South Africa: Will Vaccines Eradicate SARS-CoV-2?
South Africa: Will Vaccines Eradicate SARS-CoV-2? - AllAfrica - Top Africa News
In the early days of the Covid-19 pandemic, many doctors, researchers, journalists and public health officials spent considerable energy describing how the SARS-CoV-2 virus was not "just another flu" but something far more deadly and debilitating.
In the early days of the Covid-19 pandemic, many doctors, researchers, journalists and public health officials spent considerable energy describing how the SARS-CoV-2 virus was not "just another flu" but something far more deadly and debilitating. Now, with at least three effective vaccines being rolled-out overseas and local vaccination programmes an ever-closer prospect, scientists are turning their attention to the long-term prospects of Covid-19. In a 5 January commentary published in Nature Reviews Immunology, Marc Veldhoen of the University of Lisbon and J. Pedro Simas of the Catholic University of Portugal draw on recent data that shows that antibodies in people who have been infected by SARS-CoV-2, as well as those who have been vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2, persist for over six months. After that people become increasingly vulnerable to reinfection. Veldhoen and Simas argue that the behaviour of the virus and the body's immune response is closely aligned to other coronaviruses. There are already four coronaviruses circulating through the human population that cause common colds, mild upper respiratory tract infections that are seldom fatal. At any time, 60-70% of the population have antibodies that fight these viruses - what Veldhoen and Simas call a spectrum of immunity. Over time, smaller groups of people are intermittently reinfected (this is what characterises virus as endemic). The high rates of immunity mean that the group as a whole is protected, and the risk of severe infection in vulnerable people is much lower. With there being a time limit on the protection afforded by infection or vaccination, Veldhoen and Simas argue that global vaccination programmes will not succeed in totally eradicating Covid-19. Sign up for free AllAfrica Newsletters Get the latest in African news delivered straight to your inbox Success! Almost finished... We need to confirm your email address. To complete the process, please follow the instructions in the email we just sent you. Error! There was a problem processing your submission. Please try again later. But there is good news. They predict that vaccination programmes will not need to continue in perpetuity, as long as a high percentage of people who possess antibodies to the virus is maintained. This will limit the spread of future outbreaks. In short, Veldhoen and Simas predict that SARS-CoV-2 is likely to become a "fifth endemic common cold [corona]virus". Veldhoen and Simas argue that the emergence of Covid-19 variants will not have a significant effect on population immunity as "new variants will unlikely differ sufficiently to escape established immunity." Nature journals are the most reputable in the scientific community but Veldhoen and Simas's commentary must be treated cautiously as predicting the future is hard. Nevertheless, the bottom line is this: Vaccinations are important. We will probably not eradicate SARS-CoV-2 but the death rate from the disease will come right down to similar low levels associated with the common cold. GroundUp is being sued after we exposed dodgy Lottery deals involving millions of rands. Please help fund our defence. You can support us via Givengain, Snapscan, EFT, PayPal or PayFast. Read the original article on GroundUp.
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South Africa: Covid-19 - Millions of Injection Devices Will Be Needed for Vaccines - AllAfrica - Top Africa News
The delivery of a safe and effective COVID-19 vaccine once it becomes available in South Africa will be a complex and costly logistical exercise.
