BBC News Republiek van Suid-Afrika
Nelli Tembe funeral: Anele Tembe father say im no believe e daughter dey 'suicidal' as family hold funeral service - BBC News
During di service, her father Moses Tembe tok say di family no believe say Anele dey suicidal.
Wia dis foto come from, Twitter/@akaworldwide Wetin we call dis foto, Dis na photo wey AKA take introduce Nelli as im babe Families and friends of Anele 'Nelli' Tembe, lay her to rest for Durban on Friday, 16 April. Di fiancée of popular South Africa rapper, AKA die on Sunday after she fall from 10 storey building of one Cape Town hotel. Di funeral service happun for Inkosi Albert Luthuli International Convention Centre and her fiancé AKA, her family, friends, artist and also business associate attend. During di service, her father Moses Tembe tok say di family no believe say Anele kill herself or she dey suicidal. For im tribute wey one family friend Sandile Zhungu read, he tok say "Not a single member of my family go associate Anele wit suicide, to live no go be challenge for Anele. On di contrary, Anele love herself so much dat she wan live more rather than less. As her father, I hereby state categorically say Anele no dey suicidal nor did she commit suicide." "We need to understand di forces wey put us in di situation wey we find ourselves. Of course, we must - as a matter of extreme priority - deal wit di scourge wey don bedevil our youth; alcohol, wey dey overused and drugs." Im tok say until Anele turn 21, she no go ever consider to take her own life as solution. Anele Tembe reportedly die on Sunday, 11 April afta she fall from di 10th floor of one Cape Town hotel. Anele and im fiancé AKA bin visit Cape Town wen di incident happun. But reports for local media dey suggest say Ms Tembe fit don take her own life. Public broadcaster, SABC, dey report say for December, police bin intervene wen di 22-year-old bin attempt to jump from one hotel for Durban. However, South Africa police tok say dem don begin investigate di circumstances around di death of di 22-year-old. Di details around her death go form part of wetin police say dem go investigate.
'Strong' evidence found for a new force of nature - BBC News
Physicists may have just made a major breakthrough in our understanding of the Universe.
By Pallab GhoshScience correspondent image copyrightReidar Hahn / FermiLab image captionThe findings come from the US Muon g-2 experiment From sticking a magnet on a fridge door to throwing a ball into a basketball hoop, the forces of physics are at play in every moment of our lives. All of the forces we experience every day can be reduced to just four categories: gravity, electromagnetism, the strong force and the weak force. Now, physicists say they have found possible signs of a fifth fundamental force of nature. The findings come from research carried out at a laboratory near Chicago. The four fundamental forces govern how all the objects and particles in the Universe interact with each other. For example, gravity makes objects fall to the ground, and heavy objects behave as if they are glued to the floor. The UK's Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) said the result "provides strong evidence for the existence of an undiscovered sub-atomic particle or new force". But the results from the Muon g-2 experiment don't add up to a conclusive discovery yet. media captionScientists say they have found "strong evidence" for the existence of a new force of nature There is currently a one in a 40,000 chance that the result could be a statistical fluke - equating to a statistical level of confidence described as 4.1 sigma. A level of 5 sigma, or a one in 3.5 million chance of the observation being a coincidence, is needed to claim a discovery. Prof Mark Lancaster, who is the UK lead for the experiment, told BBC News: "We have found the interaction of muons are not in agreement with the Standard Model [the current widely accepted theory to explain how the building blocks of the Universe behave]." The University of Manchester researcher added: "Clearly, this is very exciting because it potentially points to a future with new laws of physics, new particles and a new force which we have not seen to date." The finding is the latest in a string of promising results from particle physics experiments in the US, Japan, and most recently from the Large Hadron Collider on the Swiss-French border. Prof Ben Allanach, from Cambridge University, who was not involved with the latest effort, said: "My Spidey sense is tingling and telling me that this is going to be real. "I have been looking all my career for forces and particles beyond what we know already, and this is it. This is the moment that I have been waiting for and I'm not getting a lot of sleep because I'm too excited." The experiment, based at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Batavia, Illinois, searches for signs of new phenomena in physics by studying the behaviour of a sub-atomic particle called a muon. There are building blocks of our world that are even smaller than the atom. Some of these sub-atomic particles are made up of even smaller constituents, while others can't be broken down into anything else (fundamental particles). The