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Kanye West surprises Kim Kardashian with birthday hologram of her late dad - CNET
The image of Robert Kardashian calls Kanye West the "most, most, most, most, most genius man in the whole world."
Kanye West gave wife Kim a memorable birthday gift -- a video featuring a hologram of her late father, Robert Kardashian. Video screenshot by Gael Fashingbauer Cooper/CNET Kim Kardashian West celebrated her 40th birthday last week with an exclusive trip to a private island with her "closest inner circle." (As she probably should have predicted, the luxury trip didn't go over well with the quarantining public.) But the birthday revelations aren't over. On Thursday, Kardashian West shared a gift from husband Kanye West -- a hologram of her late father, attorney Robert Kardashian. "For my birthday, Kanye got me the most thoughtful gift of a lifetime," Kardashian West said in a tweet. "A special surprise from heaven. A hologram of my dad. It is so lifelike! We watched it over and over, filled with emotion." For my birthday, Kanye got me the most thoughtful gift of a lifetime. A special surprise from heaven. A hologram of my dad. It is so lifelike! We watched it over and over, filled with emotion. pic.twitter.com/jD6pHo17KC Kim Kardashian West (@KimKardashian) October 29, 2020 Robert Kardashian, perhaps best known for representing O.J. Simpson in the retired football player's 1995 murder trial, died of cancer in 2003. He was 59, Kim was 23. He's also father to Khloe, Kourtney and Rob Kardashian, all reality stars to various degrees. A representative for Kardashian West didn't immediately respond to a request for information about who designed the hologram. In the hologram shared by Kardashian West, the hologram delivers a birthday message. "You're 40, and all grown up," the figure says. "You look beautiful, just like when you were a little girl. I watch over you, and your sisters and brother, and the kids, every day." The figure goes on to share personal memories, including saying that when Kardashian West or someone "makes a big pee fee," he's there. (The meaning of "pee fee" isn't explained.) He briefly dances, to Barry Mann's 1961 doo-wop novelty song Who Put the Bomp, reminiscing about listening to it while driving her to school. And he praises his daughter for her motherhood, businesses, attending law school and for supporting her Armenian heritage. As might be expected, considering the image was a gift from Kanye West, the figure praises the musician as "the most, most, most, most, most genius man in the whole world." The hologram video was viewed more than 500,000 times in less than an hour on Twitter. Other deceased celebrities have received the hologram treatment, including Tupac Shakur and Jimmy Kimmel, though a 2018 rumor that singer Prince would be resurrected in hologram form for the Super Bowl proved false.
Apple ramps up efforts to build own search engine to rival Google, says report - CNET
A Financial Times report says there's growing evidence of Apple's efforts to develop its own search engine.
Apple and Google Apple is ramping up efforts to develop its own search engine, according to a Financial Times report published Wednesday, as US antitrust authorities threaten a lucrative deal that sets Google's search engine as the default option on iPhones and Samsungphones. The iPhone's latest operating system version, iOS 14, has started to show its own search results and to link directly to websites when users type in search queries directly from the home screen, according to industry sources cited in the report. This behavior adds to mounting evidence, according to the report, that Apple is working to build a rival to Google search, including Apple's hiring of John Giannandrea, Google's head of search, more than two years ago. Earlier this month, the US Justice Department filed a long-expected antitrust lawsuit against Google over its search dominance, alleging that Google "unlawfully maintained monopolies through anticompetitive and exclusionary practices in the search and search advertising markets." At the heart of the Justice Department's case are Google's contracts with other companies, which allow the tech giant's search engine to be used as the default option. Google pays billions of dollars each year to maintain that default spot. Google has been the iPhone's default search engine for more than a decade. It's been widely reported that Google pays Apple between $8 billion and 12 billion each year for its search engine deal, which is a boon for both tech giants. If it turns out the deal is blocked by the DOJ, Apple will need to supply an alternative for its iPhones. Apple couldn't immediately be reached for comment.
Flu vs. COVID-19: How can you tell which you have? - CNET
An MD shares what you should know ahead of flu season during a global pandemic.
Symptoms for the flu and COVID-19 can look similar -- here's what you need to know. Getty Images For the most up-to-date news and information about the coronavirus pandemic, visit the WHO website. If all of the signs and symptoms of COVID-19 weren't enough to keep track of, once we head into the fall season, those symptoms could overlap with those of another contagious virus: Influenza. Unfortunately, many flu symptoms can look very similar to the coronavirus, which can be downright confusing if you start to get sick. Thankfully, there is already a vaccine for the flu. Scientists are working on a vaccine for COVID-19 -- but it's not likely going to be available until early 2021. As we head into the upcoming flu season in the midst of a pandemic, I consulted Dr. Nate Favini, medical lead at Forward to help shed some light on what you need to know about both viruses and what to do if you get sick. "This is going to be a really challenging flu season because it's very difficult to tell the difference between COVID-19 and the flu based on symptoms alone. We don't have a great way of differentiating the two other than testing, and as we've seen over the last few weeks, our COVID-19 testing capacity in the US is currently a disaster," Dr. Favini said. One the other hand, flu testing is available to most people and provides results quickly. The problem is if someone is sick and tests negative for the flu, you still need to know if they have COVID-19. "Rapid flu testing is widely available, but that won't be sufficient, because someone who is negative for flu could have COVID-19 or any other of a number respiratory illnesses that circulate in the fall and winter," Dr. Favini says. The CDC also says it's possible to have the flu and COVID-19 at the same time. The FDA recently granted emergency use authorizations to several medical testing companies for a combination diagnostic test that can detect COVID-19 and the flu with a single sample. "With just one swab or sample, combination tests can be used to get answers to Americans faster. This efficiency can go a long way to providing timely information for those sick with an unknown respiratory ailment," FDA Commissioner Dr. Stephen M. Hahn said in the press release. However, we don't know when combination tests will be available or how widely they will be distributed across the country. Keep reading to learn more about the difference between the flu and COVID-19, and the signs and symptoms to look for. Flu and COVID-19 symptoms The flu and COVID-19 share many overlapping symptoms, which is why, if you show signs of any of the symptoms listed below, the first thing you should do is seek testing and isolate yourself from others in your household. The CDC has said that COVID-19 is more contagious than the flu for certain groups of people, which means it can spread more easily and faster from person to person. Dr. Favini says that testing every person with symptoms for the flu and COVID-19 is ideal, but he's unsure if the healthcare system is prepared for that scale of testing. "The problem is that the country is unprepared for the surge in COVID-19 cases that every public health expert is expecting this fall and winter. Unless we change our approach to testing and invest massively in scaling it up, you should expect to see long delays on COVID-19 test results that will be really problematic for taking care of people and for public health," Favini says. Shared symptoms of COVID-19 and the flu, according to the CDC:
- Fever or feeling feverish; experiencing chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Fatigue (tiredness)
- Sore throat
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Muscle pain or body aches
- Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.