The delivery of a safe and effective COVID-19 vaccine once it becomes available in South Africa will be a complex and costly logistical exercise. Vials with vaccine are of no use unless they are administered to people using injection devices such as syringes and needles. Acquiring enough of these devices is part of crucial logistical planning to ensure rapid, equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines. Next steps for COVID-19 vaccines in SA South Africa, through the World Health Organization-led COVAX facility, has made a commitment to secure 5.7 million doses, to cover at least 10 percent of the population, at a cost of more than R2 billion. The Solidarity Fund, on behalf of South Africa, is scheduled to make the first down payment of more than R327 000 by 15 December. The Department of Health envisages a vaccine will become available by mid-2021. Before it can be marketed in South Africa, a COVID-19 vaccine will have to be registered or authorised by the South African Health Products Regulatory Authority (SAHPRA). Spotlight previously reported on how SAHPRA might go about authorising COVID-19 vaccines. The country's immunisation programme, which is mainly geared towards children, will need to scale up to cope with the demand of rolling out a COVID-19 vaccine to include adults. It is not yet clear what the plans are for this scale-up. The WHO has outlined distribution steps countries will have to plan for before vaccines become available. These include training healthcare workers, identification and up-scaling of immunisation sites such as clinics, hospitals and pharmacies. Refrigeration to keep the vaccine at optimal temperatures is also essential so that vaccines can be stored and transported to centres including rural areas without breaking the cold chain and degrading the efficacy of the vaccine. Security will also need to be beefed up to prevent theft of the products for sale on the illegal market. Competition for injection devices Ian Wakefield, the Africa general manager for Becton Dickinson (BD), a global medical technology company, predicts a surge in demand for injection devices. "As we saw in the early days of the pandemic with tests and Personal Protective Equipment such as masks, South Africa is likely to be caught up in a worldwide competition for essential vaccination equipment," he says. BD, a producer of vaccine injection devices, claims they manufacture 12-billion syringe units annually. Of these, three billion are for vaccines. "In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, we [are] in the process of ramping up supply with an additional one billion units, which equates to manufacturing 2 000 injection devices every minute," says Wakefield. About 800 million injection units have already been committed to Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States and Saudi Arabia are finalising their order, he says. The South African Department of Health has not yet entered into formal talks with BD on injection device procurement, says Wakefield. The medical technology company currently supplies syringes for the BCG vaccine (a childhood TB vaccine) in all the provinces at a tender price of around R1.55 a unit. Wakefield understands that access to a COVID-19 vaccine is currently at the top of the health department's list of priorities for the pandemic. However, he says planning for delivery cannot be ignored. "We would like discussions with health ministries in Africa because globally, the first movers, US and UK, have bought ahead of time. There is going to be a limited supply of syringes to deliver on all these vaccines. We want to raise awareness that vaccine delivery includes delivery (from the vial to the person being vaccinated). It's key that governments look at this now before it's too late. Because when the actual vaccine is here and there is no planning we are going to be behind the curve." The quantity of devices that will be needed for South Africa, he says, is not yet clear and will depend on the vaccine chosen for delivery. Some vaccines, including the Moderna and Pfizer vaccine, which have been approved for use in the United Kingdom and Canada and are scheduled to be approved in the United States soon, require two doses. "An amount of 10 million doses will be needed for 5 million people, which means millions of injection devices will be needed to meet the threshold for herd immunity." Wakefield cannot say much about exact costs of a BD injection device. "Since pricing is of a competitive nature we are not able to provide exact pricing for our vaccine delivery devices in South Africa and other markets. However, BD supplies vaccine delivery devices to UNICEF for low- and middle-income countries at market access prices," he says. Sign up for free AllAfrica Newsletters Get the latest in African news delivered straight to your inbox Success! Almost finished... We need to confirm your email address. To complete the process, please follow the instructions in the email we just sent you. Error! There was a problem processing your submission. Please try again later. 'Hundreds of suppliers' Professor Greg Hussey, a member of the Ministerial Advisory Committee on vaccines and the Director of Vaccines for Africa, agrees millions of injection devices will be needed by mid-2021. "It is an issue, but it's not a tool that needs to be specialised for a COVID-19 vaccine and there are hundreds of suppliers globally. The main concern is the distribution and storage of the vaccine and the monitoring and evaluation system of the vaccine's effectiveness once it is rolled out," he says. "Delivery of a vaccine is a challenge, and it virtually doubles the cost of acquiring a vaccine. Apart from devices, we are going to have to ensure that enough masks are available for healthcare workers as well as people who come for the vaccine," says Hussey. *Adele Baleta is an independent science Writer, WHO vaccine safety communications advisor and Internews pandemic advisor. Read the original article on spotlight.