muon is one of these fundamental particles; it's similar to the electron, but more than 200 times heavier. The Muon g-2 experiment involves sending the particles around a 14-metre ring and then applying a magnetic field. Under the current laws of physics, encoded in a theory known as the Standard Model, this should make the muons wobble at a certain rate. Instead, the scientists found that muons wobbled at a faster rate than expected. They say this might be caused by a force of nature that's completely new to science. image captionBased on a 2,700-hectare site near Chicago, Fermilab is America's premier particle physics lab No one yet knows what this potential new force does, other than influence muon particles. Theoretical physicists believe that it might also be associated with an as-yet undiscovered sub-atomic particle. There is more than one concept for what this hypothetical particle might be. One is called a leptoquark, another is the Z' boson (Z-prime boson). Last month, physicists working at the LHCb experiment at the Large Hadron Collider described results that could point to a new particle and force. Dr Mitesh Patel, from Imperial College London, who was involved in the work at the LHC, said: "The race is really on now to try and get one of these experiments to really get the proof that this really is something new. That will take more data and more measurements and hopefully show evidence that these effects are real." Prof Allanach has given the possible fifth force various names in his theoretical models. Among them are the "flavour force", the "third family hyperforce" and - most prosaic of all - "B minus L2". image copyrightESA/Hubble and NASA image captionThere are many puzzles about the Universe that we can't currently explain In addition to the more familiar forces of gravity and electromagnetism (which is responsible for electricity and magnetism), the strong and weak forces govern the behaviour of sub-atomic particles. A fifth fundamental force might help explain some of the big puzzles about the Universe that have exercised scientists in recent decades. For example, the observation that the expansion of the Universe was speeding up was attributed to a mysterious phenomenon known as dark energy. But some researchers have previously suggested it could be evidence of a fifth force. Dr Maggie Aderin-Pocock, co-presenter of the BBC's Sky at Night programme, told BBC News: "It is quite mind boggling. It has the potential to turn physics on its head. We have a number of mysteries that remain unsolved. And this could give us the key answers to solve these mysteries." Follow Pallab on Twitter.
Israella Bushiri funeral: Photos from Prophet Shepherd Bushiri daughter burial as family wave final goodbye - BBC News
Prophet Bushiri bin describe im pikin as "walking angel" and "saint."
Wia dis foto come from, Shepherd Bushiri On Thursday, Malawian pastor, Prophet Shepherd Bushiri and im wife, Mary Bushiri, lay dia eight-year old daughter, Saint Israella to rest. Di burial happun for Golden Peacock Hotel for Lilongwe city, Malawi. Prophet Bushiri announce di death of Israella on Monday, although im no tok di cause of death but blame government for refusing to allow im family treat Israella on time. "E dey unfortunate say our pikin, wen she bin wan go get medical attention for Kenya, dem block her for airport and she bin no fit get access to medical attention." im tok. Wia dis foto come from, Prophet Shepherd Bushiri Wetin we call dis foto, Di Momemt Israella remains arrive for Malawi from Kenya wia she bin dey receive treatment on Wednesday Wia dis foto come from, Prophet Shepherd Bushiri Wetin we call dis foto, Prophet Shepherd Bushiri say im no go mourn di death of im daughter but instead continue to celebrate her life Families and friend gather to say dia goodbyes to Saint Isrealla. Prophet Bushiri bin describe im pikin as "walking angel" and "saint." According to am, any pesin wey bin sabi Israella go testify say she get "certain special aura wey dey ooze divinity." Wia dis foto come from, Prophet Bushiri /facebook Wetin we call dis foto, Prophet Bushiri and wife Prophetess Mary Bushiri welcome di body of dia daughter from Kenya Wia dis foto come from, Prophet Shepherd Bushiri Wetin we call dis foto, Special service to celebrate St. Israella Wia dis foto come from, Prophet Shepherd Bushiri Wetin we call dis foto, Di remains of Saint Israella wen e land in Lilongwe, Malawi, at 14:00 hours (CAT) on Wednesday from Nairobi, Kenya Wia dis foto come from, Prophet Shepherd Bushiri Wia dis foto come from, Prophet Bushiri Wia dis foto come from, Prophet Shepherd Bushiri Wetin we call dis foto, Family and Friends gather to attend di burial service of Bushiri daughter, Israella Wia dis foto come from, Prophet Shepherd Bushiri/Twitter Wetin we call dis foto, Cross section of pipo for di burial service of Bushiri daughter, Isrealla burial Wia dis foto come from, Prophet Shepherd Bushiri Wetin we call dis foto, One of di officials wey host service of prayer for late St. Israella
Monsters, mania and the unstoppable march of Pokémon - BBC News
Several waves of Pokémania have swept the globe, keeping this lucrative franchise relevant for 25 years.