iPhone 12 drop test results are in: Ceramic shield is as tough as it sounds - CNET
We dropped and scraped the iPhone 12 to find out how much the new "ceramic shield" screen can handle. Spoiler: It's a lot more than a six-foot drop.
Chris Parker/CNET Apple has covered its new iPhone 12 with a brand-new type of glass called "ceramic shield", which it says is the toughest glass ever on a smartphone. Every year Apple makes a similar claim about its glass, but this time may be different because this is no ordinary glass. While it may look and feel exactly like glass, the ceramic shield covering the screens is, as the name suggests, a combination of glass and ceramic (which is harder than most metals). It's a totally new cover material for the iPhone and it's unlike anything we've ever tested before. And testing it is exactly what we did. To find out how this new material holds up to the elements, we put two brand-new iPhone 12s through a few scratch and drop tests. And as it turns out, this new glass is incredibly durable. (This rival says its screen is three times harder than Apple's ceramic shield.) iPhone 12: Breaking down the glass The ceramic shield only covers the front -- the screen -- of the iPhone 12. The back is covered with the same glass as last year's iPhone 11, which Apple says is the toughest in the industry. Both types of glass are made by Corning. The glass on the iPhone 11 (left) curves up, while the glass on iPhone 12 (right) is flush with the frame. Vanessa Hand Orellana/CNET Aside from the glass, the other factor that may play a role in how well this phone holds up to drops is the design. The glass on the iPhone 12 lies flush with the metal frame rather than curved up like in previous models which left more of the glass exposed. Apple says that design choice alone will make the back and front twice as durable as older models. All four models of the iPhone 12 (iPhone 12 Mini, iPhone 12, iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Max) have the same ceramic shield on the screen and the same type of glass on the back. The only difference in materials is the frame. The two Pros have a stainless steel frame, while the Mini and the 12 are aluminum. The performance of the frame may vary depending on the material, but the glass should offer the same type of protection across the board. For our tests we used the regular iPhone 12 in blue and green. Scratch 1: It survived the pocket/purse tumble For the first test, I put the iPhone 12 in a small makeup bag with some of the common culprits that scratch up our phones: a set of keys, a half dozen quarters and a metallic pen. I shook the bag vigorously for about 30 seconds to simulate what happens after a few weeks of bouncing around in a purse or pocket before inspecting it. After wiping the phone down with a cloth, I couldn't find a single scratch on the glass or the frame of the iPhone 12. Click on the video below to see the results from the scratch and drop tests. Scratch 2: No scratches on the screen after sliding on tile Next, I wanted to see how the screen would hold up if it came in contact with a hard surface like a marble table, kitchen counter or bathroom floor. I slid the iPhone 12 back and forth 10 times on a textured ceramic tile, first along the screen, then on the back of the phone. The screen had a bid of debris from the tile, but after cleaning it off I struggled to find any visible damage to the glass. Testing the back of the phone was trickier. The raised camera module doesn't allow the phone to lay flat on its back, so I did a few slides with the phone at an angle. This didn't damage the glass, but it caused some of the metallic paint on the frame around the bottom camera to rub off. It was barely noticeable and the lenses themselves were still in pristine condition. Then I did it again with the camera module hanging off the edge of the tile. After inspecting the back closely, I finally managed to make out two microscopic scratches, one on the silver Apple logo, and another right below it on the blue glass. Both were thinner than a strand of fine hair and about a quarter of an inch long. The two tiny scratches on the back of the iPhone 12 that resulted from sliding it on floor tile. The screen came out flawless. Vanessa Hand Orellana/CNET Scratch 3: Rubbing it on sandpaper made a mark Having passed the two scratch tests with flying colors, I decided to conduct one more (extreme) test on this iPhone 12: rubbing with 80-grit sandpaper. This is probably the real-world equivalent of sliding your phone across a driveway or sidewalk, which hopefully won't happen too often. I rubbed the phone back and forth across the sandpaper 10 times on either side, applying light pressure. This time, both sides of the phone were scraped up. The screen had the most damage, with lines running horizontally through the middle of the phone. A few of them were deep enough to feel with my fingernail, but it was still in working condition. The back of the phone has significantly less damage, again because of the protection offered by the raised camera module, but it still had visible scrapes in the center and on the lower edges. The metallic finish on the lens frames had continued to peel off, but the lenses themselves were still scratchless. Vanessa Hand Orellana/CNET Scratching the phone compromises the glass and makes it a lot more likely to break during a fall, so my colleague, CNET Managing Producer Chris Parker, used another brand-new iPhone 12 for our drop tests onto the sidewalk. Drop 1: 3 feet, screen side down One of the more common times you might drop your phone is when you're putting it in and out of your pocket. While dropping a phone from hip height can be harmless, if it lands on the street or sidewalk, you're likely to end up with a broken screen. When dropped from hip height, the top of the iPhone 12 hit the ground first, then the bottom. Then it bounced in the air once more before landing flat on the sidewalk, screen side down as intended. The aluminum frame had a few dents around the edges of the phone, but nothing serious. Drop test 2: 3 feet, back side down Next, Chris did the same drop, but this time with the back of the phone facing the ground. The iPhone 12 seems to be top heavy: It landed almost in the exact same way as it did before, with the top (where the camera module is) hitting first, then the bottom. Finally it landed back side down on the sidewalk. The main difference on this drop was the sound when it landed, a louder thud than before. Sure enough, once we turned it over, we noticed the bottom half of the phone was broken. The edge felt a bit rough to the touch, mainly from the dents on the frame, but there weren't any shards falling off the back of the phone, and it still felt smooth despite the cracks. With the back cracked, we narrowed our drops to the screen only. The second drop from hip height broke the back glass of our iPhone 12. Chris Parker/CNET Drop 3: 6 feet, 6 inches, screen side down This is about as