Africa: In South Africa, Young Women Leading HIV and Violence Prevention Say Men's Involvement Is Key - AllAfrica.com
On World AIDS Day (1 December), we spoke to survivors and community changemakers in South Africa who as part of UN Women's HeForShe community-based initiative and a joint UNAIDS programme are engaging men and women to reject violence against women and seek HI…
On World AIDS Day (1 December), we spoke to survivors and community changemakers in South Africa who as part of UN Women's HeForShe community-based initiative and a joint UNAIDS programme are engaging men and women to reject violence against women and seek HIV testing and treatment. Until two years ago, Karabo Chabalala (28) and Sarah Baloyi (26), young women from Mamelodi - a township northeast of Pretoria in Gauteng, South Africa - were living very different lives. "I was in a very dark place. I had multiple sexual partners and was part of a lifestyle that was not good or healthy for me," says Baloyi. Her friend, Chabalala says, "I had many personal problems. I engaged in a transactional relationship with an abusive older man to fund my education and provide for my family." Their lives turned around following their involvement in UN Women's HeforShe community-based initiative that aimed at improving attitudes and behaviours around gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV. "Karabo introduced me to HeForShe, a community that cares for one another," says Baloyi. "The dialogues showed me that I am not alone in my mistakes and could change my life. I have been inspired to promote safe and healthy living for young girls and to provide them with the same loving acceptance that was extended to me." Chabalala adds, "Many young women don't open up at home about problems they are facing. These dialogues give us a space to express our thoughts and feelings and to ask any questions that we have about life." Led by UN Women's partner, Southern Africa Catholic Bishops Conference (SACBC), and funded through the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the HeforShe dialogues have since 2018 engaged 115,000 men and women across seven districts (Mamelodi, Klerksdorp, Bojanela, Sedibeng, city of Johannesburg, Ehlanzeni and CapeTown) in South Africa's five provinces. "The dialogues are coordinated by 151 trained women and men 'changemakers', including young women like Baloyi and Chabalala, equipped with knowledge on HIV and violence prevention, unequal gender norms, the importance of HIV testing and adhering to treatment, responsible sexual behavior, and how socio-economic factors can drive HIV infections among men and women," explains UN Women's South Africa Multi-Country Office Representative, Anne Githuku-Shongwe. "Many women in Mamelodi have been victims of abuse or witnessed femicide in their homes, often at the hands of men who [are alcoholic]." says Baloyi. "All I feel is anger," says Chabalala. "These men don't respect us. Women in our community are being raped and killed. Some men who perpetrate these crimes are out on bail the following day." "There has been a rise in GBV since the COVID-19 lockdown," says Baloyi. "Abusive partners have been stuck at home and they are frustrated. They are no longer able to spend their time working or drinking with friends, and take it out on their partners and children. This is especially the case in informal settlements, where families live in one- or two-room shacks." South Africa is home to almost one-fifth of people living with HIV worldwide and has an HIV prevalence rate of 20.4 per cent among adults (15-19 years). In line with trends across Sub-Saharan Africa, in 2019, women accounted for the majority of new infections in the country. Structural gender inequalities, discrimination, violence against women and girls, and unequal gender norms continue to undermine efforts by women and girls to prevent HIV and use HIV/AIDS services. "The stigma around HIV prevents people from seeking treatment. I have met some older patients who still fear going to the clinics because they feel judged or embarrassed," says Chabalala. To increase the uptake of HIV testing, the changemakers partnered with 20 local HIV counselling and testing clinics across participating districts. They also facilitated outreach for HIV testing at community and church events and developed a referral system. In two years, the HeforShe initiatives have resulted in 62 per cent of those engaged testing for HIV, and 36 per cent returning and adhering to their antiretroviral treatment. However, because of the COVID-19 pandemic, people living with HIV and people at higher risk of HIV infection are facing life-threatening disruptions to health services. Inspired by the positive impact of UN Women initiatives in communities and empowered by the change makers, Mamelodi community members founded the national 'Young Women for Life Movement (YWfLM)', which has grown to 2,035 members. With support from the SACBC, the group is currently monitoring the proceeding of 30 cases of sexual and gender-based violence and 17 cases of femicide in the justice