Pakistan International Airlines passenger flight crashes in Karachi - CNN
A Pakistan International Airlines flight with more than 100 people on board has crashed in the Pakistani city of Karachi, an airline spokesman said Friday.
Islamabad, Pakistan (CNN)A Pakistan International Airlines flight with more than 100 people on board has crashed in the Pakistani city of Karachi, an airline spokesman said Friday. Pakistan's Aviation Ministry said the flight from Lahore was carrying 99 passengers and 8 crew members. At least 11 bodies from the scene have been brought to Jinnah Hospital, according to hospital spokesperson Seemi Jamali. It is unclear if those fatalities were victims from the ground or the plane. Flight PK 8303 took off from Lahore and was due to land at 2:30 p.m. local time in Karachi but went missing from the radar, Pakistan International Airlines spokesman Abdullah Khan told CNN. The pilot of the Airbus A320 airliner made a mayday call saying he was experiencing technical problems, Khan told CNN. "He had been told both landing strips were available for his use but he preferred to use the go-around landing route, we are looking into the technical issue. Our prayers for the lives that have been lost," Khan said. An emergency response protocol has been activated, he added. Footage posted from the scene on social media showed flames, plumes of smoke and a street filled with rubble in what appears to be a built-up area. Pakistan's civil aviation authority allowed limited domestic air travel to resume Saturday after a two-month suspension imposed as part of efforts to contain the spread of the coronavirus. International flights are not expected to resume until June 1. Pakistan started a phased reopening of its nationwide Covid-19 lockdown on May 9. This is a developing story. This story has been updated to correct the plane's flight number.
Idris Elba to host Africa Day Benefit Concert with some of the continent's biggest music stars - CNN
Africa's biggest music stars are set to perform at the Africa Day Benefit Concert at home to raise funds for Covid-19 relief
Snow is turning green in Antarctica -- and climate change will make it worse - CNN
Green snow created by blooming algae in the Antarctic Peninsula is likely to spread as temperatures increase as a result of climate change, researchers have said, after creating the first large-scale map of the organisms and their movements.
(CNN)Green snow created by blooming algae in the Antarctic Peninsula is likely to spread as temperatures increase as a result of climate change, researchers have said, after creating the first large-scale map of the organisms and their movements. Satellite data gathered between 2017 and 2019, combined with on-the-ground measurements over two summers in Antarctica, allowed scientists to map the microscopic algae as they bloomed across the snow of the Antarctic Peninsula. Warming temperatures could create more "habitable" environments for the algae, which need wet snow to grow in, researchers told CNN. Green snow alga is microscopic when measured individually, but when the organisms grow simultaneously, they turn the snow bright green, and can even be spotted from space, researchers said in a study published in the Nature Communications journal on Wednesday. Researchers from the University of Cambridge and the British Antarctic Survey used European Space Agency satellite data with measurements from Antarctica's Ryder Bay, Adelaide Island, the Fildes Peninsula and King George Island. Patches of green snow algae can be found along the Antarctic coastline, usually in "warmer" areas, where average temperatures are a little above zero degrees Celsius during the Southern Hemisphere's summer months of November to February. The Antarctic Peninsula is the part of the region that has experienced the most rapid warming in the latter part of the last century, researchers say. Scientists identified 1,679 separate blooms of green algae on the snow surface, covering an area of 1.9 km2 -- which equates to a carbon sink of around 479 tons per year. A carbon sink is a reservoir that absorbs more carbon than it releases. Researchers believe the organisms will expand as global temperatures increase. "As Antarctica warms, we predict the overall mass of snow algae will increase, as the spread to higher ground will significantly outweigh the loss of small island patches of algae," Dr Andrew Gray, lead author of the paper, and a researcher at the University of Cambridge, said in a statement. He told CNN that rising temperatures would create more "habitable" environments for the algae. However, while an increase in snow melt could lead to more algae growing, Gray told CNN that the distribution of the organisms is heavily linked to bird populations, whose excrement acts as a fertilizer to accelerate growth. As bird -- particularly penguin -- populations are affected by warming temperatures, "the snow algae could lose sources of nutrients to grow," he said. An increase in the blooms could also lead to further snow melt, he said. "It's very dark -- a green snow algal bloom will reflect about 45% of light hitting it whereas fresh snow will reflect about 80% of the light hitting it, so it will increase the rate of snow melt in a localized area," he explained. Researchers found that almost two thirds of the blooms were on small, low lying islands, and said that as the Antarctic Peninsula warms due to rising global temperatures, these islands could lose their summer snow cover and algae -- although in terms of mass the majority of snow algae is found in areas where they can spread to higher ground when snow melts.