high as Chris could drop the phone without needing a ladder. The top left hand corner of the screen, opposite the camera module, hit first, then the right side, then the left until it flipped on its back, landing screen side up. The most noticeable dent was on the top where it hit first and it almost looked like it had caused a crack in the screen right where it met the metal frame. But after rubbing it off we realized it was just metallic residue from the frame and the glass was still in perfect shape. The aluminum frame on the iPhone 12 absorbed the brunt of the fall from six feet. Chris Parker/CNET Drop 4, 5 and 6: 9 feet drop, screen side down With the screen still holding strong, we decided to go even higher, using a step ladder to reach nine feet. Again this is not a realistic drop unless you happen to slide your phone off a second floor balcony, but we wanted to see how far we could take it. At nine feet it became even harder to control the landing. While Chris was aiming to drop it flat on the screen, the iPhone 12 had a mind of its own and landed in almost the exact same way as the previous six-foot drop. With the top right-hand corner of the screen hitting the ground first, then bouncing off the left side and landing screen side up. The dent on the top right-hand side of the frame got deeper, but the screen survived yet again. We repeated this drop two more times hoping it would at some point land flat on its face, but the weight of the camera made it hard for it to land at that angle, especially at that height. The iPhone 12 finally landed with the screen down on the last drop, but only because it bounced off the side of the porch step. The frame had a few more bumps and bruises, but the screen still looked like new after three back-to-back drops from nine feet. The only way up from there would've been to climb up on the roof or rent a scissor lift, which we weren't exactly prepared to do. The screen of our iPhone 12 survived without a crack after we dropped it on the sidewalk six times. Chris Parker/CNET Let's break it down Because our tests aren't scientific, we can't say for a fact that the screen is stronger than any other phone in the market, but we can definitely say that our iPhone 12 was incredibly tough to crack (and scratch) even on tile and sidewalk. The back of the iPhone 12, however, doesn't seem to have the same drop resistance superpower as the screen. And while you may feel comfortable using this phone without a screen protector, we -- and Apple -- recommend using the iPhone 12 or iPhone 12 Pro with a case, as getting the screen or back replaced without AppleCare Plus coverage costs anywhere from $279 to $549 depending on the repair. In a statement to CNET, Apple said, "iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Pro represent the biggest jump in durability ever on iPhone ... iPhone 12 models have gone through rigorous real-world testing and are designed to be durable, but not indestructible. If anyone is concerned about dropping their iPhone and damaging it, we suggest using one of the many beautiful cases available to protect iPhone."
Facebook's new mobile gaming service says no to iPhone - CNET
Most game streaming focuses on top-tier console and PC games. Facebook believes mobile's where it's at.
Mobile game streaming means playing smartphone games will be nearly "instant," Facebook says. Angela Lang/CNET Facebook is joining the game streaming world, taking on the likes of Sony, Microsoft, Google, Amazon and Nvidia. All now offer ways for people to play visually complex console and PC games over the internet, using technology similar to how Netflix streams movies. While most companies are focused on the top-tier games like Take-Two's action game Grand Theft Auto V or Ubisoft's upcoming Assassin's Creed Valhalla historical fiction title, Facebook says it's going to focus on mobile games instead. Facebook's new service, which is part of its Facebook Gaming project, will offer people access to smartphone games like Gameloft's Asphalt 9: Legends racing title without the need to download or install an app. Instead, Facebook said people can play these games on a computer through its Facebook Gaming website or through its Facebook app on devices powered by Google's Android software. While Facebook will make its technology available to computers and Android-powered phones, the company said Apple's restrictions requiring, among other things, that cloud gaming providers submit each game to its review team mean the service won't work with iPhones for now. "While our iOS path is uncertain, one thing is clear. Apple treats games differently and continues to exert control over a very precious resource," Jason Rubin, vice president of play at Facebook, wrote in a blog post Monday announcing the service. Facebook's move marks the latest effort by the social networking giant to grow the number of people looking to it for games, one of the largest and fastest-growing entertainment industries around the world. Part of the reason for that success is the explosion of internet-connected games, allowing titles like Fortnite to attract hundreds of millions of players to compete against one another in a last-man-standing battle royale. The games aren't just about playing, though. People also watch one another play and compete on YouTube and livestreaming services like Amazon's Twitch and Facebook's own streaming service too. And when they're not doing that, people also use games to digitally meet up with friends, turning them into a new kind of social network. The coronavirus pandemic, which has infected more than 42 million people around the world and killed more than 1.1 million people, has led to series of government-ordered lockdowns. People have increasingly turned to video games as an outlet, pushing usage up significantly, game makers and internet service providers say. That's where Facebook fits in. It's already one of the most popular internet destinations around the world, and it's increasingly been trying to grow its influence in the gaming world. Most recently, it overhauled its game streaming and game playing service, now called Facebook Gaming. "As crazy as it sounds, the values of Facebook's social games from 2010 are nearly identical to the promise of cloud games in 2020: instant access to games on any browser and playable with your friends wherever they are," Rubin said in his post. Facebook's cloud gaming service will begin as a beta, with access to four games including Gameloft's Asphalt racing game. It'll be free to use as well. Taking it to Apple Popular titles like Epic's Infinity Blade series helped make mobile games more appealing. Screenshot by Scott Stein/CNET While Facebook's move into cloud gaming itself is newsworthy, its decision to leave out iPhones and iPads and to publicly criticize Apple over its app store policies is notable as well. Apple's increasingly been criticized by other tech and gaming giants over the way it manages its App Store. Apple only