By Tom BatemanTokyo, Japan image copyrightTom Bateman image captionNo-one predicted how huge this franchise would become both in and outside of Japan In Tokyo's ritzy Roppongi neighbourhood, Tsunekazu Ishihara, president of The Pokémon Company, sits opposite a giant map of the world. Red pins mark the countries where every arm of the Pokémon empire - games, trading cards, films, the animated TV series - is available. There's a lot of red. Pokémon started life as an 8-bit video game in Japan - where players capture creatures and store them in pocket-sized capsules (Pokémon is short for "pocket monsters") - but has grown into a cultural megahit. By some estimates, Pokémon is now the biggest media franchise in history, worth more than Harry Potter and Star Wars combined. Over its 25-year journey, it has spawned several global crazes, involving celebrities paying millions for trading cards and people walking tens of thousands of kilometres in pursuit of rare monsters. These are the moments when Pokémania swept the globe. image copyrightTom Bateman image captionPikachu, one of 898 monsters in the Pokémon world, is the most recognisable Pokémon started small. The game's developer, Game Freak, was a Tokyo-based company that had started life as a self-published video gaming magazine. "It took about seven years to develop the games. We thought they would sell well in Japan, perhaps a million copies of each," says Mr Ishihara, who was part of the original games' development team. He turned out to be right. The series' first instalments, Pokémon Red and Green, were released in Japan on 27 February 1996. They proved popular, with players using cables to link their Game Boys and trade for certain Pokémon that were exclusive to each version. "But we never considered selling Pokémon abroad," Mr Ishihara says. "People said there was no chance it would work because American children wouldn't play a game where you had to read a lot of text, where there was no action and where you took turns to fight battles." image copyrightTom Bateman Pokémon Red and Blue - based on an updated version of the Japanese originals - were released in North America in 1998 and in Europe in 1999. They were followed by Pokémon Yellow, Gold, Silver and Crystal. "All told, they sold 76 million copies worldwide. I was absolutely shocked," Mr Ishihara says. Mr Ishihara believes that the tortuous process of translating the games into English was part of the success, with the North American release of the anime building hype for the delayed Game Boy games, which in turn fed demand for a newly-launched trading card game. "As we launched more and more products and expanded the business, it became a social phenomenon," he says. At its height in the early 2000s that phenomenon - branded "Pokémania" - led religious leaders in Saudi Arabia to ban Pokémon entirely, saying the game promoted Zionism and gambling, while western media published lurid stories of "Pokémon card crime". There was some truth to the stories: in one incident, an eight-year-old boy in southern England caused an outcry after he phoned in to a local radio station and attempted to swap his infant sister for a holographic Vaporeon card. Although this wave of Pokémania died down in the years that followed, Pokémon never went away. 2008 saw the launch of a new generation of WiFi-enabled Pokémon games. Suddenly, players could trade and battle with anyone, anywhere. "As a kid, I watched a lot of people battle on WiFi battles in 2008, that's when that really blew up on YouTube," says Aaron Zheng, who started a YouTube channel focused on competitive Pokémon after coaching his younger brother to victory in the games' world championships in 2013. image copyrightAaron Zheng image captionAaron and Brendan Zheng at the 2011 regional championships in Washington DC The channel led to work commentating at official Pokémon tournaments, taking Zheng from his home in New York to Australia, Brazil and the UK. "The cool thing about Pokémon is it's a really global game. I think if I went to a big city, there'd probably be someone that I know from Pokémon that I could probably crash with. I think that's so cool," he says. On 12 February 2014, a channel on the streaming service Twitch began an experiment. The channel, "Twitch Plays Pokémon", broadcast a stream of Pokémon Red. What was different was that viewers could play the game, interacting with it live by typing commands into Twitch's built-in chat. "I think Twitch served as sort of that perfect platform. You've got the video, you've got the chat, it was right for something like that," says Marcus "djWHEAT" Graham, a long-time esports expert and head of creator development at Twitch. image captionTens of thousands of players are controlling one character "The streamer's original system fit perfectly, like, yeah, throw me the commands, I'll begin parsing them into the game and we'll see what chaos this creates," he says. The chaos was compelling. More