UK's Boris Johnson calls on millions to go back to work in plan to ease lockdown - CNN International
Boris Johnson called on people across the UK on Sunday to return to work if they cannot do so from home, as the Prime Minister laid out his vision for gradually restarting the economy.
WHO investigating reported increase in deaths in Kano, Nigeria, governor says - CNN
The World Health Organization and local health officials in the northern Nigerian state of Kano have launched a probe into reports of increases in deaths in the state, governor Abdullahi Ganduje told CNN.
Lagos, Nigeria (CNN)The World Health Organization and health officials in the northern Nigerian state of Kano have launched a probe into reports of increases in unusual deaths, state Gov. Abdullahi Ganduje told CNN. A team of experts is gathering hospital records and interviewing families of those who died at home to determine the actual cause of death. Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has also ordered a 14-day lockdown in Kano following the reported spike in deaths. Buhari said the government will deploy all "human, material and technical" assistance to contain the coronavirus in the state, and a team has been sent to investigate. Preliminary investigations by the state ministry of health suggest that the increase in mortality was not unusual compared to other years, Ganduje said. Still, officials are interviewing cemetery workers, checking hospital records and asking residents about family members who died at home, the governor said. State officials had earlier said the "mysterious deaths" were not Covid-related and attributed the deaths to meningitis, diabetes, hypertension, and other illnesses, even though no autopsies have not been done. Kano isn't the only place to see an increase in deaths. A Yale School of Public Health team, using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data, found about 15,000 excess deaths from March 1 to April 4. During the same time, states reported 8,000 deaths from Covid-19. A gravedigger, Kabiru Nasidi Sabon-Sara, who has worked at the Dandolo Cemetery in Kano city for over 30 years, told CNN funerals carried out at the graveyard have doubled. Sabon-Sara said he began noticing the spike in deaths a day before Ramadan, and numbers have continued to rise since state authorities imposed a lockdown to curb a spread of the virus. "In Dandolo we get between 35 to 40 burials, and it used to be less than that, between 13 to 15 at most in a day," Sabon-Sara said. He said one of the diggers who joined a funeral procession died, and some other diggers have been ill. "We don't have anything to protect ourselves. Our colleagues are falling sick. We need assistance from the government," Sabon-Sara told CNN. Health workers faced a challenge in determining whether the deaths were coronavirus-related: the state's testing laboratory was not working at the time, Ganduje said. That made it difficult for health workers to collect samples for testing. Dr. Abubabar Nagoma, president of the Kano association of resident doctors who works at the government-owned Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, said there has been a rise in deaths among elderly patients in the state in recent weeks. He said while some had underlying illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension and previous strokes, they also had respiratory problems -- increasing concerns that they might have been coronavirus-related deaths. "We're raising the high index of suspicion because of the age of some of the patients that died and the symptoms they experienced," Nagoma told CNN. "We can't say the deaths are unconnected to the pandemic, and we can't say for sure it's Covid-19." Dr. Nura Abubakar of Kano's Medical Association said the lack of data about the situation during a pandemic has sparked speculation. Only a thorough probe could help put an end to it, Abubakar said. "I know a woman who had breast cancer that died over the weekend," Abubakar said. "We can say she succumbed to the illness, and we can't say she died of Covid-19 because she was not tested for the virus." Kano, Nigeria's largest northern city, has recorded 174 coronavirus cases and three deaths, according to Nigeria's Centre for Disease Control. According to a local media report, the state's sole testing center was forced to close last week after workers tested positive. The NCDC announced Tuesday that it had reopened the lab and planned to set up another testing center, but the delay and news of people dying had sparked concerns that the virus was spreading undetected in the state. The unconfirmed "mysterious deaths" have caused some apprehension among residents who are demanding answers, Maulid Warfa, head of the UNICEF office in Kano told CNN. Warfa said Kano had been battling other public health concerns, including high infant and maternal death rates, before the pandemic and it lacked the capacity to carry out enough tests to give a true picture of the situation. "Kano only got its first laboratory about two weeks ago, and immediately that testing started, the numbers started jumping," she said. Journalist Aliyu Dahiru and CNN's Brent Swails and Maggie Fox contributed to the story.
Paris Saint-Germain named French Ligue 1 champion after season canceled - CNN International
Paris Saint-Germain has been named French Ligue 1 champion by France's Ligue de Football Professionnel after the remainder of the season was canceled because of the coronavirus pandemic.