permits people to download iPhone and iPad apps through its app store. In return, the company promises safety and security, which it ensures by requiring developers to adhere to a list of guidelines and to submit each program for review before it's made broadly available. In-app payments must be processed through Apple. Microsoft, Google, Fortnite maker Epic and now Facebook say those rules are too onerous, allowing Apple too much control over other company's products and finances. Youll just need the Facebook app on Android. iOS wont work for now. Because, Apple (sigh). And youll need to be in the U.S. for now. Because, data centers. You can also play our cloud-streamed games on desktop at https://t.co/wbEyHZ1dB1. Because, internet. Facebook Gaming (@FacebookGaming) October 26, 2020 "Apple stands alone as the only general-purpose platform to deny consumers from cloud gaming and game subscription services like Xbox Game Pass," Microsoft said in August, when it slammed Apple over its app store rules. Game streaming's become increasingly popular. Microsoft Apple's continued to defend itself, including from a lawsuit filed by Epic accusing it of being a monopoly. "We created the App Store with two goals in mind: that it be a safe and trusted place for customers to discover and download apps, and a great business opportunity for all developers," Apple said on an app store explainer page it posted last year. "We take responsibility for ensuring that apps are held to a high standard for privacy, security and content because nothing is more important than maintaining the trust of our users." Facebook said iPhone users will get to use the feature when it's part of an ad meant to offer a demo of a mobile game. Expanding the web 5G wireless is expected to usher in even more mobile gaming. Brett Pearce/CNET A decade ago, Facebook was at the heart of a new breed of "social" games. Titles like Zynga's FarmVille became cultural phenomena, in part because they were free to start playing and were built into Facebook. If you needed to do something in the game, it would alert you on Facebook. You could also invite Facebook friends to play with you. As smartphones became more powerful, though, many games migrated to Apple's App Store and Google Play. That's not to say Facebook's gaming is unpopular; the company said 380 million people play games through its service each month. Nowadays, mobile games can take up a lot of space on your smartphone. Fortnite can reach nearly 3 gigabytes in size, a hefty ask if someone wants to download the game to play while on the go. 5G wireless technology and smart download tricks by developers are expected to help, but Facebook says its newest gaming feature will help too. By effectively making it easier to play mobile games by removing the need to download and install them on a phone, Facebook could take back its mantel as a key destination for gaming. Facebook signaled it has bigger hopes for its cloud gaming efforts but wants to focus on mobile games for now in part because its executives believe game streaming technology isn't broadly ready yet for graphically intense console and PC games. "Cloud game streaming for the masses still has a way to go," Rubin wrote, "and it's important to embrace both the advantages and the reality of the technology rather than try to oversell where it'll be in the future."
NASA telescope uncovers definitive evidence of water on the moon - CNET
A telescope in the back of a 747 finally puts to rest a longstanding question about lunar water.
Eleven years ago, a trio of spacecraft changed our view of the moon forever. Data collected by the robotic travelers indicated Earth's only natural satellite wasn't a dry, dusty desert as we'd long believed. The spacecraft picked up the telltale chemical signature of water. Our moon wasn't soaking -- but it was damp. Scientists couldn't pull apart the chemical signature to definitively say how much was "molecular" water, the stuff we know as H2O, and how much was hydroxyl, a molecule that's one hydrogen atom short of becoming water (OH). The discoveries in 2009 led scientists to suspect much of the moon's "water" was hydroxyl, because it's more thermally stable than molecular water. On Monday, two studies, published in the journal Nature Astronomy, rewrite the moon water story once again. In the first study, scientists examined the moon's face in infrared, zeroing in on the source of the chemical signature in exquisite clarity. They determined it's predominantly H2O that exists on the lunar surface, rather than hydroxyl. "The detection is very unique for molecular water," says Shuai Li, a planetary scientist at the University of Hawaii and co-author on one of the new studies. The water signature was detected on the moon's illuminated surface, where the molecule would be exposed to UV radiation and where temperatures fluctuate dramatically between dawn, noon and dusk. It's somewhat surprising, but it's conclusive. "Based on our knowledge, it cannot be anything else," says Li. Li has been hunting for water on the lunar surface for years and was part of a team of scientists involved in the detection of water ice at the moon's poles in 2018. The ice was trapped in permanently shaded regions of the lunar surface that never receive sunlight. In the second study, another team of researchers suggest water ice may be even more widespread, existing in shadows across the moon's surface. Although you won't be packing your Speedos and towel for a day on the lunar seas anytime soon, the pair of studies demonstrate the moon is more damp than we once believed and highlight the potential to utilize lunar resources in human and robotic exploration. SOFIA's success Studying water on the moon requires a giant, flying telescope. One of the keys to the discovery was the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, or SOFIA, a bespoke Boeing 747 with a telescope installed at the back of its fuselage. The aircraft, operated by NASA and the DLR, Germany's Aerospace Center, flies at almost 43,000 feet. During flight, it opens a hatch at the rear, pointing its telescope toward the sky and studying the cosmos in infrared light. See also:These telescopes work with your phone to show exactly what's in the sky SOFIA sidesteps a problem encountered by telescopes closer to the ground. "Between us and the moon is a lot of water," explains Jessica Sunshine, an astronomer at the University of Maryland who was part of the Deep Impact mission that helped detect a signal for water on the moon in 2009. The lower part of Earth's atmosphere is full of water vapor, which can muddy infrared signals. The observatory in the 747 is designed to fly high enough above the Earth that much of the water vapor doesn't mess with observations -- that gives it a clear shot at scouring the lunar surface for signs of H2O. "I'm surprised nobody thought to do it sooner," Sunshine says. Turning SOFIA's telescope to the moon in 2018, the research team picked out two sunlit