BBC News South Africa
Ethiopia Tigray crisis: Ethiopia and Tigray region 'war' tori - BBC News
Fight fight don dey happen for almost two weeks wit reports of hundreds of pipo wey don die. Ethiopian goment don announce six-month state of emergency for Tigray
Wia dis foto come from, Getty Images Wetin we call dis foto, Tigray dey far north of Ethiopia Ethiopia Tigray crisis na kwanta between di goment of Ethiopia and forces for dia northern Tigray region wey don throw di kontri into katakata. Fight fight don dey happen for almost two weeks wit reports of hundreds of pipo wey don die. Struggle for power, election and push for political reform na part of wetin cause di crisis. Di UN want humanitarian corridors set up after two weeks of conflict between Ethiopia military and forces wey dey back di leadership in di Tigray region. Aid agencies dey call for immediate ceasefire for di main time inside northern Ethiopia to allow aid to reach civilians affected by fighting. Di root of di crisis start from Ethiopi system of goment. Since 1994, Ethiopia don dey operate federal system wey be say different ethnic groups dey run tins for 10 regions. One powerful party for Tigray wey dem dey call Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) bin influence di setting up of dis system of goment. Na dem lead one four-party coalition wey govern Ethiopia from 1991 wen dem pursue military regime from power. Under dat coalition, Ethiopia bin dey prosper well-well but pipo bin dey worry about human rights and di level of democracy. Small time, di concern and tok-tok turn to protest wey lead to goment reshuffle wey make oga Abiy become prime minister. Abiy bin comot main Tigray goment leaders wey dem accuse of corruption. Dis move bin cause critics for Tigray to begin hala because dem feel see Abiy wan centralise power and dabaru Ethiopia federal system. Di quarrel bin reach di height for September wen Tigray bone di goment to do dia own regional election. Central goment say e dey illegal. Tins worse more for October wen di central goment suspend funding come cut ties wit Tigray. Tigray say dis one na war goment don declare. Tension bin increase. Abiy come accuse Tigray forces say dem attack army base to tiff weapons. "Di federal goment therefore dey forced to use military confrontation," Abiy tok. Since wen di fight start for November 4, thousands of civilians don displace wit reports of civilian massacre. As most communication don cut off for Tiray, di exact number of pipo wey don die no dey clear. As e be so, Ethiopian goment don announce six-month state of emergency for Tigray and full-blown civil war fit last for long.
Covid antibodies 'last at least six months' - BBC News
The more antibodies people have, the lower their chances of re-infection, a study suggests.
By Rachel SchraerHealth reporter image copyrightScience Photo Library image captionAntibodies bind to viral proteins, marking them for destruction by other immune cells Coronavirus antibodies last at least six months and offer protection against a second infection, a study of healthcare workers suggests. Staff at Oxford University Hospitals were regularly tested both for Covid-19 infections and for antibodies revealing a past infection. The more antibodies people had, the lower their chances of re-infection. A separate study found pre-existing immunity from other coronaviruses also protected against Covid. Infection consultant Dr Katie Jeffery described the Oxford findings as "encouraging news" ahead of forthcoming Covid vaccines. They indicated that having the virus once "provides at least short-term protection" from getting it again, she said. The Oxford study enrolled more than 12,000 healthcare workers of which 11,000 tested negative for Covid-19 antibodies. Antibodies build up during a viral infection and stop the virus from getting inside the body's cells and attacking the rest of the immune system. Of those without any antibodies at the start of study, 89 developed symptomatic infections that were confirmed with a swab test. Of those that did have coronavirus-specific antibodies, none developed a symptomatic infection during the study period. There were three individuals who developed asymptomatic Covid-19 infections despite having positive antibody tests, compared with 76 in the group without any antibodies. But none of the three became unwell. The results were "consistent with Sars-CoV-2 re-exposure that did not lead to repeat symptoms", the study said. The antibodies being studied are those designed to bind to the "spike" of the Sars-CoV-2 virus which causes Covid-19 infections. This "spike" is what many of the vaccines in development target. The staff tested were followed for up to 30 weeks. Earlier in the week, a study conducted by Public Health England looked at T-cells - another element of our immune systems' response to infection. It found in June about a quarter of the key workers studied had high levels of T-cells which recognised the Covid virus in their blood - but only just over half of them appeared to have had Covid-19. The paper concluded this immunity was likely to be there "because of previous infection with coronaviruses other than SARS-CoV-2", for example the common cold virus. And those people with high levels of the relevant T-cells "appeared to be protected from Covid-19 in the four months after recruitment", whether they had previously been infected Covid-19 or not. But Dr Rupert Beale at the Francis Crick Institute pointed out that this equated to "only a very small proportion of adults (less than 10%, maybe much less than 10%)" who would be protected by pre-existing T cell immunity. An earlier paper suggested just looking at antibodies might underestimate how many people were protected from re-infection by T cells - another part of the immune response.
