African leaders should shift from providing short term empowerment to long term and sustainable programs.

What is killing Africa is a sense of dependability and entitlement to free things.

The more we give handouts, the more we instill the dependance syndrome.

Once the handouts are consumed, everyone is back on the streets to beg.

Leaders need to adopt building the capacity of people before economically empowering them.

This will leave them woth skills they can use for self sustainability.

Self relience is what should be promoted!

I propose this three dimensional approach to empowerments:-

1. See the people to be empowered as Target groups and develop a sense to work FOR them.This way they will learn how things are done and get the inspiration to follow through. Influence them positively.

2. The second dimension is to see them as Partners and work WITH them. They have the exposure, you have led and shown them the way and they have felt the influence and seen the benefits.

3. The Last Approach is to the most cardinal one, ots about creating a legacy. You have equipped them with knowledge and skills they need to execute certain duties and projects.

Therefore let them now replicate the process by becoming Initiators of projects. In that way they will showcase there innovation, creativity and leadership skills.

Empowerment is therefore a continuous process of capacity building.

The current practice of empowerment is highly toxic for it creates a dependency syndrome rather than promoting self reliance.

Isaac Pomboloka



Hello world

Am milz a Zambian publisher.

I am going to offer you realities of life and relationships.



Reuben Chishala, known professionally as Razztheprince , is a Zambian singer and songwriter. His genre of music is that of Afro pop and R&B, the gifted singer has been holding it down for a quite now and has contributed positively to the growth of the Zambian music industry. His love for music was driven by his mother, who was a choir conductor at their local church. Growing up, he was moved by musical instruments, which prompted him to learn the guitar.

While still at school, 12 September 2018, he released “The way you touch me", an Afrobeat record. The song gained popularity at his school and most of his friends advised him to continue as they all believed he could be big some big artist someday.




We as the affected have not refused the dual cariageway but we sincerely request that the government should not demolish every building found 50meters eachside of the road unless the building is too close to the road and is affecting the construction of the second road ..100 meters is too much for 2 or 3 roads ..We may be compensated in cash but alot of land has been bought therefore this will put alot of families in poor state after usage of that money .. Even if we are relocated ,this will mean businesses people will be far from their houses and farm areas therefore this will demand transport at a daily basis ..so we request that they make the roads and still live us to trade along the road at our respective places because we have left enough space for roads instead of sending us 50 meters away from the road because our businesses depend on travellers in buses Cara and trucks .. That's how we survive along the road . please allow us be along the road and continue trading even after the roads are made .. By sesmo kaputula


Gabriel Salifyanji Tembo (Born December 28, 2005.), known professionally as Gabriel Tembo is a musical artist and author. He is known for his novel, Greigantle-Spies Are Everywhere which he uploaded in January, 2021 and his album, The Flute which he released in May, 2021.

Gabriel Tembo was born and raised in Lusaka, Zambia by his parents (Louis Tembo and Ida C. Tembo). He has two siblings (Michael Tembo and Esther Tembo). Gabriel Tembo begun writing books on pieces of paper at the age of 7. Gabriel Tembo is 1.78m tall. He is a black person with brown eyes and black hair.

He started publishing novels on wattpad, webnovel and inkitt. He started publihing his novels in 2021. He started by uploading his album, The Flute on YouTube.

In May, 2021 he uploaded his music to 30+ different music platforms. His novel Greigantle-spies are everywhere was published on many platforms and is currently ongoing on webnovel as a paid novel (as at July, 2021)

Gabriel Tembo's music is available on Youtube, Apple Music, Spotify, Deezer, Tik Tok, Soundcloud, Facebook and Instagram stories and many more streaming platforms.

He enjoys writing novels that deal with; sci-fi; adventure; action; and many more. His music genres are: Hip-Hop/Rap, Dance, Seasonal, Alternative, Hip-Hop, Dubstep, UK Drill and many more.

Over the year 2021, He released a number of albums which are available and have made him noticeable to the public. Other than The Flute, In 2021 Gabriel Tembo released Happy Mood, Wonderful Life, GreekFire!, I'm A Star The Clouds, Cybots(single). In 2022, he released one of his best albums so far, Happy Mood-Bonuses and SK.16.


