the company's health. And their repeated expectation that Apple has positioned itself nicely for the future appear well-founded. "[The] June quarter was a testament to Apple's ability to innovate and execute during challenging times," said Maestri. "Our results speak to the resilience of our business, and the relevance of our products and services in our customers lives." Keep up with AppleInsider by downloading the AppleInsider app for iOS, and follow us on YouTube, Twitter @appleinsider and Facebook for live, late-breaking coverage. You can also check out our official Instagram account for exclusive photos.
Apple's Federighi answers developer's questions on Siri, Apple Silicon, and more - AppleInsider
Apple SVP of software engineering Craig Federighi has appeared on Marques Brownlee's podcast, answering questions that developers have raised since the WWDC keynote.
Apple SVP of software engineering Craig Federighi has appeared on Marques Brownlee's podcast, answering questions that developers have raised since the WWDC keynote. After his and Apple marketing vice president Greg Joswiak talked on video, Craig Federighi has now also appeared on Marques Brownlee's Waveform podcast. He was questioned about Apple's thinking over the technologies announced at WWDC, and also pressed on criticisms that developers have had since then. One of those concerned the new visual form of Siri, which no longer covers the entire screen — but which does prevent you from interacting with what else is on that display at the time. Federighi says that's intentional. "We tried it both ways," he said. "Internally, we had prototypes running, where you would scroll behind the Siri answers as you brought them up. And initially we thought that was going to be really great, so we implemented it that way and then what we found was that for most of the interactions we were having with Siri, that then created this kind of extra heaviness to it." "Because if you just say, wanted to check the weather, or look up a piece of information, and then you were ready to move on, your scroll gesture wasn't gonna move on," he continued. "The Siri result was going to stick around there so you always have this additional step of dismissing the result." "We'll continue to listen to what people say through beta period because, like I say, we've actually had it working both ways," he said. "But our feeling was that we wanted to achieve a great lightness, not just visually but in terms of you could dip into Siri get an answer and move on quickly without any kind of overhead." Federighi also addressed the question of why Apple was now allowing the default Mail and browser apps to be changed by the user, but nothing else, no other apps. He said that the choice for now was deliberate, but that didn't mean it won't change. "We know how platforms can sort of descend into chaos," he said, "and particularly when apps that you know might honestly not even be browsers... decide they're going to be a browser. And then [they] try to redirect you to a different tract ad experience when you click on something... or who knows what." "And so we are very careful about making sure that that experience that we don't have people misled," he continued, "or have their device gets configured into a place where boy they just don't even like like using their phone anymore because it's gotten so locked up. So we proceed cautiously on these things for sure." Apple has been criticized before for saying that developers can just use a tickbox and have their apps convert to a new platform or some new system. So Brownlee pressed Federighi on just how true it can be that developers will find converting to Apple Silicon easy. "We feel really great about how the transition is already starting and how it will go," started Federighi. "Most applications out there have really modernized over the years to use our latest developer tools, to be 64 bit clean, [and] to use our modern set of frameworks and it turns out that that means moving to Apple Silicon in some cases is literally recompiling." "We've seen many examples of that," he continued. "More sophisticated apps like Microsoft Office and Adobe Suite, some of these apps have decades of engineering, you know, hundreds and hundreds of people working for decades creating code and sometimes having dependencies on different libraries and so forth and those are bigger projects." "But I think the amazing thing that I hope everyone can take away from the presentation was that those apps, [Office and Adobe], have been completely brought over," he said. "And it wasn't like [Microsoft or Adobe] had to mobilize the entire engineering team," he continued. "This was incredibly secret, and so we said, could you give us a person or two and let's get those apps up and running. " "We [did] it in a relatively short period of time and those are some of the hardest apps you could imagine bringing over," he said. The full 90-minute podcast can be heard here, and includes much more about Federighi's take on WWDC, and especially the exceptional video keynote.