surfaces: one at high latitudes near Clavius crater and one that was closer to the equator. The detection of water itself revolves around the bending and stretching of water molecules. Water consists of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. When light hits molecular water, the atoms absorb that energy, bends a little and emits the light again. The emitted light is very specific to molecular water, and there is no other material that exhibits a similar light signature. Around Clavius crater, the team detected water. "It is the same thing as we drink on Earth," says Li. "But the abundance is extremely low. You will need to process a few thousand kilograms of lunar regolith to get 1 kilogram of water." But how it creates and maintains water on its surface is a new puzzle. The lunar surface is prone to bombardment by micrometeorites, cosmic rays and solar wind. The team suggests the water is likely trapped in glass created by impacts or between grains, where it can be shielded from the extreme environment. The solar wind, the team note, may contribute to creating water on the surface. The sun throws out hydrogen atoms, which collide with the moon. The team found little hydroxyl around Clavius crater, and they propose impacts by micrometeorites can help mobilize the hydrogen and oxygen atoms, turning them into water. In the shadows The moon is pockmarked and pitted; the lunar surface smashed over eons by collisions with errant space rocks. "Every scale that you can think of, there's craters," says Sunshine. The craters create enough mountainous terrain to completely shadow areas of the moon from the sun. Some places on the moon have never seen sunlight. The vast regions of eternal dark, known as permanently shadowed regions, or PSRs, exist at the moon's poles. There, the never-ending darkness sees temperatures drop to minus 300 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 184 degrees Celsius). Any water deposited there, by comets or asteroids, is trapped, turning to ice that doesn't ever see the sun again. Using data from NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, researchers suggest the PSRs exist across a large portion of the surface of the moon at much smaller scales. Researchers detail these "micro cold traps" in the second major paper in Nature Astronomy on Monday, making the case for widespread distribution of shadow places using mathematical modeling. According to the models, cold traps may be twice as abundant as previously thought, and many are likely to be only 1 centimeter across. They haven't discovered water ice in these traps -- but if there is ice trapped there, it may become a critical component of future lunar missions. "We don't have to necessarily send our astronauts in the future to one of these big, more rugged places," says Sunshine. The micro cold traps might contain water from more recent lunar impacts, too, presenting scientists with a way to study recent water deposition and compare it to that at the bigger craters present at the poles, which likely occurred billions of years ago. The future of the moon NASA is pushing to return to the moon with the Artemis program, which aims to establish a permanent base on the lunar surface by the end of the decade. Any future moon base would be likely to take advantage of the resources on the moon's surface, a process known as in situ resource utilization. "Water on the surface of the moon can be used for several very important things, such as sustaining astronauts, creating oxygen and hydrogen for rocket fuel or power generation, or conducting horticulture experiments," says Craig Lindley, a computational modeling expert at Australia's science agency, CSIRO, developing technology to map the moon's water ice. A handful of space agencies, including NASA and the European Space Agency, are examining ways to identify and extract water from the moon. NASA wants to explore the unknown regions of the lunar south pole, potentially using the region as a launching pad for further exploration of the solar system and missions to Mars. If water is as abundant as the new research suggests, the impetus for going -- and staying -- increases, but we're still a long way from being able to exploit those resources. Future missions will include rovers, like NASA's VIPER, to study the south pole in greater detail. The activities raise another important question about using the moon's resources fairly and equally. If all the water and water ice are confined to certain areas on the moon, will that pose problems for international cooperation? The Outer Space Treaty of 1967 includes a principle that the moon and other bodies shall be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and that countries cannot make a claim of sovereignty over the moon. NASA's own Artemis Accords, recently signed by eight spacefaring nations, affirm how moon resources must be used for the benefit of humanity. But the management of moon resources is still a hotly debated topic, and the Artemis Accords don't explicitly prohibit the commercialization of water and other material mined on the moon. Notable absentees are Russia and China, and some nations consider the accords a power grab for the US to establish its own quasi-legal rules for the use of space resources.
NASA 'exciting new' moon discovery: Start time, how to listen in - CNET
The space agency will unveil a new Moon-related find.
A brilliant full moon rises at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida in 2017. NASA/Kim Shiflett Buckle up for "an exciting new discovery about the moon." NASA teased an upcoming teleconference to share results from its Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (Sofia), an airplane equipped with a telescope. "This new discovery contributes to NASA's efforts to learn about the moon in support of deep space exploration," the agency said in a statement Wednesday. NASA isn't dropping many details about the announcement, but you can tune in for a live audio broadcast of the media teleconference on Monday, Oct. 26 at 9 a.m. PT via the NASA Live website. Sofia is a high-flying, customized 747 airplane. "Flying above 99% of the atmosphere's obscuring water vapor, SOFIA observes in infrared wavelengths and can pick up phenomenon impossible to see with visible light," NASA said. NASA has been busy investigating water ice around the lunar south pole, which could be a valuable resource to have on site as astronauts live and work around the moon. The space agency is also interested in lava tubes, spacious caves that could provide shelter for visiting humans. We'll have to wait for the announcement to get all the juicy details, but there are some topics it probably isn't about. Despite some entertaining speculation on social media, don't expect any bombshells about alien life or cheese.
iPhone 12 Pro cameras show off around Lake Tahoe - CNET
Sunsets, sunrises, wide vistas and aquamarine waters give ample evidence of another leap forward in mobile photography.