As some political leaders are claiming

All of these do NOT cause inflation



Shortage of drivers

Petrol prices

Food shortages

Building supplies

There is only one cause of inflation which is the BofE mismanaging monetary demand

QE & money printing last year is fuelling inflation this year

THE END.- Michael klinheals Muyembe


World Bank ,IMF and Others Meet to Discuss Vaccination in Africa.

Increased Vaccine For Africa

By Kazeem Tunde -

September 17, 2021


World Bank, IMF, Others Meet Over Increased Vaccine For Africa

Heads of the World Bank Group, International Monetary Fund, World Health Organisation (WHO) and World Trade Organisation (WTO) have met with representatives of leading COVID-19 vaccine manufacturers for improved supplies to low and middle-income countries, including Africa.

The meeting was held under the Multilateral Leaders Task Force on COVID-19 Vaccines.

In a statement by IMF, the task force feared that in the absence of urgent steps, the world was unlikely to achieve the target of vaccinating at least 40 per cent of the global population by the end of the year.

The goal is a critical milestone to end the pandemic and kick-start full economic recovery.

The statement said members of the panel noted that adequate total global vaccine production, sufficient doses were not reaching the affected countries, a situation that has resulted in a crisis of vaccine inequity.

Both the World Bank and IMF had previously expressed concern about the emerging two-track economic recovery, owing to uneven distribution of vaccines and warned that developing countries would need some assistance to curb the challenge.

“The Task Force encouraged countries that have contracted high amounts of vaccine doses, and vaccine manufacturers, to come together in good faith to urgently accelerate COVID-19 vaccine supplies to COVAX and AVAT, two multilateral mechanisms that are crucial for equitable distribution of vaccines.

“Task Force members welcomed the willingness of the CEOs (of vaccine manufacturing companies) to work collectively with them to end vaccine inequity and their readiness to form a technical working group with the Task Force to exchange and coordinate information on vaccine production and deliveries,” the latest statement by IMF said.

The meeting, according to the statement, noted that countries with high vaccination rates have collectively pre-purchased over two billion doses above what is required to fully vaccinate their populations. Such countries were called upon to swap their near-term delivery schedules with COVAX and AVAT, fulfill their dose donation pledges with unearmarked upfront deliveries to COVAX and release vaccine companies from contracts so that the doses could be delivered to countries with poor vaccination records.

The meeting also called on all countries to urgently address export restrictions, high tariffs and customs bottlenecks on COVID-19 vaccines, raw materials and supplies required for the production and timely distribution of vaccines.

Michael klinheals Muyembe.


Zambia's new president Hakainde Hichilema to join IMF,WHO and IFC

The virtual broadcast will see President Hichilema outline his plans to restore macro-economic stability to Zambia in conversation with the Chairman of Invest Africa LONDON, United Kingdom, September 6, 2021/APO Group/ --The newly elected President of Zambia, H.E. Hakainde Hichilema, will address over 1000 global businesses and investors at Invest Africa ( InvestAfrica.com )’s flagship event, The Africa Debate ( TheAfricaDebate.com ), on 15thSeptember. The virtual broadcast will see President Hichilema outline his plans to restore macro-economic stability to Zambia in conversation with the Chairman of Invest Africa, Rob Hersov.

Hichilema was elected to Zambian presidency last month on the promise to tackle the county’s debt problem and usher in a return to growth. Zambia has been hit hard by the pandemic, falling into its first recession since 1998 last year. In November 2020, the country became the first African nation to default on its sovereign debt since the start of the pandemic. The global shutdown came on the tails of a challenging few years which had seen growth slow to around 3% since 2015.

We look forward to receiving an update from President Hichilema on his government’s priorities for the Zambian economy going forward

In his inaugural address Hichilema stated that his government’s “focus over the next five years will be on restoring macroeconomic stability”. He promised to “grow [the Zambian] economy so that we can list more people out of poverty than ever before.” Securing an IMF deal is high on the new President’s list of priorities as he seeks to rebuild his nation’s financial credibility globally. He has appointed former IMF advisor, Situmbeko Musokotwane, as his finance minister, promising to balance the budget and tackle corruption.