Ginimbi burial: Genius Kadungure family bury socialite for im hometown Domboshava - BBC News
Di unfortunate accident of Ginimbi happun on 8 November as di Zimbabwe socialite bin dey come from one of im friend birthday party.
Di burial of Genius Kadungure alias Ginimbi don take place for e hometown Domboshava, Zimbabwe. Family and friends bin gada to pay dia last respects to di socialite and businessman Di Late Zimbabwe socialite, bin die for road accident along Liberation Legacy Way on 8th November, 2020 along wit three oda pipo. Ginimbi car catch fire afta one traffic collision wit oda cars. Wetin we call dis foto, Thousands of pipo attend in Burial for im hometown for Domboshava Service start by 9am, according to wetin dem write for di programme During di burial, dis na di following pipo wey give speeches as dem tok about dia relationship and di life and times of Ginimbi wen im dey alive.
- Baba - Ginimbi father go attend di burial to tok about im son.
- Amai - Dis na di moment for Ginimbi mama speech but, di late socialite bin lose im mama last year January and im Aunt go stand in, to give speech.
- Sekuru - Ginimbi Uncle
- Ambuya - Ginimbi Grandmama go tok about di late socialite.
- Tete - Ginimbi Sister or Aunt
- Di brother's Sister
- Im workmates
'I want everybody wey wan attend my burial to wear white'- Ginimbi tok before e die - BBC News
Friends, fans and family members of Ginimbi Genius Kadungure must wear white dress come im burial on Saturday, na so e sister tok.
Wia dis foto come from, Instagram/ginimbi Family of popular Zimbabwean socialite and millionaire, Ginimbi Genius Kadungure - wey die for motor accident on 8th November say im want pipo wey wan attend im burial to wear white dress. Dis all-white dressing wey everybody must wear come di burial dey similar with Ginimbi trademark dressing for di lavish parties wey im dey always host while e dey alive. Di family say di wearing of white cloths na part of Ginimbi funeral plan and dem go do di burial for im mansion inside Domboshava on Saturday . During one interview with tori pipo, The Herald, Ginimbi eldest sister, Juliet tok say her brother use to tell dem say e want huge send-off. "Genius na fun-loving character, e dey always remind us about how e want im funeral to be. In fact, e get di plan for ground and dey always tok say 'ndiri big', so make sure for my funeral, you no hurry-hurry bury me." "Take time to plan for my burial. Check my requirements well and one of di tins be say I want everyone wey go come my funeral to dress in all white, no mata who. Please, make sure you tok am plenti times. Remember, say I be all-white guy. Di all-white need to be on di day of burial." Juliet say na wetin im brother, Ginimbi bin tell dem before e die. Wia dis foto come from, Instagram/ginimbi Juliet say according to di plan, dem go get to wait for Ginimbi oda friends wey dey abroad to come for di burial. "Ginimbi go tok say, make sure you get in touch with my oda friends abroad and wait for dem to come. Dat na why we dey tok say for now di burial go begin on Thursday and for now pipo dey gada for our papa residence wey dey 400 metres away from Ginimbi mansion." Madam Juliet say dem don set up one tent because plenti pipo dey com from all 'walks of life' and we no fit accommodate all of dem for di mansion. "We go arrange one tent for friends and fans, then anoda VIP tent, we go bury Ginimbi on Saturday for im yard as e wish to. E dey very difficult for us as family and we dey kindly request di public to respect us and avoid spreading bad rumours. She add for now, we don put family spokesperson wey be Clement Kadungure. Anything you wan hear wey no come from am, no be true. Wia dis foto come from, Instagram/ginimbi Juliet tok say no be say di family dey stop pipo from mourning Ginimbi for im mansion, as social media dey report, but di reason why di funeral dey happun for di oda side na to accommodate everyone. "You fit think say di yard dey big, but