Shooting with the iPhone 12 Pro above Emerald Bay in Lake Tahoe, California. James Martin/CNET For photographers, almost every new iPhone has a little something special, and one of Apple's newest devices, the iPhone 12 Pro, is no exception. It brings a few seemingly simple, but entirely effective, upgrades that I think shutterbugs are going to love. This week, I took the iPhone 12 Pro on a short trip to a beautiful place, Lake Tahoe, and found that the Night Mode software and ultrawide lens upgrades are pretty exciting. Let's dive into some of these updates that make the iPhone so great, and gauge how it compares with Apple's previous phone, the iPhone 11 Pro. Though Apple's most recent family of iPhones -- the iPhone 12, Pro, Pro Max and Mini -- deliver a wild amount of camera tech, it's spread across all four models. How much you want to pay will determine what kind of camera system you'll get. Loving lidar The iPhone 12 Pro has a triple-lens rear camera setup that's common on most current high-end phones, and it adds a depth-sensing imaging technology called lidar (it's on the Pro Max as well). Lidar, which stands for light detection and ranging, uses lasers to survey the environment you're shooting. By measuring how long it takes for light to bounce off objects and come back, the sensor creates a field of points that map out distances. It's not too different from how Apple's Face ID works. Read more: iPhone 12 review: One of our highest-rated phones of all time The technology promises to help capture image data in low-light situations by better reading the landscape and augmenting the visual data from the camera lenses. Apple says lidar also will improve low-light shots by allowing the camera to focus up to six times faster in darker conditions. I noticed a huge difference from the improved focusing. It happened so fast and accurately while I was shooting, I quickly learned not to even worry about whether the shot was going to turn out well. Sunrise at Emerald Bay on Lake Tahoe, shot on the iPhone 12 Pro with the telephoto lens at 7:07. James Martin/CNET As with many of Apple's incremental upgrades over the past few years, lidar takes the iPhone another step closer to having shooting abilities comparable to those of a high-end professional DSLR. Fast focus just makes it feel like a "real" camera setup. And for sure, the iPhone 12 Pro is a very real camera setup. I loved using the new focus feature and the ultrawide Night Mode -- they made for excellent and instantaneous in-focus photos. What else will make my photos better? Software also makes a big difference. Though the iPhone 12 and 12 Pro have the same selfie, wide and ultrawide cameras, the real photographic monster will be the coming iPhone 12 Pro Max with ProRaw enabled. The iPhone 12 Pro's standard 26mm lens, dubbed wide, has now been upgraded from an f/1.8 to a wider f/1.6 aperture. That'll mean marginally better low-light performance on the same 12-megapixel sensor as the previous iPhone. Then the new seven-element lens, which Apple says allows 27% more light into the sensor, has been shown to dramatically improve the clarity and sharpness around a picture's edges. Across my photos taken with the wide lens, there's a shockingly low amount of noise in the shadows, even in the smallest of details. In these images shot with the wide lens, notice how the underwater rocks in the foreground are properly exposed and show virtually no noise, but at the same time we still haven't lost any detail in the bright sky and the distant mountain range. Kayakers paddle out to Bonsai Rock on Lake Tahoe's eastern shore in Nevada, shot on the iPhone 12 Pro with the new f/1.6 wide (26mm) lens. James Martin/CNET In the below image, shot in the clear emerald waters of Sand Harbor along Lake Tahoe's eastern shore in Nevada, the f/1.6 wide (26mm) lens captures varied tones, ranging from the shadows of the rocks underwater to the bright white splash of the paddle and the bright yellow kayak. The clear emerald waters of Sand Harbor on Lake Tahoe's eastern shore in Nevada, shot on the iPhone 12 Pro with the new f/1.6 wide (26mm) lens. James Martin/CNET Low-light photos with Night Mode Night mode is a low-light assist capture feature that's now available on the selfie, wide and ultrawide iPhone 12 Pro lenses, (on previous iPhones it was only on the standard wide lens). The feature will activate automatically when the camera detects a dark scene. When it's on, the Night Mode icon at the top of the display turns yellow. Overall, Night Mode is going to be one of the most aggressively awesome new features on iPhones, because it's now available on every camera in the iPhone 12 line. In default mode the camera will decide how long of a capture to make, but you can manually adjust the Night Mode exposure time by tapping the Night Mode icon and using the slider above the shutter button to choose a longer duration. Choosing Max will extend the capture time to its longest duration, thus letting in more light to the darker scene. For all of these images, I selected the maximum of 30 seconds. For really the most stellar results, stabilize your phone by setting it on a surface or, even better, a tripod. I used a tripod to shoot these images. Night Mode images on the iPhone 12 Pro are nothing short of amazing. I found the sweet spot for taking night photos to be during the 20- to 40-minute period of twilight just after sunset or just before sunrise. Photographers call these times the "blue hour," when the sun is below the horizon and the indirect light is a beautiful soft-glowing blue. Emerald Bay State Park shot on the iPhone 12 Pro with a 30 second Night Mode exposure using the wide lens at 7:13, one hour after the sun had set. James Martin/CNET This image is a 30-second exposure shot using my Peak Design tripod in almost total darkness. The quality is really incredible. I shot one of the images you'll see below at Sand Point, also along the Nevada shore, on the iPhone 12 Pro using a 30-second Night Mode exposure and the ultrawide lens. It was minutes before 7 p.m. PT, or about 45 minutes after sunset. For getting the best results using Night Mode, though, you do need some light. As the postsunset light began to fade to the dark of night, even my long exposure Night Mode images began to worsen significantly. I'd say that about an hour after sunset, things weren't looking very good anymore. For comparison, here's a 30-second iPhone 12 Pro Night Mode shot on the left and an iPhone 11 Pro photo without Night Mode on the right. As you can see, the iPhone 11 Pro renders an almost a completely black image, with almost zero detail. Even in the blackest of the iPhone 12 Pro's tones, there's hardly any noise visible. An iPhone 12 Pro 30 second Night Mode exposure on the left, and the iPhone 11 Pro without Night Mode on the right. James Martin/CNET In addition to making basic saturation and contrast image edits in Apple's Photos mobile app, here below, I used the "Long Exposure" feature in the app to blur the choppy waters on the lake. The result is a smooth and milky nighttime image. Sand Point in Nevada along Lake Tahoe's east shore, shot on the iPhone 12 Pro with a 30 second Night Mode exposure using the ultrawide lens at 6:57, about 45 minutes after the sun had set. Basic edits were made in the Apple Photos mobile app. James Martin/CNET A half hour before sunrise, while it's still quite dark, the iPhone 12 Pro's