At The Africa Debate, President Hichilema will join a line up that includes senior representatives from the IMF, the African Development Bank, the International Finance Corporation, the Development Bank of Southern Africa and Afreximbank as well as private investors Ninety One, Alterra Capital, Leapfrog Investments and Renaissance Capital ( bit.ly/3yJnbTL ).

The online forum will provide the opportunity for Africa’s newest leader to introduce his policy platform to global investors and businesses. Securing private sector buy-in will be essential to the incoming government’s promise to stimulate growth and create jobs for Zambia’s young population.

Karen Taylor, CEO of Invest Africa said,“We are delighted to welcome H.E. Hakainde Hichilema to The Africa Debate following his election to the Zambian presidency last month. The Africa Debate has a long history of hosting Heads of State from across the Continent and providing a platform for direct dialogue with international investors and multinational businesses. We look forward to receiving an update from President Hichilema on his government’s priorities for the Zambian economy going forward.”

For more information about The Africa Debate and how to attend please click here ( bit.ly/3BPwOSu ).

Micheal klin Muyembe



MBALE – Late Prof Musamali Nangoli, the scholar-cum-prolific writer who was not always the best student in class, once wrote, “One cannot always read a man’s future in the record of his younger days.”

And indeed, many Zambians did not guess Mr. Hichilema Hakainde’s future as a young boy who spent most of his youthful years herding his family livestock from the kraal to the field and from the field to the kraal.

At time 59, Mr Hakainde, described by many as an ordinary “cattle boy”, with his name associated with the kraal, is now the president elect of Zambia.

Whereas he spent most of his childhood herding cattle at their family, the president-elect and leader of the United Party for National Development (UPND), today he has taken the world by shock moving from a little known ‘cattle boy’ to a president of Zambia.

Although in Uganda Rtd Col Dr Kizza Besigye has run four times against Mr Museveni Tibuhaburwa in presidential elections prompting many Ugandans to say he has run for long and should leave it to other people, this was Mr Hakainde’s sixth time running for presidency and he has finally become president of Zambia after five unsuccessful attempts.

Like other African countries, Zambia went through years shrinking political space where opposition campaigns had no freedom of movement and access to media but the opposition leader Mr Hichilema defeated his main rival, the outgoing President Edgar Lungu, by more than a million votes, something that must give Ugandan voters some lessons to learn from,

In Zambia according to Amnesty International “there has been ruling by fear and repression”, the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly have been under increasing attack, with opposition leaders and activists jailed, independent media outlets shut down, and several people killed by police.

Mr Hichilema had unsuccessfully contested the 2016 election which observers noted lacked integrity when he lost by just 100 000 votes, but on Monday his margin over incumbent was nearly a million.

“There was a shutdown of social media platforms on election day which sent a worrying signal about the state’s desire to maintain control of the politics. And when early results showed Mr Hichilema was leading the incumbent President Edgar Lungu of the Patriotic Front, Mr Lungu released a statement declaring that the election was not free and fair and that isolated incidents of violence “rendered the whole exercise a nullity,” Mr Charles Phiri, a local opinion leader.

Mr Phiri adds that despite the shutdown, bounds in terms of impunity and violations, many Zambians were determined to get a change, a change that would usher in a credible government to save Zambia.

The 59-year-old opposition leader has been a strong critic and dissatisfied by the way the outgoing president Lungu was running of the economy and described the reign as a “brutal regime.”

Mr Hichilema is no stranger to controversy in Zambia, he had always gone against government and to him breaking the rule of law was a moral thing as long as it would help the people of Zambia, this explains why he regularly mentions that he has been arrested 15 times since getting into politics for going against the authorities numerous times.

Shortly after the 2016 Zambia elections, he was slapped with treason charges for allegedly failing to pull over to give way to the presidential motorcade and he spent four months in a maximum-security jail before the charges were dropped.

But despite, is an increasingly brutal crackdown on human rights, characterized by brazen attacks on any form of dissent in the midst of deep economic crisis and fears of political violence, the Zambian people took decisive action in favor of a change in course.

Zambia media says that they turned out in robust numbers to elect veteran opposition politician Mr Hichilema of the United Party for National Development (UPND) their next president.

After a campaign dominated by the country’s economic woes and marked by sporadic violence, Mr. Hichilema captured 2,810,757 votes against 1,814,201 for President Edgar Lungu, according to nearly-complete results.