e no dey big to accommodate everyone as you know many pipo dey come," she tok. "Like I tok, we don decide to pitch tents for di open space near my papa house. Na also for di security of dihouse." Juliet tok say Ginimbi dey always wish make dem turn im house to museum or hotel upon afta e die. "We go invite some local artistes so dat dem go perform on Friday wen im body go lie in state for im mansion," she tok. "Remember, Genius na im own G-Entertainment wia e promote some local artistes, so we go do im wishes and dem go also dress in white." Chief executive officer of Ginimbi G4K security company Dr Peter Gwaza, tok say some pipo dey come with di intention to tiff Ginimbi property. "We don already catch two pipo wey don tiff plastic chairs," e tok. "Again, di house get plenti property wey we need to protect. I respect di decision wey di family take to do di funeral outside di mansion."
Ginimbi Genius Kadungure: Ginimbi death for accident as e celebrate Moana inside Zimbabwe traffic collision and more - BBC News
Popular Zimbabwean socialite and millionaire Ginimbi Genius Kadungure die for accident early hours of Sunday morning inside Borrowdale, Harare, Zimbabwe.
Wia dis foto come from, Ginimbi Genius Kadungure Ginimbi Genius Kadungure, die for accident early hours of Sunday morning inside Borrowdale, Harare, Zimbabwe. Ginimbi na popular Zimbabwean socialite and millionaire until im death for road accident. Di 36-year-old bin dey drive inside e Rolls-Royce Wraith wen e collide wit three other vehicles, according to Zimbabwe police. Im bin dey in celebrate fitness trainer Moana birthday wen. Tori be say three oda pipo burn inside di vehicle as e later catch fire but some unidentified men bin remove Ginimbi body before di motor burn. Wia dis foto come from, Ginimbi Genius Kadungure Wetin we call dis foto, Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP) confam di death. If you be Nigerian and you no sabi Ginimbi, just take am say until im death, dis Zimbabwean socialite bin dey enjoy life like Nigeria Hushpuppi. See oda interesting facts about am before im death. Full name: Genius Kadungure Nickname: Ginimbi Year of birth: October 10, 1984 Age: 36 years as of 2020 Gender: Male Wia dis foto come from, Ginimbi Genius Kadungure Career: Businessman - Chairman of Piko Trading Holdings & Founder of Genius Foundation, owner of Club Sankayi (AKA Dreams Nightlife Club). Education: Master of Business Administration - MBA at Great Zimbabwe University Base: Govan Mbeki, Mpumalanga, South Africa Kontri of origin: Harare, Zimbabwe Genius Kadungure na for Domboshava dem bom am into family of four. E be Harare International Carnival ambassador. Kadungure start to do small business at di age of 17 as e become a middle-man wey dey help get gas for domestic users. Ginimbi Net Worth Ginimbis net worth alias money wey im don make bin no really dey known as im business dem no dey listed publicly. Based on assets alias property wey im dey known to own, im worth fit reach be between USD $10 million and USD $100 million. In May 2014 Ginimbi Genius Kadungure bin chop arrest on allegations of fraud. E chop accuse say e defraud Zanu-PF MP for Chegutu West Dexter Nduna, di managing director of Badon Enterprises, and a Kadoma-based miner only identified as Gatawa of R1,581,890. (BBC Pidgin no fit confam how dat case don waka as at di timewe publish dis tori). Between February 2009 and May 2016, Ginimbi Genius Kadungure chop accuse say im company Piko Trading (Private) Limited misrepresent to di Zimbabwe Revenue Authority say dem make total sales of $2 777 678 inclusive of value added tax wen in actual fact di company bin make more sales amounting to $9 092 951. In February 2018 Ginimbi Genius Kadungure dismissed claims say im owe R340 000 to South African based businessman Mutumwa Mawere. Di two bin get fall out and exchanged words ontop social media site Twitter after Mawere ask am Kadungure to pay back wetin im dey owe.