system, as well as supporting the families of survivors. They also played a crucial role in organizing food supply drives to the most vulnerable households in their communities during the COVID-19 lockdown. Sign up for free AllAfrica Newsletters Get the latest in African news delivered straight to your inbox Success! Almost finished... We need to confirm your email address. To complete the process, please follow the instructions in the email we just sent you. Error! There was a problem processing your submission. Please try again later. "I started the Mamelodi chapter of the Young Women for Life Movement," says Chabalala. "Being part of this community of 200 powerful young women has taught me so many things and helped me grow. It has changed my life". "As a YWfLM member, I work with our local clinic and visit people living with HIV in our community to confirm that they are taking their medication and to ask if they need any assistance or additional supplements," says Baloyi. "We also have an HIV-positive support group that now mainly connects online due to the pandemic." Both Baloyi and Chabalala believe that men need to be more involved in initiatives to improve attitudes and behaviours to prevent GBV and HIV. "Young men need to not only be part of this conversation, they must have their own dialogues where they focus on how to change their mindset," says Chabalala. Baloyi adds, "Many more men need to join women in our fight. Men must join us in court and in the streets. They must fight with us." Read the original article on UN Women.
Africa Should Be At the Forefront of a Global Response to Covid-19 - AllAfrica.com
As COVID-19 swept across the globe, one thing became clear: a well-functioning, well-resourced, agile and resilient health system can mean the difference between life and death.
Johannesburg — As COVID-19 swept across the globe, one thing became clear: a well-functioning, well-resourced, agile and resilient health system can mean the difference between life and death. For Africa, the economic costs of the health pandemic were high. The prescription was often worse than the illness as Africa's poor found themselves without work, food and even access to health care as economies were locked down across the continent in a bid to contain the virus. The World Bank predicts that a pandemic-fuelled depression could lead to as much as 3.3 percent drop in growth this year - pushing the region into its first recession in 25 years. We will not defeat COVID-19 without Africa in the global response. Africa cannot be muted in the global conversations and its leadership must play a role not only in identifying the problems but also in seeking the solutions This health pandemic has serious socio-economic consequences. What COVID-19 has taught us is that the state has a critical role to play. It was the state, not the private sector, to which citizens looked to and which rose to the occasion when the pandemic struck. This was true in Africa as much as it was in Europe and other developed countries and calls for a rethinking of the importance of state capacities and capabilities in sectors of public significance. Now, rather than see the pandemic as the end, we could view this crisis as an opportunity for a collective effort to forge our own path at the global table for health. We need to ask ourselves what global solidarity and shared responsibility would look like for the continent. We know that Africa has many lessons to share. The Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) has taken a strong lead in the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Right from the start organizations leading the AIDS response were mobilized with the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria allocating up to US$ 1 billion to help countries fight COVID-19. The Africa CDC requires more resources if it is to play an even bigger role. Where will those resources come from? African countries need to rethink development and how they can build local capacity if the continent is to play its part in the global strategy. UNAIDS has been clear that we will not defeat COVID-19 without Africa in the global response. Africa cannot be muted in the global conversations and its leadership must play a role not only in identifying the problems but also in seeking the solutions. To this end, UNAIDS was among the first to join the African CDC's newly created Partnership to Accelerate COVID-19 Testing (PACT) as part of the Africa Joint Continental Strategy for the COVID-19 response. The partnership aims to close the gap in testing by supporting the efforts of African countries to rapidly scale up their capacity to test and trace - a crucial step in reducing infections and deaths. PACT also calls for the rapid establishment of an Africa CDC-led system for pool procurement of diagnostics and other COVID-19-related response commodities. COVID-19 does not discriminate in who it targets but economic and social determinants of ill-health are strong predictors of who might die from the virus. We cannot allow Africa's poor to bear the greatest risk