But who is the new president?

Mr Hichilema was born into humble beginnings and looked after cattle most of the time during child hood before managing to get a scholarship to the University of Zambia, and later graduated with an MBA degree from the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom.

Mr Hichilema, 59, has describes himself as an ordinary “cattle boy”, who herded his family’s livestock in his youth before going on to become one of Zambia’s richest men.

Although born into a low-income family in southern Zambia, Hichilema has cast himself as a self-made businessman who worked hard at school to win a government bursary to attend the University of Zambia.

The president-elect is a leader of the United Party for National Development (UPND) is widely referred to as HH says he remembers walking to school bare feet and attending class without shoes like most children of the poor in Africa.

After graduating with an MBA degree from the University of Birmingham in the UK, he went on to make a fortune in finance, property, ranching, healthcare and tourism in Zambia.

He also led the Zambian operations of Coopers and Lybrand – later part of PricewaterhouseCoopers and Grant Thornton and his business portfolio has now diversified and today includes property management and financial consultancy.

And as if not to forget his youthful days as ‘a cattle-boy’ and his childhood love for cattle, Hichilema owns one of Zambia’s biggest cattle herds and cattle ranching.

He reportedly used both aspects of his background to appeal to voters and would occasionally tell voters that they needed

a successful businessman to understand how to get the economy moving in the copper-rich nation, where there is high unemployment.

His determination took him to presidency

Mr Hichilema has shown resilience in his political career, along with his five electoral losses, he often reminded people that he has been arrested 15 times since getting into politics and that even then he was determined to take Zambia on the road to economic recovery.

Mr Hichilema is one of Zambia’s richest people but a man who worked hard to shed his image as an elitist who lacks the common touch but determined to achieve his targets.

He describes himself as “an ordinary citizen, an ordinary African” and adds I’m just a cattle boy… it’s a childhood love,” he proudly speaks.

And wiping away tears, Hichilema said his victory was the “historic moment millions of Zambians have been waiting for.”

He also used his agricultural roots to appeal to the country’s farmers, saying he could turn Zambia into a food basket for the region.

His ability to connect with younger voters that was perhaps the biggest factor in his success because more than half of the seven million registered voters in Zambia are under the age of 35 and about one in five of them remain unemployed.

The governing Patriotic Front (PF) swept to power in 2011 on the promise of “less tax, more money in people’s pockets and more jobs”. But this did not materialise for many young people and they turned out in their millions for Mr Hichilema.

Mr Phiri says that one of the ways he connected with young people was through social media and that this was not the first election that Mr Hichilema attempted to use the likes of Facebook and Twitter to connect with voters, but that in the 2021 elections he upped his game to reach out to everyone in the country.

He mobilised, campaigned to the young people, made sure that his message gets out to the youth of Zambia and he exploited social media to his advantage; Whatssup, facebook, Instagram, tweets etc and he knew where to touch for his victory.

According to Mr Phiri the messaging was on point, he weaponised the social and economic problems taking place in Zambia today; the soaring food prices, the inflation, the kwacha, the currency of Zambia losing value and took advantage of all these problems, weaponised them, and turned them into vote-winning issues.

Mr Hichilema first ran for the presidency in 2006 as a member of the United Party for National Development (UPND), an organization he also partly bankrolls himself.

“And he was also willing to play dirty and a number of the voters voted for Mr Hichilema because they see Zambia’s economic recovery in him,” said Mr Neo Simutanyi, a scholar and Zambian political and economic analyst.

In 2020 amidst Covid 19 outbreak across the world, he released a video entitled “The tale of two professionals…”, which presented Mr Hichilema as a shrewd and responsible businessman, and Mr Lungu as someone who spent all his money in bars and nightclubs. “Which of these two is smarter?” the video asked.

What does a change mean to Zambia?

In his acceptance speech to the nation, President-elect Mr Hichilema extended an olive branch to his predecessor.

He urged the Zambians to be the change they voted for and embrace the spirit of Ubuntu (humanity) to love and live together harmoniously.

He promised democratic reforms, investor-friendly economic policies, better debt management and “zero-tolerance” for corruption, which had allegedly characterized Mr Lungu’s administration.