Coronavirus: NI records highest number of new Covid-19 cases - BBC News
Northern Ireland's department of health reported one further death and 319 positive cases on Saturday.
Image copyrightReutersImage caption There have now been 10,542 positive Covid-19 tests in Northern Ireland NI has recorded its highest daily total for the number of positive Covid-19 tests since the Department of Health rolled out its current testing model. A further 319 were reported on Saturday, bringing the total during the pandemic to 10,542. The department also revealed that one more person has died with the virus, bringing the total number of deaths it has recorded to 578. There are five Covid-19 patients in intensive care units across NI. In the last seven days, 1,396 people have tested positive for the virus. The number of positive cases documented in a 24-hour period surpasses Friday's record of 273. On the same day, the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (Nisra) reported there were eight coronavirus-linked deaths registered in NI last week. That was one more than the previous week, according to the latest bulletin from the agency. In total, more than 335,000 people have been tested since the pandemic started.
Covid-19: Rishi Sunak to unveil furlough replacement - BBC News
Five things you need to know about the coronavirus pandemic this Thursday morning.
Coronavirus: Four deaths in Wales reported in latest week - BBC News
The number of deaths overall in Wales is below average, according to the Office for National Statistics.
Image copyrightGetty ImagesImage caption About 10% of deaths in Wales in the year to date have involved Covid-19 There were four deaths involving Covid-19 in Wales, in the latest weekly figures from the Office for National Statistics (ONS). This compares with three deaths registered the week before. The deaths occurred in hospitals involving patients from Carmarthenshire, Denbighshire and Gwynedd, and another of a person at home in Cardiff. It takes the total of deaths up to 4 September to 2,569 in Wales. The ONS counts registered deaths, which unlike the daily figures from Public Health Wales, also includes registered deaths in all places. These include care homes, hospices and people's homes. It also counts deaths when Covid-19 is suspected by doctors not just confirmed and included on the death certificate. Apart from the previous week, it is the lowest number of registered deaths reported since the pandemic began. There were no deaths in care homes involving the virus for the second week running. Elsewhere, England had 74 deaths involving Covid-19, with three deaths in Northern Ireland and two in Scotland. The number of deaths fell across the majority of the English regions, with south-east England having the most deaths -17. All causes and those involving Covid-19 by week Difference between 2020 and average shows so-called 'excess' deaths. Registered to week ending 4 SeptSource: ONS, 15 September When looking at so-called excess deaths, these are now 64 (11.6%) fewer than the five-year average, in the week ending 4 September. Looking at deaths overall and how they compare with what we would normally expect to see has been used as a key indicator for how the pandemic is progressing In Wales, the number of deaths fell from 591 to 488. Of these, 0.8% involved Covid-19. To compare, across England and Wales, 12.8% of deaths mentioned flu or pneumonia on the death certificate. In the pandemic so far, there have been 25,363 deaths overall, which is 2,054 (8.8%) more than the five-year average. Separate figures from Care Inspectorate Wales out ton Tuesday show they have been notified of 4,281 deaths of care home residents from all causes since 1 March. This is 53% more care home deaths than notified in the same time period last year, and 40% higher than for the same period in 2018. Of these, 745 deaths involved suspected or confirmed Covid-19, which makes up 17% of all reported deaths.
Coronavirus: Care homes in England warned of rise in infections - BBC News
Cases are mainly among staff but risk spreading to residents, a government letter says.