Tennis star Dominic Thiem rejects plans to help struggling players through coronavirus crisis - CNN
World no. 3 Dominic Thiem has rejected the notion that top tennis stars should provide financial support to the game's lower-ranked players due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Richard Branson offers his island as collateral as Virgin Atlantic and Virgin Australia face collapse - CNN
Virgin Atlantic and Virgin Australia will need government support if they're to survive the economic crisis triggered by the coronavirus pandemic.
These astronauts just returned to Earth to find a world now transformed by the coronavirus - CNN
Last time Jessica Meir, Andrew Morgan and Oleg Skripochka were on Earth, there were house parties, happy hours, handshakes, crowded concerts and no one was yet talking about the novel coronavirus that has reshaped daily life across the world.
(CNN)Last time Jessica Meir, Andrew Morgan and Oleg Skripochka were on Earth, there were house parties, happy hours, handshakes, crowded concerts and no one was yet talking about the novel coronavirus that has reshaped daily life across the world. More than 200 days since they each embarked on their trip to space, things are different. All three astronauts landed Friday morning near Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan. "Home safe and sound," NASA said in a tweet Friday morning. "Today's landing wraps up a 205-day mission for both @Astro_Jessica and Oleg Skripochka and a 272-day mission for @AstroDrewMorgan. Welcome home!" Friday also marks 50 years since astronauts aboard Apollo 13 were forced to abort their lunar landing mission -- after explosions crippled the service module and command module -- and safely landed in the Pacific Ocean. It's an almost ironic parallel. "50 years ago a crisis in space ended in the safe return of the #Apollo13 crew," Morgan wrote on Twitter Friday. "Now, during the return of the Soyuz MS-15 crew, the crisis is on Earth. The constant: dedication and ingenuity of the mission control centers around the globe." In a press conference last week, Meir and Morgan said they had been keeping up with how the virus was unfolding on Earth -- but watching from so far away, little seemed different on our planet. "We can watch news up here, and we've been talking to friends and families to try to paint a picture," Morgan said. "But from up here, it's hard to understand what has transpired and how life will be different when we return." Morgan, was selected by NASA as an astronaut in 2013 and also serves as an emergency physician with the US Army. "As an emergency physician, I know what it's like to be in a hospital or on the front lines of a field hospital," he said. "I'm very proud to be part of that profession, but at the same time, I feel guilt that I am as separated from it as I could be right now." NASA's protocol for astronauts returning to Earth includes a post-landing medical check as doctors and otherNASA teams help the astronauts re-acclimate to Earth's gravity and get used to things like walking again. In the weeks after the landing, their health continues to be monitored. But with a deadly virus now on the loose, NASA says the post-landing procedures will be more extensive. "NASA will closely adhere to the CDC's recommendations on infection control for the coronavirus as Andrew Morgan and Jessica Meir return to Earth and begin their post-flight medical testing and re-adaptation period," Courtney Beasley, a spokesperson at NASA's Johnson Space Center previously said. "This includes cleaning of surfaces, social distancing, emphasizing hand hygiene, encouraging NASA team members who are sick to stay home and limiting contact with the crew members." CNN's Ashley Strickland contributed to this report.
When the ventilator comes off, the delirium comes out for many coronavirus survivors - CNN
As more and more patients come off ventilators and recover from coronavirus, many will return home not just with physical changes but with psychological ones, too.
(CNN)When health care workers finally removed the ventilator tube from Jesse Vanderhoof's throat, he managed to eke out two weak words: "Call Emily." Vanderhoof, a 40-year-old nurse with coronavirus, was emotional and full of relief on the ensuing call with his wife after more than a week on a ventilator in an Idaho hospital's intensive care unit. But over the next couple days, it became clear that while Jesse's body was on the mend, his mindwasn't right. He yanked an IV line out of his arm. He requested an Uber to take him home -- a $200, nearly three-hour trip -- even though he could barely get up. He talked in circles for days about going on a road trip and was obsessed with trying to rent an old-school Ford Bronco to drive himself home. He couldn't grasp what exactly was going on. "He didn't understand why the world was at war with (Covid-19), why health care workers were heroes, why he was involved," his wife, Emily Vanderhoof, 34, said. "We had the same conversation for four days straight." His experience is just one example of "ICU delirium," an acute brain condition characterized by confusion, inattention and an inability to understand the world around you. This is particularly common in patients who are sedated and on a ventilator for extended periods of time. And patients must be heavily sedated to tolerate a ventilator, which works via a tube snaked down the throat to deliver air to lungs flooded with fluid. "My brain wanted to keep on looping over and over and over, and I kept on asking without realizing that I had asked these questions lots of times," Jesse said. The effect of coronavirus on the lungs is well known, but its significant impact on the brain has been less widely acknowledged. As more and more patients come off ventilators and recover from coronavirus, many will return home not just with physical changes but with psychological