Mr Simutanyi says there is now an expectation that Hichilema will move away from a culture of patronage and do things very differently to the outgoing regime but he expresses optimism in Hichilema’s ability to handle the extra pressure, especially in revitalizing Zambia’s copper industry due to his experience in international business.

“I think he will be in a better position to negotiate terms with international creditors and investors in mining operations and the economy,” he said. “Until now, there has been a lack of confidence in the economy.”

But like many political analysts have said a change in leadership does not solve Zambia’s problems, but the resilience and resolve of Zambian institutions and voters is cause for optimism.

“The journey will be tough and challenging, there will be ups and downs, but I am certain that with hard work and commitment, we will succeed in building a better Zambia for everyone,” said Mr Nathan Nandala Mafabi, the Budadiri West Member of Parliament in Uganda.

Mr Hichilema inherits a crushing debt burden and rising inflation where he needs to secure a bailout from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and I think this will be at the top of the new government’s agenda.

Mr Nandala Mafabi, an economist and accountant says that Mr Hichilema is going to inherit a troubled economy after years of Mr Lungu’s infrastructure spending spree in a country where more than half the population has lived below the poverty line even before the Covid pandemic.

“He has an enormous task ahead to revive Zambia economy and deliver on the promises,” said Mr Nandala Mafabi.

Mr Kisos Chemaswet MP for Soy County in Kween district said Mr Hichilema, the challenge ahead is daunting, the youthful Zambian voters turned out to demand change because, for too many, their livelihood prospects are grim.

Mr Chamaswet revealed that Mr. Hichilema’s prime task on taking office will be to tackle an economy wracked by high debt, inflation and unemployment.

“I know that the kind of changes needed in Zambia cannot be affected quickly but the population is going to be impatient for this change,” said Mr Chemaswet.

It is true that even with long years in the political doldrums, opposition powers behave like the historical French Bourbons who had learnt nothing and forgotten nothing as they hardly change from what the old leaders were doing when they attain power.

But alongside this, there is usually the possibility of progress, and of setting a powerful example in a region where democracy has been on the ropes.

It is true that elections whether successful or not, are mostly the product of local context and so there’s no clear way to say how the success of the Zambian election can affect elections elsewhere in Africa.

But I think that we can say that parties in countries where elections are being planned can learn from the success of the messaging of the opposition party in Zambia, which is soon to be the ruling party and they can also learn in terms of the legal environment, in terms of how the Zambian election commission run this election. Credit : Michael klin Muyembe


Graphic designing: A slave of the client - By Lacystudios

Graphic design is the profession and academic discipline whose activity consists in projecting visual communications intended to transmit specific messages to social groups, with specific objectives. Therefore, it is an interdisciplinary branch of design whose foundations and objectives revolve around the definition of problems and the determination of objectives for decision-making, through creativity, innovation and lateral thinking along with digital tools, transforming them for proper interpretation.

Graphic design has come a long way with beautiful development in software usage. Many graphic designers prefer using Adobe apps but at the cost of yearly subscription, that would be terrible for a business start up, after all anything that consumes your time in exchange for money is business.

I had a meeting with an amazing graphic designer in the makings, Nsansa Simwanza a 20 year old undergraduate making simple but steady profits with his solo design firm. His had an experience of 4 years in With the issue of time consumption, many graphic designers struggle with the problem of what the client demands, as it is their job to display their vision.

In addition, they suffer as much as any other job because of an offer majority of them call revision of design, this is when the client designs to make drastic changes to each design they want which is terrible news for a designer as they look forward to moving on and getting paid. design with Adobe certification in photoshop. In line with this topic Nsansa Simwanza stated “I truly do get exhausted when my clients keep asking for revision, but work is work I am really a slave of the clients!” and surely his statement couldn’t be any better than that.

Furthermore, with the issue of time consumption, many graphic designers struggle with the problem of what the client demands, as it is their job to display their vision.

They suffer as much as any other job because of an offer majority of them call revision of design, this is when the client designs to make drastic changes to each design they want which is terrible news for a designer as they look forward to moving on and getting paid.

In conclusion, Designers should be able to solve visual communication problems or challenges. In doing so, the designer must identify the communications issue, gather and analyze information related to the issue, and generate potential approaches aimed at solving the problem is all that can be done!


Covid-19 : A steppingstone or stumbling block for Zambia’s Export Growth .