without support. COVID-19 and AIDS are colliding epidemics, and, in many countries in the eastern and southern African region, sexual and gender-based violence is a third and silent triplet. The UNAIDS "World Aids Day Report, Prevailing Against Pandemics by Putting People at the centre", has noted that the global commitment to fast-track the HIV response and end AIDS by 2030 is now off track. Indeed, agreed milestones for 2020 have been missed. But Africa can take comfort that the architecture, human resources and lessons learned from the AIDS response hold invaluable lessons. We now know that the evidence points to people-centred 2025 targets around comprehensive HIV services, context specific integration of services and the removal of societal and legal impediments to an enabling environment for HIV services. Together these three elements form a powerful whole with people living with HIV and people at greatest risk of HIV infection at its core. Shrinking budgets mean less investments in the HIV response. Our report shows clearly that the collective failure to invest sufficiently in comprehensive, rights-based, person-centred HIV responses comes at a high price: from 2015 to 2020, there were 3.5 million more HIV infections and 820 000 more AIDS-related deaths than if the world were on track to achieve the 2020 targets. We must have a global response for both HIV and COVID-19. While recent vaccine announcements have brought some hope, UNAIDS calls for vaccines and treatments which are available for all and is active in the global movement for a People's Vaccine. Sign up for free AllAfrica Newsletters Get the latest in African news delivered straight to your inbox Success! Almost finished... We need to confirm your email address. To complete the process, please follow the instructions in the email we just sent you. Error! There was a problem processing your submission. Please try again later. But this will not be an easy task. The COVAX initiative coordinated by WHO, Gavi and the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness needs our vigilance to ensure access for the world's poor. The decline in AIDS-related deaths--a 39% drop from 2010 to 2019--demonstrates what can be done. We have made important progress towards zero new infections, zero AIDS-related deaths and zero discrimination. But we are far from our goal. We must now double our efforts for both HIV and COVID-19. Our goal for HIV is clear: we want people-centred and context specific integrated approaches that lead to at least 90% of people living with HIV or at heightened risk of HIV infection to be linked to services needed for their overall health and wellbeing. And we need a global COVID-19 strategy that works for everyone. We cannot do the necessary without Africa at the table. And our experience of such phenomenon is that if Africa is not on the table, it will be on the menu--and that would be disastrous. Aeneas Chapinga Chuma is currently the interim Director for the UNAIDS Regional Support Team for Eastern and Southern Africa based in Johannesburg, South Africa. Read the original article on IPS.
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WhatsApp retreats after user backlash, delays mandatory new terms - Moneyweb.co.za
New target date of 15 May set.
Not too long into the future. Hello! Gordon’s pizza?– No sir it’s Google’s pizza. – So it’s a wrong number? Sorry– No sir, Google bought it. – OK. Take my order please– Well sir, you want the usual? The usual? You know me?– According to our caller ID data sheet, in the last 12 times, youordered pizza with cheeses, sausage, thick crust. OK! This is it …– May I suggest to you this time ricotta, arugula with dry tomato.? What? I hate vegetables.– Your cholesterol is not good, sir. How do you know?– We crossed the number of your fixed line with your name, through thesubscribers guide. We have the result of your blood tests for thelast 7 years. Okay, but I do not want this pizza!,I already take medicine … – Excuse me, but you have not taken the medicine regularly, from ourcommercial database, 4 months ago, you only purchased a box with 30cholesterol tablets at Drugsale Network. I bought more from another drugstore. – It’s not showing on your credit card statement I paid in cash – But you did not withdraw that much cash according to your bankstatement I have have other source of cash – This is not showing as per you last Tax form unless you bought them from undeclared income source. WHAT THE HELL? – I’m sorry, sir, we use such information only with the intention of helping you. Enough! I’m sick of google, facebook, twitter, WhatsApp. I’m going to an Island without internet, cable TV, where there is no cell phone line and no one to watch me or spy on me. – I understand sir but you need to renew your passport first as it has expired 5 weeks ago
Messi sees red as Bilbao stun Barca to win Spanish Super Cup - Eyewitness News
Moments before Bilbao's momentous triumph was confirmed, Messi threw an arm at Asier Villalibre, who had earlier scored a 90th-minute equaliser in normal time to deny Barca victory.