wide lens delivered significant detail in the foreground rocks, the trees on Fannette Island, and the water in Emerald Bay. James Martin/CNET The ultrawide lens on the iPhone 12 Pro was used to take this image before sunrise, at 7:03. James Martin/CNET Better, smarter HDR and Deep Fusion Apple's new Smart HDR 3 and its Deep Fusion processing technology, which are on all four rear cameras and the front-facing camera, are upgrades to the iPhone 12 Pro that feel like a significant part of Apple's camera success puzzle. Deep Fusion's advanced machine learning enables some pretty noticeable pixel-by-pixel manipulation of photos. I noticed enhancements in the ultrafine details of photos and a huge step forward in noise reduction. As you can see below, the shadows of the rocks and trees are crisp and detailed. With the new "sky segmentation" feature, the tones in the bright California sky are rendered differently from the rest of the shot, giving the image more detail. Though the camera is looking directly toward the sun in an extremely bright scene, the iPhone 12 Pro still manages to balance everything out, and expose the varied tonal regions in a way that renders a real true-to-the-eye image. The brightest light of all, the sun, doesn't overpower the exposure or the tones through the rest of the image. The white highlights from the sun are limited to the sun itself, while the forest just below also manages to be properly exposed, with visible detail in the trees. At the same time, the extreme brightness didn't wash out the image. The contrast remains solid, with the beautiful blues of the sky, the emerald waters of Lake Tahoe, and the yellow of the Aspens in the foreground all rendered in a way that really reflects what my eye saw. A beautiful Wednesday morning hike to Secret Cove along Lake Tahoe. James Martin/CNET In another image from Secret Cove, we see a really magnificent exposure balance between the bright sky and the reflective sparkle of the sun off the lake. But still we get well-preserved shadow detail with the foreground rocks and the tree trunk. The emerald waters of Secret Cove in Lake Tahoe, Nevada. James Martin/CNET Ultrawide, ultragood Wide angle photos are some of my favorite images to shoot with any camera. Up close and personal, they put the viewer right at the center of the action. Since the ultrawide lens debuted on the iPhone 11 Pro last year, I use it all the time to capture the full scene in front of me, whether it's taking in a smaller indoor space or capturing wide landscape vistas of the American West. Ultrawide lenses are always great for stunning landscape photography. This year, Apple had made some pretty great software enhancements to the ultrawide lens that have me loving it even more than I did before. The sharpness issues that plagued iPhone 11 Pro images anywhere outside the center of the frame are now gone with the iPhone 12 Pro software upgrades. Far less distortion and more crisp details from edge to edge really drew me in. You can see improvements in the below image I took from a lookout above California's Emerald Bay State Park. The edges of the iPhone 12 Pro photo, on the left, have a significant amount of additional information over the iPhone 11 Pro photo (on the right), and far, far less noise. The iPhone 11 Pro wide image on the right looks extremely muddy, and lacks any definition at all. Emerald Bay State Park in California, shot with the iPhone 12 Pro, left, and last year's iPhone 11 Pro, right James Martin/CNET The new iPhone 12 Pro has identical ultrawide angle hardware to last year's iPhone 11 and 11 Pro. But upgraded software on both it and the iPhone 12 Pro will now correct the lens distortion that shooting with a wider angle lens can bring. That distortion could lead to warped images at the edges and a loss of sharp detail at the fringes. The iPhone 12 Pro is rated for underwater, so I jumped into the (cold!) mountain waters of Lake Tahoe. Rated IP68 for water and dust-resistance, it can withstand being submerged to a depth of six meters for 30 minutes. Below, in this ultrawide lens photo taken at Sand Harbor, you can see how well the new software has corrected the distortion. There's almost no distortion across the middle third of the image and really great detail from edge to edge. Look closely at the detail in the rocks and the trees. There are fine details without any of the muddiness we saw with the previous ultrawide lens. It's only at the far four corners of the image where we start to see some minor warping and softening of the details. In the upper left, you can see the details at the top of the mountain begin to fall just a little bit, losing some of their clarity. Swimming with the iPhone 12 Pro at Sand Harbor in Lake Tahoe, Nevada. James Martin/CNET I took this ultrawide lens kayaking in Lake Tahoe's crystal clear blue waters off Sand Harbor. Notice the sharp details in the ripple of the waters across the image, and the details in the distant mountains. Only at the bottom left corner can you see some detail lost due to smoothing of the image. Kayaking Lake Tahoe's crystal clear blue waters off Sand Harbor. James Martin/CNET Here's another stunningly blue ultrawide lens image taken with the iPhone 12 Pro. I edited the image using the "Long Exposure" feature inside Apple's Photos app, which smooths the motion of the photo (in this case the waters of the lake) to a silky sheen. An image taken with the iPhone 12 Pro's ultrawide lens, with editing done in Apple's Photos app using the Long Exposure feature. James Martin/CNET Video gets better The iPhone 12, iPhone 12 Mini, iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max can now also use the Night Mode with the time-lapse feature. Using longer interval frames, more light is collected, resulting in dramatically better low-light performance. Unlike Night Mode when shooting a photo, video Night Mode is baked in to the feature, and turns on automatically, without the designated icon being shown. Take a look below at the sun rising over Lake Tahoe from Emerald Bay State Park in California. The dark rocks in the foreground have visible detail, and the bright skies also still have beautiful well-rendered tones. I shot this video in extremely low light about 45 minutes after sunset. In the time-lapse below, taken during the twilight period more than half an hour after the sun had set, you can see some pretty great detail in the waters of Lake Tahoe in Nevada. A photographic feast, with more to come These have been some pretty significant upgrades for photography software on the iPhone 12 Pro. Though there still are a number of other phones that offer much longer zoom ranges, the iPhone 12 Pro remains one of the best phones for taking amazing pictures. In its increasingly refined camera array, Apple continues to concoct a delectable recipe for photographic success. Rather than a single great bump in megapixels, or a massive sensor boost, this iPhone camera system is really the sum of many parts. A little Deep Fusion here, a faster processor there, some Smart HDR 3, sensor-shift stabilization and just a dash of magic make for a pretty sensational photographic feast. And just around the corner, we'll see the iPhone 12 Pro Max monster...
UFC 254: Khabib Nurmagomedov vs. Justin Gaethje -- How to watch, start time, fight card - CNET
Khabib Nurmagomedov faces Justin Gaethje at UFC 254. Will he prevail in his toughest match-up yet?