ones, too. Two weeks since coming off the ventilator, Vanderhoof remains easily fatigued and is still working to piece together what exactly happened. "At this point it's starting to get clear, but for a while there, especially right after I was starting to gain consciousness and especially after ... they took the intubation tube out, it was really, really confusing to me," he said. Delirium is fairly common among ICU patients even in normal times. But the coronavirus pandemic is like a "delirium factory," said Dr. Wes Ely, a professor of medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center who specializes in ICU delirium. "If you had to design an experiment to make delirium as big of a problem as you could in an ICU, Covid is it," he said. Delirium can be caused by infection or inflammation, and it is especially common among ICU patients who are sedated and on a mechanical ventilator for long periods of time. Patients with delirium often experience hallucinations or vivid dreams that can sometimes lead them to act in irrational ways. They may pull off their IV line or their breathing apparatus that they believe is hurting them, or they may attack nurses. Missy Testerman, 49, a second-grade teacher in Rogersville, Tennessee, said her sweet, gentle father developed delirium when he was intubated in 2018, shortly before he died of leukemia. He became aggressive and paranoid and his arms had to be restrained to the bed to keep him from assaulting nurses. "He imagined crazy scenarios, such as that the nurses were trying to rule the world, that we were trying to steal his money, or that he was the only one who could protect the world from evil," Testerman wrote in an email. "He assaulted nurses while in these rages and said words I had never heard him say in my life. One night, he told the room full of people that I had killed his neighbor and taken his body to Mississippi." Vanderhoof said that he remembered dreaming that he was passing out and falling onto his face in slow motion. He said he watched his own death as well as his funeral. "I swear still, to this day, I saw my own funeral multiple times," he said Tuesday, 10 days after his release from the hospital. "It's just so realistic and so scary as a person to see. That's your brain knowing you're in trouble and knowing you're close (to death)." Delirium can last anywhere from days to weeks or months, and it waxes and wanes over time. For Vanderhoof, the delirium suddenly returned one night after he was back home with his wife in Haley, Idaho. Emily said she found him at 2 a.m. in the bathroom talking in repetitive loops, unable to orient to where he was, counting on his hands and trying to use sign language. Delirium can have serious long-term consequences. Patients who experience longer periods of delirium are at higher risk for mental health issues like anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. In addition, longer periods of delirium are associated with long-term cognitive impairment, according to a 2013 study in the New England Journal of Medicine. Delirium is one part of what's broadly known as Post-intensive care syndrome, or PICS, a collection of issues that patients experience after spending time in the ICU. Dr. Daniela J. Lamas, a pulmonary and critical care doctor at Boston's Brigham & Women's Hospital, said these types of patients often describe being psychologically changed by their stay in the ICU. "The family is overjoyed they made it through, but they feel different. They don't feel like they are the same person who went into the unit," she said. "They feel ashamed of even talking about that." Why delirium is so common during coronavirus The impact of coronavirus on the brain remains largely unclear, but Ely, Lamas and Dr. Sharon Inouye, the director of the Aging Brain Center and a delirium expert, said that delirium is and will be a common issue with coronavirus patients. In some cases, the virus may cause brain inflammation, which contributes to delirium, Inouye said. In a case series of 214 Covid-19 patients in Wuhan, China, neurological symptoms were found in 36% of patients, according to research published in JAMA Neurology last week. In addition, coronavirus treatment requires longer periods of sedation and ventilator use. "A lot of aspects of coronavirus have made it very hard for us to do these practices that we know are the best practices to prevent delirium," Lamas said. In normal times, health care workers often wake these patients to test their alertness and breathing and try to wean them off the ventilator, which can decrease the likelihood of delirium. But in the pandemic, health care workers are stretched thin and have less time to spend with individual patients. "I think the providers are so taxed that you're trying to keep the patient alive," Inouye said. "During these times of crisis, you're just trying to keep the patient alive. Things like delirium prevention are just like extra credit assignments." Further, one way to help prevent delirium is to have family nearby. They can hold the patient's hand or talk to them, which can help orient them, even if they appear unconscious on a ventilator. But now, hospitals are keeping patients isolated and away from family to contain the spread of coronavirus. "Patients who are sedated will (later) tell us, 'I remember the family member talking, I remember something they said.' But now the families are not there," Lamas said. These ICU treatment strategies may change going forward as doctors learn more about the virus and the best way to treat it, Lamas said. Still, she worried there will be many coronavirus survivors facing difficult recoveries in the months to come. "I think we're going to be seeing with Covid a range of recoveries and a range of abilities to return to the world," she said. "As a medical system, it's going to be a very large population."