players joined in, thousands of people telling the game to do different things all at the same time. Twitch Plays Pokémon went viral, gaining widespread media attention within days. According to Twitch, the stream's peak saw over 120,000 simultaneous players trying to control the action. The sheer number of players sometimes made the game almost impossible to play. At one point progress was held up for almost 10 hours as players repeatedly fell down a ledge, while stray button presses in an in-game menu caused some of the stream's most beloved Pokémon to be "released", meaning they were lost forever. But after 16 days, seven hours, 45 minutes and 30 seconds of play, the stream completed the game. In all, 1.16 million people had played, and more than nine million had watched. Marcus Graham believes the "Pokémon" part of Twitch Plays Pokémon was the key to success, as the stream combined the simple goals of catching monsters and collecting gym badges with players' nostalgia for the classic game and its cast of familiar characters. "I really do think that because the game was Pokémon that played a massive part in the explosive virality of it all. It was kind of that perfect storm." While the world watched millions play Pokémon Red on Twitch, a Japanese software engineer was working on an April Fool's joke. Tatsuo Nomura (who declined to be interviewed for this article) worked for Google's maps division. A Pokémon fan since childhood, Nomura decided to blend the two, hiding Pokémon on a map of the world for users to find. image copyrightPG/Bauer-Griffin "Mr Nomura used to find exploits in Pokémon Red and Green when he was a kid, that's how he became interested in computer programming," explains the Pokémon Company's Tsunekazu Ishihara, who greenlit the project after receiving a pitch from Google-owned game developer Niantic. "That passion led him to join Google, then Google Maps, and consequently he created Pokémon GO." The mobile game was an instant success, introducing millions of players to a world of "augmented reality" gaming. To play, users must walk around in the real world in order to find and catch Pokémon on their phone screens. One Japanese player, playing under the name Kyarorina, got hooked after his workplace organised a walking competition for its staff. "The goal of simply walking turned into an obsession with chasing after rare Pokémon and catching them all," he says. The stats tell the full story: since first downloading Pokémon GO in July 2016, he has walked over 31,000km (19,200 miles) and visited more than a million Pokéstops - real-life locations where players can collect in-game items. In 2019, Kyarorina became the first person to catch one million Pokémon in-game. image copyrightThe Pokemon Company image captionSome of the most popular characters "Recently I've been spending about eight to 10 hours a day catching Pokémon, about 2,000 a day. I think I'll hit two million by the end of this month and announce it on Twitter," he tells the BBC. Pokémon GO's initial popularity was matched by its profitability. In 2020, five years after the game was first released, it saw record revenues of over $1bn (£718m). The free-to-play game makes money both by charging players for items and by charging businesses for the privilege of appearing on the in-game map. For Neriko Doerr and Debra Occhi, cultural anthropologists who co-authored a book on Pokémon GO, the game is evidence of Pokémon's broad appeal - something that can help explain the franchise's success. "Pokemon GO attracted people who are into going outside, walking around and people who are happy with just collecting Pokemon into the game world, some of whom became very enthusiastic," Mr Doerr says. As Pokémon's 25th birthday approached, the franchise once again hit headlines as YouTuber Logan Paul paid $2m for six boxes of vintage Pokémon cards. "This is a newfound obsession of mine and I am so excited to share it with other enthusiasts around the world," the controversial entertainer wrote on social media. image copyrightYvonne Hemsey "Pokemon cards have always been highly prized," says Tracy Martin, an expert in valuing post-war collectables. "This is down to nostalgia and obviously the rarity of a card, but also Pokemon is still very current. It's a phenomenon that seems to grip both children and adults, and that's the main reason why it's still going strong," she says. "That was not what we expected," says Pokémon's Tsunekazu Ishihara, who was himself featured on a Pokémon card that last year sold for $50,000. So what does Ishihara expect the next 25 years will bring for Pokémon? "World domination" he says, eyes fixed on the red pins that dot his map. Additional reporting by the BBC's Sakiko Shiraishi.
The massive planet scientists can't find - BBC News
Strange things are happening at the outer edges of our solar system. An object up to ten times the mass of Earth is pulling others towards it. Is it a planet, or something else?