We're so close to this incredible main event. Can't wait. Josh Hedges/Zuffa LLC via Getty Images UFC 254 has started: The prelims are underway, and the main event is imminent. With the exception of a few stragglers, the fighters have made weight and we're good to go. At the top of the card is arguably the biggest fight of 2020: A complete banger in every sense of the word. A lightweight unification contest between Khabib Nurmagomedov and Justin Gaethje. From a styles standpoint, it could be the most compelling match-up of the year. Read more at CBS Sports: UFC 254 live updates In one corner we have Nurmagomedov: The most dominant champion in UFC history. With a record of 28-0, he's only lost one round in his entire MMA career -- against Conor McGregor at UFC 229 -- and has dominated almost every other second he's been in the octagon. In the other corner, possibly his nightmare match-up. Justin Gaethje is not just a technical brawler with concrete slabs for hands (and maybe the best leg kicks in MMA) he's also a world class wrestler. The consensus is Gaethje has a better chance than anyone to keep this fight on the feet and out of Nurmagomedov's comfort zone -- who likes to take opponent down and wreck them with ground and pound till they're sapped of life and energy. If you want further insight into this match-up, you can't do better than Inside The Octagon with Dan Hardy. Great show, great insight. If you want a little more information on the fight and the backstory leading up to the contest, I recommend UFC Countdown. UFC 254's undercard is pretty light, with the exception of one fight: A middleweight contest between former champ Robert Whittaker and Jared Cannonier. That one will be an absolute banger so don't miss it. Whittaker is one of the best UFC middleweights ever and Cannonier has been a wrecking ball in the last couple of years. The winner will most likely face off against current champ Israel Adesanya, so tune in. How to watch UFC 254 This year the UFC entered a new partnership with ESPN. That's great news for the UFC and the expansion of the sport of MMA, but bad news for consumer choice. Especially if you're one of the UFC fans who want to watch UFC live in the US. In the US, if you want to know how to watch UFC 254, you'll only find the fight night on PPV through ESPN Plus. The cost structure is a bit confusing, but here are the options to watch UFC on ESPN, according to ESPN's site.
- Existing yearly ESPN Plus subscribers can order the upcoming UFC fight for $65.
- Existing monthly ESPN Plus subscribers will be able to either upgrade to an annual plan and buy UFC PPV for $85 or purchase the ability to watch the UFC event on PPV for $65 by itself.
- New ESPN Plus subscribers can buy a bundle of one UFC PPV event (streaming in HD) and an ESPN Plus annual recurring subscription for $85. The ESPN Plus annual ESPN subscription will auto-renew after one year, at the price of an ESPN Plus annual subscription at the time of auto-renewal.
- The main card starts Oct. 24, 2 p.m. ET (11 a.m. PT).
- The prelims start Oct. 24, 12 p.m. ET (9 a.m. PT).
- The early prelims start Oct. 24, 10.15 a.m. ET (7.15 a.m. PT).
- The main card starts Oct. 24, 7 p.m. BST.
- The prelims start Oct. 24, 5 p.m. BST.
- The early prelims start Oct 24, 3.15 BST.
- The main card starts Oct. 25, 5 a.m. AEDT.
- The prelims start Oct. 25, 3 a.m. AEDT.
- The early prelims start Oct. 25, 1.15 a.m. AEDT.
- Khabib Nurmagomedov vs. Justin Gaethje,
- Robert Whittaker vs. Jared Cannonier
- Alexander Volkov vs. Walt Harris
- Jacob Malhoun vs. Phil Hawes
- Cynthia Calvillo vs. Lauren Murphy
- Magomed Ankalaev vs. Ion Cutelaba
- Stefan Struve vs. Tai Tuivasa
- Nathaniel Wood vs. Casey Kenney
- Alex Oliveira vs. Shavkat Rahkmonov
- Da-un Ung vs. Sam Alvey
- Liana Jojua vs. Miranda Maverick
- Joel Alvarez vs. Alexander Yakovlev
MagSafe on iPhone 12: I was wrong to doubt Apple's magnetic charger - CNET
One day in and MagSafe has snapped itself into my life. But how many variations will there be?
MagSafe is a snap-on charger, and it's great. But it's also proprietary, and iPhone 12-only for now. Patrick Holland/CNET The iPhone 12 has a new magnetic charger system called MagSafe. It's a familiar name because MagSafe used to be on all the MacBooks, once upon a time. It auto-attached and easily popped off so that tripping over a wire wouldn't knock your laptop off a table... and was generally appreciated. I didn't love the idea of MagSafe when Apple first announced it for the iPhone 12, because all I wanted was USB-C. I wanted a normal nonproprietary charger. Instead, Apple doubled down on its proprietary charge options. It seemed interesting but unnecessary. I still want USB-C. But I was wrong about MagSafe. Strong magnets, and works with supported cases. Scott Stein/CNET New, and yet familiar I've gotten to try out an iPhone 12 Pro and MagSafe charger for the last day or so, and it's already won me over. The charger costs an extra $39, and doesn't come with a charge adapter, so you also need one of those (any USB-C one will work, but here are some good charger adapter suggestions). But it feels very much like a giant Apple Watch charger for the iPhone. And that should have been my first hint that I'd appreciate the idea. The Apple Watch has a snap-on proprietary magnetic charger too, and it works similarly. It pops on easily, the watch makes a little chime and I see the charge status. Same thing for the iPhone. It makes charging the iPhone a no-brainer, as long as I have the charge cable nearby. It seems to drift to rooms I'm not in, and other rooms don't have the charger because, well, those other rooms have Lightning, or USB-C, or Qi chargers. You have to remember to bring that MagSafe charge cable with you, and in that sense it's like every specialized wearable tech charger I've seen for the last decade. Little ones, big ones, pronged ones. They work well for the wearable you've got, but don't lose them. Apple Watch and MagSafe: nope, this does not work. Scott Stein/CNET How many MagSafe variants will there be, and will they ever do data transfer? My first thought is that Apple needs to put MagSafe on all its devices. But then I wondered, how will that happen? Will that large disc-based charger snap onto future iPads, or MacBooks? Will magnet-covered zones exist, ready for MagSafe? Or will different-size adapters emerge, made for particular devices? Much like the Apple Watch, as compared with the iPhone 12? I also wonder whether MagSafe could combine with some sort of data, to allow accessories or also act as a dock. Suddenly I feel like I'm in Moto Mod territory. Apple expanding upon its smart-connected accessories feels like an idea long hinted at and somewhat overdue. Smart Connector keyboards have been around for years, but not much else. The long-term questions about MagSafe are many, but right now I like it a lot more than I thought I would. But that doesn't mean I don't still want USB-C. I still hope Apple doesn't skip USB-C on the next iPhone. I'd prefer MagSafe be a doorway to an additional landscape of accessories, and hope that Apple stays far away from replacing that one port left on the iPhone.