By Emmanuel Muma(Mr)

Inter - Trade Expert.

Globally , COVID-19 has drastically affected social and economic livelihoods of people and in the process disturbed economic activities . In particular and of interest in this article , international trade flows worldwide decreased by 7% in 2020 owing to a number of factors. These include government induced COVID-19 containment measures resulting in reduced human mobility and cross border trade. Further , temporary shift of government policy attention and resource allocations towards addressing national health impacts and behavioural change generally contributed to underperform of international trade. Although COVID-19 seems intuitively to many as having caused more damage than benefits to trade, at a country level ,the effects could be analysed in either direction , i.e., positive and or negative taking on Imports or Exports specific categories . In this article however, I will focus on demystifying Zambia’s export performance of Traditional Exports (TE’s) amidst COVID-19 between 2019 and 2020. In the next article, the focus will be on Non -Traditional Exports (NTE’s).


An analytical lens as shown in figure 1 below gives the picture that year by year beginning from 2019 onwards to 2020 , Zambia’s Traditional Exports ( mainly refined copper and its associated metal articles ) has been recording a significant increase than expected amidst COVID-19 pandemic in both export volumes and earnings . Intuitively and expectedly by many , cross border trade flows are expected to decrease initially owing to a number of negative impacts of COVID-19 on trade. The World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the outbreak of Covid-19 as a pandemic on 11th March 2020 and during the same month on 18th March 2020, Zambia confirmed the first two cases of COVID-19. Despite the pandemic outbreak , Zambia’s Traditional Exports (TE’s ) maintained and gained a good fair trade annually both in terms of export volumes and earnings. Annual Traditional Export (TE’s ) posted the highest value as high as K 10,9469.00 (Million) in the year 2020 compared to the previous year’s 2013-2019.

To help us understand better some of the factors that could explain the strange performance of copper specifically amidst COVID-19, Figure 2 below shows monthly performance of exports of Copper in Metric Tonnes and changes in copper prices per ton on the London Metal Exchange , from January up until December 2019

It can be seen that before COVID-19 was first notified to the WHO on 31st December 2019, Copper price on LME and export volumes was declining sharply beginning in April 2019 up until September 2019. From September 2019 onwards, Copper exports and price stated rising , maintained and gained a good fair trade both in terms of export volumes and earnings . Copper exported in December 2019 increased by 8.0 percent from 67,415.2 metric tonnes in November to 72, 826.9 metric tonnes. The Copper prices on LME market for the corresponding months increased by 3.5 percent, from US$5,859.7 per metric tonnes in November 2019 to US$ 6,062.4 per metric tonne in December 2019 (see figure 2 above) . With the kind of exceptional performance of Refined Copper price on LME as well as export volumes amidst COVID-19, could it be that the pandemic opened a new era of demand for global use of copper for its goods and services?. Can we associate to some extent the performance of refined copper amidst Covid-19 with the new developments from the tech industry as a result of COVID-19 such as the development of the Copper -Coated polypropylene filter face Mask with SARS-Cov-2 antiviral ability?. Indeed new developments such as Copper-coated COVID-19 face masks among other things is evidence of COVID-19 helping as a steppingstone for the export growth of refined copper and its associated metal articles and ultimately Traditional Exports (TE’s).

About The Author.

Mr Emmanuel Muma holds a bachelor’s degree in Development Studies with Economics and he is a master’s fellow in Economic Policy Management at the University of Zambia. Emmanuel is an economic development specialist with 7 years of hands-on experience in research and economic policy formulation and implementation with a particular focus on trade and investment and private sector development. Mr Muma was appointed and currently seat as the SADC Desk officer on the Zambia SADC national committee.

Emmanuel has extensive cross-cultural experience in research, managing and leading local/international trade and investment programmes that have realized great value to both the private and public sector in Zambia. His wide experience extends to working collaboratively with government institutions, private sector, civil society, small scale farmers/traders and other stakeholders in a multi-stakeholder setting to achieve goals.

Emmanuel has supported the implementation of projects funded by the European Commission, UK DFID, Oxfam Zambia, OSISA, JCP, SAT, TJN and SIDA. He has conducted and core published a number of research and policy brief papers including assessing the performance of multifacility economic zones in Zambia.

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