One example is the aptly-named process of spaghettification, which is often illustrated by the fable of an astronaut who ventured too near a black holes event horizon the point beyond which no light can escape and fell in headfirst. Though her head and feet were just metres from each other, the difference in the gravitational forces acting on them would be so great, she would be stretched like spaghetti. Intriguingly, the effect should be even more dramatic, the smaller the black hole is. Sholtz explains that its all about relative distances if youre two metres tall, and youre falling through an event horizon thats one metre from a primordial black holes centre, the discrepancy between the location of your head and feet is larger, compared to the size of the black hole. This means youll be stretched far more than if you fell into a stellar one thats a million miles across. "And so, peculiarly enough, they're more interesting," says Scholtz. Spaghettification has already been seen via a telescope, when a star got too close to a stellar black hole 215 million light years from Earth, and was ripped apart (no astronauts were harmed). But if there is a primordial black hole in our own solar system, it would provide astrophysicists with the opportunity to study this behaviour and many others up close. So what does Batygin make of the possibility that the long-sought ninth planet could actually be a black hole instead? "It's a creative idea, and we cannot constrain what its composition is even in the least bit," he says. "I think maybe it's just my own bias, being a planetary science professor, but planets are a little bit more common" While Unwin and Scholtz are rooting for a primeval black hole to experiment with, Batygin is just as keen for a giant planet citing the fact that the most common type throughout the galaxy are those which have around the same mass as Planet Nine. "Meanwhile most exoplanets that orbit Sun-like stars, are in this weird range of being bigger than the Earth and considerably smaller than Neptune and Uranus," he says. If scientists do find the missing planet, it will be the closest they can get to a window into those elsewhere in the galaxy. Only time will tell if the latest quest will be more successful than Lowell's. But Batygin is confident that their missions are totally different. "All of the proposals are quite distinct in both the data they seem they seek to explain, as well as the mechanisms they use to explain it," he says. Either way, the search for the legendary ninth planet has already helped to transform our understanding of the solar system. Who knows what else we'll find before the hunt comes to an end. Zaria Gorvett is a senior journalist for BBC Future and tweets @ZariaGorvett -- Join one million Future fans by liking us on Facebook, or follow us on Twitter or Instagram. If you liked this story, sign up for the weekly bbc.com features newsletter, called "The Essential List". A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Culture, Worklife, and Travel, delivered to your inbox every Friday.
UAE Hope mission returns first image of Mars - BBC News
The United Arab Emirates' spacecraft at Mars sends back a stunning first view of the Red Planet.
Jonathan AmosScience [email protected] Twitter image copyrightUAESA/MBRSC/LASP/EMM-EXI image captionThe image shows three shield volcanoes in a line, as well as Olympus Mons, the largest volcano in the Solar System The United Arab Emirates' Hope mission has returned its first picture of Mars. The spacecraft entered into an orbit around the Red Planet on Tuesday, making the UAE the first Arab nation in history to have a scientific presence at Earth's near neighbour. This first image will be followed by many similar such views of Mars. Hope was put in a wide orbit so it could study the planet's weather and climate systems, which means it also will see the planet's full disk. It's a type of view that's familiar fare from Earth-based telescopes, but less so from satellites actually positioned at Mars. They traditionally have been kept close in to the planet so they can get high-resolution pictures of the surface and act as telecommunications relay stations for landed robots in contact with Earth. image captionArtwork: The UAE is the first Arab nation in history to send a probe to Mars The picture at the top of this page was captured by Hope's EXI instrument from an altitude of 24,700 km (15,350 miles) above the Martian surface at 20:36 GMT on Wednesday - so, one day after arriving at the Red Planet. The north pole of Mars is in the upper left of the image. At centre, just emerging into the early morning sunlight, is Olympus Mons, the largest volcano in the Solar System. Look right on the boundary between night and day, the so-called terminator. The three shield volcanoes in a line are Ascraeus Mons, Pavonis Mons, and Arsia Mons. Look east, to the limb of the planet, and you can see the mighty canyon system, Valles Marineris. It's part covered by cloud. "The transmission of the Hope Probe's first image of Mars is a defining moment in our history and marks the UAE joining advanced nations involved in space exploration," the mission's twitter account stated. "We hope this mission will lead to new discoveries about Mars which will benefit humanity." Hope is now running in an initial ellipse around Mars that comes as close as 1,000km from the planet and goes out to almost 50,000km. Over the course of the next few weeks, this will be trimmed to a 55-hour, 22,000km-by-43,000km orbit that is inclined to the equator by about 25 degrees. It's from this high perch that Hope plans to carry out some novel research. It's going to trace how energy moves through the atmosphere from the very bottom to the very top. One of its quests is to study the leakage into space of neutral atoms of hydrogen and oxygen - remnants from Mars' once abundant water. This will add to our understanding of precisely how a previously warm and wet planet became the cold, dusty, desiccated world it is today. On the day the UAE Hope probe took this first image, the Chinese Tianwen-1 orbiter arrived at Mars. Like Hope, it had to execute a braking manoeuvre to be sure of being captured by the planet's gravity. The Tianwen-1 mission carriers a rover which will be despatched to the surface in May or June. China's space agency has released early imagery of what its satellite saw during its orbit insertion. These pictures come not from a science camera like Hope's EXI instrument, but from low-resolution cameras used by engineers to inspect the spacecraft. In the movie below, the view is dominated by Tianwen-1's solar panel, but the Martian atmosphere and surface topography are clearly visible. This coming week, it is the turn of the Americans. Their Perseverance rover reaches Mars on Thursday and will try immediately to land in a near equatorial crater called Jezero. media captionTianwen-1 looks down on Mars during its arrival at the planet