Moments before Bilbao's momentous triumph was confirmed, Messi threw an arm at Asier Villalibre, who had earlier scored a 90th-minute equaliser in normal time to deny Barca victory. MADRID - Lionel Messi was sent off for the first time playing for Barcelona as Athletic Bilbao stunned the Catalans to win the Spanish Super Cup on Sunday, a dramatic final finishing 3-2 after extra-time. Moments before Bilbao's momentous triumph was confirmed, Messi threw an arm at Asier Villalibre, who had earlier scored a 90th-minute equaliser in normal time to deny Barca victory. Antoine Griezmann's double looked to have sealed the trophy but Villalibre intervened before Inaki Williams' fabulous strike three minutes into extra time proved decisive. Messi shook off a thigh problem to start in Seville and was required to play all 120 minutes as Barcelona attempted to take the game to penalties. Instead, the 33-year-old lost his temper at the end of a combative contest, reacting to a late challenge from Villalibre by swiping his hands across the back of his opponent. It meant a first ever red card for Messi in 753 appearances for Barcelona, to go with his two reds for Argentina in 2005 and 2019. "After so many years in football, Leo knows perfectly well when he is fit to play," said Barca coach Ronald Koeman. "We talked and he said he was in a good place to start. He has survived the game, given the maximum, nothing more." Messi's anger will take some of the limelight away from Bilbao, who had already denied the competition a Clasico final by beating Real Madrid in the semi on Thursday and now have completed the set. It means a title and the perfect start for Marcelino Garcia Toral, who only took over as coach less than two weeks ago. But there was praise too for his predecessor Gaizka Garitano, who oversaw this team reaching the Copa del Rey final last season, which earned qualification in the first place. "This is for Gaizka Garitano and his coaching staff as well who brought us here," said Williams. Organisers at the Spanish Football Federation might have hoped for the global attraction of a Clasico, especially as the coronavirus pandemic had already kept the tournament in Spain rather than the lucrative Saudi Arabia, where it was played last year. Yet this was a frantic final, with a hugely surprising result. Barca arrived on the back of a nine-game unbeaten run and a trophy, even a minor one, would have turned encouraging signs in recent weeks into more tangible evidence of a revival under Koeman. "It is not a step back," he said "Always winning titles is helpful to show that we are on the right track, but it is only one game, it is a Super Cup, and we will show in the next few games that we are on the right track." Bilbao were the better side in the first half, more decisive in possession and more aggressive out of it. But both teams created little for 40 minutes and then in two minutes both had scored. A brilliant pass created each of them, Messi the instigator for Barca. He collected from the right and threaded through for Jordi Alba on the left, whose cut-back was intended for the Argentinian but spilled out to Griezmann, who could not miss. Marcelino hurled his water bottle to the ground in disgust but his team were soon level. Williams played the pass, his clipped ball over the top catching Alba off-guard, with Oscar De Marcos sneaking in and half-volleying home. Raul Garcia thought he had his third goal in four days when he headed in just before the hour but Barca survived. With 10 minutes left, Griezmann struck again, Alba's cross evading the Bilbao defence and finding the Frenchman, who steered in at the front post for what looked like the winner. Instead, Bilbao scored in the 90th minute to send the game to extra-time and then the 93rd to lead for the first time. Villalibre was allowed to volley in from close range but there was little Barca could do about Williams' effort, the striker cutting inside from the left and whipping a tremendous shot into the top right-hand corner. Unai Nunez might have sealed it but failed to connect. Griezmann almost rescued it but fired high on the volley with his right foot. Then Villalibre left a shoulder in on Messi, who reacted, scuttling after his opponent and swinging an arm around the back of his head. Messi and Barca were beaten. Download the Eyewitness News app to your iOS or Android device.