Image copyrightGetty Images The government has written to care home providers in England to warn them of a rise in new coronavirus infections within the sector. A letter from the Department of Health urged care bosses to take "necessary action to prevent and limit outbreaks". Cases were mainly among staff but risked spreading to residents, it said. It comes as a further 3,330 positive cases were recorded in the UK - the third consecutive day in which cases have been over 3,000. It brings the total number of confirmed cases to 368,504. Five more deaths of people who had a positive test within the previous 28 days were also reported. This brings the UK total to 41,628. Justice Secretary Robert Buckland told the BBC the key to preventing mass outbreaks was to ensure availability of testing for care homes. Friday's letter from the Department of Health and Social Care said testing data had revealed an increase in the number of positive results in care homes and called on the care sector to work with the government. "You will know already that we are experiencing a rise in confirmed Covid-19 cases across the UK population," wrote Stuart Miller, director of adult social care delivery. "I need to alert you to the first signs this rise is being reflected in care homes too. "I am writing at the earliest opportunity, so we can work in partnership to prevent further spread of the disease. The rapid flow of data and information, to and from care providers, is vital to this effort." Mr Miller said the infections had been detected chiefly among staff but had been transmitted to residents in some cases. He went on to stress "the importance of regular testing and consistent use of PPE". Speaking to the BBC, social care provider Mike Padgham - who runs four care homes in North Yorkshire - said the letter "doesn't tell us anything we didn't know already". He said there were currently no cases of coronavirus in any of his care homes, but called for clarity around visiting, as the R number - the reproduction rate of Covid-19 - has recently increased. "At present, things are fairly calm, but we are looking over our shoulder at what is coming next," he said. Mr Padgham, regional chairman of the Independent Care Group, said one of his homes had reopened to visitors only last week for the first time since March, but since receiving the letter, he was now wondering if visits were a good idea. He said his "natural instinct was to allow visits" - in keeping with families' wishes - but added he "would like more guidance". "You're damned if you do, damned if you don't" he added. Earlier, Justice Secretary Robert Buckland commented on an article in the Sunday Times, citing a leaked report, that positive cases of coronavirus had been identified in 43 care homes across England. He told BBC One's Andrew Marr programme the key to preventing mass outbreaks was to ensure "availability of testing" for care homes. "With that combination of testing and the rules that are applied by the care homes we can do justice to the elderly people in our care," Mr Buckland said. It comes after the UK recorded more than 3,000 new cases of coronavirus for the second consecutive day on Saturday. Peter Openshaw, professor of experimental medicine at Imperial College London, warned the UK "must act now" to keep coronavirus transmission under control. He told Sky's Sophie Ridge: "It's starting to appear in people more vulnerable and that, inevitably, is going to be followed by hospital admissions and deaths so we need to act quickly." A DHSC spokeswoman said: "Throughout our coronavirus response we have been doing everything we can to ensure all staff and residents in care homes are protected. "We are testing all residents and staff, have provided 200 million items of PPE and ring-fenced £600m to prevent infections in care homes, with a further £3.7bn available to councils to address pressures caused by the pandemic, including in adult social care. "There is a high demand for tests and our laboratories continue to turn test results around as quickly as possible and we plan to rapidly expand it in the coming weeks as well as bringing in new technology to process tests faster."
Thwaites: 'Doomsday Glacier' vulnerability seen in new maps - BBC News
Sea and airborne surveys show how Antarctica's mighty Thwaites ice stream can be melted from below.