3 Gauteng restaurant managers arrested for selling liquor under level 3 lockdown - Eyewitness News
Officers received information that two popular restaurants one in Sandton and the other in Silverton, Pretoria, were selling booze to customers against level 3 lockdown regulations.
Officers received information that two popular restaurants one in Sandton and the other in Silverton, Pretoria, were selling booze to customers against level 3 lockdown regulations. JOHANNESBURG - Police over the weekend arrested three restaurant managers in Gauteng for selling liquor to patrons. Officers received information that two popular restaurants one in Sandton and the other in Silverton, Pretoria, were selling alcohol to customers against level 3 lockdown regulations. #sapsGP Police arrest managers after 2 popular restaurants in Sandton & Silverton are found selling liquor to patrons in contravention of adjusted level 3 lockdown regulations. Police also confiscated liquor value approximately R600 000.00. TMhttps://t.co/G1jN6Foctypic.twitter.com/hxPu9hXWqJ SA Police Service (@SAPoliceService) January 17, 2021 Police found the restaurant in Sandton on West Street filled to capacity and openly serving alcohol on the tables. ALSO READ: Liquor industry pleads with govt to allow sale of alcohol Two managers were handcuffed and more than R500,000 worth of liquor was confiscated. At the other establishment in Pretoria, police arrested a third manager who was also caught selling liquor to customers. ALSO READ: SAB cancels another R2.5 billion in investments due to alcohol ban The police's Mavela Masondo said: On inquiring, police found the restaurant operating and about 11 people drinking alcohol onsite. In the storeroom was alcohol in ice buckets ready to be served. The manager was arrested and charged with contravention of the Disaster Management Act. WATCH: Adjusted level 3 remains, but curfew changes and land borders close Download the Eyewitness News app to your iOS or Android device.
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中國「鴨兔」被控剽竊米菲兔 否認抄襲網諷：完美演繹死鴨子嘴硬 - Yahoo奇摩新聞
中國大陸廣州美術學院教授馮峰近期展出的新作《 鴨兔元旦 》，遭質疑與荷蘭知名插畫家布魯納（Dick Bruna）於50年代創作的「米菲兔」（Miffy）高度雷同，更有網友製作出對比圖，指責馮峰身為教授竟抄襲經典作品。對此，馮峰聲稱所有公共符號都是藝術家創作的「詞語」，且自己研究「鴨兔」已有30多年，否認有抄襲米菲...
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Koronavírus: Slovensko čaká masívne plošné testovanie, predĺžili aj zákaz vychádzania - Aktuality.sk
Celoslovenské plošné testovanie začne od zajtra a potrvá do 26. januára. Povinnosť mať certifikát o negatívnom teste na Covid-19 začne platiť od 27
Slovensko aká druhé celoploné testovanie a k nemu aj lockdown. Bude ale iné, aké Slováci zaili poas jesene. Nazývame to ako masívny skríning, potvrdil premiér Igor Matovi po rokovaní vlády. Názov tohto projektu je: Zachráme spolu ivoty. - Slováci si majú od 18. januára do 26. januára spravi test na ochorenie Covid-19. - Testova sa môu v mobilných odberných miestach, u zamestnávatea alebo ís na PCR test. - Od 27. januára bude pre cestu do práce povinný certifikát o negatívnom teste. Platnos certifikátu je 7 dní a poíta sa od 27. januára. - Na test nemusia ís osoby do 15 rokov a seniori nad 65 rokov. - Od 29. januára sa má Slovensko rozdeli poda Covid automatu na lepie a horie okresy. - Zákaz vychádzania platí do 7. februára.
美國將舉行史上最不尋常的總統就職典禮 - 大紀元
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