Image copyrightAlex MazurImage caption The icebreaker, the Nathaniel B Palmer, mapped more than 2,000 sq km of seafloor in front of the glacier Scientists may just have identified Thwaites Glacier's Achilles heel. This Antarctic colossus is melting at a rapid rate, dumping billions of tonnes of ice in the ocean every year and pushing up global sea-levels. Now, a UK-US team has surveyed the deep seafloor channels in front of the glacier that almost certainly provide the access for warm water to infiltrate and attack Thwaites' underside. It's information that will be used to try to predict the ice stream's future. "These channels had not been mapped before in this kind of detail, and what we've discovered is that they're actually much bigger than anyone thought - up to 600m deep. Think of six football pitches back to back," said Dr Kelly Hogan from the British Antarctic Survey (BAS). "And because they are so deep, and so wide - this allows a lot more water to get at, and melt, Thwaites' floating front as well as its ice that rests on the seabed," she told BBC News. Why is Thwaites Glacier so important? Flowing off the west of the Antarctic continent, Thwaites is almost as big as Great Britain. It's a majestic sight, with its buoyant front, or "ice shelf", pushing far out to sea and kicking off huge icebergs. But satellite monitoring indicates this glacier is melting at an accelerating rate. In the 1990s it was losing just over 10 billion tonnes of ice a year. Today, it's more like 80 billion tonnes. The cause of the melting is thought to be the influx of relatively warm bottom-water drawn in from the wider ocean. Currently, Thwaites' ice loss contributes approximately 4% to the annual rise in global sea-levels, with the potential to add 65cm in total should the whole glacier collapse. No-one thinks this will happen in the short-to-medium term, but Thwaites is considered particularly vulnerable in a warming world, and scientists would like to know precisely how fast any changes might occur. Media captionDr Kelly Hogan explains the significance of the new research What does the latest research show? The UK and the US joined forces in 2019 to investigate Thwaites. Their scientists sailed a ship equipped with an echo-sounder right up to the glacier's ice cliffs, to trace the shape of the seabed below. A plane was also flown back and forth across the shelf to measure small variations in the pull of gravity. These deviations reflected the seafloor's undulations beneath the shelf. The two datasets taken together now provide the best view yet of Thwaites' underlying topography. They trace the path of a network of deep channels that cut through a ridge before joining up to form a major cavity under the ice shelf. "The connected channels that we've mapped in detail for the first time are the potential pathways for deep-ocean warm water to get in and do damage at that point where the glacier is still grounded on the seabed, where it begins to lift up and float," explained BAS colleague Dr Tom Jordan, "but also to melt the base of the ice shelf, which if you weaken will make the ice further upstream in the glacier flow faster." How will the new survey information be used? Scientists need real-world data to corral their models so that when they run simulations of possible future behaviour, they get realistic outcomes. The new information refines the volumes for ingressing warm water that can be considered possible under different scenarios. In conducting their survey, scientists also now have a better idea of the general roughness of the seafloor. This tells them about the sorts of speeds ice further back in the glacier can achieve as it slides across rock and sediment. What the researchers have produced, if you like, is a kind of "stickiness index" to additionally constrain the computer models. Image caption Thwaites' size and melt rate have led to it being dubbed the "Doomsday Glacier" What's likely to happen in the near future? At the moment, the eastern side of the ice shelf is hooked on to a large ridge, which gives it stability. But the current melting trend would suggest this situation won't last much longer, says BAS's Dr Robert Larter. "When the Eastern Ice Shelf becomes unpinned, the ice will spread out and thin, eventually breaking up, as we can see is happening right now on the (central) glacier tongue," he told BBC News. "Even before ice shelf break-up, the unpinning and thinning will reduce the buttressing effect of the ice shelf on the glacier upstream of it, resulting in increased ice flow velocity. This in turn will further accelerate thinning of the glacier and grounding line retreat." British and American scientists have had to temporarily suspend their investigations at Thwaites because of the Covid-19 crisis. Teams were due to head back to the glacier this austral summer, but the location's remoteness means the risks are too great should anyone fall ill. Once the coronavirus outbreak has been properly contained, the scientists will return, however. "It's amazing to go to a place like Thwaites to see the changes taking place right before your eyes," said Dr Hogan. "When we were there in 2019, we were able to get right up to the ice shelf cliffs, and the reason we could do that and make our observations was because the icebergs and sea-ice that have always been there historically are starting to disappear." The latest research is published in two papers in the journal The Cryosphere, and can be accessed here and here. [email protected] and follow me on Twitter: @BBCAmos